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Vienna Game (C28)
1 e4 e5 2 Nc3 Nf6 3 Bc4 Nc6

Number of games in database: 2128
Years covered: 1620 to 2023
Overall record:
   White wins 40.2%
   Black wins 29.8%
   Draws 30.0%

Popularity graph, by decade

Explore this opening  |  Search for sacrifices in this opening.
With the White Pieces With the Black Pieces
Jacques Mieses  35 games
Nikola Mitkov  27 games
Wilhelm Steinitz  23 games
NN  10 games
Harmen Jonkman  9 games
Frantisek Blatny  8 games
NOTABLE GAMES [what is this?]
White Wins Black Wins
Zukertort vs NN, 1877
Tartakower vs Rubinstein, 1925
J Tolosa vs Joan Carbo i Batlle, 1898
P Delekta vs Geller, 1992
Viakhirev vs Alekhine, 1906
Spielmann vs Reti, 1928
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 page 1 of 86; games 1-25 of 2,128  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Greco vs NN 1-0111620Miscellaneous gameC28 Vienna Game
2. Paulsen vs NN 1-0481858Blindfold simul, 10bC28 Vienna Game
3. F E Brenzinger vs K Brenzinger ½-½551859Correspondence GameC28 Vienna Game
4. H Hirschbach vs M Lange  0-1521861LeipzigC28 Vienna Game
5. Hirschfeld vs O Holdheim 1-0151861MarienbadC28 Vienna Game
6. C Stanley vs Horwitz 0-1241861Manchester CC ch mC28 Vienna Game
7. E Pindar vs Horwitz  1-0251861Manchester CC ch mC28 Vienna Game
8. E Pindar vs Horwitz  ½-½571861Manchester CC ch mC28 Vienna Game
9. Dubois vs Baruch  1-0231866FlorenceC28 Vienna Game
10. Steinitz vs G B Fraser 0-1631867MatchC28 Vienna Game
11. Steinitz vs G B Fraser 1-0531867MatchC28 Vienna Game
12. Steinitz vs C M Baxter  ½-½391867Steinitz Blindfold simul, 6b Dundee C28 Vienna Game
13. Steinitz vs Churchill / Ranken / Anthony  ½-½331870Consultation gameC28 Vienna Game
14. K Pitschel vs A Alexander  1-0271870Alexander blindfoldC28 Vienna Game
15. Steinitz vs NN  1-0221871Casual gameC28 Vienna Game
16. Mackenzie vs W B Haughton 1-02218712nd American Chess CongressC28 Vienna Game
17. Mackenzie vs H D Smith 1-02218712nd American Chess CongressC28 Vienna Game
18. Steinitz vs Vines  1-0381874blindfold simulC28 Vienna Game
19. Steinitz vs G Dufresne / L Schuell 1-0361874Consultation simul, 2bC28 Vienna Game
20. G B Fraser vs J C Fraser  1-0211874Casual gameC28 Vienna Game
21. Mackenzie vs H Kennicott  1-05018743rd American Chess CongressC28 Vienna Game
22. Blackburne vs Backhouse  1-0381874Blindfold simul, 8bC28 Vienna Game
23. A van der Linde vs E Dekker 0-1261875corrC28 Vienna Game
24. Steinitz vs W Parratt  ½-½321875Blindfold simul, 7bC28 Vienna Game
25. Zukertort vs NN 1-0161877Leipzig -C28 Vienna Game
 page 1 of 86; games 1-25 of 2,128  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
Mar-03-05  Kingsandsquares: Vienna...
Jun-18-05  trumbull0042: "1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Nf6 4. Nc3 Bb4 5. d3 d5 6. exd5 Nxd5 7. O-O Bxc3 8. bxc3" Why not 8...Nxc3? That is not one of the two options for black's 8th move in the opening explorer.
Jul-31-05  cuendillar: Probably because of 9.Qe1 gaining a centre pawn for the doubled c-pawn.
Jan-14-10  pablo333: I could well be missing something here, but after the sequence 1 e4 e5 2 Nc3 Nf6 3 Bc4 Nc6, is 4 Qf3 a feasible option for white? For example: 4... Nd4 might be met by 5 Qd3 (with a view to white developing his King Knight to e2 and a possible fianchetto of his Queen Bishop)?!
Premium Chessgames Member
  6ocus: How do I study the historical progression of a chess opening?
Premium Chessgames Member
  Dionysius1: The primary data is available easily enough by searching here by ECO code or opening name: the results would be displayed in chronological order at the year level. Over time I suppose you could play them through and note the changes.

But I don't remember any book that goes through significant changes in an opening's HIStory.

Maybe you'd have to write one yourself?

I'd love to know if there are such studies available. Now that I'm less interested in boning up on openings for tournament purposes, it'd be great to follow their historical development.

Premium Chessgames Member
  kingscrusher: Hi Guys,

According to Wiki:

"Although Steinitz became "world number one" by winning in the all-out attacking style that was common in the 1860s, he unveiled in 1873 a new positional style of play, and demonstrated that it was superior to the previous style. His new style was controversial and some even branded it as "cowardly", but many of Steinitz's games showed that it could also set up attacks as ferocious as those of the old school."

I assumed initially Steiniz might have removed the Vienna game from his repertoire after 1873 but it seemed he still played it a lot after 1873. Maybe he also played other more solid openings, more frequently than before 1873.

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