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English, Mikenas-Carls (A18)
1 c4 Nf6 2 Nc3 e6 3 e4

Number of games in database: 1080
Years covered: 1903 to 2020
Overall record:
   White wins 45.3%
   Black wins 18.4%
   Draws 36.3%

Popularity graph, by decade

Explore this opening  |  Search for sacrifices in this opening.
With the White Pieces With the Black Pieces
Viktor Korchnoi  16 games
Simon Kim Williams  11 games
Hikaru Nakamura  10 games
Eduardas Rozentalis  9 games
Arkadij Naiditsch  9 games
Artur Yusupov  8 games
NOTABLE GAMES [what is this?]
White Wins Black Wins
Filguth vs A De La Garza Madero, 1980
Tartakower vs R Frentz, 1933
Joel Benjamin vs N Gamboa, 1995
T Mantia vs T Trogdon, 1979
C H Alexander vs Fine, 1936
P Nikolic vs Yusupov, 1989
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 page 1 of 44; games 1-25 of 1,080  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. J F Heemskerk vs J De Soyres  1-0501903DCA Congress 31stA18 English, Mikenas-Carls
2. Carls vs A Brinckmann ½-½81192121. DSB KongressA18 English, Mikenas-Carls
3. Carls vs H Johner 1-02819271st olm finalA18 English, Mikenas-Carls
4. W F Wertheim vs A Sacconi  ½-½231928The Hague OlympiadA18 English, Mikenas-Carls
5. Y Porat vs H Mueller  ½-½191928The Hague OlympiadA18 English, Mikenas-Carls
6. Kan vs K Vygodchikov  ½-½411929USSR ChampionshipA18 English, Mikenas-Carls
7. Carls vs K Kullberg  1-0351930Hamburg OlympiadA18 English, Mikenas-Carls
8. J Gudmundsson vs Duchamp  1-0681930Hamburg OlympiadA18 English, Mikenas-Carls
9. Nimzowitsch vs Weenink ½-½351930LiegeA18 English, Mikenas-Carls
10. Nimzowitsch vs P List 1-0401930FrankfurtA18 English, Mikenas-Carls
11. J Mieses vs G A Thomas  0-1331930FrankfurtA18 English, Mikenas-Carls
12. Carls vs O Antze  1-0271931Bremen Club ChampionshipA18 English, Mikenas-Carls
13. Nimzowitsch vs W Michel  1-0401931Training Match vs MichelA18 English, Mikenas-Carls
14. Nimzowitsch vs B Kostic ½-½401931BledA18 English, Mikenas-Carls
15. Nimzowitsch vs Flohr 1-0421931BledA18 English, Mikenas-Carls
16. Flohr vs G A Thomas 1-0341931Hastings 1931/32A18 English, Mikenas-Carls
17. W Winter vs Milner-Barry  ½-½331932LondonA18 English, Mikenas-Carls
18. Carls vs Bogoljubov  ½-½341933Bad Pyrmont D-chA18 English, Mikenas-Carls
19. H Mueller vs G Rogmann  ½-½441933Siegen GERA18 English, Mikenas-Carls
20. Nimzowitsch vs Bjorn Nielsen  1-0431933Copenhagen PolitikenA18 English, Mikenas-Carls
21. P Vaitonis vs M Monticelli  0-1361933Folkestone OlympiadA18 English, Mikenas-Carls
22. Opocensky vs Duchamp ½-½371933Folkestone OlympiadA18 English, Mikenas-Carls
23. Flohr vs Kashdan 1-0301933Folkestone OlympiadA18 English, Mikenas-Carls
24. Tartakower vs R Frentz 1-0351933ParisA18 English, Mikenas-Carls
25. Carls vs L Schmitt  1-0301934GER-ch 2ndA18 English, Mikenas-Carls
 page 1 of 44; games 1-25 of 1,080  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
Feb-13-04  marcus13: It looks like that this opening ted to transpose whit queen indian defence.
Aug-22-04  fgh: Does somebody know about a good refutation of this line for black?
Sep-12-04  themindset: 3...c5
the sicilian variation, let white over-extend and attack on the flanks.
Dec-02-04  EnglishOpeningc4: ...c5? cant white just create a maroczy bind
Premium Chessgames Member
  An Englishman: Good Evening: EnglishOpeningc4, Black might enjoy playing against the Bind. This isn't the best place anyway. One line versus 3...c5 involves a pawn sac: 4.e5,Ng8; 5.Nf3!?,Nc6; 6.d4!?,cd4; 7.Nxd4,Nxe5; 8.Ndb5. Wild & wooly, study the theory long and hard before venturing upon this.
Dec-02-05  Chess Addict: I don't understand this opening. In an opening book that I just read, the following variation is seen:

