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Philip Stuart Milner-Barry
Photograph © 1973 Bassano. National Portrait Gallery, London.  

Number of games in database: 275
Years covered: 1923 to 1987
Overall record: +93 -104 =77 (48.0%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 1 exhibition game, blitz/rapid, odds game, etc. is excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Sicilian (34) 
    B22 B74 B72 B29 B30
 Vienna Opening (25) 
    C29 C26 C28 C25 C27
 French Defense (22) 
    C02 C13 C11 C19 C10
 Caro-Kann (13) 
    B15 B13 B12 B10 B14
 King's Gambit Accepted (10) 
    C34 C39 C33 C36 C35
 Sicilian Dragon (9) 
    B74 B72
With the Black pieces:
 Nimzo Indian (25) 
    E33 E43 E40 E47 E45
 Queen's Pawn Game (15) 
    D04 E00 A45 A46 D02
 English (12) 
    A18 A15 A17 A13 A12
 Petrov (12) 
    C43 C42
 Ruy Lopez (12) 
    C64 C78 C82 C84 C80
 Slav (6) 
    D10 D11 D12 D15
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Milner-Barry vs Tartakower, 1932 1-0
   Milner-Barry vs J Mieses, 1935 1-0
   Milner-Barry vs V Hanninen, 1956 1-0
   Milner-Barry vs Znosko-Borovsky, 1928 1-0
   Milner-Barry vs NN, 1961 1-0
   Milner-Barry vs J van den Bosch, 1947 1-0
   Milner-Barry vs A H Trott, 1951 1-0
   Milner-Barry vs Foltys, 1939 1-0
   M Yeo vs Milner-Barry, 1977 0-1
   Milner-Barry vs R P Michell, 1933 1-0

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   British Championship (1950)
   British Championship (1953)
   Margate (1937)
   Margate (1938)
   Hastings 1938/39 (1938)
   British Championship (1947)
   British Championship (1955)
   British Championship (1938)
   Moscow Olympiad qual-3 (1956)
   Margate (1935)
   Buenos Aires Olympiad qual-1 (1939)
   British Championship (1946)
   British Championship (1966)
   British Championship (1959)
   British Championship (1963)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Margate 1939 by suenteus po 147
   Margate 1938 by sneaky pete
   Hastings 1938/39 by sneaky pete
   Margate 1937 by suenteus po 147
   Margate 1936 by suenteus po 147

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Philip Stuart Milner-Barry
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(born Sep-20-1906, died Mar-25-1995, 88 years old) United Kingdom

[what is this?]

Sir Philip Stuart Milner-Barry was born in 1906. A true amateur, he worked in the British Civil Service and was never able to devote all his time to chess. He was part of the team that worked at Bletchley Park, alongside famed cryptanalyst and mathematician Alan Turing and British chess stalwarts Conel Hugh O'Donel Alexander and Harry Golombek, cracking the German Enigma codes. He worked for the Treasury after the War and in 1954 he was promoted to Assistant Secretary, and then to an under-secretary position.

He placed 2nd at Hastings 1953, played on four English Olympic squads from 1937 to 1956, and was chess correspondent for The Times. His name is also associated with a variation of the Nimzo-Indian Defence (1.d4 ♘f6 2.c4 e6 3.♘c3 ♗b4 4.♕c2 ♘c6), the Milner-Barry Gambit in the Advance French (1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. e5 c5 4.c3 ♘c6 5. ♘f3 ♕b6 6.♗d3 cxd4 7.cxd4 ♗d7 8.0-0 ♘xd4 9.♘xd4 ♕xd4 10.♘c3) and the Milner-Barry variation in the Petroff Defence (1.e4 e5 2.♘f3 ♘f6 3.♘xe5 d6 4.♘f3 ♘xe4 5.♕e2 ♕e7 6.d3 ♘f6 7. ♗g5 ♘bd7).

