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Scandinavian (B01)
1 e4 d5

Number of games in database: 9947
Years covered: 1475 to 2021
Overall record:
   White wins 45.2%
   Black wins 27.6%
   Draws 27.2%

Popularity graph, by decade

Explore this opening  |  Search for sacrifices in this opening.
With the White Pieces With the Black Pieces
Sergei Movsesian  30 games
Markus Ragger  22 games
Ilia Smirin  21 games
Sergei Tiviakov  85 games
Jacques Mieses  52 games
Ian Rogers  48 games
NOTABLE GAMES [what is this?]
White Wins Black Wins
Anand vs Lautier, 1997
E Canal vs NN, 1934
Steinitz vs A Mongredien, 1862
Schlechter vs J Mieses, 1909
NN vs P Krueger, 1920
M Weiss vs Blackburne, 1889
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 page 1 of 398; games 1-25 of 9,947 
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Castellvi vs Vinyoles 1-0211475ValenciaB01 Scandinavian
2. W Hanstein vs Von der Lasa 0-1361839?B01 Scandinavian
3. W Hanstein vs Von der Lasa ½-½341839?B01 Scandinavian
4. Anderssen vs Von der Lasa 1-0291845BreslauB01 Scandinavian
5. E Jenay vs Von der Lasa  0-1151846MatchB01 Scandinavian
6. Loewenthal vs Von der Lasa ½-½381846Casual gameB01 Scandinavian
7. W J Tuckett vs Harrwitz  0-1421847Casual gameB01 Scandinavian
8. Shumov vs Yenotov 1-0341847RUS corrB01 Scandinavian
9. Desloges vs Harrwitz  0-1171847Casual gameB01 Scandinavian
10. Harrwitz vs J Hind / Hamel  1-0421849Blindfold simul, 2bB01 Scandinavian
11. C Jaenisch vs Shumov ½-½551854St Petersburg m1B01 Scandinavian
12. de Riviere vs Dubois 0-1261855MatchB01 Scandinavian
13. T Wiegelmann vs Mayet 0-1551856BerlinB01 Scandinavian
14. B Wolff vs Willberg  1-0551856BerlinB01 Scandinavian
15. Paulsen vs H P Montgomery 1-03118571st American Chess CongressB01 Scandinavian
16. S Franklin vs D S Roberts  ½-½601858(T1) San FranciscoB01 Scandinavian
17. Morphy / Barnes vs Staunton / Owen 1-0521858Consultation gameB01 Scandinavian
18. Loewenthal vs Staunton 1-0251858BirminghamB01 Scandinavian
19. Morphy vs Guibert ½-½421858Blindfold simul, 8bB01 Scandinavian
20. Morphy vs Anderssen 1-0541858Anderssen - MorphyB01 Scandinavian
21. Morphy vs Anderssen 1-0251858Anderssen - MorphyB01 Scandinavian
22. Harrwitz vs R Brien  1-0201859Casual gameB01 Scandinavian
23. de Riviere vs P Journoud 1-0341859MatchB01 Scandinavian
24. de Riviere vs P Journoud  1-0391859Paris m2B01 Scandinavian
25. de Riviere vs P Journoud  1-0491859Paris m2B01 Scandinavian
 page 1 of 398; games 1-25 of 9,947 
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 28 OF 29 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Mar-18-10  Garech: Can anyone tell me how to find Blackmar-Deimer Gambit games? There is no eco code for the gambit, and all these games appear to be listed under simply "Scandinavian" - would appreciate any help, thanks.
Mar-18-10  MaxxLange:
Mar-18-10  MaxxLange: that ftp link is from the old U Pitt pgn archive, kept alive here:

Mar-19-10  Garech: Max - thanks. Is there no way to find them on
Premium Chessgames Member
  WannaBe: <Garech> Yes you can, by using the Opening Explorer *

*May require premium membership after certain amount of moves...

Mar-23-10  teddyo: Hey everyone, have only just started playing competitively for my local club and thought I'd celebrate by sharing the following Scandinavian game and another nice win against a Philidor Defence on that page... I'd greatly appreciate any comments, appraisals, suggestions etc that anyone takes the time to offer! Hope you like it!

1.e4 d5
2.exd5 Qxd5
3.Nc3 Qa5
4.d4 c6
5.Bc4 Bf5
6.Nf3 e6
7.Ne5 Nf6
8.g4 Be4
9.f3 Bd5
10.Bd3 Bb4
11.Bd2 Nd7
12.a3 Bd6

Black resigns 1-0

Black did play horribly but I was pleased to find strong moves in response from move 7 onwards...

Mar-23-10  teddyo: Sorry, should add that Black loses a piece with inadequate compensation after...

