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Queen's Pawn Game (with ...d6) (A41)
1 d4 d6

Number of games in database: 7548
Years covered: 1849 to 2023
Overall record:
   White wins 35.5%
   Black wins 32.0%
   Draws 32.5%

Popularity graph, by decade

Explore this opening  |  Search for sacrifices in this opening.
With the White Pieces With the Black Pieces
Ivan Farago  45 games
Ivan Sokolov  24 games
Evgeny Gleizerov  23 games
Vlastimil Jansa  74 games
Zurab Azmaiparashvili  74 games
Colin McNab  67 games
NOTABLE GAMES [what is this?]
White Wins Black Wins
So vs Kasparov, 2016
V Kovacevic vs S Martinovic, 1981
Karpov vs Seirawan, 1994
A Pomar Salamanca vs Petrosian, 1970
Bacrot vs Topalov, 2000
A Meszaros vs V Beim, 1999
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 page 1 of 302; games 1-25 of 7,548 
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. H Kennedy vs E Lowe 0-1561849MatchA41 Queen's Pawn Game (with ...d6)
2. H Kennedy vs E Lowe 0-1161849Kennedy - Lowe mA41 Queen's Pawn Game (with ...d6)
3. Cochrane vs Somacarana  0-1351856CalcuttaA41 Queen's Pawn Game (with ...d6)
4. J A Leonard vs J Leonard 1-081861New YorkA41 Queen's Pawn Game (with ...d6)
5. Steinitz vs Paulsen 1-0471873ViennaA41 Queen's Pawn Game (with ...d6)
6. Mackenzie vs W Pollock  1-03018884th BCA CongressA41 Queen's Pawn Game (with ...d6)
7. H Caro vs Winawer  0-1321892Winawer - CaroA41 Queen's Pawn Game (with ...d6)
8. L Horwitz vs A Zinkl  1-0441896Vienna Chess Society Winter 1895/96A41 Queen's Pawn Game (with ...d6)
9. H W Trenchard vs D G Baird  ½-½581898ViennaA41 Queen's Pawn Game (with ...d6)
10. Halprin vs D G Baird  1-0341898ViennaA41 Queen's Pawn Game (with ...d6)
11. Marshall vs E Hymes 1-0471900Marshall - HymesA41 Queen's Pawn Game (with ...d6)
12. W Poole vs C B Billing 0-1221903Queensland-chA41 Queen's Pawn Game (with ...d6)
13. W Napier vs Pillsbury ½-½381904Cambridge SpringsA41 Queen's Pawn Game (with ...d6)
14. F Duz-Khotimirsky vs P Evtifeev 0-17819064th All Russian TournamentA41 Queen's Pawn Game (with ...d6)
15. S F Lebedev vs P Evtifeev 1-0321909All Russian AmateurA41 Queen's Pawn Game (with ...d6)
16. Capablanca vs J Corzo 1-0251909Casual gameA41 Queen's Pawn Game (with ...d6)
17. B van Trotsenburg vs H Strick van Linschoten 1-0251910HilversumA41 Queen's Pawn Game (with ...d6)
18. K Schleussinger vs Capablanca  ½-½301911SimulA41 Queen's Pawn Game (with ...d6)
19. Kostic vs J Perlis  ½-½781911KarlsbadA41 Queen's Pawn Game (with ...d6)
20. Ujesi vs Rhamses 1-0311912CompositionA41 Queen's Pawn Game (with ...d6)
21. Rubinstein vs Z Barasz 1-046191218th DSB Congress, BreslauA41 Queen's Pawn Game (with ...d6)
22. Rubinstein vs Breyer 1-037191218th DSB Congress, BreslauA41 Queen's Pawn Game (with ...d6)
23. R H Scott vs V Rush  1-0321913Metropolitan CC chA41 Queen's Pawn Game (with ...d6)
24. Ed. Lasker vs W Moorman  ½-½54191617th Western ChampionshipA41 Queen's Pawn Game (with ...d6)
25. Wassilewsky vs Nimzowitsch  0-1501917Offhand gameA41 Queen's Pawn Game (with ...d6)
 page 1 of 302; games 1-25 of 7,548 
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
Dec-28-04  gauer: since A42 is unavailable for commentary for non-premium members and A42 is today's opening of the day, I'll take the opportunity to ask at this A41 variation (of which A42 is contained in) about whether black can get a better Philidor CounterGambit variation (if I'm going to play a gambit, I may as well play a risky one, or be ready to transpose to KID setup if white declines) by delaying e5 in favour of first d6, Nd7, a possible f5 push without first bringing up the Nf6 and or e5 push (sometimes resorting to a c5 push if f5 doesn't look good). Here's a sample line I looked at today: (1.d4 d6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 Bg7 4.e4 in some or another move order to reach here) e5 5.Nf3 Nd7 6.Be2 why not 6 ... f5!? (or at least an early f5) Later I can consider moving the Nd7-c5 to recapture with Bxf5 or push f4 or fxe4 (in cases like white plays d5). Apologies if this is refuted already, I don't know much of the theory in this move order set-up.
Premium Chessgames Member
  An Englishman: Good Evening: gauer, the line you examined today is the Averbakh Variation versus the Modern Defense, which usually arises after 1.e4,g6; 2.d4,Bg7; 3.c4. Obviously, this is one of the most transposition-happy lines around, and after 6.Be2, Black can switch to the KID with 6...Nf6. As for non-KID lines, one idea is 6...Nh6!? intending an early ...f5. Both are known to be playable, but you did well to find them on your own.
Jan-06-05  BaranDuin: Hello,

How is the opening 1.d4 d6 2.c4 e5

Could anyone tell me what the plan is of this opening?

