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Giuoco Piano (C50)
1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 Bc4 Bc5

Number of games in database: 5807
Years covered: 1620 to 2020
Overall record:
   White wins 37.5%
   Black wins 33.2%
   Draws 29.3%

Popularity graph, by decade

Explore this opening  |  Search for sacrifices in this opening.
With the White Pieces With the Black Pieces
Bonnerjee Mohishunder  60 games
James Mason  34 games
Mikhail Chigorin  23 games
John Cochrane  62 games
Varlam Vepkhvishvili  42 games
Emanuel Lasker  21 games
NOTABLE GAMES [what is this?]
White Wins Black Wins
Capablanca vs NN, 1918
J Mason vs Winawer, 1882
Loyd vs S Rosenthal, 1867
NN vs Blackburne, 1880
Dubois vs Steinitz, 1862
Muhlock vs B Kostic, 1911
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 page 1 of 233; games 1-25 of 5,807 
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. NN vs Greco 0-1131620Miscellaneous GameC50 Giuoco Piano
2. NN vs Greco 0-1141620Miscellaneous GameC50 Giuoco Piano
3. NN vs Greco 0-1151620Miscellaneous GameC50 Giuoco Piano
4. NN vs Philip Stamma 0-1131737CompositionC50 Giuoco Piano
5. NN vs Philip Stamma 0-1171737CompositionC50 Giuoco Piano
6. NN vs Philip Stamma 0-1171737CompositionC50 Giuoco Piano
7. NN vs Philip Stamma 0-1141737CompositionC50 Giuoco Piano
8. NN vs Philip Stamma 0-1171737CompositionC50 Giuoco Piano
9. NN vs Philip Stamma 0-1171737CompositionC50 Giuoco Piano
10. C Lolli vs D Ercole Del Rio 0-1191755ModenaC50 Giuoco Piano
11. Captain Evans vs McDonnell 1-0201825LondonC50 Giuoco Piano
12. W Lewis vs NN 1-0191840LondonC50 Giuoco Piano
13. Edward Daniels vs G Walker 1-0121841LondonC50 Giuoco Piano
14. W Hanstein vs Von Der Lasa 0-1261841BerlinC50 Giuoco Piano
15. Cochrane vs Staunton 0-1571841London m1C50 Giuoco Piano
16. Saint Amant vs J Schulten 1-0301842ParisC50 Giuoco Piano
17. Staunton vs Cochrane ½-½521842London m2C50 Giuoco Piano
18. G Walker vs Saint Amant 0-1411842Great BritainC50 Giuoco Piano
19. Paris vs Budapest 0-1391843UnknownC50 Giuoco Piano
20. Saint Amant vs G Perigal 1-0471843Great BritainC50 Giuoco Piano
21. M General vs Dubois 0-1281844RomeC50 Giuoco Piano
22. L S Lecrivain vs E Rousseau  0-1371844Offhand GameC50 Giuoco Piano
23. L S Lecrivain vs E Rousseau  0-1331844Offhand GameC50 Giuoco Piano
24. C Stanley vs E Rousseau 1-0491845Rousseau - Stanley MatchC50 Giuoco Piano
25. C Stanley vs E Rousseau 1-0361845Rousseau - Stanley MatchC50 Giuoco Piano
 page 1 of 233; games 1-25 of 5,807 
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 4 OF 5 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Jan-15-09  patzer of patzers: Why is Tal vs Filip, 1963 listed as a Giuoco Piano? ...Bc5 (or, in this case, ...Bxc5) isn't played until move 31!
Jan-15-09  refutor: <patzer of patzers> techincally, the code C50 is 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 other, so stuff like 3. ...Be7, 3. ...d6, 3. ...Nd4 etc. falls under this
Jan-16-09  patzer of patzers: <refutor> Ah. Thanks for the explanation. I'd neglected to think about the other kibitzes here (not the first time) and didn't even look at the picture at the top.
