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Jose Raul Capablanca vs Alfred Schroeder
Rice Memorial (1916), New York, NY USA, rd 10, Jan-29
Queen's Gambit Declined: Orthodox Defense. Henneberger Variation (D63)  ·  1-0



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Kibitzer's Corner
Jun-16-05  yunis: hi boys come and analyze this one 'formidabil!!!
Jun-16-05  yunis: ...30.RXc5 31.Qd6+ taking the two rooks
Jun-19-05  DWINS: In his book "Combinations: The Heart of Chess", Irving Chernev mentions that Capablanca expected 27...Rc7 instead of 27...f5 and had planned the following superb combination.

27...Rc7 28.h5 Rec8 29.h6 Bd6 30.Qxa5+ Kxa5 31.Rxc7 Rxc7 (If 31...Bxc7; 32.Rc6 immobilizes Black completely) 32.Rxc7 Bxc7 33.f4 Bd8 34.g4 Bf6 35.g5 Bh8 36.e4 Kb6 37.f5 exf5 38.exf5 Kc5 39.g6 fxg6 40.fxg6 Kd6 41.g7 and wins.

Jan-28-06  blingice: 19..♙h5 wasn't good...
Feb-28-08  Amarande: <blingice> White's threat was simply 20 Qxh7 winning a Pawn and Black had to move a King-side Pawn to defend this. Let's have a look at the other defenses:

A. 19 ... f5? 20 Qe5 Bb6 21 Qxa5 Bxa5 22 Rc6 wins a Pawn. If 20 ... Rac8 21 Nxe6 wins the Bishop (as Bb6 allows mate and Rxe6 loses everything).

B. 19 ... g6 20 Qh4! h5 21 Qf4! Rf8 22 g4! Be7 23 h4 and White will have a powerful attack.

Premium Chessgames Member
  maxi: For some reason Capa mentions this game several times in his writings. The self-trapping of the Queen Black is forced to perform is interesting.
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Capablanca played 24. ♔e2 rather than 24 0-0 so that his ♖h1 is mobilized, plus his King is in the centre of the board if the endgame is reached.

Source, Edmar Mednis "King Power in Chess", McKay Publishing, 1982

Jan-19-09  birthtimes: Unfortunately, Deep Fritz 8 rebuts 19... g6 20. Qh4 h5 21. Qf4 Rf8 22. g4 Be7 23. h4 with 23...hxg4 24. e4 Rad8 25. Qxg4 Kg7 (-0.95).

It also gives the following lines as even...

19 ... g6 20. Qh4 h5 21. Qf4 Rf8 22. Nxe6 Bxe3 23. Qxe3 Rae8 24. Rc5 Qb6 25. Re5 Qxe3 26. Rxe3 Rxe6 27. Rxe6 fxe6 28. Ke2 Rc8 29. Rd1 Kf7 30. h4 Ke7 or

19 ... g6 20. Qh4 h5 21. Qf4 Rf8 22. Nxe6 Bxe3 23. Qxe3 Rae8 24. O-O Rxe6 25. Qf4 Qb6

Jan-19-09  paladin at large: <birthtimes> Upon 19...g6, Capa would have played 20. Qf3! (Capa's !), not 20. Qh4.

Black was A. Schroeder; the game was played on January 29, 1916.

Sources - My Chess Career & Weltgeschichte des Schachs, Vol. 14 Capablanca

Jul-08-09  birthtimes: 20. Qf3 does not help...

20...Rf8! (0.00)

Apr-25-11  Robeson: 20 Qf3 Rf8 (!= per "birthtimes") 21 Qh3 h5 22 O-O, followed by playing a game of chess where one has the better pawn structure, the better minor piece, the safer king, and more active pieces.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Jonathan Sarfati: In a very similar position decades later Capablanca vs Rossolimo, 1938, Capa forgot to play ♗xf6 before ♘e4. This game wasn't as clear cut but was finished by a brilliant Capa move.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: I've think Alekhine vs K Sterk, 1921 is a close cousin of this game. Look at the present game after 18 moves and compare with the Alekhine partie after 22.Rc4

click for larger view

May-31-11  psmith: <Robeson>: not to mention playing a game of chess where one is Capablanca and one's opponent is ... not.

Excellent response though!

Premium Chessgames Member
  OhioChessFan: <Robeson: 20 Qf3 Rf8 (!= per "birthtimes") 21 Qh3 h5 22 O-O, followed by playing a game of chess where one has the better pawn structure, the better minor piece, the safer king, and more active pieces.>

22..Rad8 23. Qg3 Be7 and the minor piece issue is resolved, and I'm beginning to like Black's Rooks. There's still the matter of playing Capa.

Nov-05-11  Robeson: "22..Rad8 23. Qg3 Be7 and the minor piece issue is resolved, and I'm beginning to like Black's Rooks."

I underestimated the bishop and the weakness of b3. However, White can force a perp with 24.Nxe6, so "20...Rf8!=" is an accurate assessment, imo.

Nov-05-11  AnalyzeThis: In playing over this game tonight, I thought black played the opening excellently, and would not be surprised at all if equality was the best white could get out of this.

Black did a lot of good things:

1) He developed his men intelligently and castled.

2) He solved his problem piece, the queen's bishop. Often, that piece is usesless - here Black traded it off for white's pride and joy, the king's bishop.

3) Black got c5 in. This removed any claim white had to a spacial advantage.

All that white had was a brief window to try to make a kingside attack. Here, black defended in not the best way, and one mistake was all Capa needed.

Against a lesser player, black would have at least drawn this game, pretty comfortabably.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: Perhaps the most brilliant game ever played in Connecticut. It's from round 10 of the Rice Memorial in 1916. Most of the games were played at various clubs and hotels in New York City, but this particular round was played on the campus of Yale University.
Mar-19-12  Robeson: "Perhaps the most brilliant game ever played in Connecticut."

Perhaps but doubtful. A lot of great chess got played over the years at the (now dead) Foxwood tournament at Easter.

Jun-09-18  zanzibar: <Capablanca has awarded the second brilliancy prize for this game. According to Capablanca, the award was influenced by the queening line that he had to explain to the committee because it did not occur in the game. Schroeder deserves credit for playing well enough to allow Black a prize-winning victory. However, had he maintained his concentration in a prospectless position, the game would have been considerably more thematic. Capablanca would have had to demonstrate the impact of the passed h-pawn over the board.> (recommended reading from annexchessclub)

Jun-09-18  Granny O Doul: I learned a lot from this game. Whenever I submit a game for a prize, I make a point of showing the judges some of the brilliant variations that awaited my opponent had he played differently.
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