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P vs Emanuel Rubinstein
informal (1924), Krakow POL
King's Gambit: Declined. Classical Variation (C30)  ·  0-1

ANALYSIS [x]

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Kibitzer's Corner
Oct-30-13  Karpova: This game is featured in the chapter "Deflection" (<Ablenkung>). Notes by Dr. Tartakower:

5...Nc6 <Ignoriert die Bauerngewinndrohung. Am zweckmäßigsten ist wohl 5...De7.> (Ignores the threat to win a pawn, most purposeful is probably 7...Qe7)

7.Bxf7+ <!>

7...Ke7 <!>

8.Bb3 <Nach diesem Rückzug kommt Schwarz kraftvoll zum Worte. Geboten war daher noch kaltblütig 8. c3!, z. B. 8...Lb6 9. Lb3 oder 8...Sg4 9. d4!> (After this retreat, Black has powerfully his say. Advisable was in cold blood 8.c3!, e. g. 8...Bb6 9.Bb3 or 8...Ng4 9.d4!)

8...Nd4 <!>

9...Qxd4 <!>

10.d3 <Er muß ja den angegriffenen Bauern e4 schützen.> (To protect e4)

10...Bg4 <Der Vorbote der Ablenkungsaktion.> (The harbinger of the deflection.)

11...Rad8 <! Eine tückische Linienbesetzung! Nun war wohl für Weiß 11.Sc3 geboten, doch ahnt er noch nichts Böses und zieht:> (! A trappy occupation of the file! Now 11.Nc3 was advisable, but White doesn't sense the danger and moves:)

12.h3 <? Hierauf folgt unter Donner, Blitz und Hagel:> (? this is followed with lightning, thunder and hail by:)

12...Nxe4 <!!>

13...Qf2+ <!! Ein problemartiges Ablenkungsopfer. Partiegemäß genügte freilich auch 13...De4+.> (!! A problem-like deflection sacrifice. For sure, 13...Qxe4+ would have been sufficient also.)

<Es war eine konzentrisch durchgeführte Mattaktion. Ein Spieler, der den Vornamen des großen Lasker und den Familiennamen des großen Akiba führt, ist freilich zu brillanten Leistungen prädestiniert!> (A concentrically executed checkmate operation. A player who carries the forename of the great Lasker and the surname of the great Akiba is sure enough predestined to brilliant achievements.)

From pages 21-22 of Dr. S. G. Tartakower, 'Winke für die Schachstrategie', 1927, Walter de Gruyter & Co., Berlin and Leipzig

Aug-20-20
Premium Chessgames Member
  fredthebear: Black delivers an Opera Mate!!

The original Opera Mate by White:


click for larger view

It seems that Eric Schiller coined this term on page 320 of his book "Encyclopedia of Chess Wisdom" which includes other names that he also made up. "Opera Mate" refers to the Opera House game in Paris, 1858, perhaps the most famous game of chess ever played. The great American Paul Morphy defeated the consulting German noble Karl II, Duke of Brunswick and the French aristocrat Comte Isouard de Vauvenargues in 17 moves. It features a queen sacrifice deflection to clear the way for a supported rook to mate the uncastled king on the back rank. Morphy vs Duke Karl / Count Isouard, 1858

I support the elucidatory term Opera Mate, as it uniquely differentiates from other checkmate patterns. Chess has already established "Morphy's Mate" as a pattern against the castled king with an open g-file and the defeated king in the corner.

Morphy's Mate:


click for larger view

Readers should be aware that the great chess classic "The Art of the Checkmate" by Georges Renaud and Victor Kahn has a terrific chapter 15, page 142 entitled "Morphy's Mate". This broad chapter emphasizes queen sacrifices to achieve back rank mate. It includes multiple mating maneuvers, including the two discussed above.

For teaching purposes, it's easier to use Dr. Schiller's term to distinguish the difference between each pattern. Furthermore, Americans need to research, adopt and apply other chess terms readily used in foreign countries as opposed to making up new terms when one already exists elsewhere.

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