Feb-20-09  FiveofSwords: I really dont understand how you guys find it difficult to initiate complications in this line. I manage to do it quite easily. Theres a lot of stuff that has been analyzed already, which is extremely sharp, and plenty of room for new ideas in many of them. <Guiarados: I always play Giuoco Piano.But it isn't easy to play.If black defends properly, the match is equal.Example: 1.e4-e5 2.Nf3-Nc6 3.Bc4-Bc5 4.c3-Nf6 5.d4-exd4 6.cxd4-Bb4+7.Bd2-Bxd2 8.Nxd2-d5 9.exd5-Nxd5 10.O-O - O-O 11.Ne5-Nxd4 12.Nb3-Nxb3 13.Bxd5-Qf6 14.Bxf7 Rxf7 15.Qxb3-Qxe5 16.Rfe1-Be6 17.Rxe5-Bxb3 18.axb3-Rd7 19.g3-a6 20.Rc1-Rad8> 4. c3 is not forces. 5. d4 is not forced. 6 cd is not forced (consider 6 0-0 or 6 e5. both are interesting) 7 Bd2 is not forced (check out 7 Nc3...even check out 7. kf1) 8 Nbxd2 and 9 ed both are not really forced, but its true that other moves dont seem very logical. FYI i think 7..Nxe4 is a slightly better , more forcing route to an equal game than 7...bxd2+. 10 0-0 is not only not forced, i think it is quite a bit inferior to 10. Qb3. 11 Ne5 and 12 Nb3 both make no sense to me. you have so many other options that seem much more logical. for example, why dont you complete your development? The remaining moves seriously leave me with the impression that you are actually actively seeking a draw with white by forcing exchanges when you have nothing at all in the endgame.
Feb-20-09  FiveofSwords: <ravel5184> The line you speak of is actually considered part of vienna theory. look at the vienna and see if you can find it.
Feb-20-09  chessman95: I don't play this opening very often, because it seems to be too classical. The old theory of attacking the "weak" f7 pawn never actually does anything, and usually the opening results in slow manuvering, which gets boring fast. When I get board of the Ruy Lopez, I sometimes play this looking for the Evans Gambit, which is my favorite alternative. It's the one line in the Italian Game that I don't fall asleep playing.
Feb-21-09  FiveofSwords: <chessman> thats bizzare, i think the opposite really.. the ruy is slow manouvering and the italian game can be fairly sharp...although it is my least favorite of the open games. Much prefer the 2 knights or scotch or vienna. Anyway none of these games are just about attacking f7, theres a lot of stuff going on.
Feb-21-09  chessman95: <FiveofSwords> I see your point, but that's not really what I meant. When I said that the Italian Game is slow manouvering, I meant that in a Giuoco Pianissimo line all that happens is simple development and a few trades, while in the Ruy there is a lot of strategy and tactics to be aware of, and play is not just straight out development but attack and defense of the key e5 pawn.
Feb-22-09  FiveofSwords: <bxg7> I really appreciate your being interesting enough to try new ideas in such an old opening. Not enough people do that. Theres really a lot more going on in openings than the cliche plans people are used to, and trying playable sidelines liek this can, at the very least, help you to understand those under-the-surface possiiblities which can lead to better play even in the mainlines. I kinda wish you explained mroe that your general idea with Qc2 is. I guess i can see some possible tactics agains thte hanging bishop on c5 if black opens the c file, and maybe getting a rook quickly to the d file rather than the e file could open some interesting possibilities. Also ive learned theres a lot of tricks you can do from a position similar to this from the black side of the queen's gambit accepted, the queen c2, bishop c4 and Nf3 structure can do some suprising tactics out of nowhere against the kingside. But i wonder if you had other ideas, or if it was just another move to defend the e pawn.
Feb-23-09  FiveofSwords: <chessman95> I agree with you there about the giuco pianissimo. Thats quite a dull opening. Fortunately it seems that its only played by pretty weak players so you outplay them anyway.
Feb-23-09  MaxxLange: Well, the Pianissimo can be used as an attempt to slowly reach Ruy-like positions, and some strong players do use it. It's certainly not the most ambitious opening...

