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George Henry Mackenzie vs James Adams Congdon
5th American Chess Congress (1880), Manhattan, New York USA, rd 5, Jan-15
French Defense: Classical. Rubinstein Variation (C14)  ·  1/2-1/2



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Kibitzer's Corner
Aug-17-10  mulde: First of all, may be there is a very little mistake with these datas:

[Event "USA Ch, 5.Kongress"]
[Site "New York"]
[Date "1880.01.15"]
[White "Mackenzie,George Henry"]
[Black "Congdon,James Adams"]
[Result "1/2-1/2"]
[ECO "C14"]
[Round "5"]


[Event "USA Ch, 5.Kongress"]
[Site "New York"]
[Date "1880.01.22"]
[EventDate "1880.01.06"]
[Round "8"]
[Result "1/2-1/2"]
[White "Mackenzie, George Henry"]
[Black "Judd, Max"]
[ECO "C14"]

So they would have played round 8 before round 5.

Much more important seems to me, that Captain George Henry Mackenzie seems to be the first one who introduced !d2 in addition with the amazing Nd1 in the Classical French; a surprising idea which is seldom played today but we have a few:

[Event "Macedonia (19) Open Ch"]
[Site "Struga"]
[Date "2010.??.??"]
[White "Stojanovski,D"]
[Black "Petrov,G MKD"]
[Result "1/2-1/2"]
[WhiteElo "2437"]
[BlackElo "2273"]
[ECO "C14"]
[Round "2"]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. Bg5 Be7 5. e5 Nfd7 6. Bxe7 Qxe7 7. Qd2 a6 8. Nd1 c5 9. c3 Nc6 10. f4 cxd4 11. cxd4 g5 12. fxg5 h6 13. Nf3 hxg5 14. Nf2 Rg8 15. h3 f6 1/2-1/2

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