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Horatio Caro
H Caro 
Circa 1905, Wikimedia Commons.  
Number of games in database: 115
Years covered: 1886 to 1908

Overall record: +33 -42 =40 (46.1%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database.

With the White pieces:
 Queen's Pawn Game (17) 
    D02 D05 D00
 Vienna Opening (8) 
    C29 C25
 Bishop's Opening (4) 
    C23 C24
 King's Indian Attack (4) 
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (12) 
    C67 C70 C65 C61 C62
 Caro-Kann (7) 
    B15 B18 B13
 Petrov (6) 
 Queen's Pawn Game (5) 
    D00 D02 D05
 Four Knights (5) 
 Vienna Opening (5) 
    C29 C25 C28
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   H Caro vs Lasker, 1890 1-0
   L Forgacs vs H Caro, 1904 0-1
   H Caro vs O Kunze, 1904 1-0
   H Caro vs Von Scheve, 1888 1-0
   H Caro vs Schiffers, 1897 1-0
   A Neumann vs H Caro, 1905 0-1
   M Lewitt vs H Caro, 1905 0-1
   I Kopa vs H Caro, 1905 1/2-1/2
   H Caro vs Harmonist, 1888 1-0
   H Caro vs O Bernstein, 1904 1-0

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Barmen Meisterturnier B (1905)
   Berlin (1897)
   Coburg (Meisterturnier) (1904)
   Vienna (1898)

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Horatio Caro
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(born Jul-05-1862, died Dec-15-1920, 58 years old) United Kingdom

[what is this?]

Horatio Caro was born in England but spent most of his chess career in Berlin, Germany. He won the 1904 Berlin Championship, half a point ahead of Ossip Bernstein and Rudolf Spielmann. He lost matches to Simon Winawer and Jacques Mieses, drew twice with Curt von Bardeleben and defeated Moritz Lewitt. He is best known for the opening that bears his name and that of Marcus Kann, the Caro-Kann Defense (B12), which he analysed in his own journal Bruederschaft in 1886.

Wikipedia article: Horatio Caro

Last updated: 2018-07-05 00:45:48

 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 115  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. B Lasker vs H Caro 0-1351886BerlinB15 Caro-Kann
2. H Caro vs K Hollaender ½-½421888corres GERC29 Vienna Gambit
3. H Caro vs Harmonist  1-0481888BerlinC29 Vienna Gambit
4. H Caro vs Von Scheve 1-0211888BerlinC29 Vienna Gambit
5. H Caro vs C Doppler  1-0361888BerlinC25 Vienna
6. H Caro vs B Huelsen  0-1591889BerlinC29 Vienna Gambit
7. Von der Lasa vs H Caro 1-0281890Berlin cgC29 Vienna Gambit
8. H Caro vs Lasker 1-0141890BerlinD02 Queen's Pawn Game
9. B Lasker vs H Caro 1-0381890BerlinC62 Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defense
10. R Wehner vs H Caro 0-1321894BerlinA07 King's Indian Attack
11. M Michaelson vs H Caro 0-1391897Correspondence gameC45 Scotch Game
12. J Mieses vs H Caro 1-0291897Berlin (m/ )C28 Vienna Game
13. H Caro vs Winawer  ½-½691897BerlinD02 Queen's Pawn Game
14. H Caro vs Chigorin  ½-½731897BerlinD02 Queen's Pawn Game
15. Teichmann vs H Caro 1-0301897BerlinC61 Ruy Lopez, Bird's Defense
16. Alapin vs H Caro  0-1491897BerlinC25 Vienna
17. Metger vs H Caro  0-1501897BerlinD50 Queen's Gambit Declined
18. Schlechter vs H Caro  ½-½231897BerlinC49 Four Knights
19. A Zinkl vs H Caro ½-½861897BerlinC49 Four Knights
20. H Caro vs G Marco  ½-½211897BerlinD02 Queen's Pawn Game
21. K Walbrodt vs H Caro ½-½521897BerlinC61 Ruy Lopez, Bird's Defense
22. H Caro vs Burn 0-1491897BerlinD02 Queen's Pawn Game
23. H Caro vs Janowski ½-½811897BerlinC24 Bishop's Opening
24. H Caro vs W Cohn ½-½381897BerlinC25 Vienna
25. Blackburne vs H Caro  1-0431897BerlinD02 Queen's Pawn Game
 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 115  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Caro wins | Caro loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
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Premium Chessgames Member
  wordfunph: Master Horatio Caro will not be complete without his partner Kann....Caro-Kann!