What enrages me is people playing d3 against the Two Knights.

Mar-03-09  chessman95: <MaxxLange> Why does d3 in the Two Knights enrage you? It seems like the most logical move: it defends the attacked e4 pawn and does not block in the light-squared bishop which is already developed.
Mar-06-09  FiveofSwords: well I disagree by a long shot. d3 there is just not a logical move. Its illogical to give your opponent no problems at all because its pretty unlikely that normal people are going to make mistakes when there is no pressure on their position.
Mar-06-09  MaxxLange: <chessman95> White avoids all the juicy positions after 4 d4 or 4 Ng5, depriving me of fun.
Mar-06-09  chessman95: <MaxxLange> I see. I would prefer those lines as well! Although I don't play d3, I can see why it would be a boring line.

And <FiveofSwords>, the point of playing openings that put pressure on the position is not get them to make mistakes. There's no point in playing a sharp line at all if you're just relying on your opponent to make a blunder, which they usually won't.

Apr-05-10  FiveofSwords: well I think chess is all about making the other guy make a mistake. If there are no mistakes its just a draw. You cannot have an advantage in any position if you preculde the possibility of mistakes.
Premium Chessgames Member
  tpstar: <whiteshark> Thanks for the Wikipedia link about the Blackburne Shilling Gambit. Very helpful. =)

<Shadout Mapes> I liked your link too. =)

C50 covers quite a rich terrain.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: Opening of the Day :
Giuoco Pianissimo
1.e4 e5 2.♘f3 ♘c6 3.♗c4 ♗c5 4.d3
Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: Opening of the Day:
Blackburne Gambit
1.e4 e5 2.♘f3 ♘c6 3.♗c4 ♘d4

Looks like a dangerous opening to me.

Jun-06-11  GrahamClayton: Here is an interesting move for Black in the Giuoco Piano: 6...h5?!:

1.e4 e5 2.♘f3 ♘c6 3.♗c4 ♗c5 4.0-0 ♘f6 5.d3 d6 6.h3 h5 7.♗g5 ♗g4 8.♘c3 ♘d4 9.hxg4 ♘xf3+ 10.♕xf3 hxg4 11.♕g3 ♕d7 12.♗xf6 gxf6 13.♘d5 ♖h6 14.c3 0-0-0 15.♖fd1 c6 16.♘e3 ♗xe3 17.♕xe3 ♖dh8 18.♔f1 f5 19.exf5 d5 20.♗b3 ♕xf5 21.♕g3 e4 22.d4 e3 23.♔e2 exf2 24.♖f1 ♖e8+ 25.♔d2 ♖f6 26.♗c2 ♕g5+ 27.♔d1 ♖e3 28.♕h2 ♖fe6 0-1

Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: Opening of the Day

Blackburne Gambit
1.e4 e5 2.♘f3 ♘c6 3.♗c4 ♘d4

click for larger view

This opening sure is dangerous. If 5.Nxe5 Qg5 6.Nxf7 Qxg2 and it looks bad for white.

click for larger view

However, not taking the pawn, instead taking the knight, and following the top variation, it comes down to this.

Opening Explorer

Oct-16-13  Kikoman: <Opening of the Day>

Giuoco Pianissimo
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. d3

click for larger view

Opening Explorer

Oct-22-13  Kikoman: <Opening of the Day>

Blackburne Gambit
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Nd4

click for larger view

Opening Explorer

Jul-10-14  ljfyffe: Ryall Variation:<Dr. Isaac Ryall-James Narraway> 1886 correspondence tournament/ 1e4 e5 2Nf3 Nc6 3Bc4 Bc5 4Bb5 Nf6 5Bxc6 dxc6 6d3 Be6 70-0 Qd6 8Bd2 0-0-0 9h3 h6 10Qe2 Nh5 11Kh1 Nf4 12Bxf4 exf4 13e5 Qd7 14Nbd2 g5 15Ne4 Be7 16Nf6 Bxf6 17exf6 Rdg8 18Ne5 Qd8 19f3 Qxf6 20d4 h5 21g3 fxg3 22Kg2 Qf5 23Rh1 f6 24Nd3 g4 25hxg4 hxg4 26Rxh8 Rxh8 27fxg4 Bd5+ 28Kxg3 Qh7 29Rf1 Qh4+ 30Kf4 f5 31Ke3 fxg4 32Rf4 Re8+ 33Ne5 Qg3+ 0-1 Narraway, New Brunswick; Ryall, Ontario.
Jul-11-14  ljfyffe: My understanding is that 1e4 e5 2Nf3 Nc6 3Bc4 is named the Italian Game, which would include the subsets Giuoco Piano with 3...Bc5, and the Two Knights with 3...Nf6, etc.
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