Members · Prefs · Laboratory · Collections · Openings · Endgames · Sacrifices · History · Search Kibitzing · Kibitzer's Café · Chessforums · Tournament Index · Players · Kibitzing

Jose Raul Capablanca vs Fred Dewhirst Yates
Hastings (1930/31), Hastings ENG, rd 2, Dec-30
Queen's Gambit Declined: Orthodox Defense. Main Line (D63)  ·  1-0



Click Here to play Guess-the-Move
Given 14 times; par: 175 [what's this?]

explore this opening
find similar games 10 more Capablanca/Yates games
PGN: download | view | print Help: general | java-troubleshooting

TIP: You can step through the moves by clicking the < and > buttons, but it's much easier to simply use the left and right arrow keys on your keyboard.

PGN Viewer:  What is this?
For help with this chess viewer, please see the Olga Chess Viewer Quickstart Guide.


Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Jan-26-06  micartouse: <capanegra> Thanks for the real analysis. I have the same endgame book you are talking about, but barely ever look at it (it's dull). However, the few times I have, it seems more thorough and accurate than Fine. I guess they are both valuable then.

63 ... h5! would have been a really nice swipe.

A brilliant game. It looks like by move 64, Capablanca has a forced win. But wow, what a finish! 69. Kd5, 81. Kc5, and 86. g5 are stirring.

Jan-26-06  EricCartman: <chessslayer> This game also shows us, that Capablanca has perfect understanding of what's not important and what is important. The most important thing in chess is the pawnstructure, and that's why Capablanca won, he had a perfect pawnstructure during the whole game.
Jan-26-06  Ziggurat: <ericcartman> If pawn structure is the most important thing in chess, why did Capablanca allow 25...Bxf3? And why didn't Yates play it?
Jan-26-06  Whitehat1963: Capablanca, the great simplifyer of chess history. He steers everything into a theoretically superior endgame position, then drives it home with flawless technique. How well would that work today?
Jan-26-06  RookFile: Capa could calculate, too. That's why nobody, not Alekhine, not Lasker, not Reuben Fine, nobody, could touch Capa in blitz chess.
Jan-26-06  Whitehat1963: Yes, you're right, of course, <RookFile>. I'm just referring to his preference for clarity and simplification. I wonder how he would have dealt with Tal. Anyway, who do you think are the greatest blitz players of all time. Surely Tal, Fischer and Anand have to rank pretty high on the list. And Capa, too, of course.
Jan-26-06  euripides: Often Capablanca's positional wins depend on the pieces as much as the pawns. Here White's superior pawn structure in the opening is temporary. From move 15 to move 25 the pawn structure is effectively symmetrical. White's advantage depends on the placement of his pieces and is kept alive by tactical threats. 21 Ne4 and 22 Bf3 are elegant.

25...Bxf3 is critical; I think White keeps an advantage by 26 gxf3 Rc8 27 Rd6 g6 28 Ne4 Nxe4 (or Nd5 29 a3) 29 fxe4 Rc4 30 a3 Rxe4 31 Rxa6, leaving Black with the weak b5 pawn. Now if white puts the rook on a5 Black can try bringing his rook to c3 to defend the b pawn indirectly by the threat to the a3 pawn; however, if White brings his king to d2 the rook will be chased away (e.g. ...Rb3 Kc2). Otherwise he can try defending the pawn by keeping the rook on the 5th rank but it looks precarious.

Capablanca's neat 30 a4 ! (which might have been underrated or missed by Yates at move 25) keeps a pawn advantage, but with pawns on one side the ending should be drawn with best play by Black. At move 36 or so h5 and possibly f5 are now generally recommended in this kind of ending. I don't know how much was known about this in 1930.

Jan-26-06  Boomie: Black looks fine after 25...Bxf3.

25...Bxf3 26. gxf3 Rc8 27. Rd6 Ne8 28. Rd3=

Jan-27-06  EricCartman: <Boomie> Black will win the game after 25... ♗f3 against a normal player, but since Capablanca is so superior in these kind of positions, he'd have been able to hold a draw against Yates
Jan-27-06  Boomie: <Eric> I think the position is equal after 25...Bxf3 as indicated by the "=" after the line.
Jul-11-06  ChessDude33: <Ziggurat> In "Capablanca's Best Chess Endings" Chernev says 25...Bxf3 leads to an easy draw by 25...Bxf3 26. gxf3 Rc8 27. Rd6 Kf8. Maybe Yates was playing for the win at the time.
Jun-02-07  CapablancaFan: Allowing Capa even 1 pawn ahead in the endgame is almost enough to resign immediately.
Jun-02-07  paladin at large: <EricCartman> I believe <euripides> is correct. You will find many Capablanca games that he won where he placed greater emphasis on activity for his pieces over the strength of his pawn structure. Chernev noted that for Capablanca the most important thing about his pawns was the force that they exerted (or had the potential to exert) on the enemy position. It is true that Capa also liked positions where he had fewer pawn islands than his opponent, but such a consideration was usually subordinate to finding strong play for his pieces.
Jun-04-07  micartouse: <Allowing Capa even 1 pawn ahead in the endgame is almost enough to resign immediately.>

Yes, back in the day it was like that! :) But thanks to wins against Duras and Yates, the R+4P v. R+3P on one side is a well analyzed draw. Most modern GMs will almost certainly draw these positions even if they were playing Capa with Rybka's assistance.

Jul-24-08  randzo: after 35.moves it is clear draw
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: "He [Capablanca] always had the attitude of a man who considers himself above the affairs of ordinary mortals... He once appeared for a resumption after adjournment against Yates dressed in tennis flannels but to his great annoyance was kept playing until long after dark."

--Max Euwe

Was it this game?

Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: I don't know. Game played 30 Dec 1930. Can you play tennis in December in Hastings?
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: <Calli> Other candidates are:

Capablanca vs Yates, 1924

Capablanca vs Yates, 1922

Capablanca vs Yates, 1919 (Hastings = unlikely)

Sep-30-08  sneaky pete: The first Christmas tournament was 1921/22. The 1919 Victory Congress was held in August. In round 1, August 11, JRC adjourned his game against Yates in a favourable position. During the next 5 rounds (and days) he won his games in one session. It's likely that on the scheduled free day, August 17, an excellent day for tennis I've been told, the adjourned game against Yates was resumed.
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: Thanks, <sneaky pete>! That suits.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: I would eliminate the NY 1924 game because Euwe was not there. He played at London 1922, of course. Young Euwe also played in the "C" section at Hastings 1919, finishing 4-5th behind the forgotten W H Kirk .
Jun-28-09  esticles: The last part of this endgame is analyzed at
Jun-29-11  lost in space: Black missed to get a clear draw position between move 36 and 39; he just needs to play h7-h5 and there is no way to win this for white..

Never the less...nice win by Capa.

Aug-24-11  joelsontang: Yates has done so well to reduce the endgame to a Rook and 4 pawns vs Rook and 3 pawns with no pawn structure weaknesses for black. What a waste, I could have drawn the endgame myself.

As a rule of thumb, from my experience, do the following:

1) push the h-pawn to h5 to be able to swap pawns if white pushes his own (trade pawns when behind in material, not pieces) - and the h5 pawn would not create weaknesses unlike pushing the f-pawn.

2) Keep out the enemy king from crossing its 3rd rank, if not 4th rank by marking the rank with the Rook. When the enemy pawns have been pushed to about 4th or fifth rank, then bring the Rook to the enemy's 1st rank and harrass the enemy's king with checks.

I have never lost such an ending in my games.

Feb-11-18  Grandma Sturleigh: <<joelsontang> I have never lost such an ending in my games.>

Euwe Gligoric vs Euwe, 1953 and Kasparov Piket vs Kasparov, 2000 didn't find this endgame quite so easy.

search thread:   
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
NOTE: You need to pick a username and password to post a reply. Getting your account takes less than a minute, is totally anonymous, and 100% free—plus, it entitles you to features otherwise unavailable. Pick your username now and join the chessgames community!
If you already have an account, you should login now.
Please observe our posting guidelines:
  1. No obscene, racist, sexist, profane, raunchy, or disgusting language.
  2. No spamming, advertising, duplicate or nonsense posts.
  3. No malicious personal attacks, including cyber stalking, systematic antagonism, or gratuitous name-calling of any gratuitous name-calling of any members—including Admin and Owners—or any of their family, friends, associates, or business interests.
  4. Nothing in violation of United States law.
  5. No malicious posting of or linking to personal, private, and/or negative information (aka "doxing" or "doxxing") about any member, (including all Admin and Owners) or any of their family, friends, associates, or business interests. This includes all media: text, images, video, audio, or otherwise. Such actions will result in severe sanctions for any violators.
  6. NO TROLLING. Admin and Owners know it when they see it, and sanctions for any trolls will be significant.
  7. Any off-topic posts which distract from the primary topic of discussion are subject to removal.
  8. The use of "sock puppet" accounts to circumvent disciplinary action taken by Moderators is expressly prohibited.
  9. The use of "sock puppet" accounts in an attempt to undermine any side of a debate—or to create a false impression of consensus or support—is prohibited.
  10. All decisions with respect to deleting posts, and any subsequent discipline, are final, and occur at the sole discretion of the Moderators, Admin, and Owners.
  11. Please try to maintain a semblance of civility at all times.
Blow the Whistle See something that violates our rules? Blow the whistle and inform a Moderator.

NOTE: Keep all discussion on the topic of this page. This forum is for this specific game and nothing else. If you want to discuss chess in general, or this site, visit the Kibitzer's Café.

Messages posted by Chessgames members do not necessarily represent the views of, its employees, or sponsors. All Moderator actions taken are at the sole discretion of the Admin and Owners—who will strive to act fairly and consistently at all times.

This game is type: CLASSICAL. Please report incorrect or missing information by submitting a correction slip to help us improve the quality of our content.

Featured in the Following Game Collections[what is this?]
16.5 40 g4!
from Techniques of Positional Play Part 2 by Del ToRo
Classic example of 4 vs. 3 rook ending.
from Instructive rook endings by hought67
16.5 40 g4!
from Techniques of Positional Play Part 2 by Takchessbooks
by chocobonbon
Jose Raul Capablanca's Best Games
by alip
10_R+P(4:3)|| on the same wing
by whiteshark
Classic example of 4 vs. 3 rook ending.
from Instructive rook endings by hought67
Classic example of 4 vs. 3 rook ending.
from Instructive rook endings by Nimzophile
Capablanca's Best Chess Endings
by cassiooo
Rook Endgame with pawns on same side
from Endgame Themes by KingG
from Endgames That Need to be Mastered by Mating Net
The QGD/Slav/Semi-Slav by Zhbugnoimt
by fredthebear
Instructive Endgames
by ALL
16.5 40 g4!
from Techniques of Positional Play Part 2 by takchess
Capablanca's Best Chess Endings
by Sergio0106
Rook Endings
by Knight Pawn

home | about | login | logout | F.A.Q. | your profile | preferences | Premium Membership | Kibitzer's Café | Biographer's Bistro | new kibitzing | chessforums | Tournament Index | Player Directory | Notable Games | World Chess Championships | Opening Explorer | Guess the Move | Game Collections | ChessBookie Game | Chessgames Challenge | Store | privacy notice | contact us

Copyright 2001-2019, Chessgames Services LLC