Wikipedia article: Stuart Milner-Barry

Last updated: 2017-07-27 08:59:03

 page 1 of 11; games 1-25 of 275  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Alekhine vs Milner-Barry 1-0301923Blindfold simul, 11bD63 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
2. G Abrahams vs Milner-Barry  0-127192650th Oxford - Cambridge Varsity mD10 Queen's Gambit Declined Slav
3. K H Bancroft vs Milner-Barry ½-½44192751st Oxford - Cambridge Varsity mD37 Queen's Gambit Declined
4. Milner-Barry vs K H Bancroft  1-024192852nd Oxford - Cambridge Varsity mB41 Sicilian, Kan
5. Milner-Barry vs Znosko-Borovsky 1-0261928BCF-ch 21st Major OpenB13 Caro-Kann, Exchange
6. Milner-Barry vs Koltanowski 0-1361928BCF-ch 21st Major OpenC28 Vienna Game
7. Milner-Barry vs G Abrahams  0-117192953rd Oxford - Cambridge Varsity mC29 Vienna Gambit
8. Milner-Barry vs E G Sergeant  1-0361931British ChampionshipC29 Vienna Gambit
9. Sultan Khan vs Milner-Barry  1-0271931British ChampionshipD04 Queen's Pawn Game
10. Milner-Barry vs E Spencer  0-1341931British ChampionshipC28 Vienna Game
11. R P Michell vs Milner-Barry  0-1231931British ChampionshipE22 Nimzo-Indian, Spielmann Variation
12. Milner-Barry vs C H Alexander  ½-½391931British ChampionshipC29 Vienna Gambit
13. Milner-Barry vs C H Alexander 0-1261932CambridgeC28 Vienna Game
14. Kashdan vs Milner-Barry 1-0651932LondonC78 Ruy Lopez
15. Milner-Barry vs Tartakower 1-0411932LondonB10 Caro-Kann
16. Maroczy vs Milner-Barry ½-½411932LondonC42 Petrov Defense
17. Milner-Barry vs Alekhine 0-1291932LondonC28 Vienna Game
18. Flohr vs Milner-Barry 1-0251932LondonE33 Nimzo-Indian, Classical
19. Milner-Barry vs G A Thomas  ½-½601932LondonB15 Caro-Kann
20. Sultan Khan vs Milner-Barry 1-0441932LondonD04 Queen's Pawn Game
21. Milner-Barry vs Menchik ½-½571932LondonC14 French, Classical
22. W Winter vs Milner-Barry  ½-½331932LondonA18 English, Mikenas-Carls
23. Koltanowski vs Milner-Barry  1-0261932LondonE43 Nimzo-Indian, Fischer Variation
24. Milner-Barry vs V Buerger  ½-½441932LondonD00 Queen's Pawn Game
25. Menchik vs Milner-Barry 1-0311932CambridgeE33 Nimzo-Indian, Classical
 page 1 of 11; games 1-25 of 275  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Milner-Barry wins | Milner-Barry loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
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Premium Chessgames Member
  sisyphus: Here's to Milner-Barry, whose gambit line has enabled me to survive the French for many years.
Sep-20-08  belgradegambit: Milner-Barry gambit a la Tal: Tal vs I Nei, 1958
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: An interesting piece from the Milner-Barry papers held in the Churchill Archives Centre:

“He was one of the senior code-breakers at Bletchley Park, 1940-45. He was Gordon Welchman’s deputy at Bletchley Park and was primarily responsible for the vital “cribs” of Hut 6 and in 1943 he took over responsibility for Hut 6. On 21st October 1941, Milner-Barry along with Alan Turing, Gordon Welchman, Hugh Alexander wrote directly to Churchill to seek more staff for Bletchley Park. Milner-Barry delivered the letter personally to 10 Downing Street and Churchill gave them his support."

Premium Chessgames Member
  kingscrusher: Code breaker at Bletchley park

Sep-20-11  brankat: A talented man, and a very strong chess player.
Sep-20-11  Dionysius1: Milner-Barry was never the Under Secretary of the Treasury. There were many Under Secretaries in each Government Department. It was the name given to a senior manager in charge of a significant function, and HM Treasury would have had a dozen or more. THE Under Secretary is short for the Permanent Under Secretary of which there was only one at any one time, as permanent head of the Treasury officials (in informal language). I've submitted a correction slip.
Sep-20-11  SimonWebbsTiger: Ray Keene wrote back in 2004:

<he was knighted for his work as a civil servant including being a codebreaker with turing during the war-sir stuart was the one chosen to go to churchill from bletchley and ask for more money and resources to help break the nazi codes.>

Just in case ppl forget to scroll back and read past comments! ;o)

He was breaking codes with Golombek and some other notables. Fantastic disguise against 5th columnists, to have well known chess players saying they are off to play chess!

Premium Chessgames Member
  scormus: <SWT well known chess players saying they are off to play chess!> Ja, klar!
Sep-20-11  SimonWebbsTiger: @<scormus>

Keine dirty tricks, jawolh?

Sep-20-11  noctiferus: <An Englishman>
I don't know if it is allowed in CG, but I'd to like to suggest a more smooth and shallow presentation of Bletchley Park's achievements (with a non technical reference to Colossus): Singh
The Code book
whose reference is missing in Wikipedia page.
Mar-28-12  wordfunph: "If I think about guys Sir Stuart Milner Barry, he really was incredibly violent in his games; he always played like a caveman. He was also one of the most quiet and gentle guys that I've come across in chess."

