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Aaron Alexandre
Number of games in database: 1
Years covered: 1850

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(died Nov-16-1850) Germany (federation/nationality France)

[what is this?]
Aaron Alexandre was born in Hohenfeld, Franconia around 1765/68. In 1793 he moved to Paris and became a naturalized French citizen. He spent his final years in London.

He is the author of the Encyclopdie des checs (Paris, 1837), an encyclopedia of chess openings, and another book containing 2000 chess problems. The latter appeared in 1846 in English, French and German, and its English title is The beauties of chess. A collection of the finest chess problems extant (London).

He also introduced the symbols 0-0 and 0-0-0 to castling on chess notation.

Source: St.Amant's obituary in "La Regence" 1851, 3-13.

Wikipedia article: Aaron Alexandre

 page 1 of 1; one game  PGN Download 
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. F Deacon vs A Alexandre 1-0361850Casual gameC24 Bishop's Opening

Kibitzer's Corner
Apr-16-14  Gottschalk: He introduced the symbols 0-0 and 0-0-0 to castling on chess notation.
Premium Chessgames Member
  WannaBe: According to at the bottom, he won a match against Staunton in 1838.

Any possibility of games being (re)discovered? Hello Historians? =))

Apr-16-14  Granny O Doul: That is a nice piece of trivia, the castling thing.
Apr-16-14  thomastonk: Some action here: that's nice!

Well, if I remember things correctly, I submitted the game against Deacon last autumn and then I wrote the brief biography (most probably with language support by <OhioChessFan> and <jessicafischerqueen>). So, I feel some responsibility for this guy.

I collected a lot of material on Alexandre, but very few games of him have survived. Maybe a dozen or a little bit more. A few of them were played at odds, and even one early example of a kind of Chess960 game is known (see C.N. 7398 at

<WannaBe: match against Staunton> I don't know any game of this match. In a brief description can be found: <1838: ... Staunton mortifying defeat by Alexandre, Oxford companion see ILN Jan 19, 1856 21 game match mortifying defeat was in early sittings>. It would be very interesting to know what Staunton exactly wrote in his column in the ILN; I have only access to his replies to correspondents of this volume (#28), and there I haven't found the match.

Murray wrote in the November and December issues of BCM 1908 several pages on Staunton, but didn't mention the match.

Hints are very welcome!

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Illustrated London News, January 19th 1856, p.75:

<(To the Editor of the ILLUSTRATED LONDON NEWS.)

SIR, — Will you allow me, through the medium of your Chess column, to correct a mistake into which I have fallen with respect to one of Mr. Staunton’s matches?

At page 155 of the "Chess-players' Annual,” in reporting from recollection a conversation with Mr. Staunton, I make him say that on his first arrival in London he was invited by Mr. Lewis to play a match with M. Alexandre —- that the match was played —- and that Mr. Staunton won every game.

I am informed by Mr. Staunton that this statement is incorrect, and that the true version is as follows:— “About the year 1838 Mr. Staunton joined the Old Westminster Club, and one of the frequenters of that Club (not Mr. Lewis) asked Mr. S. to engage in a match with Alexandre. Being a young player, Mr. Staunton felt flattered by the proposal, and a contest was soon arranged. It consisted of twenty-one games; but these were so far from being uniformly won by Mr. Staunton, that he confesses to a distinct remembrance of the mortifying defeat he experienced during all the earlier sittings of the match.

I remain, Sir, yours faithfully, CHARLES TOMLINSON.

12, Bedford-place, Ampthill-square, Jan. 14, 1856.>

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <In 1793 he moved to Paris...>

If correct, why would anyone willingly move to Paris during the <Reign of Terror>?

<Aaron Alexandre, a Bavarian trained as a rabbi, arrived in France in 1793.[1] Encouraged by the French Republic's policy of religious toleration, he became a French citizen.>

Oh, I see.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <Aaron Alexandre was born in Hohenfeld, Franconia around 1765/68.>

Gaige (1987) specifies 1766. John Townsend, in <Historical notes on some chess players> (Wokingham, 2014) has found an official source that recorded his naturalisation:

<According to the <Bulletin des lois de la Republique Francaise>, he had been born at Hohenfeld, Bavaria, 17 November 1773, and was naturalised, July 1833, in Paris where he lived [...]>. (Bulletin des lois de la Republique Francaise, Volume 7, 1835, p.556)

An official source is not quite an official document, however. It's conceivable that Alexandre lopped a few years off to boost his application for citizenship. Still, I'd bet that the November 17th is his correct birthday.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Telemus: <John Townsend> As usual outstanding work by this man. But as a person or *colleague* he is totally disgusting! This is based on personal experience as well as on several reports by other people. I'm sure E.Winter knows much of that, too, and so it's even more surprising to me that Winter publishes Townsend's Chess Notes. And it is even worse, I would say: Townsend has there the untypical freedom of writing speculative opinions.
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Tell us more....perhaps this should repair to my forum...#dishthedirt
Jun-23-19  Chesgambit:
Chess master

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