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James Moore Hanham
J M Hanham 
Number of games in database: 114
Years covered: 1866 to 1914

Overall record: +34 -56 =20 (40.0%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 4 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Giuoco Piano (17) 
    C53 C50
 Queen's Pawn Game (8) 
    D00 D05
 King's Pawn Game (8) 
 Uncommon Opening (5) 
    A00 B00
With the Black pieces:
 Philidor's Defense (25) 
 King's Gambit Declined (7) 
 French Defense (5) 
    C11 C14 C13
 Queen's Pawn Game (5) 
    D00 D05 D02
 Vienna Opening (4) 
 French (4) 
    C11 C13
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Lasker vs J M Hanham, 1901 0-1
   Showalter vs J M Hanham, 1889 1/2-1/2
   J M Hanham vs F W Lord, 1895 1/2-1/2
   J M Hanham vs Showalter, 1889 1-0
   J M Hanham vs E Delmar, 1893 1-0
   Blackburne vs J M Hanham, 1889 0-1
   J M Hanham vs Taubenhaus, 1889 1-0
   J M Hanham vs L Schmidt, 1893 1-0
   J M Hanham vs Taubenhaus, 1889 1/2-1/2
   D G Baird vs J M Hanham, 1889 0-1

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Hanham - Kemeny Match (1891)
   2nd City Chess Club Tournament (1894)
   1st City Chess Club Tournament (1893)
   6th American Chess Congress (1889)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   New York 1893, The Impromtu Tournament /Cali by fredthebear
   New York 1893, The Impromtu Tournament by Calli

Search Sacrifice Explorer for James Moore Hanham
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(born Jan-04-1840, died Dec-30-1923, 83 years old) United States of America

[what is this?]
James Moore Hanham was born in Woodville, Mississippi. Despite his Southern origins, he fought on the side of the Union during the Civil War and was promoted to major in the U.S. Army. He saw action at Fort Pickens and Baton Rouge. After the Civil War, he moved to Manhattan. In 1885, he took 2nd place at the 7th Manhattan Chess Club championship. In 1885, he took 2nd in the 8th Manhattan Chess Club championship. In 1888, he tied for 2nd-3rd in the 1st United States Chess Association tournament in Cincinnati, won by Jackson Whipps Showalter. He reintroduced at the New York tournament 1889 the "Lord Variation" with the idea of maintaining a strong defensive center. This variation reached by 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 Nbd7, and known today as the "Hanham Variation" after him, has become one of the main lines of the Philidor Defense (C41). In 1891, he won the New York State Chess Association championship. He died in Manhattan, at age 83 the oldest player of master rank in the United States.

Wikipedia article: James Hanham

 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 114  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Zukertort vs J M Hanham  ½-½6318662nd BCA CongressA53 Old Indian
2. M Judd vs J M Hanham  1-0261886New YorkC11 French
3. J M Hanham vs W Pollock  1-0241886CCA Congress Masters InternationalC50 Giuoco Piano
4. E Schallopp vs J M Hanham  1-0471886CCA Congress Masters InternationalC68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange
5. Blackburne vs J M Hanham 1-02618896th American Chess CongressC25 Vienna
6. J M Hanham vs Gunsberg 0-13418896th American Chess CongressC20 King's Pawn Game
7. Chigorin vs J M Hanham 1-05018896th American Chess CongressC51 Evans Gambit
8. J M Hanham vs Bird 0-14118896th American Chess CongressB30 Sicilian
9. N MacLeod vs J M Hanham 0-14318896th American Chess CongressC20 King's Pawn Game
10. J W Baird vs J M Hanham 1-01918896th American Chess CongressC41 Philidor Defense
11. J M Hanham vs E Delmar  0-13518896th American Chess CongressC24 Bishop's Opening
12. Burn vs J M Hanham 0-17218896th American Chess CongressC41 Philidor Defense
13. J M Hanham vs Taubenhaus 1-08518896th American Chess CongressC53 Giuoco Piano
14. J M Hanham vs W Pollock 0-13518896th American Chess CongressC55 Two Knights Defense
15. D M Martinez vs J M Hanham 1-04218896th American Chess CongressC41 Philidor Defense
16. J M Hanham vs M Judd ½-½6218896th American Chess CongressC50 Giuoco Piano
17. J Mason vs J M Hanham 1-04218896th American Chess CongressD00 Queen's Pawn Game
18. J M Hanham vs Burille ½-½3918896th American Chess CongressC50 Giuoco Piano
19. M Weiss vs J M Hanham 1-06618896th American Chess CongressC41 Philidor Defense
20. J M Hanham vs Gossip 1-03718896th American Chess CongressC20 King's Pawn Game
21. Showalter vs J M Hanham ½-½7018896th American Chess CongressC41 Philidor Defense
22. J M Hanham vs D G Baird 1-02918896th American Chess CongressC20 King's Pawn Game
23. Lipschutz vs J M Hanham 1-02518896th American Chess CongressC30 King's Gambit Declined
24. J M Hanham vs Blackburne ½-½7118896th American Chess CongressC53 Giuoco Piano
25. Gunsberg vs J M Hanham  ½-½3518896th American Chess CongressC41 Philidor Defense
 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 114  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Hanham wins | Hanham loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Dec-22-05  Knight13: No comment on this player? <At his death at age 84, he was the oldest chessplayer of master rank in the United States.> I didn't know that. So it's James Moore Hanham. I'm gonna remember that.
Jan-06-06  Rama: Somewhere in his writings, Nimzovich referenced the "Hanham Defense" in the Philidor. It is noted in the write-up above as the "Lord Variation." Now I know where it came from!
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: <Knight13: <... I'm gonna remember that.>> Really? :D
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: <Rama: <Somewhere in his writings, Nimzovich referenced the "Hanham Defense" in the Philidor.>>

