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Eliot Sanford Hearst
  
Number of games in database: 93
Years covered: 1947 to 1962
Overall record: +42 -22 =29 (60.8%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games.

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ELIOT SANFORD HEARST
(born Jul-07-1932, died Jan-30-2018, 85 years old) United States of America

[what is this?]

Eliot Sanford Hearst was born on July 7, 1932 in New York City. He won the New York State Championship in 1950 and went on to become one of the best American players in the 1950s. He played in the U.S. Championship in 1954 and 1961.

Hearst was a member of the U.S. team at the World Student Team Championship in Leningrad, USSR in 1960, which won the championship ahead of the Soviet Union, the only time the U.S. has ever won that event. He was the Captain of the United States team at the 1962 Chess Olympiad. In the 1960s he wrote the "Chess Kaleidoscope" column for "Chess Life" magazine.

Hearst and John Knott co-wrote "Blindfold Chess: History, Psychology, Techniques, Champions, World Records, and Important Games." It won the Fred Cramer Award for the Best Chess Book of 2009, sponsored by the U.S. Chess Federation, the Chess Journalists of America, and the U.S. Chess Trust. It was also a finalist for the English Chess Federation's 2009 Chess Book of the Year.

Hearst received a Ph.D in Psychology in 1956 from Columbia University. He was a Distinguished Professor Emeritus at Indiana University and was an Adjunct Professor of Psychology at the University of Arizona.

Last updated: 2020-05-24 07:39:59

 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 93  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. E Traun vs E Hearst 0-1161947New YorkC60 Ruy Lopez
2. Collins vs E Hearst 0-1181949New YorkD02 Queen's Pawn Game
3. E Hearst vs Pinkus  1-032195051st US OpenA13 English
4. E Hearst vs J Sherwin  1-0451951Marshall Chess ClubC71 Ruy Lopez
5. E Hearst vs R Harrell  1-026195152nd US OpenC11 French
6. A Liepnieks vs E Hearst  ½-½36195152nd US OpenA06 Reti Opening
7. G Eastman vs E Hearst  0-132195152nd US OpenC63 Ruy Lopez, Schliemann Defense
8. E Hearst vs A Spiller  1-073195152nd US OpenA28 English
9. E McCormick vs E Hearst  1-031195152nd US OpenB13 Caro-Kann, Exchange
10. E Hearst vs R Brieger  1-021195152nd US OpenD50 Queen's Gambit Declined
11. E Hearst vs Kashdan  ½-½19195152nd US OpenA28 English
12. James Cross vs E Hearst  ½-½21195152nd US OpenD57 Queen's Gambit Declined, Lasker Defense
13. Dr. Juan Gonzalez vs E Hearst  0-141195152nd US OpenA06 Reti Opening
14. E Hearst vs Larry Evans  ½-½11195152nd US OpenE10 Queen's Pawn Game
15. N Whitaker vs E Hearst  0-126195152nd US OpenC50 Giuoco Piano
16. E Hearst vs C Weberg  1-029195253rd US OpenA28 English
17. J E Barry vs E Hearst  0-147195253rd US OpenA52 Budapest Gambit
18. E Hearst vs A Pomar Salamanca  0-134195253rd US OpenA07 King's Indian Attack
19. E Hearst vs H Steiner  0-162195253rd US OpenA10 English
20. C Brasket vs E Hearst  ½-½25195253rd US OpenC48 Four Knights
21. E Hearst vs A Spiller  1-022195253rd US OpenA18 English, Mikenas-Carls
22. Jose R Florido vs E Hearst  0-148195253rd US OpenB50 Sicilian
23. E Hearst vs Santasiere  ½-½22195253rd US OpenB02 Alekhine's Defense
24. E Hearst vs J Sherwin  ½-½19195253rd US OpenC59 Two Knights
25. I Romanenko vs E Hearst  ½-½36195253rd US OpenB52 Sicilian, Canal-Sokolsky (Rossolimo) Attack
 page 1 of 4; games 1-25 of 93  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Hearst wins | Hearst loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Aug-07-07  Resignation Trap: Here's the article:

>< The Eight Pretenders To The Throne ><

by Eliot Hearst

During May and June a tiny island 38 miles off the coast of Venezuela plays host to the most important chess gathering of 1962 - the Challengers' Tournament to determine Botvinnik's next opponent for the world title. Assembled in Curacao are this year's slate of "candidates", who have either survived a long series of qualifying events (Fischer, Petrosian, Geller, Korchoni [sic], Filip and Benko) or have obtained a position in the select group by virtue of their top standing in the last Challengers' Tournament in Yugoslavia (Tal and Keres). Since that tournament three years ago the world championship has changed hands twice, Mikhail Tal has experienced not only the grandeur of ruling the chess world but also the torment of being an ex-champion, and Bobby Fischer has securely established himself as the Unites States' most serious threat for the world title since Russia's chess supremacy asserted itself in 1948.

