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Daniel Harrwitz
Number of games in database: 200
Years covered: 1845 to 1862

Overall record: +98 -56 =29 (61.5%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 17 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 King's Gambit Accepted (28) 
    C39 C33 C38 C36
 Dutch Defense (8) 
    A84 A85
 King's Gambit Declined (8) 
    C30 C31 C32
 King's Pawn Game (8) 
 Evans Gambit (6) 
    C51 C52
 French Defense (5) 
With the Black pieces:
 Sicilian (19) 
    B20 B21 B44 B30
 Giuoco Piano (12) 
    C50 C54 C53
 Philidor's Defense (12) 
 King's Pawn Game (8) 
 Ruy Lopez (6) 
    C64 C65
 Scotch Game (4) 
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Mayet vs Harrwitz, 1848 0-1
   Harrwitz vs Anderssen, 1848 1-0
   Harrwitz vs Morphy, 1858 1-0
   Harrwitz vs Horwitz, 1846 1-0
   E Williams vs Harrwitz, 1846 1/2-1/2
   Harrwitz vs Morphy, 1858 1/2-1/2
   Morphy vs Harrwitz, 1858 0-1
   Mayet vs Harrwitz, 1847 0-1
   Harrwitz vs Loewenthal, 1853 1-0
   Harrwitz vs Morphy, 1858 1-0

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Harrwitz - Williams Match (1846)
   Anderssen - Harrwitz (1848)
   Harrwitz - Williams (1852)
   Harrwitz - Williams 1852/53 (1852)
   Morphy - Harrwitz (1858)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Harrwitz - Loewenthal (1853) by MissScarlett
   Harrwitz - Loewenthal (1853) by Pawn and Two
   Harrwitz - Horwitz (1849) by MissScarlett
   vaskolon's with sacrifices Mr. ANDERSSON by vaskolon
   Blunderchecked games II by nimh

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Daniel Harrwitz
Search Google for Daniel Harrwitz

(born Feb-22-1821, died Jan-02-1884, 62 years old) Germany

[what is this?]

Daniel Harrwitz was born in Breslau, Germany. During the 1850s he was among the top 3 or 4 players in the World. He played matches against Howard Staunton (+0, =0, -7) in 1846, Bernhard Horwitz (+6, =1, -5) in 1846, Adolf Anderssen (+5, =0, -5) in 1848, Horwitz (+7, =12, -6) in 1849, Jozsef Szen (+3, =1, -1) in 1852 and Johann Jacob Loewenthal (+11, =12, -8) in 1853. He played in Manchester 1857 but was knocked out by Anderssen in the 1st round and played a match against Paul Morphy (+2, =1, -5) in 1858. When his father died, he retired to Bolzano in the Austrian Alps with a small family inheritance.

Wikipedia article: Daniel Harrwitz

Last updated: 2016-10-16 12:55:42

 page 1 of 8; games 1-25 of 200  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. B Greville vs Harrwitz 0-1151845ParisC44 King's Pawn Game
2. Harrwitz vs Kieseritzky 1-0391845ParisB21 Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4
3. Desloges vs Harrwitz  0-1241845Casual gameC38 King's Gambit Accepted
4. Harrwitz vs Horwitz ½-½261846MatchC44 King's Pawn Game
5. G Walker vs Harrwitz 0-1351846London mC33 King's Gambit Accepted
6. E Williams vs Harrwitz ½-½521846Harrwitz - Williams MatchD20 Queen's Gambit Accepted
7. Harrwitz vs Horwitz 0-1541846London m4C44 King's Pawn Game
8. Horwitz vs Harrwitz 0-1301846London m4C50 Giuoco Piano
9. H Buckle vs Harrwitz 1-0481846LondonC50 Giuoco Piano
10. Harrwitz vs E Williams 1-0431846Harrwitz - Williams MatchC38 King's Gambit Accepted
11. Horwitz vs Harrwitz 1-0451846London m4C44 King's Pawn Game
12. Staunton vs Harrwitz 1-0241846LondonC44 King's Pawn Game
13. Harrwitz vs Horwitz 1-0481846London m4C44 King's Pawn Game
14. E Williams vs Harrwitz 0-1301846Harrwitz - Williams MatchD20 Queen's Gambit Accepted
15. Harrwitz vs Horwitz 1-0431846London m4C44 King's Pawn Game
16. Captain Evans vs Harrwitz 1-0251846Consultation gameD20 Queen's Gambit Accepted
17. Horwitz vs Harrwitz 0-1361846London m4C44 King's Pawn Game
18. E Williams vs Harrwitz ½-½841846Harrwitz - Williams MatchD20 Queen's Gambit Accepted
19. Horwitz vs Harrwitz 1-0441846MatchC44 King's Pawn Game
20. Harrwitz vs Horwitz 1-0311846London m4C44 King's Pawn Game
21. Horwitz vs Harrwitz 1-0201846MatchC44 King's Pawn Game
22. E Williams vs Harrwitz 0-1471846Harrwitz - Williams MatchC50 Giuoco Piano
23. Horwitz vs Harrwitz 1-0311846London m4C44 King's Pawn Game
24. Harrwitz vs Staunton 0-1381846LondonC54 Giuoco Piano
25. Staunton vs Harrwitz 1-0251846LondonC45 Scotch Game
 page 1 of 8; games 1-25 of 200  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Harrwitz wins | Harrwitz loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
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Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: R.I.P. Harrwitz.
Apr-29-12  Llawdogg: Thanks, Graham Clayton, for that wonderful description of the blindfold play of Harrwitz.
Apr-29-12  parisattack: Apparently not the Harrwitz of the ...h6 variation of the ...e5 Sicilian but rather a player of the mid-20th century?

