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Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack (B14)
1 e4 c6 2 d4 d5 3 exd5 cxd5 4 c4 Nf6 5 Nc3 e6

Number of games in database: 2896
Years covered: 1881 to 2023
Overall record:
   White wins 39.1%
   Black wins 25.5%
   Draws 35.4%

Popularity graph, by decade

Explore this opening  |  Search for sacrifices in this opening.
With the White Pieces With the Black Pieces
Mark Hebden  23 games
Dragoljub Minic  17 games
Yrjo Rantanen  17 games
Arturo Pomar Salamanca  27 games
Keith Arkell  24 games
Vladimir Burmakin  23 games
NOTABLE GAMES [what is this?]
White Wins Black Wins
Botvinnik vs A Konstantinopolsky, 1943
Nepomniachtchi vs Kharitonov, 2009
Alekhine vs Eliskases, 1939
Anand vs Karpov, 1998
Keres vs A Konstantinopolsky, 1948
Tal vs Bronstein, 1961
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 page 1 of 116; games 1-25 of 2,896  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Wittek vs J Schwarz 1-06318812nd DSB Congress, BerlinB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
2. Zukertort vs J Schwarz 1-04318812nd DSB Congress, BerlinB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
3. Steinitz vs H Jacobs ½-½301899Simul, 13bB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
4. Duras vs Kolar  1-0191923SimulB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
5. W H Pratten vs W G Perrin 1-0351923BCF-ch General Open Section BB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
6. A Iglitsky vs N Grigoriev  1-0321928Ch Trade UnionB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
7. Kostic vs Flohr  ½-½161931BledB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
8. M Yudovich Sr. vs Kasparian  ½-½311931USSR ChampionshipB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
9. B Verlinsky vs A Budo 1-0251931USSR ChampionshipB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
10. H Von Hennig vs E Hahn  1-032193228th German Chess Federation CongressB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
11. Alekhine vs McCombie 1-0331932Simul, 24bB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
12. Alekhine vs Euwe ½-½701932BernB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
13. W Von Holzhausen vs L Rellstab  ½-½321933GER-ch 1stB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
14. Alekhine vs H Tampboelon / Moersid / J Simoran 1-0391933Blindfold simul, 10bB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
15. P F van Hoorn vs Euwe 0-1231933Dutch ChampionshipB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
16. Spielmann vs B Hoenlinger 1-0331933Trebitsch MemorialB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
17. Lasker / Wolf vs Allies 0-1441934Vienna simB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
18. J van den Bosch vs Euwe  0-1251934MatchB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
19. H Joss vs Alekhine 0-1401934ZurichB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
20. E E Book vs B Rasmusson  1-0271934m FIN-chB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
21. J van den Bosch vs S Landau  1-0651934Match 3B14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
22. H Weiss vs B Hoenlinger  ½-½441934Trebitsch Memorial 1934/35B14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
23. Sokolov vs N Kopilov  0-1321935Leningrad Jr. championshipB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
24. F Bohatirchuk vs Levenfish  0-1311935MoscowB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
25. G Stoltz vs Alekhine 0-1481935OrebroB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
 page 1 of 116; games 1-25 of 2,896  PGN Download
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Kibitzer's Corner
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Dec-09-05  Averageguy: Hello, I was wondering as an aggressive player who dislikes opening theory which line is more for me as white, the main-line Caro-Kann or the Panov-Botvinnik attack?
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: <Averageguy> Panov. The feel of that is similar to lots of other IQP positions. And attacking players find the main-line quite anoying.
Dec-09-05  Averageguy: <Gypsy> Thanks for your reccomendation, I'll give it a go. However, I don't really agree that aggresive players get annoyed with the main-line. I've won some good games with it (best was a win against my 1988 rated club champ).
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: <Averageguy> If you are an attacking player, how can you go wrong following Alekhine (or Tal). Good luck!

As for the main-line: My father played CK all his life to the great chagrin of his club- and tournament buddies. I am glad to hear that the main-line does not get under your skin; many an 1.e4 attacking player groans quietly when consenting to enter it for the umpteenth time.

Dec-09-05  Akavall: Funny, but I think exchange variation of Caro-Kann gives white a pretty good attack. While black has to move pawns on the Queen's side, white just sets up an attack. It is definitly good for someone who doesn't like theory.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: <Akavall> Yes, you either get a Catalan- or Carlsbad pawn structure with collors reversed. It generally is a pleasant game for Black as long as he/she know what they are doing. For instance in the Carlsbad, as Black I would forego a minority attack on the Q-side in favor of f6 and e5. (Even without the f6, e5 brings about a rough equality.)
Dec-10-05  Akavall: If Black goes for g6 line, then there is no attack. My guess is that white should start playing on the queen's side, before Black can play f6, e5. If white just sits there black will get a really good play. Honestly, I am not sure what is a right plan for white, people play g6 line very rarely against me.
Jun-11-06  e4Newman: i love this as white, although I don't see the ck as much as other kp defenses

as white, i always exchange and push c4

there are other openings i'll play white or black, such as ruy lopez, but not this one

