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Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack (B14)
1 e4 c6 2 d4 d5 3 exd5 cxd5 4 c4 Nf6 5 Nc3 e6

Number of games in database: 1710
Years covered: 1881 to 2020
Overall record:
   White wins 39.7%
   Black wins 24.9%
   Draws 35.4%

Popularity graph, by decade

Explore this opening  |  Search for sacrifices in this opening.
With the White Pieces With the Black Pieces
Judit Polgar  36 games
Mark Hebden  33 games
Sveshnikov  27 games
Alexey Dreev  27 games
Anatoly Karpov  22 games
Maxim Turov  19 games
NOTABLE GAMES [what is this?]
White Wins Black Wins
Fischer vs Euwe, 1960
Tal vs Botvinnik, 1966
Botvinnik vs Flohr, 1933
Miles vs Yusupov, 1985
Anand vs Karpov, 1998
Nimzowitsch vs Alekhine, 1931
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 page 1 of 69; games 1-25 of 1,710  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Wittek vs J Schwarz  1-0631881BerlinB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
2. Zukertort vs J Schwarz 1-0431881BerlinB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
3. Duras vs Kolar  1-0191923SimulB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
4. W Pratten vs W G Perrin  1-0351923BCF-ch General Open Section BB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
5. B Kostic vs Flohr  ½-½161931BledB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
6. M Yudovich Sr. vs Kasparian  ½-½311931USSR ChampionshipB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
7. B Verlinsky vs A Budo 1-0251931USSR ChampionshipB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
8. H Von Hennig vs E Hahn  1-0321932Bad EmsB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
9. Alekhine vs McCombie 1-0331932Simul, 24bB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
10. Alekhine vs Euwe ½-½701932BerneB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
11. Spielmann vs B Hoenlinger 1-0331933ViennaB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
12. W Von Holzhausen vs Rellstab  ½-½321933GER-ch 1stB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
13. Alekhine vs H Tampboelon / Moersid / J Simoran 1-0391933Blindfold simul, 10bB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
14. P F van Hoorn vs Euwe 0-1231933NED-chB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
15. Lasker / Wolf vs Allies 0-1441934Vienna simB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
16. J van den Bosch vs Euwe  0-1251934MatchB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
17. H Joss vs Alekhine 0-1401934ZurichB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
18. J van den Bosch vs S Landau  1-0651934Match 3B14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
19. F Bohatirchuk vs Levenfish  0-1311935MoscowB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
20. Stoltz vs Alekhine 0-1481935OrebroB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
21. Keres vs B P Reilly  1-0211935Warsaw OlympiadB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
22. A Macht vs B Rasmusson  0-1401935Warsaw OlympiadB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
23. Keres vs B Rasmusson  0-1711935Warsaw OlympiadB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
24. Alekhine vs A Radoslavov  ½-½451936Simul, 40bB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
25. Milner-Barry vs B P Reilly  1-0321936MargateB14 Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack
 page 1 of 69; games 1-25 of 1,710  PGN Download
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Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 3 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Jun-08-05  MUG: This opening can also be reached via the Scandinavian Defence:

1.e4 d5 2.exd5 Nf6 3.c4 c6 4.d4 cxd5 5.Nc3 e6.

This is important to know if you are a 2...Nf6 Scandinavian player because if White plays to hang onto the pawn with 3.c4 then Black really only has two sensible options: 3...c6 (the solid Panov-Botvinnik), or 3...e6 (the very double-edged Icelandic Gambit).

Thanks <hintza>! ;-)

Jul-20-05  Greginctw: why wouldnt white just play dxc6? isnt he up a pawn then? (to mug in his scandinavian transposition line)
Jul-20-05  foolishmovesss: --Greginctw--

I play the Scandinavian against e4 in every e4 game I play. I also follow up with Nf6 if they take the pawn(I just dont see the point of moving my queen around and letting white develop quickly). The pawn that black loses in the c6 line cleary gives the opportunity to equalise the game quickly because of piece development (i.e. piece activity). It is a book move and I would recomended it to be played against any white player attempting to hold the pawn with c4.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Eric Schiller: Black has many defenses against the PB Attack, and most lead to an equal game. I enjoy playing both sides of this opening. It is much less dependent on theory than most of the main lines, and a lot of dynamic lines are available. I think the most interesting lines are in the 5...g6 line, where Black temporarily sacrifices the pawn at d5.
Jul-20-05  foolishmovesss: Eric

How do you feel about the line I mentioned with black playing c6 in the scandinavian? Just curious since you know so much about openings, what your take is on the line. Thanks.

Jul-20-05  refutor: i dunno eric the ...g6 lines (statistically and practically) are better for white. maybe not better, but easier to play. i could give many examples of black sacrificing the pawn at d5 and suffering the rest of the game. one example is Tal vs Botvinnik, 1966 my choice is to play ...e6 and aim for a tranposition into a nimzo with ...b6 Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3, Gligoric System (e54)
Aug-07-05  who: <An Englishman: > What game are you talking about. In game 15 Alekhine crushes Sultan Khan and ends up up a piece. If you mean on move 20...Bxc6 21.Qxe6+ and wins the piece back with a pawn.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Eric Schiller: <foolish> I have long been a fan of the Scandinavian with ...c6, but with the Queen at d6. In fact, i sometimes play 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.exd5 Qxd5!? if I'm not in the mood for a main line Panov.