1. c4 Nf6
2. Nc3 e6
3. e4 d5
4. e5 d4
5. exf6 dxc3
6. Qxf6 bxc3
7. d4 e5!
Evaluation: =
But why? What's a good reputation against this line?

Premium Chessgames Member
  Robin01: I played the following line (OTB) with the black pieces the other day and obtained a draw. 1. c4 Nf6
2. Nc3 e6
3. e4 d5
4. e5 d4
5. exf6 dxc3
6. fxg7 cxd2+
7. Bxd2 Bxg7
8. Qc2 Nc6
9. Nf3 Qe7
Premium Chessgames Member
  Robin01: I believe “obtained” is not the correct term here. The end result of my game was a draw. I was playing for a win. I can post more of the game if anyone is interested.
Jan-21-06  Chess Addict: What is the best refutation against the line above? Thanks.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sneaky: Chess Addict

<Evaluation: =
But why? What's a good reputation against this line?>

click for larger view

(By the way, you meant to say 6.bxc3 Qxf6)

Looks about even to me. Let's pretend we were in a consultation/correspondence game and it's our move (White) right now. Since we have no pieces developed we probably should concentrate on candidate moves that facilitate that.

A few moves can be discarded immediately: 8.Bd3 8.Qc2 8.Bd2 and even 8.Qb3 are all senseless pawn giveaways. 8.dxe5? is suicide. 8.Nh3 is absurd. 8.Bb2 is very anti-positional, creating a 'big pawn' out of the bishop like that.

8.Nf3 looks a little fishy because of ...e4 but maybe it's plausible. I guess a critical variation would be how you deal with 8.Nf3 e4 9.Ne5 Bd6. Looks pretty comfy for Black.

8.Be2 is possible, but sure looks timid, and it's just delaying the Nf3/e4 situation.

8.Be3 is also possible but defensive. I tend to like it because it seems like a super solid move, and might allow 9.Qb3 in some lines.

In summary, if you have the White pieces and your top candidate moves on move 9 look timid and defensive, you probably have squandered the advantage of moving first.

Jan-21-06  AgentRgent: <Sneaky> You didn't consider 8. Qe2
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sneaky: Oh right, I actually thought of that move but I considered it so important I would save it for the end, then I ended up leaving it out. Andbody want to tackle it? Seems like f4 might be a threat in that position.
Jan-22-06  AgentRgent: Perhaps something like 8. Qe2 Nc6 9. d5 Ne7 10. Nf3 Ng6 11. Bg5 Qf5 12. h4 This looks pretty good for white, with h5 as a possible threat.

click for larger view

Premium Chessgames Member
  An Englishman: Good Evening: Naturally the first thing I look at is a speculative pawn sac such as 8...Bd6?!; 9.f4,e4; 10.Qxe4+,Kd8.

I recommend you don't take my idea too seriously.

Incidentally, 8.Qf3,Qxf3; 9.Nxf3,exd4; 10.cxd4,Bb4+; 11.Bd2,Bxd2; 12.Kxd2 looks =.

Jan-22-06  Chess Addict: I have an idea.
How about Nf3 with the idea of Bg5 and the Queen will be tied to the defense of the threat Rd8#.
Dec-18-06  2021: According to NCO, it's called the Flohr-Mikenas system.
Premium Chessgames Member
  gambitfan: OPOD 07/04/2007
Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: Opening of the Day

English, Mikenas-Carls
1.c4 ♘f6 2.♘c3 e6 3.e4

click for larger view

White as holes on d3 and d4, while black can weaken their d6 square by playing 3...c5.

Oct-02-13  Kikoman: <Opening of the Day>

English, Mikenas-Carls
1. c4 Nf6 2. Nc3 e6 3. e4

click for larger view

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