Happy Birthday Master Caro..

Premium Chessgames Member
  An Englishman: Good Evening: Hello, Mr. Caro, from an Englishman who's most grateful for your co-discovery!
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: <WannaBe: <...but Marcus Kann doesn't have any bio...>> Check it out again. :D
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: Player of the Day


Jul-05-09  WhiteRook48: inventor of the Caro-Kann
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: About 48% right.
Jul-05-10  newzild: This character invented the Caro-Kann, but doesn't appear to have actually played it...
Premium Chessgames Member
  vonKrolock: Not here in this base !? Well, sooner or later some of such games should be uploaded

[Event "?"]
[Site "Berlin"]
[Date "1905.??.??"]
[White "Lewitt,Moritz "]
[Black "Caro,Horatio "]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "B15"]
[Round "?"]

1. e4 c6 2. d4 d5 3. Nc3 dxe4 4. Nxe4 Nf6 5. Ng3 Bg4 6. Be2 Bxe2 7. N1xe2 e6 8. Bg5 Nbd7 9. Qd2 Qb6 10. O-O-O O-O-O 11. Rhe1 h6 12. Bf4 g5 13. Be3 Nd5 14. f4 Qa6 15. Kb1 N7b6 16. Qd3 Nc4 17. Bc1 Nb4 18. Qb3 Na5 19. Qc3 Nc4 20. a3 Nd5 21. Qb3 gxf4 22. Nxf4 Nxf4 23. Bxf4 Rd5 24. Bc1 Nxa3+ 0-1

[Event "?"]
[Site "Barmen"]
[Date "1905.??.??"]
[White "Kopa,I "]
[Black "Caro,Horatio "]
[Result "1/2-1/2"]
[ECO "B18"]
[Round "?"]

1. e4 c6 2. d4 d5 3. Nc3 dxe4 4. Nxe4 Bf5 5. Ng3 Bg6 6. Nf3 e6 7. c3 Bd6 8. Bd3 Nf6 9. O-O Nbd7 10. Re1 Qc7 11. a4 O-O 12. Bxg6 hxg6 13. Qd2 e5 14. dxe5 Nxe5 15. Nxe5 Bxe5 16. Qc2 Rfe8 17. Bd2 Qd7 18. Re2 Bxg3 19. Rxe8+ Rxe8 20. hxg3 Re2 21. Rd1 Ng4 22. Be1 Qe6 23. Qc1 f5 24. Qb1 Kh7 25. b3 b5 26. a5 a6 27. Kf1 Nh2+ 28. Kg1 Ng4 29. Kf1 Nh2+ 30. Kg1 Ng4 31. Kf1 Nh2+ 32. Kg1 Ng4 1/2-1/2

[Event "?"]
[Site "Vienna"]
[Date "1898.??.??"]
[White "Pillsbury,Harry "]
[Black "Caro,Horatio "]
[Result "1-0"]
[ECO "B15"]
[Round "1"]

1. e4 c6 2. d4 d5 3. Nc3 dxe4 4. Nxe4 Nf6 5. Nxf6+ exf6 6. Nf3 Bd6 7. Bd3 Bg4 8. h3 Bh5 9. g4 Bg6 10. Nh4 Nd7 11. Nf5 Bxf5 12. Bxf5 g6 13. Qe2+ Qe7 14. Bxd7+ Kxd7 15. Be3 Rae8 16. d5 c5 17. Qb5+ Kc8 18. O-O-O Qc7 19. Rd3 Re4 20. Rc3 a6 21. Qd3 Rhe8 22. Bxc5 Kd7 23. Be3 Qa5 24. a3 b5 25. Rc6 Bf4 26. Kb1 Bxe3 27. fxe3 Rxe3 28. Qd4 Re1+ 29. Ka2 Rxh1 30. Qa7+ 1-0

Sep-23-11  zydeco: Born in Hull, started playing seriously after moving to Berlin. Looks like he actually tied a match with Mieses, c. 1898 (acc to American Chess Magazine, Vol 1)
Jul-05-12  MountainMatt: Happy b-day Mr. Caro, the (half) namesake of my favorite 1. e4 defense. Highly useful at the prestigious Class D level, where it is hardly ever seen.
Jul-05-12  BIDMONFA: Horatio Caro

CARO, Horatio

Premium Chessgames Member
  LoveThatJoker: Horatio Caro, today you are remembered!


