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Manuel Aaron
M Aaron 
Photo courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.  
Number of games in database: 91
Years covered: 1960 to 1984
Last FIDE rating: 2315
Overall record: +13 -56 =22 (26.4%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games.

Repertoire Explorer
Most played openings
A56 Benoni Defense (5 games)
A53 Old Indian (5 games)
D37 Queen's Gambit Declined (3 games)
B29 Sicilian, Nimzovich-Rubinstein (3 games)
E61 King's Indian (2 games)
A47 Queen's Indian (2 games)
A42 Modern Defense, Averbakh System (2 games)
E76 King's Indian, Four Pawns Attack (2 games)
D55 Queen's Gambit Declined (2 games)
E60 King's Indian Defense (2 games)

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FIDE player card for Manuel Aaron

(born Dec-30-1935, 87 years old) Myanmar (federation/nationality India)

[what is this?]
Manuel Aaron was born in Toungoo, Myanmar (formerly Burma) and grew up in Tamil Nadu, India. He was the first Indian chess master in the modern tradition. Awarded the International Master (IM) title in 1961 after winning the Asian-Australian Zonal, he was India's first IM. In 14 Indian Championships he took first place on seven occasions from 1959 to 1981, and five times in succession from 1969 to 1973. He was Indian champion in 1959,1961, 1969, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1976, and 1981. He also won the Tamil Nadu Championship 11 times between 1957 and 1982. In 1962 he qualified for the Stockholm interzonal and although finishing last place (23rd place) he inflicted defeats upon Lajos Portisch and Wolfgang Uhlmann. He became an International Arbiter (IA) in 1986. He played with the Indian team at the 1960, 1962, and 1964 Chess Olympiads.

Wikipedia article: Manuel Aaron

 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 91  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. M Aaron vs Euwe 1-0551960Leipzig Olympiad qual-2A47 Queen's Indian
2. M Aaron vs Botvinnik 0-1541960Leipzig Olympiad qual-2A47 Queen's Indian
3. F Campomanes vs M Aaron  ½-½401960Leipzig Olympiad qual-2D37 Queen's Gambit Declined
4. M Aaron vs Robatsch 0-1421960Leipzig Olympiad qual-2B06 Robatsch
5. E Contedini vs M Aaron  ½-½231960Leipzig Olympiad qual-2B29 Sicilian, Nimzovich-Rubinstein
6. M Aaron vs Najdorf  ½-½411960Leipzig Olympiad qual-1E88 King's Indian, Samisch, Orthodox, 7.d5 c6
7. Sliwa vs M Aaron 1-0381960Leipzig Olympiad qual-2D50 Queen's Gambit Declined
8. M Aaron vs J Durao  ½-½431960Leipzig Olympiad qual-2A56 Benoni Defense
9. A Kostjoerin vs M Aaron  0-1231960Leipzig Olympiad qual-2B29 Sicilian, Nimzovich-Rubinstein
10. M Aaron vs A Gudmundsson 0-1521960Leipzig Olympiad Final-BE80 King's Indian, Samisch Variation
11. Y Porat vs M Aaron  1-0291960Leipzig Olympiad Final-BD55 Queen's Gambit Declined
12. M Aaron vs Letelier  0-1441960Leipzig Olympiad Final-BD02 Queen's Pawn Game
13. E Jimenez Zerquera vs M Aaron  1-0271960Leipzig Olympiad Final-BB29 Sicilian, Nimzovich-Rubinstein
14. M Aaron vs K S Ojanen  ½-½381960Leipzig Olympiad Final-BE70 King's Indian
15. A Tarnowski vs M Aaron  ½-½471960Leipzig Olympiad Final-BB76 Sicilian, Dragon, Yugoslav Attack
16. M Aaron vs A Nielsen  ½-½271960Leipzig Olympiad Final-BD47 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
17. A Pomar Salamanca vs M Aaron  1-0301960Leipzig Olympiad Final-BA95 Dutch, Stonewall
18. M Aaron vs Stahlberg  ½-½321960Leipzig Olympiad Final-BD45 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
19. S Johannessen vs M Aaron  1-0471960Leipzig Olympiad Final-BB73 Sicilian, Dragon, Classical
20. M Aaron vs A Beni  0-1341960Leipzig Olympiad Final-BE87 King's Indian, Samisch, Orthodox
21. M Aaron vs Flohr 0-1401961Hastings 1961/62D22 Queen's Gambit Accepted
22. R G Wade vs M Aaron 1-0731961Hastings 1961/62A15 English
23. M Aaron vs J E Littlewood  1-0421961Hastings 1961/62D50 Queen's Gambit Declined
24. Botvinnik vs M Aaron 1-0411961Hastings 1961/62A00 Uncommon Opening
25. M Aaron vs Gligoric 0-1411961Hastings 1961/62A53 Old Indian
 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 91  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Aaron wins | Aaron loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Dec-30-06  BIDMONFA: Manuel Aaron

