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English, Three Knights System (A27)
1 c4 e5 2 Nc3 Nc6 3 Nf3

Number of games in database: 1145
Years covered: 1913 to 2023
Overall record:
   White wins 40.3%
   Black wins 29.3%
   Draws 30.3%

Popularity graph, by decade

Explore this opening  |  Search for sacrifices in this opening.
With the White Pieces With the Black Pieces
Wolfgang Uhlmann  15 games
Simon Kim Williams  11 games
Colin McNab  9 games
Vlastimil Hort  11 games
Predrag Nikolic  9 games
Walter Browne  8 games
NOTABLE GAMES [what is this?]
White Wins Black Wins
Sanahuja vs Fernandez, 1983
D Andreikin vs Karjakin, 2010
Muller vs NN, 1928
Seirawan vs Browne, 1979
V Doroshkievich vs Tukmakov, 1970
Razuvaev vs Kupreichik, 1970
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 page 1 of 46; games 1-25 of 1,145  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. J Stapfer vs C Jaffe 0-1291913American NationalA27 English, Three Knights System
2. I Rabinovich vs V Nenarokov 1-0291925USSR ChampionshipA27 English, Three Knights System
3. P F van Hoorn vs R Loman  0-1201926Dutch ChampionshipA27 English, Three Knights System
4. C Ahues vs Saemisch  ½-½611926BerlinA27 English, Three Knights System
5. C Ahues vs Colle 1-0271926BerlinA27 English, Three Knights System
6. D Petrov vs A Perfiliev  0-1301927Olympiad of Leningrad-Gr.1A27 English, Three Knights System
7. Kupchik vs H Steiner  0-1521927Manhattan CC-chA27 English, Three Knights System
8. W F Wertheim vs R Loman  0-1391927MatchA27 English, Three Knights System
9. Muller vs NN 1-0101928WienA27 English, Three Knights System
10. K Opocensky vs M Walter  1-0531928BrnoA27 English, Three Knights System
11. A Kevitz vs Lasker 1-0361928Clock simul, 10bA27 English, Three Knights System
12. F Reinfeld vs F K Perkins  0-1451929Dimock Thematic TournamentA27 English, Three Knights System
13. H R Bigelow vs Marshall 0-1561929Bradley BeachA27 English, Three Knights System
14. C Carls vs P Soler  ½-½411930Hamburg OlympiadA27 English, Three Knights System
15. Nimzowitsch vs G Stoltz  ½-½391931BledA27 English, Three Knights System
16. I Mazel vs N Riumin  ½-½351931USSR ChampionshipA27 English, Three Knights System
17. Kasparian vs V Goglidze  0-1431931USSR ChampionshipA27 English, Three Knights System
18. I Mazel vs V Goglidze  ½-½331931USSR ChampionshipA27 English, Three Knights System
19. J A Wolthuis vs P Reid  1-0121932Hastings Major AA27 English, Three Knights System
20. P Blechschmidt vs G Kieninger  0-135193228th German Chess Federation CongressA27 English, Three Knights System
21. H Mueller vs Kmoch  ½-½411932Trebitsch MemorialA27 English, Three Knights System
22. Keres vs E Joonas 1-0681934Tallinn, Est chA27 English, Three Knights System
23. I Mazel vs N Riumin 0-1291934USSR Championship 1934/35A27 English, Three Knights System
24. Fine vs H Steiner  1-0501934Mexican International MastersA27 English, Three Knights System
25. Euwe vs Milner-Barry 1-0341935Hastings 1934/35A27 English, Three Knights System
 page 1 of 46; games 1-25 of 1,145  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2)  

Kibitzer's Corner
Feb-06-05  Helloween: Yes, in this line against the English Black refrains from Nf6 until he's already played f5. The game takes on a hybrid Dutch/Nimzo flavor. Black usually eliminates his Dark ♗ by playing Bb4 and Bxc3+, doubling White's queenside pawns to prevent their advance while he prepares to stir up trouble on the kingside. Smejkal vs Kurajica, 1982.

White may be better off playing 3.g3.

Premium Chessgames Member
  An Englishman: Good Evening: I agree--the Nf3 is just too good a target for the eventual g7-g5-g4 or e5-e4. After 3.g3, White has the option of playing e2-e3 and Nge2, and an eventual f2-f4. This last move not only thwarts ...f5-f4, it also keep the Bc8 penned behind the f-pawn.
Feb-06-05  Helloween: On the other hand, the statistics seem awfully good for Black in 3.g3. If you follow the main line in this database it goes up to move 14 with 4 different alternatives for Black: The Light ♗ goes to e6, usefully controlling d5. Also, I don't think that g2-g3 necessarily thwarts f4; in fact, it may give Black a target to attack and forcefully pry open the f-file with or even advance to f3. In 3.Nf3, usually when the Knight gets pushed with e5-e4, this creates a weak square at f4 which can be exploited(Ng5-h3-f4). In any case, the English systems with an early f7-f5 for Black are quite double-edged.
Premium Chessgames Member
  An Englishman: Good Evening: I've seen those statistics, and they were very surprising to me. All I know is that *my* statistics were quite good. Perhaps this line is my personal Albin Countergambit--stinks for most people, works great for me?
Aug-06-05  melianis: i've had only bad experiences as white in this opening, but then i'm mostly a queen's gambit/catalan player. trying catalan type setups against this has lead to very complex games.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: Opening of the Day

English, Three Knights System
1.c4 e5 2.♘c3 ♘c6 3.♘f3

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