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James A Leonard vs Frederick Perrin
"It's a Free Cutri!" (game of the day May-30-2010)
Blindfold simul, 6b (1861) (blindfold), Brooklyn CC, New York, NY USA, Mar-??
Bishop's Opening: Boden-Kieseritsky Gambit (C42)  ·  1-0



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Kibitzer's Corner
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: A bona fide Boden!
May-30-10  SamAtoms1980: You trappa me bishop, I trappa you KING. Howza thatta for a deal, enh?
May-30-10  RandomVisitor: Black might stand better after <14...Bc8> 15.Nxd5 Bxe5 16.dxe5 Qxd5 17.Qe1 Qe4 18.exf6 Qxe1 19.Rhxe1 Bxf5 20.fxg7 Kxg7 21.Re5 Be6 22.Bxb5 axb5 23.a3 Bd7
Premium Chessgames Member
  Once: Black goes down amazingly quickly in this one. His only crime against the natural laws of chess seems to be pushing the queenside pawns before developing his pieces. But it took some vigorous attacking moves by white to bring home the point. Fun.
Premium Chessgames Member
  scormus: I was never too sure about re-christening of opening lines (Greco CG -> Latvian, Wlikes-Barre -> Traxler). Before I knew this had a name, I used to try 3. Bc4 against the Petroff, but I never won with it :-(

But great swashbuckling play by W here, as befits the classical era of piracy on the high seas ;-)

May-30-10  CapablancaFan122: A 16th century game and no kibitzing before? <chessgames> Was this game uploaded only today?
May-30-10  kellmano: Interestingly modern in appearance this one.

Also, black resugns rather than playing it out to the bitter death.

May-30-10  whiteshark: Chi si ferma รจ perduto.
May-30-10  Chessmensch: I agree with <kellmano>. This is remarkable for its time. See Ecclesiastes 1:9.
May-30-10  newzild: Cool game. Any chance of a Cochrane?
May-30-10  RandomVisitor: After the non-standard move 3.Bc4:

1: Leonardo da Cutri - Perbin, 1580

click for larger view

Analysis by Rybka 3 : <22-ply>

1. (-0.18): 3...Nxe4 4.Nc3 Nxc3 5.dxc3

2. (0.13): 3...d5 4.exd5 e4 5.Qe2 Bb4 6.0-0 0-0 7.Ng5 Bf5 8.d3 exd3 9.cxd3 Re8 10.Be3 h6 11.a3 Bf8 12.Ne4 Nxd5 13.Bxh6 Nc6 14.Qh5 Qd7 15.Be3 Ne5 16.Bxd5

3. (0.26): 3...d6 4.Nc3 Be7 5.d4 exd4 6.Nxd4 0-0 7.0-0 Nxe4 8.Nxe4 d5 9.Qe2 dxc4 10.Rd1 Na6 11.Be3 Qd5 12.Nc3 Qa5 13.Qxc4 c6 14.Bf4 h6

Premium Chessgames Member
  chrisowen: Leonardos spreading his wings amen, hoping for flight of the Bxf5 following a score 19.Qh6. Fair formula, Gio conned a drawing Bxf5 opening also main arrangement Rf1. In wait he lie, copped a heading back bishop Bh7. Turn of the screw cut flying rxf6 loose. Propel swing in knight drift cranked up attack. It was the real ghost hornet Bg5/h4 that stirred the nest. Qxh6 is light's invincible architect to shaft him.
Premium Chessgames Member
  kevin86: The mate threats are too strong to continue.
Jun-15-10  Antiochus: Thanks for this GOTD!
Aug-06-10  noTALent: Is this the earliest or earliest known game with castling?
Apr-29-12  LoveThatJoker: 16. Rxf6! - Very cool!


Dec-22-13  Alpinemaster: If this game was indeed played in 1580 it would have been, in all likelihood, played against Paolo Boi in their vigorous match in Rome. However, it stands to reason that such superior defensive play (for the time) could only have come from the 1575 (Unofficial World Championship)Masters Tournament in King Phillip II's Madrid court. Most likely either Ruy Lopez or Andre Ceron contested this game as Black; this game was not in Polerio's style.