13... Qc7
14.Nxd6+ Qxd6
15.Nxd7 followed by 16.c4

Premium Chessgames Member
  WannaBe: Does anyone have any opinion/comment on this line: 1. e4 d5 2. exd5 Qxd5 3. Nf3 Bg4 4. Nc3
Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: < WannaBe: Does anyone have any opinion/comment on this line: 1. e4 d5 2. exd5 Qxd5 3. Nf3 Bg4 4. Nc3 > Yes.I have a comment.I say that black should move his/her ♕ to h5 .
Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: Opening of the Day:
1.e4 d5
Premium Chessgames Member
  edbermac: Has anyone ever seen this 3rd move for black?

1 e4 d5 2 ed Qd5 3 Nc3 Qf5 I have Big Bang Chess on my mac and it plays this occasionally. I reply 4 d4 Nc6 and it usually tries to play Nb4 attacking the c2 square

Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: <edbermac: 1.e4 d5 2.exd5 Qxd5 3.Nc3 Qf5>

I've never seen that, and it's not in the Openings Explorer. It does not look trustworthy--exposing the queen while blocking the effective development of the ♗c8 and all that--but there appear to be some points as well.

The natural continuation would be <4.d4 Nc6 5.Bd3>:

click for larger view

But after 5...Qa5 things get a little awkward for White. His ♗d3 blocks the defense of the d-pawn, and 6.Nf3 Bg4 is also annoying. If White resists tempation and plays 5.Nf3 first, then 5...Nb4 is annoying.

Perhaps White shouldn't bother driving the queen off f5, where she's not that well placed. 4.Bc4 and 5.d3 would eliminate many of Black's cheapos, and he would still have to spend time untangling.

My instinct would be that it's not good in the long run for Black. For another thing, with his queen on a5 Black often needs to line created by ...c6 to escape. But there are some tricks, and it might be worth looking into as a surprise weapon.

Mar-31-11  SimonWebbsTiger: @edbermac

that's a new one! It isn't even mentioned by Alexander Khalifman in his Anand series, and he, being thorough, often mentions a few oddities.

Apr-01-11  SirChrislov: Joshua/Chris time40/120 Expo Park CC, Los Angeles

1.e4 d5 2.exd5 Nf6 3.Nf3 Bg4 4.Bb5+ Nbd7 5.h3 Bh5 6.g4 Bg6 7.Ne5 a6 8.Nxg6 hxg6 9.Bc4 Ne5 10.Bb3 Nexg4 11.d4 Qd7 12.Nc3 0-0-0 13.Qf3 Nh6 14.Bxh6 Rxh6 15.Qe3 e6 16.dxe6 Qxe4 17.exf7 Qxf3+ 18.fxe3 Bb4 19.a3 Bxc3+ 20.bxc3 Ne4 21.Be6+ Kb8 22.Rb1 Nxc3 23.Rb3 Ne4 24.Bd5 Nd6 25.0-0 Rf8 26.Kh2 g5 27.c4 Rf6 28.Rxf6 gxf6 29.c5 Nxf7 30.Rxb7+ Kc8 31.Ra7 Kd7 32.Rxa6 Ne5 33.a4 Nd3 34.Bc4 Nxc5 35.Bb5+ Kd8 36.Ra8+ Ke7 37.Rxf8 Kxf8 38.a5 Ke7

click for larger view

39.Bd3(!?) I don't know if this is ! or ?. It's good for him if I take it but since I didn't, doesn't it just waste a move?

39...Kd6 40.Be2 Kc6 41.Kg2 Nb3 42.a6 Kb6 43.Bc4 Nc5 44.Kf3 Nxa6 45.Kg4 Nc5 46.Kf5 Nd7

Apr-01-11  SirChrislov: 47.Ke6 Kc5 48.Ba2 Nb6 49.Kxf6 Nd5+ 50.Bxd5 Kxd5 51.Kf5 c5 52.e4+ Kd6 53.Kf6 Kd7 54.Kxg5 Ke6 55.Kf4 c4 56.Ke3 Ke5 57.h4 c3 58.h5 Kf6 59.Kd3 Kg5 60.Kxc3 Kxh5 61.Kd4 Kg6 62.Ke5 Kf7 63.Kd6 Ke8 64.e5

click for larger view

1-0. sucks to lose by a mere pawn.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: <SirChrislov> Does 39.a6 wins the knight immediately? Black's king is too far away, and the knight can't get to b6 without being captured. That leaves 39...c6, but then 40.a7 promotes immediately.
Apr-02-11  SirChrislov: Sir<PB> True. it wins the N. <39.Bd3?> only gave me time to get closer with <39...Kd6>.