<refutor> I don't agree that the 5...g6 lines are easier to play for White. For Black it is a simple matter of recouping the pawn at a proper time. The strategy is straightforward. I find the Nimzoindian lines to be more complex strategically, and though the positions are solid, those are a bit easier for White to play.

Aug-09-05  refutor: interesting opinion on the ..g6 line. i'm curious about the transposition into the scandinavian after 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.exd5 Qxd4 4.Nc3 Qd6 looks interesting
Sep-11-05  niemzo: <An Englishman> <who> The numbers of the games change over time. Maybe because more old games are inserted into the database, so dont refer to games with these numbers or confusion like here will be created.
Nov-17-05  Kriegspiel: I don't understand why a number of these opening diagrams are incomplete. Where is the Black pawn which is supposed to be at e6?


Nov-20-05  Kriegspiel: <refutor: the diagram is correct, but the text for the diagram is not :) B14 includes both 5. ... e6 and 5. ... g6 while 5. ... Nc6 is in B13>

< Thanks, refutor. It appears correct now.>

I'm confused. If Black's fifth move can be one of two options, why does the text still show 5...e6? Shouldn't it either be omitted or else two options be shown?


Nov-20-05  Kriegspiel: <MUG> Here's just such a transposition (from the Scandinavian into B14):

A Fulton vs P Khetho, 2004

Do you think it should be classified under B14 (as it is) opening 1.e4 d5 (as it does)?

Also, this game is textually described as "Caro-Kann Defense: Panov Attack. Modern Defense Mieses Line." What does "Modern Defense Mieses Line" refer to there? How can it be both Caro-Kann Defense and Modern Defense? And what is the Mieses Line?


Premium Chessgames Member
  Eric Schiller: <kriegspiel> The ECO code system is badly implemented and causes a lot of problems like this. As for the names, they are hierarchical, so it is perfectly OK to have a "Modern Defense" or "Modern Variation" of the Panov.

Names are much better than ECO codes for classifying and Chessgames is working to implement a named opening classification.

Nov-20-05  Kriegspiel: <Eric Schiller> I just think of the Modern Defense as a completely different opening (e.g., A42). Also, doesn't the word "Defense" in both "Caro-Kann Defense" and "Modern Defense Mieses Line" refer to Black's portion of play here? So how can it be both? And what is the Mieses Line?



Dec-08-05  popski: This is somehow strange opening. I think you need good nerves for this. First you isolate your own pawn and after you don't have a feeling that you have some kind of initiative... First four moves looks so promising, but after everything start to melt and you have to watch on your own annoying isolated pawn all the time, because if you lost this one, you are in a big trouble. It's also hard to find weak points in a black position after casteling. I don't feel comfortable with this opening...
Premium Chessgames Member
  Eric Schiller: <Kriegspiel> The name of an opening refers to the position of the board, independent of color. By convention, most Defenses are Black openings, but the word "Attack" is used for both sides. The names are a hierarchy, just as in biology there are groups and subgroups, each of which has a name.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Eric Schiller: <popski> You seem to think isolated pawns are a bad thing. Tarrasch and many others have proven otherwise. Having an IQP means having plenty of mobility for pieces, and wide open attacking files. I play both sides of IQP positions, but prefer to have the isolated pawn, as in the Tarrasch Defense.
Premium Chessgames Member
  WannaBe: have to try this out next time <sueteus po 147> brings out the CK opening. =)
Dec-09-05  suenteus po 147: <WannaBe> I've had some good experience with the Panov-Botvinnik as black. In fact, I'm undefeated in it. Of course years of experience playing the QGD has helped, I think.
Dec-09-05  Averageguy: Hello, I was wondering as an aggressive player who dislikes opening theory which line is more for me as white, the main-line Caro-Kann or the Panov-Botvinnik attack?
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: <Averageguy> Panov. The feel of that is similar to lots of other IQP positions. And attacking players find the main-line quite anoying.
Dec-09-05  Averageguy: <Gypsy> Thanks for your reccomendation, I'll give it a go. However, I don't really agree that aggresive players get annoyed with the main-line. I've won some good games with it (best was a win against my 1988 rated club champ).
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: <Averageguy> If you are an attacking player, how can you go wrong following Alekhine (or Tal). Good luck!

As for the main-line: My father played CK all his life to the great chagrin of his club- and tournament buddies. I am glad to hear that the main-line does not get under your skin; many an 1.e4 attacking player groans quietly when consenting to enter it for the umpteenth time.

Dec-09-05  Akavall: Funny, but I think exchange variation of Caro-Kann gives white a pretty good attack. While black has to move pawns on the Queen's side, white just sets up an attack. It is definitly good for someone who doesn't like theory.
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