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Johannes Zukertort

Number of games in database: 598
Years covered: 1862 to 1888
Overall record: +281 -136 =92 (64.2%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 89 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Evans Gambit (54) 
    C51 C52
 Vienna Opening (43) 
    C25 C28 C27 C29
 Ruy Lopez (35) 
    C65 C77 C67 C64 C70
 French Defense (34) 
    C01 C11 C14 C00 C15
 Queen's Pawn Game (26) 
    D05 D00 D02 D04 A46
 King's Gambit Accepted (20) 
    C37 C33 C38 C34 C35
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (84) 
    C65 C67 C77 C80 C83
 King's Gambit Accepted (35) 
    C33 C39 C37
 Evans Gambit (31) 
    C52 C51
 Giuoco Piano (20) 
    C50 C53
 Scotch Game (19) 
 Ruy Lopez, Open (12) 
    C80 C83
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Zukertort vs Blackburne, 1883 1-0
   Zukertort vs Anderssen, 1865 1-0
   Zukertort vs NN, 1877 1-0
   Zukertort vs Count Epoureano, 1872 1-0
   Zukertort vs Blackburne, 1883 1-0
   Zukertort vs Englisch, 1883 1-0
   Chigorin vs Zukertort, 1883 0-1
   Zukertort vs Anderssen, 1865 1-0
   Steinitz vs Zukertort, 1886 0-1
   NN vs Zukertort, 1862 0-1

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Steinitz - Zukertort World Championship Match (1886)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Potter - Zukertort (1875)
   Paris (1878)
   Blackburne - Zukertort (1881)
   London (1883)
   Rosenthal - Zukertort (1880)
   2nd DSB Congress, Berlin (1881)
   Simpson's Divan, London (1876)
   8th WSB Congress, Barmen (1869)
   7th WSB Congress, Aachen, (1868)
   2nd NSB Congress, Hamburg (1869)
   Leipzig (1877)
   3rd BCA Congress, London (1887)
   Vienna (1882)
   5th DSB Congress, Frankfurt (1887)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   0ZeR0's Favorite Games Volume 52 by 0ZeR0
   0ZeR0's Favorite Games Volume 53 by 0ZeR0
   The t_t Players: Staunton, Steinitz & Zukertort by fredthebear
   Challengers Zukertort & Gunsberg by Imohthep
   London 1883 by JoseTigranTalFischer
   London 1883 by suenteus po 147
   Vienna 1882 by suenteus po 147
   Paris 1878 by suenteus po 147

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Johannes Zukertort
Search Google for Johannes Zukertort

(born Sep-07-1842, died Jun-20-1888, 45 years old) Poland (federation/nationality United Kingdom)

[what is this?]

Johannes Hermann Zukertort was born in Lublin, Congress Poland(1).


Zukertort's father was a Christian Protestant missionary of Jewish origin at a time when the Christian mission among the Jews in Russian-occupied Poland was illegal. Consequently, the Zukertorts emigrated to Prussia. In 1861, Johannes enrolled at the University of Breslau to study medicine, although it is unclear if he completed his degree. It was in Breslau he met Adolf Anderssen and started playing chess, moving to Berlin several years later in 1867. After again moving, this time to London, he became a naturalised citizen of the United Kingdom in 1878.


Non-title: In 1868, he played and lost a match to Anderssen in Berlin by 3.5-8.5 (+3 -8 =1). In 1871, he turned the tables, defeating Anderssen in a match by 5-2 (+5 -2). In 1872, he moved to London where he played Wilhelm Steinitz, losing 9-3 (+1 -7 =4). In May - June 1880, he had defeated Samuel Rosenthal, the French champion, Rosenthal - Zukertort (1880). In 1881, he played and defeated Joseph Henry Blackburne by 8.5-4.5 (+6 -2 =5). After losing the World Championship match against Steinitz in 1886, he lost a second match he played against Blackburne in 1887 by 5-9 (+1 -5 =8), Blackburne - Zukertort (1887) , probably because of declining health (he died the following year).

Title: The Steinitz - Zukertort World Championship Match (1886) lasted from 11 January to 29 March 1886. After leading by 4-1 after 5 games, Zukertort won only one more game, the thirteenth, going on to lose the match by 7½-12½ (+5 -10 =5).


