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Frederick Horace Deacon
Number of games in database: 57
Years covered: 1849 to 1863
Overall record: +29 -23 =5 (55.3%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games.

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B21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4 (4 games)
C33 King's Gambit Accepted (4 games)
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C51 Evans Gambit (4 games)
B40 Sicilian (3 games)
C52 Evans Gambit (3 games)
C40 King's Knight Opening (3 games)
C39 King's Gambit Accepted (3 games)
C00 French Defense (2 games)
C38 King's Gambit Accepted (2 games)

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(born 1830, died Nov-20-1875, 45 years old) United Kingdom (federation/nationality Belgium)

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Wikipedia article: Frederick Deacon

Last updated: 2018-05-11 11:38:21

 page 1 of 3; games 1-25 of 57  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. De Remouille vs F Deacon 0-1221849BruggeC40 King's Knight Opening
2. F Deacon vs A Alexandre 1-0361850Casual GameC24 Bishop's Opening
3. F Deacon vs E Lowe  1-0341851London m3A03 Bird's Opening
4. E Lowe vs F Deacon 1-0371851London m3C00 French Defense
5. F Deacon vs E Lowe  1-0451851Club TourneyA20 English
6. E Lowe vs F Deacon  0-1281851London m3B40 Sicilian
7. F Deacon vs E Lowe  1-0491851London m3A20 English
8. F Deacon vs Anderssen 0-1381851London Chess Club tA02 Bird's Opening
9. E Lowe vs F Deacon  ½-½621851London m3B21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
10. F Deacon vs E Lowe  1-0251851London m3D10 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
11. F Deacon vs E Lowe  1-0311851London m3A30 English, Symmetrical
12. E Lowe vs F Deacon  0-1351851London m3C00 French Defense
13. E Lowe vs F Deacon 1-0371851London m3B40 Sicilian
14. F Deacon vs E Lowe  1-0511851London m3C44 King's Pawn Game
15. F Deacon vs W Gilby 0-1341851Provincial tA34 English, Symmetrical
16. C E Ranken vs F Deacon 1-0611851Provincial tD35 Queen's Gambit Declined
17. W Gilby vs F Deacon  0-1301851Provincial tB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
18. F Deacon vs C E Ranken 0-1401851Provincial tA35 English, Symmetrical
19. W Gilby vs F Deacon  0-1271851Provincial tC50 Giuoco Piano
20. F Deacon vs F Discart 1-0351859Sienna (Italy)C52 Evans Gambit
21. F Deacon vs Baumann 1-0291859London m/1C36 King's Gambit Accepted, Abbazia Defense
22. Morphy vs F Deacon 1-0381859LondonC52 Evans Gambit
23. Morphy vs F Deacon 1-0331859Casual gameC52 Evans Gambit
24. F Deacon vs Morphy 1-0461859Casual GameC38 King's Gambit Accepted
25. F Burden vs F Deacon 0-1651860LondonB06 Robatsch
 page 1 of 3; games 1-25 of 57  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Deacon wins | Deacon loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Dec-20-06  jaime gallegos: this man defeated Steinitz, Blackburne, and Morphy ! he deserve a biography on this place !
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <jaime gallegos> This man made up most of his famous "wins." <SBC> could probably write an interesting bio, though.
Jan-02-09  YJGYJ: I agree that Deacon needs a Bio but even a search on the internet has very few answers as to who he was.
Jul-23-09  myschkin: . . .

Frederic Deacon (1829-1875) from Belgium.

May-02-14  Gottschalk: He was the first master to gain success with the Elephant gambit 1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 d5
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: An account of the Deacon-Morphy controversy:

But if everything's so clear, why are there three Morphy-Deacon games here?

Premium Chessgames Member
  OhioChessFan: From <SBC> link:

<Staunton, who published the games, at worst knowing they were forgeries or at least accepting them without question, whereas they should have raised a red flag>

I have a problem with this claim. Is <SBC> a historical mind reader? How does she know Stauntion accepted them without question? What, exactly, is required of a person to do before publishing a game before they can be accused of doing so without question? Why, exactly, should those games have raised a red flag? Who pursued the cousin and the waiter to see if they'd verify the account? Is <SB> dismissing those claimed witnesses "without question"? Why does Mr. Deacon provide so much detail when almost all fraudulent claims are made in the most vague terms?

Mar-09-16  zanzibar: <<OCF> How does she know Stauntion accepted them without question?>

He published them.

<What, exactly, is required of a person to do before publishing a game before they can be accused of doing so without question? Why, exactly, should those games have raised a red flag?>

Well, compare Deacon's rating against Morphy's:

Morphy ~2780

Deacon ~2450

So, a 300 points rating difference, and a 1-1 game split. I would say that's a red flag.

Plus, the match-up wasn't publicized, only Deacon's word for both the validity *and* existence of the games.