Only three players of the eight now battling it out in Curacao are different from those who journeyed from Bled to Zagreb to Belgrade in 1959. Tal, Keres, Petrosian, Fischer and Benko are the five repeaters, while the newcomers are Geller, Filip, and Korchnoi. In a sense, however, Korchnoi is the only true newcomer, since Geller and Filip have participated in at least one previous Challengers' Tourney (Geller at Zurich in 1953 and Amsterdam in 1956; Filip at Amsterdam in 1956). Absent from Curacao are former world-champion Smyslov, the popular Yugoslav grandmaster Gligorich, and Iceland's youthful Olafsson, all of whom competed in the 1959 event.

Aug-07-07  Resignation Trap: <The Crystal Ball>

The current World Series of chess promises to be the most exciting of the lot, if only because it is the first time since World War II that a non-Russian enters the struggle as one of the pre-tourney favorites. And what great stimulation for American chess it would be if Bobby could conquer at Curacao and face Botvinnik in a title match next year! Leaving sentimentality aside for the moment (if that is possible), let's take a look at the eight competitors and use our newly-polished crystal ball - out of service since we predicted another decisive victory by Tal over Botvinnik - to survey the relative chances of each of the participants.

Aug-07-07  Resignation Trap: <Benko>

It's usually best to work in reverse when making predictions, or so the baseball commentators declare, so let's eliminate first those who have no chance to capture the first prize at Curacao. Paul [sic] Benko, the ex-Hungarian freedom-fighter, now a combination grandmaster and investment broker from New York, cannot be considered a serious threat for the title. Benko has achieved some fine results in past years -qualifying for the Challengers' Tourney two consecutive times is a tremendous achievement in itself - but he lacks constant practice against grandmasters and has neither the time nor the inclination to keep abreast of the latest advances in chess theory, a major disadvantage when faced with seven other well-prepared opponents. In addition, Benko is saddled with a seemingly incurable compulsion to get into time pressure even in the simplest positions, and this failing cost him dearly in the last Challengers' Tourney where he finished eighth. Benko laughs about his chances at Curacao and I think he himself will be surprised if he finishes in the top six!

Aug-07-07  Resignation Trap: <Filip>

Because of a serious illness, Grandmaster Miroslav Filip of Czechoslovakia did not participate in very many major chess events between 1958 and 1960. He has the reputation of being an extremely solid player, very difficult to defeat, who almost always is willing to accept a quick draw against any worthy opponent. One American international master told me recently that Filip belongs to a group of grandmasters who "enjoy the life and prestige of a chess master and are content merely to demonstrate their equality, not superiority, with the best of the world; they never go all-out to win against any of their professional associates!" In view of Filip's attitude toward the game, it is hard to imagine him as a threat to the leaders in Curacao, but he'll probably draw at least two of his four games with each of the other seven competitors.

Aug-07-07  Karpova: <and Bobby Fischer has securely established himself as the Unites States' most serious threat for the world title since Russia's chess supremacy asserted itself in 1948.> Wrong

< The current World Series of chess promises to be the most exciting of the lot, if only because it is the first time since World War II that a non-Russian enters the struggle as one of the pre-tourney favorites.> Wrong

Someone should have explained the difference between the Soviet Union and Russia to him.

Thanks for the intersting articles, <Petrosianic> and <resignation trap> - It was very informative!