Zukertort placed 3rd in London in 1872 behind Steinitz and Blackburne; 2nd behind Blackburne in London in 1876; 1st in Cologne and 2nd in Leipzig in 1877 behind Louis Paulsen equal 1st with Simon Winawer at the Paris International Chess Congress in 1878, beating Winawer in the play-off; 2nd at Berlin in 1881 behind Blackburne; =4th in Vienna in 1882 behind Steinitz, Winawer and James Mason and 1st in London in 1883, 3 points ahead of Steinitz. Zukertort's win in London in 1883 was considered to be his most significant success. The tournament was a double round robin contest with 14 players and therefore ran for 26 rounds; it also featured the first time the double-sided chess clock was used in competition. He won his games against most of the world's leading players including Steinitz, Blackburne, Winawer, Mikhail Chigorin, George Henry Mackenzie, Berthold Englisch, Samuel Rosenthal, and Henry Bird, scoring 22/26 (after starting with 22/23), and finishing 3 points ahead of Steinitz, who was 2nd with 19/26. This tournament led to the World Chess Championship match between these Zukertort and Steinitz three years later.

After his defeat in the World Championship match in 1886, Zukertort's health declined, and he was diagnosed with rheumatism, coronary heart disease, kidney problems, and arteriosclerosis. His tournament results declined steeply, placing 7th in London and 3rd in Nottingham in 1886; 14th equal in Frankfurt (1887) and 4th in London in 1887, and 7th in London in 1888. Zukertort competed in, and finished, the Simpson's Divan handicap tournament held March-May 1888 scoring 10½ points. He died during the British Chess Club handicap tournament which had begun on June 5, 1888, his score at the time of his death was +7=0-1 and he had yet to play Bird, Blackburne, Gattie, Ingoldsby, Pollock, and Sellon.

Final days

The Chess Monthly, v9 n11, July 1888, p322, published the following account of Zukertort's final days, which used much of what was written in the London Field, 1888.06.23, p905, with some modification:

<On Monday, the 18th inst, he played one of the handicap games at the British Chess Club. On Tuesday he seemed in better health and spirits than usual of late. He passed the afternoon at the British Chess Club, either conversing freely or looking at positions on the several boards. He left a few minutes after seven o'clock, appeared at Simpson's about two hours later, and whilst playing a game of Chess with Mr. Sylvain Meyer was seized with an attack of faintness, which seemed to be of a serious nature. As usual in cases of emergency, everybody being eager to help, none hit upon the right means. Instead of calling medical aid, he was taken to the British Chess Club in an unconscious state. There a doctor was soon in attendance, but the anxiety of the numerous friends present increased with the prolonged comatose state of the patient, and Dr. Cassidy, a member of the club, was sent for, when it was thought advisable to remove the patient to Charing Cross Hospital. At about four o'clock a.m. the Rev. J. Verschoyle, and Messrs. Frank Harris, Gunsberg, and Hoffer made inquiries there, and it was ascertained from Dr. Jeeves that he was still in a state of unconsciousness, and that the symptoms of a cerebral attack (Dr. Cassidy's diagnosis) had increased. He never regained consciousness, but expired about ten o'clock on Wednesday morning, the cause of death being cerebral hemorrhage. When friends called at the hospital in the forenoon he was no more.>

<...Dr. Frank Jeeves, the house physician of Charing-Cross Hospital ...had since made a post-mortem examination, and found that death was due to cerebral haemorrhage. The kidneys of the deceased were slightly unhealthy ...and the arteries and the base of the brain were diseased...>(4)

Chess legacy and epilogue

Zukertort was one of the ablest attacking players of his generation, ranked by Chessmetrics as the number 1 player for 56 months between 1878 and 1886.(2) Yet, unlike the majority of attacking players, Zukertort preferred openings such as 1. c4 and 1. Nf3 that were closed or semi-closed and offered the possibility of transpositions. In the early 1880s 1. Nf3 was known as "Zukertort's Opening", 40 years before it became known as the Réti Opening. His name is also associated with the Colle-Zukertort Opening: <1.d4 Nf6 2.Nf3 d5 3.e3 e6 4.Bd3 c5 5.b3 Nc6 6.O-O Bd6 7.Bb2 O-O>, which is frequently reached by transposition. In 1879, Zukertort was co-editor, with Leopold Hoffer, of The Chess Monthly. He also demonstrated his ability to play blindfold simuls when in 1876, he played sixteen games simultaneously while blindfolded, winning by 13-3 (+11=4-1).