AARON, Manuel

Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: Aaron Chess Academy:
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: A photo from Leipzig 1960 Olympiad, where he showed an ELO 2509 performance:

Jun-05-09  myschkin: . . .

Manuel Aaron pioneered the game of chess as a youngster and have played a pivotal role ever since in placing India, as an emerging force in world chess forum. He was the first Indian to earn the title of International Master. While Aaron made a significant contribution to Indian chess in his career as a competitive player, his efforts to increase chess awareness and make the game popular, is dominant till date. He formed many chess groups and convinced players to learn the openings and other formal chess literature, thus helping making the international variety popular in India.

First chess player to be honored with the Arjuna Award (India's highest sports award).


Sep-12-09  jerseybob: Aaron finished dead last in the 1962 Interzonal, but check out the two games he did win, against Uhlmann and Portisch (against whom he had a 2-0 lifetime record). They're both very good games, as black in a K.I.D. both times.
Sep-12-09  Raisin Death Ray: I prefer his brother, Henry! :)
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: This one is so old it's got cobwebs on it.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Domdaniel: He wants to invest in 'your country'. Myanmar or India?
Premium Chessgames Member
  Domdaniel: Scam Spams, thankfully, seem to be deleted. Maybe these now-meaningless posts can be removed as well?
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: Secret messages from one-eyed avatars. Mysterious mysteries at
Dec-30-09  talisman: happy birthday M.A.
<Raisin Death Ray> ...and Tommy.:)
Dec-30-09  waustad: Wasn't Mir Sultan Khan a chess master in the modern tradition? He started out playing an Indian variety of the game, but became quite proficient at the Western version.
Dec-30-09  Petrosianic: Not sure what "In the tradition" means. I don't think FIDE ever gave him the GM title, making Aaron the first titled Indian player, though I could be wrong about that.

From what I hear, Aaron is still around, and a much respected chess teacher and coach in India.

Dec-30-09  Raisin Death Ray: I prefer his brother Hank!
Oct-10-12  Conrad93: Mir Sultan Khan played chess through natural ability. He had no theoretical knowledge.

This was the first strong player to apply chess knowledge into his games and get a title.

Dec-11-12  vinidivici: This guy is the first master from India.
Dec-30-12  waustad: When I wrote my earlier comment I was thinking of modern (European style) chess as opposed to the ancient game or an Asian variant. Although FIDE titles did not exist in his day, Jeff Sonas rates Mir Sultan Khan as clearly of master strength:
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Aaron was the inaugral editor of the Indian chess magazine "Chess Mate" in 1983, which is now an online e-zine:

Dec-30-12  Kikoman: Happy 77th Birthday IM Manuel Aaron. :D
Jan-04-13  goggi: Where is the game "Mark Taimanov vs Manuel Aaron" 1964 1-0?
Feb-18-14  offramp: I prefer his brother Hank! Lol!

At various times he beat Euwe, Portisch, Uhlmann and Bisguier.

The 2 wins against Portisch were both in 1962.

Feb-06-19  jith1207: I thought Mir Sultan Khan is from Pakistan. It was all India when he played overseas. Weren't the Master titles given only in 1950s? I might be wrong, if IM titles were there prior. By 1947, India and Pakistan were different countries.

I'm not sure if Sultan Khan was recognized with any title, but yes he should be first modern Indian chess master in pure sense. I guess, if we go by international titles given by FIDE later, Manuel Aaron would be the first chess master from India. Those days lot of people immigrated from Myanmar to India and particularly to our state TN.

Mar-23-19  jith1207: Alas, Chess Mate e-mag is no longer available in that link.
Apr-11-22  Albertan: “Teaching chess keeps me alive”:

Oct-13-22  ndg2: He had Portisch's number
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