Aug-07-07  Resignation Trap: <Korchnoi and Geller>

All we have left to dispose of now are five Russians and Fischer. Of the Russians, Victor Korchnoi and Ewfim Geller seem to be the two with the least chance for first prize. Both are extremely imaginative, ambitious, and adventurous - a combination of qualities which frequently leads to erratic results and has actually done so in the past for these Soviet stars. Korchnoi probably is the best player in the world in the sphere of counter attack and aggressive defense, but on occasion he has permitted much weaker opponents to obtain overwhelming attacks against him and has lost to players who have finished last in tournaments he has won. His terrific plus score against Tal (no losses, five wins) signifies that he is capable of outstripping the world's best, but over the course of 28 games in Curacao his provocative style is likely to cost him too many valuable points to win the tournament. Geller is an attacking player par excellence, who has in the past held his own with the best in the world, but his performances since 1956 have not matched those of the earlier years. Russian grandmaster Kotov, the "party spokesman" for Russian chess, has recently criticized Geller for his traits of character which make him not a serious enough student of theory; Kotov thinks that Geller should be much more demanding of himself ("Geller could learn a lesson from Alekhine who said, "With the help of chess, I developed my character.'") Apparently the Soviet chess leaders do not consider Geller a threat at Curacao, either.

Aug-07-07  Resignation Trap: <Keres>

Paul Keres, the veteran of the tournament at 46, is the unknown quantity - the long shot - in the tourney. In 1959 he was, in Tal's words, the moral victor of the Challengers's event, since he was acknowledged to have played the best chess and actually won three out of his four games against winner Tal. Keres first was recognized as world-championship timber back in 1938 when he won the AVRO tourney ahead of Fine (who tied with him in game points but lost the tiebreak), Botvinnik, Alekhine, Euwe, Reshevsky, Capablanca and Flohr. He has competed in every Challengers's Tourney since the new qualifying procedure was instituted in 1950 and has finished second three times and fourth once. Keres is certainly capable of winning the Curacao tourney and is the sentimental favorite of many because this may be his last chance for the world championship at the game to which he has devoted his life. However, his age may prove to be a decisive disadvantage in such a long and grueling event as the Curacao meeting.

Aug-07-07  Resignation Trap: <The Final Three>

Our crystal ball (or are we supposed to be looking through a kaleidoscope?) illuminates Petrosian, Fischer and Tal as the three main contenders for the right to challenge Botvinnik. Petrosian has been in the thick of the fight for the title since 1953, but he has always been kept back by his prudent style of play and the numerous half-points that follow his name in the scoretable. Tigran is not a tiger; V. Vassilev in "Chess Silhouettes" tries to trace the origins of Petrosian's cautious style to the privations of his early family life, the difficulties of the wartime, and the endless Georgian snows, which developed the qualities of aversion-to-risk and avoidance-of-the-unanalyzable in the young chess expert. Whether or not Vassiliev's analysis is valid, there is no doubt that Petrosian must play more aggressively than heretofore if he is to win the honor of playing Botvinnik. Since chess styles which have evolved over many years are very difficult to change, it is likely that Petrosian will draw too many games to win the Curacao tourney. If he does win the tourney, he'll be a tough man for Botvinnik to face in a match, since Petrosian's style seems ideally suited for match play.

Aug-07-07  Resignation Trap: <The Final Three> (continued)

Who is the choice between Fischer and Tal? Tal made his comeback after the Botvinnik debacle by winning the powerful Bled Tournament ahead of Fischer, Gligorich, Petrosian, Keres and Geller, but he lost for the first time to Fischer in that event. Fischer has scored 6-2 (without a defeat) against Russian opposition (Tal, Petrosian, Geller, Korchnoi, Keres and Stein) in the last six months and has just secured his greatest triumph by a 2 1/2 point margin, in the Interzonal Tournament in Stockholm. Tal has been world champion and has a tremendous desire to make up for his failure against Botvinnik; he is not so much the chess adventurer he was three or four years ago, but he is still very stubborn about certain variations and favors some lines which almost everyone else thinks are inferior (for example, 3. P-K5 and 4. P-KR4 vs. the Caro-Kann). Fischer is only 19 years old and his critics state that he has not "the maturity of outlook that the other competitors possess"; but his chess style is almost as mature as Capablanca's. Our choice - of course not influenced by sentimental or nationalistic factors - BOBBY FISCHER!

Who do you think will win the match between Botvinnik and Fischer?

Aug-07-07  Petrosianic: You might be interested in seeing a similar overview of the 8 Candidates from <Tigran Petrosian: His Life and Games>:

Petrosian played for first place. Accordingly he had to draw up a general plan of battle, where everything, literally everything, was accounted for. Perhaps he should attend to the advice of Fischer, who declared after the Stockholm tournament that if Petrosian played a little more courageously, he would be the strongest player in the world. Petrosian only smiled when he read these words. Well, he had played rather courageously in the Soviet championships more than once, and the results had not been bad, but was courage really the first requirement in this tournament?