He was buried in Brompton Cemetery in London. In recent times his grave had fallen into disrepair and in 2012 it was restored and rededicated after British Grandmaster Stuart C Conquest organized a chess appeal that attracted the necessary funds from the Polish Government and the chess community.(3)

(1) Congress Poland was essentially a Russian possession of part of 19th century Poland which was subsequently returned to Poland at the end of World War I: Wikipedia article: Congress Poland;
(2) Chessmetrics:;
(3) Johannes Zukertort's grave rededicated in London:;
(4) Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser, 25 June 1888, p.8

Last updated: 2023-02-06 20:14:45

 page 1 of 24; games 1-25 of 598  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Zukertort vs NN 1-0241862PosenC37 King's Gambit Accepted
2. Zukertort vs Siegmund Oppler 1-0301862PosenC51 Evans Gambit
3. Zukertort vs Anderssen 0-1361862GermanyC54 Giuoco Piano
4. P & Rosanes J Bloch vs Zukertort 1-0311862PostalC67 Ruy Lopez
5. NN vs Zukertort 0-1101862PosenC42 Petrov Defense
6. L Waldstein vs Zukertort 0-1211864PosenC39 King's Gambit Accepted
7. Zukertort vs Anderssen 1-0271864BreslauC64 Ruy Lopez, Classical
8. Zukertort vs Anderssen 0-1511864BreslauC52 Evans Gambit
9. Zukertort vs Anderssen 1-0331864BreslauC64 Ruy Lopez, Classical
10. Zukertort vs Anderssen 1-0341864BreslauC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
11. Zukertort vs Anderssen 0-1391864BreslauC66 Ruy Lopez
12. Zukertort vs Anderssen 0-1271864BreslauC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
13. Zukertort vs Anderssen 0-1221864BreslauC64 Ruy Lopez, Classical
14. Zukertort vs Lowinsohn 1-0291864PosenC50 Giuoco Piano
15. Zukertort vs C Lehmann 1-0331864PosenB12 Caro-Kann Defense
16. C Lehmann vs Zukertort 0-1151864PoznanC44 King's Pawn Game
17. G Neumann vs Zukertort 0-1361864BreslauB45 Sicilian, Taimanov
18. G Neumann vs Zukertort 1-0181864BreslauC51 Evans Gambit
19. Zukertort vs Anderssen 1-0351865BreslauC51 Evans Gambit
20. Anderssen vs Zukertort 0-1311865BreslauC37 King's Gambit Accepted
21. Zukertort vs Anderssen 1-0171865BreslauC37 King's Gambit Accepted
22. Zukertort vs Anderssen 1-0251865BreslauC37 King's Gambit Accepted
23. Zukertort vs Anderssen 1-0201865BreslauC37 King's Gambit Accepted
24. E von Schmidt vs Zukertort 0-1421865BreslauC33 King's Gambit Accepted
25. W Kornfeld vs Zukertort 0-1141865PosenC33 King's Gambit Accepted
 page 1 of 24; games 1-25 of 598  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Zukertort wins | Zukertort loses  

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Premium Chessgames Member
  Telemus: Averbakh attributes the following position to J. Zukertort 1863:

click for larger view

It is Black to move (there is also an attribution to I.Maiselis 1950, and I assmue that is for the same position with White to move).

In the solution 1.. a3 2. ♖f1 b3 3. ♖g1+ ♔h6 4. ♔f6 ♔h5 5.♔f5 ♔h4 6.♔f4 ♔h3 7. ♔f3 ♔h2

click for larger view

Averbakh claims that 8.♖g2+ was found by Zukertort and that this is the only move that draws the game.

So, does this position have a history before Zukertort? And where did Zukertort publish his analysis?

Averbakh analyses only one alternative move: 8. ♖a1? b2 9. ♖b1 c3 -+.

