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English (A22)
1 c4 e5 2 Nc3 Nf6

Number of games in database: 3904
Years covered: 1854 to 2023
Overall record:
   White wins 36.7%
   Black wins 31.4%
   Draws 31.9%

Popularity graph, by decade

Explore this opening  |  Search for sacrifices in this opening.
With the White Pieces With the Black Pieces
Normunds Miezis  62 games
Lajos Portisch  26 games
Viktor Korchnoi  21 games
Ivan Farago  32 games
Oleg Romanishin  14 games
Salomon Flohr  14 games
NOTABLE GAMES [what is this?]
White Wins Black Wins
Botvinnik vs Portisch, 1968
Rubinstein vs Duras, 1911
Alekhine vs F Duz-Khotimirsky, 1911
R Pitschak vs Flohr, 1934
Tartakower vs Lasker, 1909
P Leepin vs Alekhine, 1941
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 page 1 of 157; games 1-25 of 3,904  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. R Brien vs F G Janssens ½-½291854London mA22 English
2. Staunton vs Loewenthal 0-1651858BirminghamA22 English
3. E Rousseau vs Winawer 0-1321867ParisA22 English
4. F H Elder vs H D Smith 1-01718712nd American Chess Congress, ClevelandA22 English
5. de Riviere vs Chigorin  1-0531883Chigorin - de RiviereA22 English
6. J L Jacobsen vs T E Ash 0-181889MatchA22 English
7. Von Bardeleben vs J Mieses  1-0511897Berlin SV CentrumA22 English
8. Lasker vs Klemner  1-0281899Simul(?)A22 English
9. Schlechter vs Chigorin 1-0551901Monte CarloA22 English
10. J L Jacobsen vs W H Jonas 1-0361901New South Wales ChampionshipA22 English
11. J Mason vs A Reggio 1-0591902Monte CarloA22 English
12. J Mason vs J Mieses 1-0551902Monte CarloA22 English
13. A Neumann vs J W te Kolste  0-162190331st DCA Congress, HilversumA22 English
14. Swiderski vs H Caro 1-0521905Barmen Meisterturnier BA22 English
15. P Evtifeev vs G Helbach 1-06319064th All Russian TournamentA22 English
16. P Evtifeev vs E Talvik 1-03219064th All Russian TournamentA22 English
17. P Evtifeev vs V Omeliansky 0-14919064th All Russian TournamentA22 English
18. Tartakower vs Schlechter 1-0421907Trebitsch MemorialA22 English
19. O Bernstein vs Metger 1-0221907Ostend-BA22 English
20. Lasker vs C Graafland  ½-½241908Simul, 25bA22 English
21. Tartakower vs Lasker 0-1531909St. PetersburgA22 English
22. C Carls vs A Bauer  0-1271911Cologne Congress - Hauptturnier B1A22 English
23. A Anaya vs Capablanca 0-1701911Exhibition gameA22 English
24. Rubinstein vs Duras 1-0521911KarlsbadA22 English
25. Alekhine vs F Duz-Khotimirsky 1-0371911KarlsbadA22 English
 page 1 of 157; games 1-25 of 3,904  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
Jan-23-04  S4NKT: What if white plays d3 here...

forcing a reversed sicilian with a free (because of the tempo) d3 (or d6 if one were black)

is this sound?

Jan-23-04  refutor: sure! statistically it's as good as anything else :) Opening Explorer it likely transposes into one of the main lines, 3.Nf3 is more often played at this point but the reversed dragon is playable out of this position
Jan-23-04  Riku: It might be good idea to confuse opponent by playing sound but untheoretical g3, as advocated in Dynamic English by Kosten (there the move order was 2. g3 3. Nc3). What do you think of 2. g3 in general?


Feb-13-04  marcus13: I love this opening, because i think sicilian is good for black so imagine whit a extra tempo, but i am not playing 1.c4 because therre are a lot of varaiation as the simmetricla that are unpleasent for white.(only my opinion)
Mar-26-04  tacticsjokerxxx: Riku > 2.g3 or 2.-g6 (as in the hyperaccelerated dragon) is very good in my honest opinion!
Mar-21-07  RonB52734: Here's a lesson in not overrating the results of the Opening Explorer.

From this position in the Opening Explorer after 1.c4. e5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.g3 Bb4 4.Bg2 O-O 5.e4 Bxc3 6.bxc3 c6 7.Qb3 Na6 8.Ba3:

click for larger view

OE tells us that there are two games with 8...Re8, and black won both. So you would think that, playing 8...Re8, black has a great game. (Of course, it isn't possible to say that after 8 moves and 1 piece trade, black has a forced win. But let's make that mental error and see what happens...)

<Incidentally, the two games are S Steindorsson vs Timman, 2000 and

Kharlov vs S Volkov, 2006, which contains a very nice commentary by User: shr0pshire).>

So, black plays 8...Re8, and white's only response in the database (in four games now -- we're picking up some transpositions) is 9.Ne2. When that is played, Opening Explorer now tells us that there are two white wins, two draws, and three black wins (more transpositions).

However, 9...b6 has only one black win and one draw, so let's play that.

Now we have Opening Explorer with two games: V Tarasova vs E Sedina, 2005 where 10.d3 led to a draw, and our old friend S Steindorsson vs Timman, 2000, where 10.O-O led to a black win. In other words (again making the error of over-interpreting OE) white is now in a position to force a draw with move 10, even after black at move 8 was in a position to force a black win, and this without any error in black's play.

The lesson? Don't blindly follow OE, lest a later transposition come up and fork you.

Footnote: The two games with 8...Re8 that are linked above are not identical even at move 1! (Black's first two moves are inverted).

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