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Josef Heral
Number of games in database: 31
Years covered: 1873
Overall record: +9 -16 =6 (38.7%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games.

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D50 Queen's Gambit Declined (4 games)
B01 Scandinavian (3 games)
D20 Queen's Gambit Accepted (3 games)
C00 French Defense (2 games)
A07 King's Indian Attack (2 games)
C47 Four Knights (2 games)
B23 Sicilian, Closed (2 games)
C46 Three Knights (2 games)
C01 French, Exchange (2 games)
A13 English (2 games)

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(died Mar-1877) Austria

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 page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 31  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. A Schwarz vs J Heral  ½-½451873ViennaC01 French, Exchange
2. J Heral vs A Schwarz  1-0721873ViennaB23 Sicilian, Closed
3. A Schwarz vs J Heral  1-0281873ViennaC15 French, Winawer
4. Gelbfuhs vs J Heral ½-½391873ViennaB01 Scandinavian
5. J Heral vs Gelbfuhs  0-1431873ViennaC46 Three Knights
6. Gelbfuhs vs J Heral  0-1531873ViennaC50 Giuoco Piano
7. Bird vs J Heral 0-1531873ViennaA03 Bird's Opening
8. J Heral vs Bird ½-½381873ViennaC47 Four Knights
9. Bird vs J Heral 1-0341873ViennaC00 French Defense
10. Anderssen vs J Heral 0-1491873ViennaB01 Scandinavian
11. J Heral vs Anderssen 0-1591873ViennaC00 French Defense
12. Anderssen vs J Heral  1-0261873ViennaC01 French, Exchange
13. J Heral vs K Pitschel  0-1501873ViennaC47 Four Knights
14. K Pitschel vs J Heral 0-1401873ViennaC11 French
15. J Heral vs K Pitschel 0-1211873ViennaD50 Queen's Gambit Declined
16. J Heral vs Blackburne  0-1351873ViennaD50 Queen's Gambit Declined
17. Blackburne vs J Heral 1-0391873ViennaC27 Vienna Game
18. J Heral vs M Fleissig  1-0601873ViennaD53 Queen's Gambit Declined
19. M Fleissig vs J Heral  ½-½351873ViennaB01 Scandinavian
20. J Heral vs M Fleissig 0-1731873ViennaD20 Queen's Gambit Accepted
21. J Heral vs Meitner 0-1231873ViennaC46 Three Knights
22. Meitner vs J Heral  ½-½331873ViennaA07 King's Indian Attack
23. J Heral vs Meitner 1-0321873ViennaD50 Queen's Gambit Declined
24. J Heral vs S Rosenthal  0-1401873ViennaD20 Queen's Gambit Accepted
25. S Rosenthal vs J Heral  0-1461873ViennaA07 King's Indian Attack
 page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 31  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Heral wins | Heral loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Interesting that Heral's only games in the database are for the 1873 Vienna tournament. Was he invited to compete in the tournament because he was a local player?
Jan-06-13  thomastonk: Josef (seldom Joseph) Heral belonged to the chessplayers of Café Weghuber. There he played in the 1870s regularly with Oscar Gelbfuhs. The "Österreichische Schachzeitung" reportet 1872 on tournaments in this coffeehouse and published one of his games (p 19).

The tournament book of "Vienna 1873" described Gelbfuhs and Heral as follows (p 50): "Nebenan sitzen zwei schlanke, ganz junge Männer. Der Schwarze, mit hübscher Figur und intelligentem Gesicht, ist Heral, ein Schachjünger aus dem Café Weghuber. Der Blassblonde, sein alter Kumpan, ist Gelbfuhs, ein offener Kopf und fleissiger Theoretiker, welcher früh in die Meistergilde aufgenommen wurde." Gelbfuhs is 20 years old.

On p 54, we learn that Gelbfuhs was a student of laws, and that Heral was "gleichfalls juristischen Fachs". Since the "Österreichische Schachzeitung" named Heral in 1874 several times "Dr.", we may assume that he was then a lawyer, and not only a student.

Pictures of both men can be found in Edward Winter's Chess Notes, C.N. 3478.

According to Gaige's "Chess Personalia", Gelbfuhs died September 27, 1877 in Teschen, and Heral at the same day in Vienna! The "Deutsche Schachzeitung" published 1877 two obituaries, which I don't have. Maybe someone can provide the content here.

Jan-06-13  thomastonk: Here are the page numbers of DSZ 1877 as given by Gaige: Gelbfuhs p 312-314 and Heral p 94-95.

I wonder about pages 94-95 and a death date in September.

Jan-10-13  thomastonk: I have made a small progress: in Berger's Schach-Jahrbuch 1892/93, only the year of Heral's death is given. Since Berger published exact dates, if possible, this probably indicates that Heral's obituary in the DSZ has no date either.
Jan-10-13  Gejewe: <thomastonk>
An interesting discussion going on here about a player virtually no one knows .. But it triggered happy memories from a chess childhood about 40 years ago. At the time as a 13 or 14 year old, Adolf Anderssen was a chess hero of mine and I played over hundreds of his games. So the moment he loses to an unknown player, like Heral in one of their three games in the Vienna tournament, it sticks in a young chessplayers memory. That he was a chessplayer from a Chesscafé is new information, but not surprising regarding his chess style. He was clearly on the brink of defeat when Anderssen allowed himself to be swindled.