I think that White draws the game with 8.♖d1 or 8.♖e1, too. Both moves have basically the same idea as 8. ♖g2+, i.e. threatening the Black king with mate perpetually. It is not necessary to give the check on the second rank already on move 8.

May-28-19  SaitamaSeason2: Well, I had a book which discuss about his match with Steinitz which is also contains the biography of both players.

<"Zukertort was described by his contemporaries as multi-talented: he is supposed to have spoken ten languages and to have had a phenomenal memory. He was moreover musically gifted, supposed to have been an excellent pianist, practised fencing and riding and to have earned money from time to time as a music critic for a well respected publication in Breslau. However, there are also doubts about these accounts, most of which come from the pen of an English chess lover whose actual source was probably Zukertort himself, who perhaps desired after his arrival in England to spruce up his biography with a few facts which were at that date hard to check up on.">

Dec-30-19  cameosis: <petrosianic> what else than bad health could possibly be the cause for his defeat?

steinitz schemed to play in the states, to which zukertort ultimately agreed -- traveling was physically much more taxing than nowadays. they switched locations in the states, and zukertort's physician had strongly advised against playing the world championship match.

the better player lost, but such is life. it's quite shortsighted to reduce his "role in history" to his unlucky defeat in the wc match.

according to this logic, steinitz will be better remembered as someone who was soundly trashed by lasker twice, than by becoming first official world champion, albeit even such titles are worthless, because the selections were abitrary and not conducted by candidate tournaments as in later times.

zukertort remains one of the greatest and certainly most flamboyant and colorful chess players to date.

it's lovely how people reiterate allegations and lies that he was a "junkie", when at the same time it's proven that steinitz, blackburne, lasker and others were heavy drug abusers themselves (nicotine and alcohol).

Premium Chessgames Member
  harrylime: Zukertort would beat ANYONE alive today given access to silicon chess.
Jan-02-20  cameosis: he would also beat anyone dead yesterday, today and tomorrow who has had silicone implants!
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Who are you?????????
Jan-02-20  cameosis: <ljfyffe> could you give a source for the zukertort - judd game, please?

the score as posted is not playable. furthermore, would you know what judd's initials stand for? so far i have only found out that he was a soap manufacturer in hamilton. thanks!

Premium Chessgames Member
  Telemus: <Jean Defuse: Why presented not Zukertort's full name?> This was bungled by Adams.
Apr-13-20  Jean Defuse: ...

... The Zukertort family was expelled in 1855 out of Poland by the occupying Tsarist regime and ended going to Breslau in Prussia (now Wroclaw).

Following the emigration, his parents Germanised their surname from Cukiertort to Zukertort (a literal translation would be “Sugar Cake” or “Sugar Tart”). <Jan Herman Cukiertort therefore became Johannes Hermann Zukertort when he was 13 in 1855.>

Source: (10) Zukertort Background -


Feb-11-22  Nosnibor: The following game is not in the database and was played in Round One of the Nottingham Tournament, August 3rd 1886. White: Zukertort Black: Pollock Opening: King Bishop` Gambit 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.Nc3 Nc6 5.Nf3 Be7 6.0-0 Nxe4 7.Nxe4 d5 8.Bxd5 Qxd5 9.d3 f5 10.Nc3 Qd6 11.d4 a6 12.d5 Nd8 13.Qe2 Nf7 14.Re1 g5 15.Nxg5 Qc5+ 16.Kh1 Nxg5 17.Bxf4 Ne4 18.Nxe4 fxe4 19.Qxe4 0-0 20.Bh6 Rf7 21.Re3 Bf5 22.Rg3+ Kh8 23.Qe5+ Bf6 24.Qxf5 Re8 25.Rf1 Qd4 26.c3 Qh4 27.Bg5 Bxg5 28.Qxf7 Rd8 29.Qf5 h6 30.Qe5+ Kg8 31.Qe6+ Kh8 32.Rf7 1-0
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: Picture of a Zukertort report where he dreamt of a position with a double mate in 7.

click for larger view

Checkmate in 7 moves with white to play and checkmate in 7 moves with Black to play.

The printed solution.

Must have been a bad dream, the solution with Black is cooked. There is a mate in 5.