Jan-25-05  gauer: I don't mind getting 2...Nd7 and then deciding about how to possibly later recapture the pawn at e5. If you like to encourage 3 d5 and hope to get a closed position with a reverse salient wedge, then that's okay too (black's plan can either be Pc6-> c5 or xd5, or an immediate c5), so one could try 3. Nc6 (but this loses a tempo when the Nce7 moves again, and blocks Pc6 to block a Bb5+). In some cases, I send both knights to the kingside and push an f5, playing a Philidor Countergambit style. Of Course, there's the "problem" with the KID, and an f4 advance by white, but a Bg4 to pin a Nf3 gives a nice retreat to h5-g6 (and open h7 caro-kann style if the f7 flight is unavailable) if white chases him away. Or, black can even double white's pawns at f3 and try to bury white by advancing f7-f5-f4 (one has to like attacking the kingside in closed positions to play this way). An early Nd7 gives more choices for avoiding an unfavourable P@e5 exchange.
Dec-21-05  admeyer: <How is the opening 1.d4 d6 2.c4 e5?> I can tell you that most of my wins against 1.d4 involve this line. Beginners playing the white side often think that they will benefit from taking away black's right to castle with the following line: 3.dxe5 dxe5 Qxd8+ Kxd8. This gives black at least equality because of ideas like ...c6, ...kf7, and ...a5 and soon black will complete his development convincingly. White on the other hand, has a lot more difficulties since the pawn on c4 hinders the scope of the light-aquared bishop. Of course, White doesn't have to exchange pawns on e5 and can simply push. This shouldn't be too troublesome if you are KID player since you can just play against a Petrosian-type set-up.
Jan-10-06  hamworld: is 1 e4 d6 2 d4 Be6 a good move?
Jan-10-06  OJC: hamworld:

3. d5 gives white more territory and chases away the Bishop.

May-08-06  gauer: anyone have some suggested plans 1 d4 d6 2 c4 Bf5 for black perspective? similar is 2 Nf3 and now either 2 ... Bg4, and white is not likely to ask for the pin by advancing the e-pawn too carelessly, with retreat planned to g6 if h3, g4 gives chase to the bishop by threat of a queen recapture if BxN (if Be2, I usually capture, especially since white d5 is common in the sequences), or, 2 ... Bf5, returning to the exterior fianchetto at g6 earlier, possibly transposing. Nbd7->f6 and Nf6, e5, Be7, Q->up, 0-0-0 is usually a common set-up, threatening a later possible f5->4, g5->4 push to the other 0-0'ed king. if the (e+f)5 idea looks bad, then c5 is available. less common ideas from white seem to be forming a queenside stonewall with e3, f4, and/or c(3|4) and/or Nc3 without d4. also vs 2 c4 may be 2 ... Bd7?! threat b5 in some lines may resemble the 1 c4 b5 idea. maybe a6 or c5 plays a St. George if the e-pawn is pushed, and if dxc5, possibly the Bc6 diagonal is comfortable. so possibly the e5 before c5 plan should be preferred as a wing attack, as piece development and co-ordination goes smoother on the kingside, unless white is not pressing hard for the e4, f4 Austrian attack pushes. 2 c4 e5 is likely a drawish ending, but the black initiative is as good as the white side. but 2 ... Be6?! is asking to spend tempi to reposition on the same diagonal. maybe it better matches a dutch f5 idea than e5 or c5, but does the overextended d-pawn hinder white? i dont normally use the d6 dutch.
Premium Chessgames Member
  An Englishman: Good Evening: <hamworld> and <OJC>, here is an odd line for your consideration: 1.d4,d6; 2.c4 (or e4),Bd7!?

This is but one of a number of odd defenses invented by a friend of mine whose peak rating was about 2100 USCF. His other major innovations were 1.c4,d6; 2.Nc3,e5 3.g3 (or Nf3),g5!? and 1.e4,Nh6.

Don't laugh. All of these lines worked for him (although I once beat him in 12 moves when he tried 3...g5!? against me).

May-09-06  OJC: Hi < An Englishman >. Your friend must enjoy counterattack.

In the line 1.d4 d6 2.c4 Bd7 I'm curious how your friend would defend b7 in the event of 3.Qb3 (I guess 3. ...Qc8), and how development of the Q, QN and KB might proceed in general after 2. ...Bd7.

May-09-06  Shams: <OJC> 1.d4 d6 2.c4 Bd7 3.Qb3 Qc8 is not in my chessbase db. As yet untried! It must be good.
May-09-06  OJC: It looks like 3. ...Nc6 could be interesting too. If 4. Qxb7 then ...Rb8, 5. Qa6 Nxd4 (threatening Nc2+) and Black looks better.

If 4. d5 then ...Nd4 and the Q leaves the b-file.

May-09-06  OJC: <Shams> I checked the online chessbase database too and all 8 games after 2. ...Bd7 proceed with 3. Nc3 or Nf3.
May-09-06  OJC: Hmm...I missed how bad 4.Qxb7? is since 4. ...Rb8 5. Qa6 is followed by Nb4.
Jun-05-09  fref: Does someboby know who invented the <Wade Defense> (1.d4 d6 2.♘f3 ♗g4)?
Jul-07-09  YuanTi: Robert Wade played it at least twice, so may well be a good bet:

Repertoire Explorer: Robert Wade (black)

Jul-07-09  nescio: <Wade Defense> Didn't know that the move order was attributed to Wade, but the following game may well be the oldest example between masters: Tartakower vs Spielmann, 1938
Jun-01-14  GumboGambit: According the The Oxford Companion To Chess, this is known as the Pillsbury Defense.

It seems unjust that 1...d6 has only a couple ECO codes, while the Dutch (which is only slightly more popular) has 20. Wade Defense and English Rat are deserving of their own at the least.

Hindsight is 20/20, I suppose . . . .

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