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English (A21)
1 c4 e5 2 Nc3

Number of games in database: 3682
Years covered: 1828 to 2023
Overall record:
   White wins 36.8%
   Black wins 31.7%
   Draws 31.5%

Popularity graph, by decade

Explore this opening  |  Search for sacrifices in this opening.
With the White Pieces With the Black Pieces
Normunds Miezis  43 games
Wolfgang Uhlmann  42 games
Zurab Azmaiparashvili  18 games
Viswanathan Anand  22 games
Nigel Short  22 games
Michele Godena  20 games
NOTABLE GAMES [what is this?]
White Wins Black Wins
G Stoltz vs H Steiner, 1952
J Nogueiras vs M Gongora Reyes, 2001
Kasparov vs Karpov, 1987
R Toran Albero vs Tal, 1961
Huebner vs Kasparov, 1985
H Terrie vs E Tate, 2001
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 page 1 of 148; games 1-25 of 3,682  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Hyderabad vs Madras Chess Club 0-1521828City MatchA21 English
2. Horwitz vs Harrwitz 0-1371849MatchA21 English
3. Horwitz vs Harrwitz ½-½871849MatchA21 English
4. H Kennedy vs Mayet 1-0601851LondonA21 English
5. Somacarana vs Cochrane  0-1561855CalcuttaA21 English
6. Somacarana vs Cochrane 0-1351855CalcuttaA21 English
7. F J Gibbes vs R M Steele 1-0371871NSW v SA Telegraph MatchA21 English
8. London vs Vienna Schachgesellschaft 1-0491872Vienna CC- City of London CC corr mA21 English
9. Gunsberg vs Taubenhaus  ½-½3418862nd BCA CongressA21 English
10. J F Heemskerk vs Olland  0-1391891DCA Congress 19thA21 English
11. J Mason vs Marshall 0-1251902Monte CarloA21 English
12. O Antze vs C Hartlaub  1-0281911Antze - Hartlaub 1909/11A21 English
13. C Carls vs C Hartlaub  0-1221918BremenA21 English
14. Alekhine vs Z von Balla  ½-½481922Bad PistyanA21 English
15. C Carls vs H Weenink  ½-½211922GER-NEDA21 English
16. C Carls vs S Gruber  1-046192222nd DSB KongressA21 English
17. C Carls vs O Zander  1-029192222nd DSB KongressA21 English
18. O Antze vs O Zander  1-054192222nd DSB KongressA21 English
19. Tartakower vs M Walter  ½-½331923Maehrisch-OstrauA21 English
20. B H Villegas vs O Trompowsky  0-1391925MontevideoA21 English
21. Levenfish vs A Selezniev  1-0291925USSR ChampionshipA21 English
22. Alekhine vs Cercle de la Rive Gauche 1-0311925Blindfold simul, 28bA21 English
23. C Carls vs Saemisch  ½-½311925Baden-BadenA21 English
24. Euwe vs J W te Kolste  1-0211926NRSV-ASCA21 English
25. M Walter vs H Mattison  0-1151926BardejovA21 English
 page 1 of 148; games 1-25 of 3,682  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
Aug-19-03  evertoexcel: Has anyone ever seen/heard of the line 1. c4 e5 2. Nc3 Bb4 referred to as the "Kramnik-Shirov counterattack?" My (very weak) computer program identified it as such.
Premium Chessgames Member
  AgentRgent: I believe I've seen that referred to as the Anglo-Indian Defense.
Feb-13-04  marcus13: It is also play as white (1.e4 c5 2.Nc6 Bb5)
Mar-25-04  ruylopez900: <ete> My computer's database doesn't name it, just gives it the ECO A21.
Apr-06-04  PaulKeres: < marcus13: It is also play as white (1.e4 c5 2.Nc6 Bb5) >, that doesn't make sense?! do you mean <2.Nc3 Bb4> ?
Apr-06-04  apprenticetocaissa: That doesn't make sense either. <2...Bb5>
Jul-02-04  cuendillar: 1. e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5, the Rossolimo Sicilian, is probably what marcus was thinking of.
Jan-22-08  JustWoodshifting: Isn't this the A20: English Opening/ Nimzowitsch Variation?
Oct-07-08  0o0o0o0o0: I was looking for the opening, 1.c4 e5 2.Nc3 Bc5.

It was identified as A21 on the game I played. A21 the Kramnik-Shirov counter.

However, 1.c4 e5 2.Nc3 d6 was also A21 but with the Kramnik-Shirov bit dropped.

I found 8 Kramnik games with the code A21 on this site, but none were against Shirov.

So it's still all a bit of a mystery to me.

Oct-07-08  0o0o0o0o0: If I had kept my mouth shut and my peepers open I would have found this before my first post.

Salov vs Kramnik 1-0 40 moves 1993 Linares Spain.

I would have made it a handy little link for you, but don't have a Scooby how to do that :)

Oct-07-08  FICSwoodpusher: Salov vs Kramnik, 1993
Oct-11-08  0o0o0o0o0: Thanks
Aug-05-09  Robin01: I have been thinking about playing for black the following line over the board when facing the English: 1.c4 e5 2.Nc3 f5

Anybody have any experience with this line? Good or Bad!

Aug-05-09  nescio: <Robin01> I would have liked to play against 2...f5 but nobody has been interested, it seems. Usually Black plays ...f5 a move later. After 1.c4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.Nf3 f5 or 1.c4 e5 2.Nc3 d6 3.Nf3 f5 he can reply to 4.d4 with tempo 4...e4.

The position after 1.c4 e5 2.Nc3 f5 is crying out for 3.d4, weakening the black structure considerably. In Bagirov vs Nezhmetdinov, 1965 things didn't go well for White, but Taimanov came up with a few improvements:

6.Nf3 Nf6 7.Nd5! as played in Azmaiparashvili vs H Westerinen, 1992

6.Nh3 Nf6 7.Qd2!? Bb4 (7...h6 8.Nf4 followed by g3, Bg2 and Nd5) 8.a3 Bxc3 9. Qxc3 d5 10.Ng5+ and White is doing well according to Taimanov.

Nevertheless, it's just analysis and, as Tartakower said, "dubious, therefore playable" if you are aware of the risks. After all we rarely encounter a grandmaster.

Aug-10-09  Robin01: <nescio>Thanks. I did play that line the other day, and my opponent did not reply with 3.d4. I posted the game at my site if anyone wants to look at it and post any comments (either good or bad).
Aug-13-09  nescio: <Robin01: I posted the game at my site if anyone wants to look at it and post any comments (either good or bad).>

I wouldn't mind looking at it if I could find the game, but you don't provide a link to your site, either here or in your bio :)

Aug-17-09  Robin01: <nescio>Just click on my name and you can go to my site. It is just an entry near the bottom of my site.

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