Nimzowitsch annotated Teichmann vs Nimzowitsch, 1911 in 'My System' (game#2)

You may wonder why he didn't do it here: Teichmann vs Nimzowitsch, 1911


Jan-04-09  WhiteRook48: is he part of the Muslim Moores?
Premium Chessgames Member
  sleepyirv: Born in Mississippi but fought for the Union? That shows principle- or he moved to the North young.
Jul-18-09  Knight13: Or maybe he was one of the few in the south who hated the institution of slavery.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: Happy 171st birthday!
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: Player of the Day


Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: Morphy didn't fight for either side (he was hardly the type), but absented himself from the country for much of the Civil War. While in school, I believe a few years before the war began, he wrote a paper on the limited circumstances in which he thought it was proper for a state to secede from the Union. Judging from the paper, he did not consider that the South had a legitimate basis for secession.
Jan-04-14  waustad: His Philidor line with different move order has been played often of late. I've seen it a lot from some Austrian players and occasionally elsewhere. When e5 is delayed it seems to be called the "Improved Hanham" variation. I'd say "happy b'day" but he isn't likely to read it.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: R.I.P. James Moore Hanham.
Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: <waustad> Right. Often people play move orders like 1.e4 d6 2.d4 Nf6 3.Nc3 e5 4.Nf3 Nbd7 5.Bc4 Be7. The problem with the straight Hanham move order <1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 Nd7> is <4.Bc4!> almost forcing <4...c6> [4...Nf6? 5.Ng5; 4...Be7? 5.dxe5 Nxe5 (5...dxe5?? 6.Qd5!) 6.Nxe5 dxe5 7.Qh5! winning a pawn; 4...h6? 5.dxe5 dxe5 (5...Nxe5 6.Nxe5 dxe5 7.Bxf7+!) 6.Bxf7+! Kxf7 7.Nxe5+! Kf6 and now 8.Nc3! is supposed to be a forced win for White] <5.Nc3 Be7> (5...Ngf6 6.Ng5) <6.dxe5! dxe5> (6...Nxe5? 7.Nxe5 dxe5 8.Qh5!) <7.Ng5! Bxg5> (7...Nh6 8.Ne6! fxe6 9.Bxh6 gxh6 10.Qh5+ Kf8 11.Bxe6 ) <8.Qh5!> winning the bishop pair. White scores very heavily from that position. Opening Explorer
Dec-30-15  TheFocus: Rest in peace, sir.
Feb-04-16  zanzibar: In connection with his performance at <2nd BCA Congress - London (1886)>

<"Of Major Hanham's play it is not necessary to say much as during most of the Tournament he was indisposed and played more from a sense of duty than anything else. At times, how ever, he showed what he could do, and under more favourable circumstances he will doubtless show a better score."

- BCM v7 p355>

Jan-04-19  Nosnibor: It looks like he made a major contribution to the Philidor`s Defence.
Jan-04-19  Milesdei: This guy has wins against Showalter, Pillsbury, and Steinitz. Not bad!
Jan-04-22  Nosnibor: <Milesdei> He also beat Blackburne at the 6th American Congress.

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