I only have the bare clippings in the book I took I took them from, no dates, not even sure which publication, (possibly they could be found online.) perhaps the Glasgow Herald or Scotsman.

I can relate to that. I took cuttings from chess columns in the 70's. I never kept a record of the dates either.

Apr-10-22  Z free or die: Gheesh <Sally>, you give us such a nice scan of the article but don't cite the source? ¡Ay, caramba!
Apr-10-22  Z free or die: RE: <Zukertort--Minckwitz controversy>

* * * * *


This topic came up in the Bistro, prompted by <Sally>'s cross-post of the above (dream problem):

Biographer Bistro (kibitz #24390)

Biographer Bistro (kibitz #24444)

* * * * *

<[Zukertort problem book]>

Zukertort published a book on chess problems

<Sammlung der auserlesensten Schach-Aufgaben: Studien und Partiestellungen>

which translates thusly:

<Collection of the choicest chess problems: studies and. batch positions>

or sometimes as:

<Collection of the most exquisite chess problems: studies and game positions>

(yes, I've seen this version, Google translate can be a bit finicky at times)

It's available here:

* * * * *

Apr-10-22  Z free or die: RE: <Zukertort--Minckwitz controversy>

<[A mini-review of the review (part 1)]>

I suppose the start of the controversy dates from the <Schachzeitung N1 (Jan 1869) p8> book review by __tz (certainly Minckwitz, the periodical's editor).

It's in German, of course, so I'll just post a couple of excerpts in translation.

First, apparently Minckwitz was set off back in 1867 by Zukertort, since he opens his critique with this:

<Collection of the most exquisite chess problems, studies and game positions.

Edited by J. H. ZUKERTORT.

A little work with the above title has recently appeared in the publishing house of Julius Springer, Berlin.

The author cannot expect anything else if we proceed a little sharply, and may he remember the words with which he introduced his short “polemic” (p. 322 of the Neue Berliner Schachzeitung from 1867). We must only be guided by the intention to praise the good in a strictly just and impartial manner for the benefit of the game of chess and chess friends, but to blame and refute the bad. >

He then proceeds to question the book's merits in comparison to the works of Lange and Bridport.

Perhaps no one had the proper confidence in themselves, after the publication of the masterworks in question, to present the public with another treatment that dealt with the problem, since it is not easy to create something better. ...

Whether [Zukertort] solved this problem or whether it remained unsolvable because Herr Zukertort chose a field for literary activity that was actually foreign to him, we will leave it to the chess friends to judge after they have considered the following lines. >

Minckwitz next questions the selection of composers choosen by Zukertort, as well as the criteria used for the problem selection, as well of omissions.

<Let us now consider the "chosen" problems included in the book. That's where the word "chosen" catches our eye. Now the problems may well be chosen, but whether good or bad ones are chosen? We probably don't claim too much when we say that the selection cannot be called at least a dignified one. And the collection should include the best products of all time!! Then the reader is struck by the highly unjust distribution of the material.>


Premium Chessgames Member
  jnpope: Zukertort's "A Chess Dream" problem found!

Source: <Hazeltine Scrapbook, Glasgow Weekly Herald>, v91, pdf p12 (column dated 1873.02.15)

Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: Thanks jnpope,

As I said I only have loose clippings for this one.

Have to take four to five days off looking at the scrap books. Ch4 are doing a piece on chess at the Edinburgh club. I'm involved (I was volunteered by someone.)

Not 100% clear what is going on, something about two celebs get coached (by me?) and then on Thursday they play each other as part of a game show. (I'm also to be the arbiter for the game - I wonder if I'll get paid.)

CH4 covid tested us today (me, Keith Ruxton and Andrew Green) I have to let Ch4 into the club at 11 to set up their gear, filming starts at 2pm. I'm gonna be on the telly!

Apr-11-22  Z free or die: RE: <A Chess Dream> By Dr. J. H. Zukertort

<jnpope>'s find from the scrapbook

actually is demarcated as

<Glasgow Weekly Herald - 1873-02-15>

(and includes several games from a Zukertort blindfold simul 1873-01-25)

Now, the composition is just given as a board diagram with the title <A Chess Dream>.