Anyone know details?

This Harrwitz did play a few ...e5 Sicilians before inventing the Taimanov Variation which he played in quite modern fashion!

Aug-01-13  optimal play: <<<Mr. Blackburne tells a good story of Harrwitz, the celebrated chess player, recently deceased.>

The latter was playing a game at a London club, and his opponent had just attacked a Knight with a Pawn. Harrwitz saw that if the Knight were captured he could force a mate in four moves, but feared that if he openly abandoned the Knight, suspicion would be aroused and his little scheme frustrated.

How was his opponent to be thrown off his guard?

He hit upon the ingenious expedient of making a false move with the attacked Knight. His opponent of course claimed the usual penalty of compelling him to move the King. Remonstrances were vain ; the laws of the game must be adhered to, and with well-simulated disgust at his own stupidity, Harrwitz replaced the Knight and moved his King.

His opponent innocently snapped up the Knight, whereupon the shockingly wily German blandly announced his mate in four.>

- South Australian Weekly Chronicle (Adelaide, SA) issue Saturday 7 March 1885>

Mar-18-14  RookFile: I love it. Good for Harrwitz. :)
Mar-18-14  RedShield: That anecdote sounds very fishy.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: I was surprised to see that "Daniel Harrwitz beat Elijah Williams 17 to 2, with 8 draws." Williams was a strong player!
Premium Chessgames Member
  eternaloptimist: From looking at Harrwitz's results, it's safe to say that he's 1 of the most underrated chess players of all time!
Jul-03-15  zanzibar: The Harrwitz bio by batgirl, previously referenced by <SBC>, now have a hopefully more permanent home here:

A photograph of the player, maybe preferred to the above pen illustration, is also available:

(Not sure the original source though)

Here is the first paragraph by Sarah:

<Daniel Harrwitz was born in Breslau, Germany (which is now Wroclaw, Poland ) on April 29, 1823 - just 5 years after Herr Anderssen, another Breslau native. When he was 22, he moved to Paris and became a regular at the Café de la Régence where he secured a good reputation as a chess player, particularly as a blindfold player. Then in 1846 he and Lionel Kieseritzky moved together to London.>

The <CG> intro is woefully shy of Harrwitz's various residencies, which are important to his development as a chess player.

Also, the match against Staunton in 1846 consisted of 21-games, 14 of which were played at odds (7 with pawn and two moves, the other 7 with pawn and move).

But, as batgirl notes:

<Staunton won the first section (Pawn & two) 4-3; Harrwitz won the second section (Pawn & one) 6-1; and Staunton won the final (even) section 7-0.

Clearly, Staunton was the superior player at this time, but Staunton was at the height of his career while Harrwitz was really just beginning his.>

Jul-03-15  zanzibar: <jnpope> has recently posted various chess articles from <The Field>, an important early source. In them I found this:

Where Harrwitz 1853 challenge to Staunton is published. This match was never undertaken, but as batgirl notes:

<Staunton continued to refuse to play Harrwitz, but in all likelihood, Harrwitz was London's strongest player.>

Supposedly, Staunton turned down the match, but the exact reasons are very complicated. I've seen some mention it was done in insulting fashion. Some of the long story is retold on the pages of the <Chess Player's Chronicle>: (scroll down 1/2 page to begin)

and also here:

One must remember that the <Chess Player's Chronicle> was basically Staunton's mouthpiece, as he was editor (and owner).

On the other hand, Harrwitz became editor of the <British Chess Review> during the same period:

<The second match (ed- against Williams) spanned 1852-53 and Harrwitz won that one 7-2. It was during the second match that Harrwitz took a job as editor of the British Chess Review.> (from batgirl's bio)

Some people have written that Staunton only kept on at the <Chess Player's Chronicle> to maintain access to the public during the Harrwitz match debacle:

Harding's <Eminent Victorian Chess Players: Ten Biographies> p60-63

where he describes how after Staunton sold the <Chess Player's Chronicle> to Brien (penname Oxoniensis) in July 1854 the magazine began a downhill slide to its demise about two years later.

Jul-03-15  zanzibar: When Morphy came to Europe in 1858, one of his goals was to play Staunton.

That match never same about, yet Morphy's trip is basically viewed as his crowning as World Chess Championship (such as it was at the time).