That being said, this is the first game in history to truly exhibit powerful strategy supported by masterfully accurate artistic Tactics.

With the exception of not accepting the gambit via 4...Nxc3, which is today accepted as outright superior to all other variations, all of Black's moves could be expected from, for instance, a modern 1800 player.

What is truly spectacular about this performance from the antiquity of Chess is Leonardo di Bona's understanding of a piece's strategic worth relative to its position on the board versus simply weighing points and not making piece blunders.

He confidently hangs his light-squared Bishop and sacrifices his Rook on f6 with the knowledge that: a) total control of the center + b) both Knights actively posted in that center + c) a blown open enemy kingside = a powerful and decisive initiative that will lead to an overwhelming - and probably checkmating - attack.

I argue on this day - be it in 1575 or later - the tactical, artistic Romantic Era Chess that dominated the next 3 centuries was born.

Regardless of imperfections, keep this one close at heart.

Good studies,


Nov-30-14  Christoforus Polacco: Great game ! Respect.
My best liked ancient game are still ''Polerio- Leonardo'' in Latvian and Polerio's ''Fried liver attack'' but this game is probably better. ...............

<3. (0.26): 3...d6>
Isn't possible 11.Ne6 ... ? Probably I would try it :) But I am not sure...

Sep-14-15  SBC: This game is incorrect. It was played between James A. Leonard and Frederick Perrin.
Apr-08-17  Yigor: 8...h6?! is an inaccuracy; black should play 8...c6 to defend the pawn on d5.

The pawn structure after 7th move: 6Ee2Dd.

Nov-20-20  Jean Defuse: ...

<SBC: This game is incorrect. It was played between James A. Leonard and Frederick Perrin.>

The full score:

[Event "6-board blindfold display"]
[Site "Brooklyn CC, New York"]
[Date "1861.03.??"]
[White "Leonard, James A"]
[Black "Perrin, Frederick"]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "C42"]
[EventDate "1861.03.??"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nf6 3. Bc4 Nxe4 4. Nc3 Nf6 5. Nxe5 d5 6. Bb3 Bd6 7. d4 O-O 8. Bg5 h6 9. Bh4 Be6 10. f4 c5 11. Qd2 c4 12. Ba4 a6 13. O-O-O b5 14. f5 Bxf5 15. Rdf1 Bh7 16. Rxf6 gxf6 17. Nxd5 Bxe5 18. dxe5 Nd7 19. Qxh6 fxe5 20. Bxd8 Raxd8 21. Rf1 f5 22. Ne7+ Kh8 23. Ng6+ Kg8 24. Rf3 Rf7 25. Rg3 f4 White mates in five moves. 1-0

Source: New York Clipper, 18.10.1862


Premium Chessgames Member
  Stonehenge: <SBC and Jean Defuse>

Thanks, I've fixed it. The pun doesn't make sense anymore, but that wouldn't be the first one :)

Nov-27-20  Z4all: Prior to <Stonehenge>'s fix this game was attributed as

<G da Cutri vs Perbin, 1580>

Excepting this post, if <RandomVisitor> hadn't noted the players, back in 2010, the pre-update header data would not have been visible to the "AverageVisitor" on <CG>.

I've always thought that a weakness of <CG>, ie. that changes could be made without a clear record being recorded in the game stream (or elsewhere, for all the pubic to see [not just editors]).

Too much whimsy here on <CG> for my tastes, and that's even with the efforts of the likes of <Stronghenge> and others.

But extra kudos for <Jean Defuse> giving both correction and source!

* * * * *

Giovanni Leonardo Di Bona da Cutri


Perbin, having only the now-defunct 1580 game to his (her?) credit, now faces a future of oblivion.

Wonder how the misattribution first came about, as well as who's gonna propagate the correction to places like this:, or this,

(This last bit is a bit cheeky of me, of course)

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