Elaboration of the position as actually coming from an actual dream is a bit of an hypothetical extrapolation, even given the suggestive title.

Apr-11-22  Z free or die: PS- Appreciate the pdf page number citation by <jn>
Apr-11-22  Z free or die: RE: <Zukertort--Minckwitz controversy>

<[Minckwitz's treatment of Zukertort (composer)]>

Perhaps the most brutal section:

<But the best thing is that Mr. Zukertort also picked up two of his own problems, as far as we know, the only two that he made. (Listen! Listen!) You don't know whether to laugh or cry at this: do these two also belong to the "best problems of all time?" We're probably doing Herr Zukertort a favor if we print them out here again:


click for larger view

Mat in fünf Zügen.>


click for larger view

Mat in sieben Zügen.>

Such tasks (sic!) a reasonably skilful compositor can easily do a dozen a day! A dozen books like this are produced every month! >


Premium Chessgames Member
  Chessical: His studies at Heidelberg and Breslau were interrupted by the war in which Prussia and Austria engaged with Denmark, and he served in the Danish, in the Austrian, and in the French campaign. His rank when in service in the Prussian forces was that of Lieutenant, and he was present at the following engagements, viz., in Denmark, Missunde, Duppel, and Alsen; in Austria: Trautenau, Koniginhof, Koniggratz (Sadowa), and Blumenau; in France: Spicheeren, Pange (Vionville), Gravelotte, Noiseville and all other affairs before Metz.

Twice dangerously wounded, and once left for dead upon the field, he is entitled to wear seven medals, besides the order of the Red Eagle and the Iron Cross. At Gravelotte, every officer in the regiment was either killed or wounded, and the regiment were exposed from five to six hours to the enemy’s fire, without being able to return a shot. They went into action upwards of 1,800 strong, and came out under 400!

He has obtained the degree of M.D. at Breslau, in 1865, having chiefly devoted his attention to chemistry under Professor Bunsen at Heidelberg, and physiology, at Berlin, under Professor Virchow. Herr Zukertort is now on the staff of Prince Bismarck’s private organ, the Alleemeine Zeitung, and is the chief editor of a political journal which receives officios from the Government Berlin.

Besides this, he is the first theorist of the modern school of chess, and author of “The Grosses Schach-Handbuch” (the value of which is evidenced by its having reached second edition one year after publication), and a Leitfaden; and, further, he was for several years the editor the Neue Berliner Schaeh Zeitung.

In blindfold chess, Herr Zukertort is able to summon at will a perfect and distinct mental photograph of any game in which he is engaged, with the sixty-four squares of the board and every piece and pawn place, and can dismiss that mind-picture for any other when pleases.

Anyone who has enjoyed the pleasure of witnessing his blindfold play will be assured of the truth of his own expression, “The games are iron-printed in the head.” Mr. Zukertort believes that from the concentration of ideas and complete abstraction, it is possible for a player to conduct a single contest with higher skill minus than plus his eyes! Morphy was the knight-errant of Caiasa; Zukertort is the chess Crichton.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Chessical: A large amount of biographical material about Zukertort is provided in an "Eastern Daily Press" article of Saturday 28 September 1872. It was written by the paper's chess correspondent I.O Howard Taylor. From the detail given this article seems to be from a personal interview with Zukertort and was accepted at face value.

Zukertort arrived in Norwich on Thursday 12th September 1872 and gave simultaneous and blindfolded exhibitions.

The interest excited in Norwich by the visit of this marvellous chess player and remarkable man will justify the appearance in our columns of some biographical particulars. J. H. Zukertort was born in Lubin in 1842, and he is just thirty years of age. He is of mixed Prussian and Polish descent, his mother being Baroness Krzyzanowska. One sister is married to Baron Marczewski, now in Russia, but formerly in the French service, who saved the life of the Earl of Cardigan at Balaklava with the Chasseurs d’ Afrique. The Baron now holds the watch, which the gallant earl presented to him as an acknowledgement. Herr Zukertort’s family has not his chess gifts. His father plays draughts, but not chess; his mother only a Rook player, and the subject of this notice can render his sisters the odds of the Queen. This is noteworthy because the family of Louis Paulsen (his father, brother, and sister) all played finely; and Morphy’s uncle and father were also accomplished, amateurs.

