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Queen's Gambit Declined (D51)
1 d4 d5 2 c4 e6 3 Nc3 Nf6 4 Bg5 Nbd7

Number of games in database: 1286
Years covered: 1839 to 2019
Overall record:
   White wins 45.4%
   Black wins 25.8%
   Draws 28.8%

Popularity graph, by decade

Explore this opening  |  Search for sacrifices in this opening.
With the White Pieces With the Black Pieces
Alexander Alekhine  31 games
Frank James Marshall  28 games
Salomon Flohr  19 games
Rudolf Spielmann  14 games
Efim Bogoljubov  11 games
Vera Menchik  10 games
NOTABLE GAMES [what is this?]
White Wins Black Wins
Alekhine vs Capablanca, 1927
Alekhine vs Capablanca, 1927
Larry Evans vs H Opsahl, 1950
Mayet vs Harrwitz, 1848
Capablanca vs Manhattan, 1931
Capablanca vs Botvinnik, 1925
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 page 1 of 52; games 1-25 of 1,286  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Meyer vs Livanec 1-0141839PostalD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
2. Mayet vs Harrwitz 0-1251847Berlin mD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
3. Mayet vs Harrwitz 0-181848BerlinD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
4. Janowski vs Schlechter  1-0391895HastingsD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
5. Pillsbury vs Tinsley 1-0711895HastingsD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
6. Maroczy vs Albin 1-0431896BudapestD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
7. Janowski vs F Womersley  1-0271898Simul, 29bD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
8. K A Walbrodt vs Janowski 0-1301898ViennaD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
9. Janowski vs G Marco  ½-½361898ViennaD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
10. Pillsbury vs F J Lee 1-0261899LondonD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
11. Lasker vs Tinsley 1-0461899LondonD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
12. G Bellingham vs A Hodges  0-16519005th Anglo-American Cable MatchD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
13. Marshall vs Lipschutz  0-1491900hexD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
14. Alapin vs Reggio  1-0471901Monte CarloD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
15. Lasker vs W P Shipley 0-1241901Simul, 20bD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
16. James B Hunt vs Frederick W Clarke  1-05119024th Anglo-American universities cable mD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
17. J F Heemskerk vs C Trimborn  0-1241903DCA Congress 31stD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
18. M Lowcki vs O Bernstein  ½-½4119033rd Russian National TournamentD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
19. A Lueth vs T Germann  1-0261904Match Germann - LuethD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
20. Lasker vs E Delmar 1-0401904Cambridge SpringsD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
21. W Napier vs Teichmann 0-1371904Cambridge SpringsD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
22. A Neumann vs P Kaegbein 1-0381904DSB-14.Kongress Hauptturnier AD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
23. Schlechter vs O Bernstein ½-½391904Coburg (Meisterturnier)D51 Queen's Gambit Declined
24. A Curnock vs Teichmann  0-1501904LondonD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
25. Marshall vs O Roething  1-0311904Sylvan BeachD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
 page 1 of 52; games 1-25 of 1,286  PGN Download
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Kibitzer's Corner
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sneaky: The Cambridge Springs Defense. I've always enjoyed the well known trap that it sets, as illustrated in the game Mayet vs Harrwitz 1848

1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Nbd7 5.cxd5 exd5 6.Nxd5? Nxd5! 7.Bxd8 Bb4+ winning the Queen

Apr-06-04  ruylopez900: Funny, I was just going to post the same trap =P. I didn't know this was the Cambridge Sprins Variation though. You learn something everyday!
Apr-06-04  Bears092: Mayet vs Harrwitz, 1848
Dec-05-04  manderson: Technically this isn't the Cambridge Springs. The Cambridge Springs is classified under D52 (after 5.e3 c6 6.Nf3, and then 6...Qa5). D51 is the QGD:Semi-Pillsbury, variants with 4...Nbd7, but not 5.e3 c6 6.Nf3. It includes several sub-variants such as:

5.Nf3 c6 6.e4
5.Nf3 c6 6.Rc1 Qa5 7.Bd2
New York:
5.Nf3 Bb4
5.e3 Bb4
5.e3 Bb4 6.Nf3 c5
5.e3 c6 6.a3
5.e3 c6 6.cxd5

Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: Opening of the Day

The Manhattan Defense
1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.♘c3 ♘f6 4.♗g5 ♘bd7 5.e3 ♗b4

click for larger view

Much better choice than thinking you can win a pawn. :)

Mar-16-12  The Finisher: I tried to do this tonight, the Cambridge Springs.. his 4th move was Nf3. I thought that maybe I could still do it, but from experience I also know that is a recipe for disaster, continuing with the plan after a slightly different move (or even move order).

It went the first 3 moves, then: 4.Nf3 Nbd7 5.Bg5 (now I wasn't sure what to do.. I had to fill a move in - and I forgot the plan) Bb4. I knew that move was wrong, but I thought at least pin the Knight. I only discovered this yesterday, so I'm unfamiliar with it. I should have made a non-committal move, like a6, instead.

6.Bxf6 Nxf6 7.Qa4+ I should have resigned then. It went another 10 moves. Obviously I should have gone 6...Qxf6. Maybe that's a way to get white's black squared bishop if you want it; he'll play the moves out in the hope you'll do what I did.

As for the Cambridge Springs... I'm guessing all d4 players know it.

Jan-09-13  DanielBryant: Today's opening of the day is the Manhattan Defense, which is far more respectable than the Brooklyn Variation of the Alekhine. Queens obviously has the Queens Gambit; that leaves Staten Island and The Bronx as openingless boroughs (to my knowledge).
Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <Daniel> I remember Joel Benjamin playing 1.e4 Nf6 2.e5 Ng8, though unsuccessfully, but there are no games of his in the DB.

Even Petrosian had a go at it in a training event for defence of his world title: Boleslavsky vs Petrosian, 1966.

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