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Ernest Morphy vs A P Ford
"Play What You Can A Ford" (game of the day Sep-29-2016)
New Orleans (1840), New Orleans, LA USA, Oct-05
Italian Game: Evans Gambit. Slow Variation (C52)  ·  1-0



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Kibitzer's Corner
Oct-27-04  Apocalypse79: 13. Rxe5!! Two bishops are in very good positions. Mate since is forced..
Oct-27-04  clocked: Mate is not forced, 15...c5!
Oct-27-04  Apocalypse79: <clocked> yes.. but it only prolongs mate.. anyway, mate is inevitable in this case.
Oct-27-04  clocked: <Apocalypse79> no, it does not "prolong" mate, there is no mate
Oct-27-04  Apocalypse79: Oh.. man! You overlooked one fact. That fact is that you are NOT morphy. In case of morphy, it may be possble to make mate. Also, who knows future ?? We all know that mate is made by a help of opponent's mistake..
Oct-27-04  Shams: of course but then we don`t use the word "forced". It`s a strong word in English my friend.
Dec-24-05  blingice: I don't know how Morphy could see a continuation based from a rook sacrifice.
Dec-12-06  2021: <blingice> He probably was taught that rook sacrifice by his nephew, Paul Morphy.
Aug-23-08  JimmyVermeer: Philip Sergeant attributes this game to Ernest's nephew, Paul Morphy, who played blindfolded against Dr. Forde in 1858. It is game 97 in his book, "Morphy's Games of Chess". Anyone know which Morphy actually played this game? Could it be that Paul duplicated his uncle's moves exactly against the same opponent (or at least one with a similar name?) 18 years later?
Aug-23-08  sneaky pete: Sergeant appears to be wrong, see

This game can not be found in Löwenthal's 1860 collection of Morphy's games. It was published in 1873 (and possibly earlier) as having been played in 1840 by Ernest Morphy. Sergeant's source is a publication from 1882.

Also see

Oct-04-10  Chessosaurus: Sorry Apocalypse79, but clocked is right! 13. Rxe5+ is a blunder, but so is 15...g6. Black got greedy and thought he could keep all the extra material. After 15...c5, the a3 bishop is cut off and there's no mate, although black will be forced to return a bishop. A possible line: 16. Qe4+ Kd6
17. QxN+ Kc7
...and the attack is over.
Feb-15-13  clownface: ** pSYCHO ALERT!!
Feb-15-13  clownface: The sword of wisdom ay!??! Isn't that what we all stand behind?
Mar-02-13  clownface:
Mar-02-13  TheTamale: Black couldn't A Ford to play 15) ...g6.
May-12-16  chessbeginer84: I thought rook xe5 was a blunder to however it is still a good game. I wonder how he was taught to play chess because he was brilliant
Sep-29-16  The Kings Domain: This game proves the comment that Morphy's uncle in his time was one of the best players in New Orleans. The young Paul may have developed his style by observing and analyzing his uncle's games as the aggressive sacrificial style of the game is similar to the kind that Paul would perfect later on.
Sep-29-16  AlicesKnight: I love the smell of fried liver in the morning ...... (yes, not exactly the real thing, but the smell of it....). The bishop plays are attractive.
Premium Chessgames Member
  kevin86: Like uncle, like nephew!
Sep-29-16  belgradegambit: I had submitted "The Man From Uncle" as a gotd title for this game. Oh well.
Sep-29-16  matvox: The importance of beating Ernest
Sep-29-16  Sally Simpson: ^

Rubinstein vs Gruenfeld, 1929

Mar-08-21  Z 000000001: Lawson has this to say about the game:

<(It might be mentioned at this time that the game given by Sergeant [GAME XCVII] in Morphy’s Games of Chess as played between Paul Morphy and the above-mentioned Dr. A. P. Ford was not played by Paul Morphy, nor was it a blindfold game. Dr. Ford’s opponent was Ernest Morphy, and the game was played October 5, 1840. The game was sent by Ernest Morphy himself as his game to the Cincinnati Sunday Dispatch and Porter’s Spirit of the Times in 1859. The author has the original score as recorded by Ernest Morphy. Therefore, this game should not appear in any future collection of Paul Morphy’s games.**

** EDITOR’S NOTE: Again, the whereabouts of this original score are unknown, but the preponderance of evidence provided by Lawson throughout seems to back his contention.>

Lawson (2010) - ch02 - p18 (49)

In addition, there is mention of a blindfold game between Paul and his uncle on his 12th birthday, with A.P. Ford present:

<As the year 1849 approached, Paul was demonstrating the strength of a master, and this without benefit of books as vouched for by Ernest Morphy. He now began playing with the strongest of New Orleans players, in addition to Uncle Ernest. On his twelfth birthday, June 22, 1849, Paul undertook a blindfold game against his Uncle Ernest and as he made his twentieth move, he remarked that he must now win. Thereupon, Dr. A. P. Ford, an old chess opponent of Ernest’s, carried Paul into an adjoining room and presented him with an inlaid mother-of-pearl chessboard, which is now possessed by the author.*

* EDITOR’S NOTE: In 1978, chess publisher Dale Brandreth purchased Lawson’s collection of Morphy memorabilia. He donated the bulk of Lawson’s letters and documents to the Cleveland Public Library, but they are as yet uncatalogued and unavailable to public researchers.>


Mar-08-21  Z 000000001: Sergeant's misattribution of this is mentioned by Lawson, but it's really M.L.(*) who apparently made the mistake originally.

Now, M.L. = Max Lange, and his 1894 edition has the game as

<Morphy, Paul -- Morphy, Ernest (New Orleans - 1849-06-22)>.

Lange actually gives this impressive, though incorrect (well, for this game), detail:

<The audience, mostly relatives and some friends of the MORPHY family, had watched the fight with eager attention. They were, as the eyewitness Dr. FORD reports that they were so surprised by the twelve-year-old blind player's powerful style of play and sure calculation of victory that they carried the boy in their arms into an adjoining room, where they played a finely carved ivory chess set that had already been prepared for his birthday to repeated applause gave presents.> (p11)

Morphy - Lange (1894) p10 (36) G-2

The original German:

<Mit gespannter Aufmerksamkeit hatten die anwesenden Zuschauer, meist Angehörige sowie einige Freunde der Familie MORPHY , den Verlauf des Kampfes beobachtet. Sie waren, wie uns der Augenzeuge Dr. FORD berichtet, von der kraft- vollen Spielweise und sicheren Siegesberechnung des zwölfjährigen Blindlingsspielers so überrascht, daß sie den Knaben auf ihren Armen in ein Nebenzimmer trugen, wo sie ihn mit einem bereits für seinen Geburtstag bereit gehaltenen fein- geschnitzten Schachspiele aus Elfenbein unter wiederholten Beifallsäußerungen beschenkten.>

(*) See Sergeant (1916) p38. Now, why Maroczy=Maroczy while M.L = Max Lange is a little beyond me.

Mar-08-21  Z 000000001: I found a version, with <Morphy, Ernest -- Ford, A.P. (1840)> in <Chess Journal (1873)>.

Would be nice to find the original newspaper clippings mentioned by Lawson though.

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