Herr Zukertort is a good linguist, being well acquainted with English, Italian, Spanish, Greek, Latin, Hebrew, and Russian, and having also some knowledge of Turkish, Arabic, Sanskrit &c. In his youth he was an unwearied reader, constantly devoting whole nights to the acquirement of literary information. He is familiar with English history and with the best English classics - especially with Shakespeare. Such is the energy of his character that he learnt one language to read Dante, another to read Cervantes, and a third, Sanskrit to trace the origin of chess.

In theology and kindred subjects, his reading would put many ecclesiastics to the blush. He is thoroughly up (to use an expressive word for which there no exact equivalent) in Dr. Bateman’s obscure subject “Aphasia” from hospital experience and from discussion with the first German authority, but contends that “Alogomneia”, not “Aphasia”, is the true scientific term.

Upon philology and the derivation of words and phrases be has contributed extensively. He takes a deep interest in all questions of social science and has written on prison discipline. He also an original thinker of some of the problems that perplex humanity. Herr Zukertort is beside an accomplished swordsman, the best domino player in Berlin, one of the beat whist players living, and so good a pistol shot that at fifteen paces he is morally certain to hit the ace of hearts. A man, said the profound Bacon, may be young in years but old in hours.

Amid a catalogue of such varied accomplishments, Herr Zukertort has found time to play 6,000 games obese with Anderssen alone, and from a Rook player to a first-rate in a few years!

Besides this, he was a pupil of Moscheles and 1862—6 musical critic of the first journal in Silesia. One would suppose there at least intellectual labours were continuous. Not so. Herr Zukertort at the age of thirty is also a military veteran.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <Best to highlight quoted material.>
Jul-15-22  Reviews By AdiN: three unofficial world chess champsions who should be 1, 2, 3, then steinitz:

Any player who draws world champion should be considered as CO-CHAMPION BUT NOT THE CHAMPION. In reality the lineal world champions should start from Anderssen, because of the major intnerational tournament he won in London in 1851 where he pretty much destroyed all the competition.

1. Adolf Anderssen 1851 - 1858, 1860 - 1865, 1868 - 1871 (23 years on top) Won all matches against Zukertort, except for the 1865 and 1871 match, Steinitz defeated Anderssen in 1866 but Anderssen was not the champ. Co Champions: Paulson drew Anderessen in 1860 match, 5 to 5, one draw, Kolisch did it in 1862 match, 3 to 3 with 2 draws. Anderssen also drew Daniel Harrwitz in 1848 match, 5 to 5, this could be considered the first world championship match since at least 10 serious games were played! In 1860 he drew 11 game match vs Harrwitz. In 1861 he won 9 game match vs Harrwitz. In 1862 he drew 8 game match vs Paulson! In 1864 he also drew Suhle, 3 to 3 with 2 draws. He lost a match in 1865 to Zukertort, regained the title in 1868. Since 1848 match was very competitive and Anderssen defeated everybody who met him, he should be considered the best player of his time.

2. Paul Charles Morphy 1858 - 1860
(technically, in reality: 1857 - 1884)

3. Johannes Zukertort 1865 - 1868, 1871 - 1872 In 1866 he played Victor Knorre in a 6 games match, it was drawn 3 to 3

Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: <....No, the substance Zukertort was taking was aconite, aka wolfsbane. It kept him calm during the tournament, but no doubt messed him up; it was a fairly serious drug.

A most virulent poison indeed, with an LD50 of 6 mg/Kg, but used as a pain reliever and anti-fever medication in the past (according to wikipedia, that is)....

....NY Tribune Jan 19, 1886 which quotes Zukertort about it and said that he collapsed when he stopped taking aconite....>

Nowadays, this stuff is known to be a nasty customer indeed; hard to imagine it being prescribed, though aconite apparently has its uses.

Apr-19-23  Petrosianic: <Reviews By AdiN>: <Any player who draws world champion should be considered as CO-CHAMPION BUT NOT THE CHAMPION.>

If they did that, which of them would defend the title?

The reason they aren't co-champions is a tiebreaker of sorts. The defending champion has defeated a sitting champion, the challenger hasn't.

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