I returned the favor with <52...Kd6??>

<52...Kd4!> would have queened. 53.e5 c4 54.e6 c3 55.e7 c2 56. e8Q c1Q 57.Qe4+ Kc5 58.Qe7+ Kc6 59.Qxg5 Qf1+ Kg4 looks like a draw.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: <SirChrislov> <After 52.e4+>

click for larger view

It's an interesting position, and I think 52...Kd6 is actually the right move. After 52...Kd4, White wins after 53.e5 c4 54.e6 c3 55.e7 c2 56.e8Q c1Q 57.Qd8+!. Now Black cannot play 57...Ke3 58.Qxg5+ winning the queen, but also losing is 57...Kc3 58.Qc8+ followed by trading queens and winning on the kingside.

52...Kd6 doesn't seem right at first glance, since it allows the pawn to advance with check. But Black has enough time to survive this, and his king is headed to c7 to stop any skewer checks by White on the c-file.

After <53.Kf6>, the fatal error was <53...Kd7?>. Black draws after 53...c4 54.e5+ Kd7! 55.Kf7 c3 56.e6+ Kc7 57.e7 c2 58.e8Q c1Q. Now White cannot trade queens, and even if should he be able to win the g-pawn that won't be enough to win the game.

The problem with 53...Kd7 was that it allowed White to take the g-pawn while his king was still in the square of the c-pawn and his pawns far enough apart to protect each other.

A good case for counter-intuition.

Apr-04-11  SirChrislov: I reckon.

You're right about the 52...Kd4? wht does win with 57.Qd8+! I missed that one.

May-30-11  goodevans: Today's player of the day is one of many that have scored quick wins against the Scandanavian: Jonkman vs T Ellenbroek, 1996 has 435 miniature wins (25 moves or less) by white compared with only 178 for black. Given how so many reasonably able players manage to lose quite quickly with this opening it's surprising it's as popular as it is.

May-30-11  parisattack: < has 435 miniature wins (25 moves or less) by white compared with only 178 for black. Given how so many reasonably able players manage to lose quite quickly with this opening it's surprising it's as popular as it is.>

I've always considered it a fast (and loose) Caro-Kann. Not for me, but some players seem to have good success with the Scandinavian.

May-30-11  goodevans: <parisattack> True. Sergei Tiviakov has managed to get a plus score with it.

I notice that after <1 e4 d5 2 exd5 Qxd5 3 Nc3> Tiviakov always chooses <3 ... Qd6> whereas the popular <3 ... Qa5> is the move that so often finds black in trouble.

I see that two other major proponents of the opening, Jacques Mieses and Ian Rogers both prefer <3 ... Qa5> and both have a minus score with it.

May-30-11  parisattack: <I notice that after <1 e4 d5 2 exd5 Qxd5 3 Nc3> Tiviakov always chooses <3 ... Qd6> whereas the popular <3 ... Qa5> is the move that so often finds black in trouble.>

I was thinking I recently (6 months or so?) saw a game with 3. ...Qd6 where white introduced a move giving black some new problems?

Larsen's ZOOM Grunfeld-like 2... Nf6, 3... g6 appears to be under a cloud at this time.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: It's axiomatic that White has a better chance to win miniature games because of the iniitative given by the first move. Those numbers for the Scandinavian look scary, but are they really out of line?

There are approximately 43,405 games in the database that end decisively in 25 moves or less, which is about 7.33% of the entire database. Of these, White wins 26,903, Black wins 16,502. That's 62% White wins, or 1.63 White wins for each Black win.

Now let's look at the figures for Black's move one responses to 1.e4:

Miscellaneous (ECO B00)
W 231 B 123 65% 1.88

Scandinavian (B01)
W 435 B 178 71% 2.44

Alekhine (B02-B05)
W 313 B 173 64% 1.81

Modern, Pirc, etc. (B06-B09)
W 990 B 511 66% 1.94

Caro-Kann (B10-B19)
W 939 B 429 69% 2.19

Sicilian (B20-B99)
W4985 B3174 61% 1.57

French (C00-C19)
W1720 B 900 66% 1.91

1.e4 e5 (C20-C99)
W6428 B4107 61% 1.57

By this criteria, the Scandinavian does appear to have the highest risk of losing a miniature game with Black. Of course, by this criterion, the Caro-Kann is the 2nd most dangerous, which I think most would find counter-intuitive (though it does back up <parisattack>'s comment about their similarity). The equality of the Sicilian and 1.e4 e5 is also interesting.

Of course, this does not mean the Scandinavian is unplayable. But you do need to be aware of the risks.

May-30-11  parisattack: Great study, <PhonyBenoni> - this is the good side of!

I would think the close figures of the Sicilian and Open Games might be skewed by the non-Ruy Lopez games of earlier years, especially the 19th century? Certainly in modern times the Sicilian seems more likely to result in sudden death - or 'Sicilicide' as the chapter in Soviet Miniatures refers.

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