Aug-06-06  soughzin: This looks more like a queen's gambit than most e4 stuff. I'd like to avoid all the normal caro stuff but do you think a solely e4 player would feel uncomfortable in the resulting positions?
Aug-06-06  euripides: <soughzin> I'm not an e4 player, but I wouldn't have thought so. The isolated queen's pawn positions are generally quite good for launching direct king's side attacks.
Dec-10-06  Karpova: <soughzin: This looks more like a queen's gambit than most e4 stuff. I'd like to avoid all the normal caro stuff but do you think a solely e4 player would feel uncomfortable in the resulting positions?> That's why Karpov likes it so much. He plays the same stuff against 1.d4
Dec-10-06  Eyal: <soughzin: This looks more like a queen's gambit than most e4 stuff> Or like a Nimzo-Indian - after 6.Nf3 Bb4.
Dec-10-06  whiskeyrebel: I'm really happy playing this as black. People who play this as white seem to expect that I'm going to crumble in fear of an attack. I'm cautious and work towards a superior endgame. My W-L ratio against players in the 1800-2200 range as black is good. There are some traps you need to prepare for if you play this as black though, uhh..and I'm not sure if I'd feel as confident playing somebody over 2200. Then again, I'd try it anyway. Plenty of GM'S are happy with blacks prospects. Book up, my C-K friends.
Apr-01-07  gambitfan: Opening of the day (01/04/2007)
Apr-01-07  Kwesi: Maybe its an April Fool because it actually could be a Nimzo Indian instead of a Caro-Kann.
Apr-09-07  gambitfan: This opening is very important for the theme of the ISOLANI (Isolated Pawn).

Game Collection: ISOLANI

Premium Chessgames Member
  WTHarvey: Here are some crucial positions in miniature Panov-Botvinnik games:
Jun-02-08  Alphastar: I really don't like the lines starting with 5. ..e6. It's too passive for me I guess. I much prefer 5. ..Nc6, usually followed by 6. Nf3 Bg4.
May-16-10  libertyjack: What's the fundamental difference between the classical Panov-Botvinik attack and the accelerated version ?
Jul-30-10  libertyjack: Someone has an idea about the difference between the accelerated and the classic panov-botvinik attack?
Feb-04-11  cuppajoe: <libertyjack>

They usually transpose, although the accelerated Panov has some independent lines of unclear theoretical value for White.

The accelerated Panov position can also arise from an English opening (1.c4 c6 2. e4) which is handy if White doesn't fancy facing the Slav.

If you're asking what the point of 2.c4 is from the usual CK move order, I have no idea. I suppose it avoids sidlines like 2...f6 and 2...d6, but a) Black can just play those anyway and b) they're probably garbage. If any of my opponents want to play those, I'm perfectly happy to let them.

Feb-04-11  acirce: I'm not sure what the accelerated Panov is, but if it is independent enough to deserve a name of its own, wouldn't it be that White doesn't play d4 transposing to the regular Panov?

1.e4 c6 2.c4 d5 3.exd5 cxd5 4.cxd5 (instead of 4.d4) Nf6 and now 5.Bb5+, 5.Qa4+ or 5.Nc3.

5.Nc3 can still transpose or otherwise lead to similar positions, but in the other lines White tries to keep his extra pawn, although it's not a very strong one. Personally I'm not scared of those lines at all as Black.

(As I said I am not sure what this is actually called. Schandorff calls it the "pseudo-Panov", Houska "Panov's little brother".)

Nov-02-11  jbtigerwolf: Not keen on this. A knight in front of the isolani pawn is quite powerful. I can see the concept of open lines and space, but it's suspect for novices. I've tried an isolani once or twice and lost the pawn and then the game shortly after.

I think the key when black plays something annoying like c6 or e6 is to play Nf3. My limited experience of these wretched openings is that they ruin my center and stunt the flow of my game.

Jul-02-13  Phony Benoni: <"This line of play, introduced into modern tournament practice by Dr. Alekhine, was worked out and analyzed in detail by the Moscow chess player Panov in the Russian magazine "64" in 1930. The aim of this formation is to develop the bishop with tempo after ...dxc4, or at a convenient time by means of c4-c5 to begin a battle of three pawns against two on the Queen side."> -- Abram Isaakovich Rabinovich, quoted in "Chess Review" for April, 1933, as part of the notes for Riumin vs Kan, 1932.

Perhaps the Alekhine game is Alekhine vs Tartakower, 1925. There were priors, but many of them were transpositions from queenside openings.

Going through the 1933 issues of "Chess Review", it is clear that the PB was already highly thought of--though not known by that name, of course.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: A lot of times in this "Caro-Kann Exchange", it eventually transposes into a Nimzo-Indian Defence.
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