Jul-05-12  Alphonse1973: <But why doesn't the database have any games played by Kann?> As <al wazir> said, <Here is a game in which Kann plays the Caro-Kann defense.>, which is Mieses vs M Kann, 1885 Interestingly, there is no Horatio Caro vs Marcus Kann games, or Marcus Kann vs Horatio Caro, because Marcus Kann died on february 3 1886, when Caro wasn't still twenty-four years old (in fact, he was twenty-three). The Caro-Kann defense was analized in Caro's journal, Bruederschaft, in 1886. The first games of Horatio Caro appearing in are from 1888. Interesting data!
Jul-05-12  waustad: I was trying to work a Hamlet quote in, but Horatio is the recpient of the "Alas poor ..." line, not a participant so I didn't see how to make it work.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: <waustad> <I was trying to work a Hamlet quote in, but Horatio is the recpient of the "Alas poor ..." line, not a participant so I didn't see how to make it work.>

<waustad> There is the one about "...more things in heaven and earth Horatio". Could you make one out of that?

Aug-18-12  Karpova: Horatio Caro won the Berlin Championship in 1904 ahead of a strong field:

1. Caro 15.0
2-3. O. S. Bernstein 14.5
2-3. Spielmann 14.5
4. W. Cohn 14.0
5. Blumenfeld 12.5
6. Kagan 11.0
7-8. A. Wagner 10.0
7.8. Januschpolski 10.0
9. Gregory 9.5
10. Bauer 9.0
11-12. E. Cohn 8.5
11-12. M. Lange 8.5
13-15. Hoffmann 6.0
13-15. Dr. Brück 6.0
13-15. Kunze 6.0
16. Thomas 5.0
17. Feuss 4.5
18. Pauli 4.0
19. E. Heilmann 2.5 (out of 10 games)

This game H Caro vs Otto Kunze, 1904 won the prize for the most beautiful game (queen sacrifice included).

Source: Pages 212-213 of the 1904 'Wiener Schachzeitung'

Also note the good showing by Bernhard Kagan!

Aug-19-12  Karpova: In 1905 the Berlin Championship was decided by a match between Caro and Dr. Lewitt. Time control was 1 hour for 15 moves but the time consumed would only be measured at the end of the game and overstepping the time limit did not lead to the loss of the game but cost 1 Mark per 5 minutes (page 259).

The match was terminated with a final standing of +4 =6 -4 and counted as a draw (page 325).

Source: 1905 'Wiener Schachzeitung'

Premium Chessgames Member
  ketchuplover: Caro Kann !
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Another chess master who died in penury:
Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: Ironically, he played 1...e5 six times as often as his eponymous opening.
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: Perhaps this is his Horatio algorithm?
Jun-17-17  zanzibar: RE: "Die Brüderschaft"

<The reprint of the first volume 1885 was a great challenge as the original was handwritten in Old German cursive writing, so at first it had to be transcribed into common Latin characters.>


Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: He is the only chess player in history whose first and last names both end in <o>.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gregor Samsa Mendel: *sigh*

Sandro Mareco

Laszlo Szabo

Premium Chessgames Member
  mifralu: In 1914, thousands of British civilians and merchant seamen, along with foreigners from other nationalities with British connections, were interned at the hastily constructed prisoner of war camp at Ruhleben racecourse by Spandau, near Berlin, Germany. Most would not see freedom from the camp until the end of the war, but managed to maintain a unique way of life for the four years of their unwelcome internment.

< Caro

Caro was released from Ruhleben in January 1917, as reported in the Scotsman newspaper on January 31st 1917 ("British Civilians From Ruhleben", p.6). >

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