Here is the text from the obituary in the "Deutsche Schachzeiting" to which I have access. It has no death date but it was Nr.3, März 1877, so published in March 1877. There is some editorial that says that it was finished on the 7th of April. So it is clear that it has not been published half a year late which would fit in with the September deathdate theory. This sounds a bit weird but Georg Marco's "Wiener Schachzeitung" often had to work with similar delays because of the editor in chief's perfectionism.

The obituary is accompanied by a chess problem from Dr.A.Kauders, in memory of Heral. I first intended to translate it, but then noticed you are from Aachen, so it is in your native language !

By the way, I have good memories of Aachen, having played for ASV 1856 in the period 1996-2002, with teammates you will probably know when you play chess there (Matthias Roeder,Thomas Koch, Klaus Petzold, Norbert Coenen,Nikos Begnis,Hans-Hubert Sonntag etc.)

Das "Wiener Salonblatt" bringt die betrübende Botschaft, das Joseph Heral, bekannt als praktischer Spieler von bedeutender Stärke und Componist weniger aber geistreicher und origineller Aufgaben, in der Blüthe seiner Jahre in Wien verstorben ist. Beinahe zugleich mit der Todesnachricht erhielten wir eine Widmungsaufgabe an den Verblichenen, und wir handeln gewiss im Sinne des Verfassers, wenn wir die Composition nunmehr hier folgen lassen als

Den Andenken J.Heral's
gewidmet von Dr. A Kauders
Weiss: Kg1,Da3,Ta6,Tc3,Lg8,c4,d6,f2,g4
Schwarz: Kc5,Sa7,Sb4
Matt in drei Zügen

Dieses Problem entspricht in Bezug auf Schärfe der Combination und Kühnheit der Aufstellung durchaus dem Style Heral's. Vielseitigkeit ist freilich nicht darin erreicht (nur das Hauptspiel ist zu verzeichnen) und das Moment des Brillanten wird durch die Idee selbst ausgeschlossen.

A last remark on my part, I am wondering about the solution as there is no mate in three moves...

Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: The Danish magazine, Nordisk Skaktidende, Vol 5, page 120 has this notice:

Joseph Heral en af den østerrigske Problemskoles talentfulde Dyrkere og ligeledes i Besiddelse af en ikke ringe Styrke i det praktiske Spil er i afvigte Marts afgaaet ved Døden i Wien i en ung Alder.

The Google translation indicates his death in March:

Joseph Heral one of the Austrian School Problem talented devotees and also possessed of no small strength in the practical Games is In the recent March passed away in Vienna at a young age.

Jan-12-13  thomastonk: Dear <Gejewe>, thank you very much! Now it is sure that Gaige's date of death is wrong. Maybe it is published by Dr Gold in his column in "Wiener Salonblatt", but here the years 1877-1880 are missing.

Personally, it seems that we have missed marginally at ASV, where 1995/96 was my last season. Together with Thomas Koch I joined another club for two years. Thereafter he returned and I retired from club chess for more than a decade. Today the same people as 15 years ago are the dominant local players, and only a small number of young men joined them. Norbert is now chairman of ASV, Thomas his deputy. Hubert and Klaus (and me) offer training lessons at different clubs, too.

<Calli> Thank you very much, of course!

Jul-04-16  mulde: Mr. Heral seems to be a "coffeehouseplayer" but of some strength. Even in those times, one couldn't walk into a master's tnmt-hall, and join the battles without to be recognized as a strong player. He is mentionend in German Wikipedia (not translated) with a variation in the McCut - seemingly, befor McCutcheon actually had played "his" move first: "1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Sc3 Sf6 4.Lg5 Lb4 5.Lf1-d3 ist eine altmodische Fortsetzung, die schon von Emanuel Lasker 1908 im Weltmeisterschaftskampf gegen Siegbert Tarrasch gespielt wurde. Dieselbe Stellung stand durch Zugumstellung schon einmal im Jahre 1873 auf dem Brett (4.Ld3, 5.Lg5), also 12 Jahre bevor McCutcheon sie gegen Steinitz anwandte, nämlich in der Partie Karl Pitschel gegen Josef Heral, gespielt in Wien.[4]
K Pitschel vs J Heral, 1873 " By the way the passage quoted by thomastonk (in translation) "... slender, beautiful, young, ..." sounds a bit like a homo-sexual innuendo - may be, that's why we have heard not too much about Mr. Heral later on.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Jean Defuse: ...

Josef Heral (1847 Wien – 11.3.1877 Wien)


Source: (Nieder-)Österreichische Schachchronik p.14 by Franz Modliba.

Online (Pdf):


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