But who exactly did he beat to take the "crown"?

Besides Staunton, Harrwitz must be viewed as one of the strongest players at the time.

<In 1848 Harrwitz returned the Breslau for a visit. He played a relatively unknown chess problemist named Adolf Anderssen. The match called for the best out of eleven but when it reached 5 -5, they mutually agreed to end it. [...]

In 1856 Harrwitz moved to Paris and settled in as the club professional at the Café de la Régence. He beat Jules Arnous De Rivière in a match 5-2. Then came Morphy > > (batgirl again)

Edward Winter has an entire article devoted to early uses of the term WCC -

Where we find:

<(Regarding the Morphy v Harrwitz match): ‘… no man living can tell whether, or no, these two gentlemen are not now engaged in fighting for the Chess championship of the whole world!’ C.H. Stanley, Harper’s Weekly, 9 October 1858.>

Also in <The World of Chess> by Saidy and Lessing on p104:

<Morphy proceeded to Paris, the scene of his most brillant accomplishments. His most important match, held at the Cafe de la Regence, was with Daniel Harrwitz. Like Fischer in his 1972 match with Spassky, Morphy lost the first two games (some pundits have suggested that Fischer was trying to emulate Morphy when he forfeited his second game), but he went on to win the match by a score of 5 wins, 2 losses and 1 draw, when Harrwitz pleaded he could not continue because of illness. [...]>

Feb-22-16  TheFocus: Happy birthday, Daniel Harrwitz.
Jun-22-18  zanzibar: Not sure if Staten Island's story itself is true, but it sound credible enough, though maybe too good to be true. Still, it did appear in print:


Harrwitz, the great Prussian player, had a sharp tongue as well as sharp chess ability. In his match with Staunton he made a move which; caused lengthy consideration on the part of the English master. Staunton leaned back in his chair and stroked his forehead, giving the spectators the impression that he was undergoing great mental agonies. The more he looked at the position, the less he liked it. At length he savagely exclaimed, "Well, I've lost a move." and plunked down a piece.

Harrwitz, coolly rising In his place, jingled the bell to call a waiter. Upon one coming: "Walter, look about for a move! Mr. Staunton has lost one." ?

--Staten Islander.


SF Call - 1913-07-13 - p44c2

Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <zanzibar: ...Harrwitz, coolly rising In his place, jingled the bell to call a waiter. Upon one coming: "Walter, look about for a move! Mr. Staunton has lost one.">

Very funny that the waiter's name was Walter. It's probably the best name for a waiter.

Jun-23-18  zanzibar: <<off> Very funny that the waiter's name was Walter. It's probably the best name for a waiter.>

Jon, Russell, or Chris also seem good:

Chris seems to have the edge.

Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <zanzibar>, Russel Crowe was bashing out espressos at a fake Starbucks when we had this dreadful conversation.
He can be such a git!
Jun-23-18  zanzibar: Oh, that was a bit painful...

And so, in return, a video which maybe can't be heartily recommended, but is both off and apropos...


(There also the loose nut connection with <CG>)

Sep-30-18  sudoplatov: Waiters are named Arnold, Jean-Claude, Sylvester, Charles or Stephan. Not to be confused with actors Schwarzenegger, van Damme, Stallone, Norris or Seagal.
Feb-22-19  Pyrandus: H. geboren in Breslau? It was an German City. //Wroclaw = a Polish City, ohne Germans//.
Jan-05-20  Carrots and Pizza: Playing over Harrwitz' games, one gets the impression that he was ahead of his time because he could play positional chess rather well. In a few of the games I looked through, he appeared to be a very careful and accurate player who understood the finer points. I find it surprising that he lost to Staunton 0-7. What a wipeout. Also find it surprising that his matches with Horwitz were so close because Horwitz' play seems very weak. Wasn't Harrwitz one of the first ever professional chess players?

Perhaps his peak was in the late 1850s when he played Morphy? Maybe that's when he could have beaten Staunton and more lopsidedly whooped the other guys.

Jan-05-20  Carrots and Pizza: <A photograph of the player, maybe preferred to the above pen illustration, is also available:

I love those old pieces!

Oct-20-20  Chesgambit: Harrwitz lose to Anderssen (blindfold)
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: No offence, but he was little more than a dwarf. He made Morphy look tall.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Stonehenge: <he was little more than a dwarf>

Adolf Anderssen, Serafino Dubois and Daniel Harrwitz, London 1862:

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: <When his father died, he retired to Bolzano in the Austrian Alps with a small family inheritance.>

Is it known when this was?

His <Jewish Encyclopedia> entry has:

<In 1862, owing to ill health, Harrwitz was compelled to relinquish active participation in the game.>

So his career apparently ended in an even more abrupt way than Morphy's, but I'm wondering if that's really the case. His last games in the DB are a couple of wins over the nascent Blackburne in December 1862 (having inflicted the same on Steinitz in 1860). Was he back in France in 1863? There must be further sightings.

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