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Bernhard Horwitz vs Ludwig Bledow
Berlin (1837), Berlin GER
Italian Game: Classical. Center Holding Variation (C53)  ·  0-1



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Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Nov-01-06  YouRang: Nice. Happily, I've ended my losing streak with the last couple Wednesday puzzles.

As <Marmot PFL> pointed out, the f2/f7 squares are very frequently the focal points of such puzzles, and with a bishop, knight and rook all hitting f2, it wasn't hard to see where to hit.

Nov-01-06  YouRang: <InspiredByMorphy><Just remember, there are no stupid questions only stupid answers.>

Uh, are there any stupid questions? ;-)

Nov-01-06  kellmano: <YouRang> No, but this is a stupid answer.
Nov-01-06  Rubenus: A bishop on g4 or g5 and a knight on f3 or f6; the knight goes to e5 or e4 by sacrificing the queen. Quite a well-known trap.
Nov-01-06  brainzugzwang: <Deefstes> I was trying to make 12...Bxf2 work, too, and got it to 13.Kxf2 Nxe4+ 14.Ke3 Qxg5+ 15.Kxe4, and I couldn't find anything to force mate directly out of ...Qf4+, so I settled for ...Qxh4+, winning a clear piece and a pawn. Should be enough to win, but certainnly not as interesting as the game solution.
Premium Chessgames Member
  kevin86: I guessed this one in a shot-because I had already seen it. It is another fine version of Legal's mate.

It almost qualifies as a Monday puzzle.

Nov-01-06  WarmasterKron: 12...Nxe4 jumped out at me as the move to make, but I cleverly managed to talk myself out of it.

I went for 12...Bxf2+ but it now strikes me that 13.Nxf2! (13.Kxf2? Nxe4+ and Qxg5; 13.Kf1? Bxh4 14.Bxh4 Nxe4+ )leaves black with no advantage at all.

Nov-01-06  Olympos: Very easy and beautiful.
Nov-01-06  greensfield: <Fisheremon:> <Bxf2+ was possible on 11 th move (Black could win the game, same if on 13. Qa4 of White, but Horowitz decided to cooperate in making a naive mate).> Yeh, incredibly from move 11. Horowitz seems to have cooperated by finding 3 inferior moves in a row!
Nov-01-06  DoctorChess: Lovely trap! I'm 3 for 3. That's right Doctor's back but just for 2 more weeks :-)
Nov-01-06  zb2cr: Darn--went for 12. ... Bxf2+. Obviously if 13. Kxf2, Nxe4 (double check); 14. Ke3, Nxg5 leaves Black a piece up. However, I jumped to a conclusion by neglecting the White Knight on e4 being able to capture 13. Nxf2.
Premium Chessgames Member
  playground player: Yay! Got it! But I wonder if I would've found the right move if it had been one of my games, not someone else's. There's something about actually playing a real, live opponent who wants to beat you...
Nov-01-06  aazqua: Nice mate, but this is way too easy for Wednesday.
Nov-01-06  VanPoolPlayer: I had it up to the last move, but I was trying to move the bishop to reveal a check by the rook. I could see a perpetual check by black with this tactic, and a queen-rook fork, but neither of these seemed worth giving up the queen. I missed the charging knight.

Any advice on how to improve my visualization depth? I am only good to 2 or 3 moves, and my main opponent is only good to 1 or 2 moves, so I am not getting any better!

Premium Chessgames Member
  thegoodanarchist: these types of games always make me think "why didn't he castle???"
Premium Chessgames Member
  thegoodanarchist: for example, 11. O-O and there is no debacle on f2 (at least, for the time being...)
Nov-01-06  LivBlockade: <VanPoolPlayer> The discovered checks (Black's Bishop moves giving check with the Rook) would normally make sense to look at, but here White will have a Bishop on e7 which can capture the Black Rook, putting a quick end to Black's attack. After seeing that, one might notice ...Ng3 mate.
Nov-02-06  vibes43: Got it. Great puzzle. Easier than yesterday because less going on.
Mar-30-12  Naniwazu: Found this game in an old book called 'Chess Sparks' (Ellis, 1895). Nice little Queen sac to deliver mate in two.
May-10-12  Abdel Irada: Should such a sacrifice be Legal? ;-)
Oct-17-16  Aunt Jemima: 11. Na4 looks like a real howler. I have to admit, I didn't see blacks queen sac. White deserved to lose after playing his Knight to h4.
Premium Chessgames Member
  tpstar: "Center Holding Variation" would nowadays be called a Strong Point line where Black supports and maintains the Pe5 with ... Qe7 & ... d6 instead of trading ... exd4.

After 11. Nh4? Black had 11 ... Bxf2+! swiping a Pawn while preventing White from castling; 12. Kxf2 Nxe4+ 13. Nxe4 fxe4+ 14. Kg1 Qxg5 and Black is better.

Dec-27-18  HarryP: Nice!
Jan-13-23  generror: As others have pointed it, it is a well-known trap, and I was surprised that Horwitz -- who wasn't a bad player -- fell for it, but then this was very early in his career. Pinning the king's knight to the queen while the king's bishop is staring at your f-pawn is -- at best -- a lost pawn, as was already demonstrated in Ruy Lopez vs G da Cutri, 1560.

This variation, with the castled rook coming into play with an open f-file, is especially effective, leading to a very sudden death. Probably the best example for the backfiring weak pin.

Jan-13-23  generror: Oh, and <11...Bxf2+!> is already winning.

After <12.Kxf2 Nxe4+ 13.Kg1 Qxg5 14.Nhf3 Qe3+ 15.Kh2 Qf4+ 16.Kg1 Ng3 17.Nf1 (17.Rh2?? Qe3#) Nxh1 18.Kxh1> (D), Black will be up an exchange and two pawns.

click for larger view

After <12.Kf1 fxe4 13.Kxf2 Nd7+ 14.Nhf3 Qxg5 15.Nxe4 Qh4+ 16.g3 Qxe4 17.Bd3 Qxf3+ 18.Qxf3 Rxf3+ 19.Kxf3> (D), he has two knights and a (passed) pawn for the rook, with the black king in the middle of the board.

click for larger view

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