- GM Nigel Short

Source: Interview with a Grandmaster by Aaron & Claire Summerscale

Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: At the Civil Service Club on Scotland Yard there is a Milner-Barry Suite. It is used for lots of different events but I'm hoping to go along when it is host to a Masonic meeting. It would be strange to see the old chequer-board carpet laid out in a room named after one of England's greatest masters.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: Another game from an old NZ Chess magazine. This one played in the first round of the British Championship in 1963.

[Event "British Championship"]
[Site "England"]
[Date "1963.??.??"]
[EventDate "?"]
[Round "1"]
[Result "1-0"]
[White "Milner-Barry, Sir Philip Stuart"]
[Black "Cafferty, Bernard"]
[ECO "C02"]
[WhiteElo "?"]
[BlackElo "?"]
[PlyCount "55"]

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. e5 c5 4. c3 Qb6 5. Bd3 Bd7 6. dxc5 Bxc5 7. Qe2 a5 8. Nd2 a4 9. Ngf3 Ne7 10. Nf1 Ra5 11. Ng3 Bb5 12. O-O Nd7 13. Nh5 O-O 14. Bxb5 Qxb5 15. Qd2 Ng6 16. Nxg7 Ndxe5 17. Nxe5 Kxg7 18. Qh6+ Kg8 19. Bg5 f6 20. Nxg6 Rf7 21. Bh4 hxg6 22. Qxg6+ Rg7 23. Qxf6 Ra6 24. Qd8+ Kh7 25. Rae1 Qc4 26. Re5 Ra8 27. Rh5+ Kg6 28. Rg5+ 1-0

An interesting game with the line in the French Defence that bears his name.

Apr-30-14  MountainMatt: What a classically English face. He looks a bit like my grandpa.
Apr-19-15  kamagong24: the code breaker!
Aug-06-16  wrap99: When I read posts recounting playing him as an old man, I am reminded what to me is great about chess: the connection with the past. Related to this is the general social aspect of the game -- I spent years in a terrible, run-down rural community surrounded by people of very conservative views -- chess was my way out, a way to meet different sorts of people from all over.
Sep-20-16  TheFocus: Happy birthday, P.S. Milner-Barry.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: When we die what do we leave except memories? People remember Philip Stuart Milner-Barry with happy memories, and William Ritson-Morry with bad memories. But at least they are both remembered.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Richard Taylor: I remember his games being in Chess which was a magazine I got about 1964 for a while. It was not the BCM which I got for a while from England. I recall games by him and Penrose who I also thought might be related to the physicist. I think he was though not directly.

Alexander, as is noted was a code man: was in the movie of Turing, seen as his assistant. Leonard Barden who does a column in the Guardian and also NZ's Listener wrote there that Alexander was considered potentially one of the greats (Botvinnik had a high opinion of his play) but found it hard to get permission to go to Moscow after the war due to his involvement at Bletchley and related security issues. I don't know how true that is but it is interesting they were involved in cracking the Enigma etc...

Mind you this all might be a load of cobblers and they were playing golf, chess, skittles and on the booze the whole time...

Premium Chessgames Member
  Richard Taylor: Bad memories of Ritson-Morry? Please explain <offramp> ?
Sep-20-17  Elbajacisback: Sir Stuart Milner-Barry attended the 2-day Civil Service Chess Finals at York University in 1991 as the guest of honour. My Dad and I both qualified that year, and we spent a wonderful evening with him as he recounted the great players he had played and other stories from his life. As Mark Thornton said a few years ago he was a real gentleman, and I feel lucky and privileged to have met him.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <Richard Taylor: Bad memories of Ritson-Morry? Please explain <offramp> ?>

It's on the Ritson Morry page:
<In the late 1930s Ritson Morry, who was a solicitor, invested clients’ money without their knowledge or consent in a speculative property development. He was convinced that the development would make a large profit and he would be able to replace the clients’ money and take the profit for himself. Unfortunately for Ritson Morry, with the outbreak of the Second World War the development collapsed and he lost all the money which had been invested.>

I lost £4 10s 6d in that adventure.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: The worst thing about playing Ritson-Morry wasn't the farts, it was his threatening to fart.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Richard Taylor: <offramp> Naughty old Ritson

<MissScarlett> People have an inalienable right to fart. Please show respect or I will report this to the World Farting Association.

Feb-02-20  Cibator: Not so far mentioned here is that Sir Stuart was Ceremonial Officer at the Civil Service Department from 1966-77, and as such was in overall charge of the UK honours system. It must have been his success in this role - one so closely connected to the Queen, in whose name all honours are bestowed - that resulted in his being awarded, not an ordinary knighthood, but the comparatively rare KCVO (Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order), which is generally given for some form of personal service to the monarch. At present there are fewer than 50 of these, compared with hundreds of the usual kind.
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