Moreover, Deacon admits reconstructing the games from memory, and to only putting Morphy's name on one of the games.

This seems to indicate a caution flag, if not a red flag, to me.

How hard would it have been for Staunton to correspond with Morphy about the games? Why the rush to publish them after all, without due diligence and common courtesy?

If you have a private game between two players and one disavows the game, it shouldn't be published. You wouldn't disagree with that would you?

< Why does Mr. Deacon provide so much detail when almost all fraudulent claims are made in the most vague terms?>

Most fraudulent claims have too much detail in general, by a practiced practitioner.

Mar-09-16  zanzibar: The reason I popped over here in the first place...

On p23 of the <Westminster Papers v9 (1st June 1876)>

<The most noticeable feature of the foregoing regulations is the extraordinary slow play for which they provide. <An average five minutes to each player for every move has not, we believe, been adopted in any tourney since the London Congress of 1862, when it was found to be more than enough for every one except, perhaps, <the late Mr. Deacon.>><<>>>

Interesting that they would put that in, especially given it a British publication, and Deacon being deceased.

Mar-10-16  zanzibar: By the way, <batgirl> edited out Deacon's challenge to Morphy, made in his denial...


Col. Deacon is now in Westmoreland, but I will write to him, by to-day's post, and he will give you his corroboration of these circumstances.

<Regarding the affair, however, as in truth, only a question of memory, I do hope and trust that Mr. Morphy will be able and will soon make amends for the forgetfulness by a manly and honorable acknowledgment.>

May I add, dear sir, these details are to be used as you may think best, for I feel and know full well how unnecessary any information would be to satisfy your mind upon the subject.

Believe me, sincerely yours,


Mar-10-16  zanzibar: As for the cousin's testimony, well, ILN v38 p237 is this letter:

<We have at length overcome this most natural repugnance in some measure, and have just received the following letter from Lieutenant-Colonel Charles C. Deacon, C.B., which speaks for itself:- -

“‘4, Edwards-square, Kensington, London, Jan. 14, 1861.

“Dear Sirs, -In reply to your note of December 17, accept my sincere acknowledgments for your fair and manly defence of my cousin, which we warmly appreciate; but the controversy to which you refer has been conducted by a portion of the American press in a manner which really precludes my entering into it—indeed, in the whole course of my life I have never known an g so outrageous and dastardly as the manner in which we have been attacked. Under different circumstances, however, I should have been
happy to have given you my testimony, which would have fully borne out the statement sent to you some time ago by Mr. Fred. Deacon; and I must add, from the gentlemanly way in which you have put the case, I regret that, for the reason I have mentioned, I cannot give you a more complete answer.

“‘I am, dear Sirs, yours truly, CHAS. DEACON.

“‘Chess Editors of the Philadelphia Evening Bulletin.'” >

Mar-10-16  zanzibar: Of course, once Morphy set the record straight from his end, that was basically it for him as well. There was nothing further to say.

So... it would be interesting to see if someone could dig up Riviere's comments on this. Or find the Steinitz comments.

Jul-13-17  zanzibar: EDOchess pointed me to C.N. 7854

<According to Jeremy Gaige’s Chess Personalia (Jefferson, 1987), Frederic H. Deacon was born in Bruges in about 1829 and died, possibly in Brussels, circa October 1875. However, the privately-circulated 1994 edition gave his full name as Frederick Horace Deacon and stated that he was born in Bruges in about 1830 and died in Brixton, London on 20 November 1875. The additional sources specified by Gaige were the death certificate (reporting that Deacon died at the age of 45) and the probate record.>

and also

< In one of the “side-shows” of the great 1851 tournament, the youthful Frederic Deacon, burning with eagerness to win his chess spurs, was, though already notorious for slow play, selected very injudiciously by the Committee to play a match of seven games up with Edward Löwe, then a perfunctory old stager nearly 40 years Deacon’s senior. ...

Finally in the fourth game, as Deacon was considering his 16th move after about two and a half hours’ play “when I had unquestionably the better game” Löwe suddenly resigned the match and walked off. To all arguments to induce him to resume the contest Löwe replied that he found there was no time to fulfil his business engagements if he had to play any more chess with Deacon, to whom he resigned the prize. “I cannot say fairer!” This left Deacon with no other course but to write to Staunton as Secretary of the Tournament troubling the Committee for “the prize which I of course believed to be my due”. Then came the unkindest cut of all. “The Committee were not prepared to award any prize as the conditions of the match had not been fulfilled.” Deacon pointed out with indignant triumph that if this ruling became “case-law” it would always be in the power of one player to prevent his antagonist receiving the prize by resigning the match “even just before he had lost his seventh game”. This so staggered the Committee that they brought pressure to bear on Löwe, who was finally induced to play out the match, Deacon winning 7-2-1. Staunton in annotating the games admits that “the tedium of Mr Deacon’s play is quite insufferable, and although with him this arises from habit only, and not from a design to exhaust and irritate an opponent, the sooner he corrects so grave a fault the better.”’>

Winter is quoting extensively "from G.H. Diggle, originally published in Newsflash, April 1981, was given on page 67 of Chess Characters (Geneva, 1984)".

Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: Rather confusing, & blurred texts, but here's some sources:

1830: Declaration dated 9 Sept 1833 that Frederick, the son of Daniel Deacon of Dundee --- and his wife Sarah who was the daughter of George Leighton --- in 11 Vineyard Gardens Middlesex Bookbinder, was born at the house of the said Daniel Deacon in 4 B--- Road ---- in Middlesex on the Twenty Eight day of January 1930 (England & Wales Non-Conformist and Non-Parochial Registers). The birth place 4 B--- Road is preceded by another striked out road.

1851 census: Frederick Deacon, 19 South Lambeth, Head, M, 20, ----- of Ch-- (profession), Belgium British Subject

1852: Fred Deacon, Proprietaire, Windsor (list of aliens on board Chemin de fer Belge from Ostend arriving in Dover on 28 March)

1861 census: Frederick H Deacon, Langley Lane 3 Hale's Place, son, M, 29 (?), Clerk in Manchester Ho (?), Belgium (British S). On the previous page is other family members: Sarah S Rogers, Head, 66, Fundholder, b. in Middlesex Chelsea, George L Deacon, Son, 41, b. in Southwark, Edward E Deacon, 33 (?)

1875: <29 December. The Will of Frederick Horace Deacon formerly of 3 Hale's-place South Lambeth but late of 7 Hardiss-road Cold-Harbour-lane Camberwell both in the County of Surrey who died 20 November 1875 at 37 Vaughan-road Cold-Harbour-lane Brixton in the said County was proved at the Principal Registry by Edward Erasmus Deacon of 19 Denmark-street Camberwell Gentleman the Brother the sole Executor.> (Probate calendar)

1875: Frederick Horace Deacon, 45, 37 Vaughan Road Coldharbor Lane Camberwell, buried 26 Nov 1875 (Norwood Cemetary) (London burials)

A family tree has parents Lewis George Isaacs (which I doubt) and Sarah Sophia Deacon (1795-1864), and no indication he ever married. His mother Sarah died in 1864. More likely the father was Daniel Deacon of Dundee and that he was born in Middlesex 28 Jan 1830.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <----- of Ch--> Am I right to assume the blanks refer to blurred text? Townsend (C.N. 7859) goes with <Writer of Chess> which may also be its earliest use as a euphemism for 'unemployed'.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: Yes! It's not exactly blurred, but bad writing. It may well be "Writer of Chess".

NB There was another Frederick Deacon who was a Silversmith in Clerkenwell 1861 and 1871, then said to be born abt 1830 in Finsbury. It could be him in the 1830 source above.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: What was the context or purpose of the 1833 declaration? Any thoughts on why he apparently doesn't show up in the 1871 census?
Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: Umm, it was a Presbyterian, Baptist, Methodist or some other birth registration before it was decided in 1837 that it should be a Civil registration of <all> births, marriages, and deaths.

I see now the 1833 record is not him, it's the silversmith. No idea why he's not in 1871 census.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Any sign of his brothers in 1871? Just interested if the family were still in Langley Lane (Kennington/Vauhall) or had migrated toward Brixton/Camberwell. I suppose the family may have broken up after the death of the mother in 1864.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: Yes, in 1871 there are two brothers in 19 Denmark St., Lambeth:

George Lewis Deacon, Head, Unmarried, 50, Interest on Shares & Annuity
Edward E Deacon, Brother, Unmarried, 43, Interest on Shares & Annuity

Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: George died in 1883 (Lambeth), and Edward died 4 Feb 1885 (late of 235 Shakespeare-road Brixton, formerly of 19 Denmark Street). A family tree also has a sister Caroline Sophia Deacon b. 1820 d. 1882 in Rotherham, Yorkshire West Riding.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: Probably the parents (& the family tree also says so):

There is a marriage in St George, Bloomsbury, Camden, 25 May 1815 between Lewis George Isaacs and Sarah Sophia Deacon.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: Hmm, and the family tree also says they married <again> "29 Jun 1826 in the Great Synagogue London. Lewis and Sophia were married in a church in 1815 and later married in a synagogue. As a non Jew in those days Sarah wouldnt have been able to marry Lewis in a synagogue but by 1826 she had obviously converted to the Jewish religion."
Premium Chessgames Member
  Tabanus: Parish of St Ann, Blackfriars, London, extract from the register book of marriages: Thomas Rogers, widower, and Sarah Sophia Isaacs, widow, married 4 March 1837. Which explains "Sarah S Rogers" in 1861 census. Thomas is a Boot Maker in St Martin in The Fields in 1841. He died in 1845.

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