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Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense (C73)
1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 Bb5 a6 4 Ba4 d6 5 Bxc6+ bxc6 6 d4

Number of games in database: 721
Years covered: 1892 to 2021
Overall record:
   White wins 37.4%
   Black wins 28.6%
   Draws 34.0%

Popularity graph, by decade

Explore this opening  |  Search for sacrifices in this opening.
PRACTITIONERS
With the White Pieces With the Black Pieces
George Alan Thomas  11 games
Boris Spassky  9 games
Aleksandar Matanovic  9 games
Bogdan Sliwa  17 games
Heikki Westerinen  13 games
Paul Keres  12 games
NOTABLE GAMES [what is this?]
White Wins Black Wins
O Feuer vs O'Kelly, 1934
Alekhine vs Koltanowski, 1932
Nunn vs Portisch, 1988
Ivkov vs Smyslov, 1956
G A Thomas vs Capablanca, 1936
Timman vs Spassky, 1983
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 page 1 of 29; games 1-25 of 721  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Tarrasch vs Alapin 1-0311892NurembergC73 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense
2. Winawer vs Alapin 1-0381892DSB-07.KongressC73 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense
3. J Mason vs Blackburne ½-½281892North of Ireland CongressC73 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense
4. N van Lennep vs W Meiners  1-0461893ASC clubC73 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense
5. A Hodges vs G Bellingham  ½-½6918972nd Anglo-American Cable MatchC73 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense
6. Maroczy vs H Wolf 1-0401899Kolisch Memorial 1899/00C73 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense
7. J Kotrc vs H Wolf  1-0481899Kolisch Memorial 1899/00C73 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense
8. D Mills vs A Hodges  ½-½6119016th Anglo-American Cable MatchC73 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense
9. Teichmann vs Schlechter ½-½681902Monte CarloC73 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense
10. H Wolf vs Schlechter 0-1561903Monte CarloC73 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense
11. O Bernstein vs M Brody  1-0731904Coburg (Meisterturnier)C73 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense
12. Duras vs M Lange 1-0371904DSB-14.Kongress Hauptturnier AC73 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense
13. Gajdos vs E Cohn  0-1331905Barmen Hauptturnier-AC73 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense
14. Przepiorka vs H Fahrni  ½-½461905Barmen Meisterturnier BC73 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense
15. O Bernstein vs Von Bardeleben 1-0281905Barmen Meisterturnier AC73 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense
16. Teichmann vs H Wolf  1-0381906OstendC73 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense
17. H Suechting vs Swiderski  ½-½171906OstendC73 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense
18. Przepiorka vs L Forgacs 0-127190615th DSB Kongress (Nuremberg)C73 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense
19. H Rosenfeld vs P Johner  0-1331909Johner - Rosenfeld mC73 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense
20. R P Michell vs J W te Kolste  ½-½501910London CC - Dutch Chess FedC73 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense
21. L Szwarcman vs Rubinstein  1-0291919Warsaw City ChampionshipC73 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense
22. S Sery vs K Treybal  ½-½351921BrnoC73 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense
23. Bogoljubov vs G A Thomas ½-½781922HastingsC73 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense
24. R T Black vs Ed. Lasker  0-12919239th American Chess CongressC73 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense
25. Bogoljubov vs A Brinckmann  ½-½361927BremenC73 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense
 page 1 of 29; games 1-25 of 721  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
Oct-12-04  Knight13: Did Steintz played this opening the first time or what?
Oct-12-04  refutor: <Did Steintz played this opening the first time or what? > i don't believe so...he pioneered the "old steinitz" line 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 d6 and this is a modern variation of that (with ...a6 and Ba4 inserted)
Oct-12-04  e4Newman: The position/moves illustrated incorporate a few ideas. <refutor> correctly identifies the modern or deferred Steinitz as a slightly delayed ...d6, usually 4.Ba4 d6. But here we also see white trying to punish black with a deferred exchange as well, forcing the doubling of pawns using the b-pawn instead of the more efficient d-pawn. Black now also has another weakness in the isolated a-pawn!
Oct-31-05  hayton3: Actually, the strategical intention of Bxc6 is to rob black of one of its strongpoint defenders of e5. When white follows up with d4, black is faced with either ceding his strongpoint defence with exd or he can shore it up with f6 (which is better). This however takes away black's best square for the development of his king knight. Thus black develops his knight to e7 en route for g6. This then allows white to initiate a kingside pawnstorm with h4 - aiming to gain a tempo by attacking the knight with h5. Therefore by Bxc6 white is creating an attacking strategical plan involving queenside castling with a pawnstorm on the kingside against the black king!
Oct-31-05  e4Newman: thanks <hayton3>

well said

Dec-02-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  Ron: A line that can arise out of the Steinitz Defense Deferred: 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 d6 5. Bxc6 bxc6 6. d4 f6 7. Nc3 Rb8

Chessbase has 6 games in their database, with 2 wins for white, 4 draws, and no losses for white. And one of the games had Alekhine playing black. A possible 8th move for white, b3, seems interesting. Here is a sample line: 8. b3 Bg4 9. Bb2 exd4 10. Qxd4 Bxf3 11. gxf3 Ne7 12. f4 f5 13. e5 d5 14. 0-0-0 Qc8 15. Rhg1 Qe6 16. Qa4 Ra8

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