Tigran had grave doubts about this. He knew that a marathon tournament in a tropical climate required stamina more than bravery, physical and psychological restraint, the ability to distribute energies in such a way that on the final straight one was still running, however slowly, and not crawling. He resolved to conduct the tournament in the manner of a skater, according to a strict graph, trying not to lag behind the leaders too much, but avoiding any sudden, exhausting spurts.

Such a strategy could not succeed in a Soviet championship, nor would have brought first place in the Interzonal tournament at Stockholm; but here in Curacao it had every chance of success. True, there was one indispensable condition - that none of the players set such a burning pace, as had Tal and Keres in the previous Candidates. [In the 1959 Candidates Tournament Tal scored 20 out of 28, Keres scored 18½.]

Aug-07-07  Petrosianic: (Continued...)

Who might theoretically be capable of doing this? Tal and Keres, and besides them, Korchnoi, Geller and Fischer - Benko and Filip did not enter into it. But shortly before the tournament Tal had undergone a serious operation, and was completely unprepared for an extended struggle, which, by the way, he demonstrated in his very first game. Keres was already 46 years old - for all his fitness, he could not hope to repeat his Yugoslav result on the shores of the Caribbean sea. Geller too was already 37, four years older than Petrosian himself, and could hardly wish to play a sharp tournament variation.

There remained only two - Fischer and Korchnoi. The first would undoubtedly throw himself at the rest; he was extremely ambitious, and after his performance in Stockholm, where he gained first place, 2½ points clear of his nearest rivals, he did not regard himself as anything other than candidate number one. But Fischer was not only ambitious, but excessively self-confident, and besides that he was also very young - 19 years old.

That left Korchnoi. This 'cavalier without fear or reproach' was capable of anything. He would no doubt take up an uncompromising position, but Petrosian was sure that Korchnoi's usually proud motto, 'All or nothing!' would prove suicidal in Curacao.

Aug-07-07  Petrosianic: Interestingly, Tigran Petrosian: His Life and Games, was also written by V. Vasiliev, though I've never seen his <Chess Silhouettes> book.
Aug-27-08  myschkin: . . .

"The seven Invaders"

http://www.panopticist.com/graphics...

"A Gentle Glossary" (A-Z)
in the July 1962 issue of Chess Life

http://www.edcollins.com/chess/glos...

Dec-04-08
Premium Chessgames Member
  monopole2313: Dr. Hearst has just published a book on blidfold chess: http://www.blindfoldchess.net/
Dec-31-10
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Here is a nice miniature played by Hearst when he was approximately 15 years old:

[Event "?"]
[Site "New York"]
[Date "1947.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Traun, E"]
[Black "Hearst, Eliot Sandford"]
[Result "0-1"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 f5 4. exf5 Nf6 5. Bxc6 dxc6 6. Nxe5 Bxf5 7. O-O Bd6 8. Qf3 Be4 9. Qe2 O-O 10. f3 Bxe5 11. fxe4 Bd4+ 12. Kh1 Nxe4 13. Rf3 Nf2+ 14. Kg1 Kh8 15. Kf1 Re8 16. Qc4 Qe7 0-1

Source: Bill Wall, “500 Ruy Lopez Miniatures”, Chess Enterprises Inc, Coraopolis, Pennsylvania, 1986

Jan-01-11
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Eliot Hearst has provided me with some wonderful things for my book on Fischer.

A true gentleman who has been a nice supporter of my Fischer project, as have others.

He had a great article in the Chess Life website recently (last month).

Thank you Eliot, for everything.

Feb-05-11
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Hearst was a member of the US Team that won the 1960 World Student Team Championship at Leningrad, but his participation was limited due to picking up a nasty stomach bug, which resulted in Hearst having to go to the toilet every 15 or so minutes during games.

After discussion with the US Captain Jerry Spann, Hearst did not play any games at all in the second half of the tournament, instead becomng a "gofer" for the other US team members.

The infection was not cured until Hearst returned to the United States and took anti-biotics.

May-08-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <Chess masters as well as chess computers deserve less reverence than the public accords them> - Eliot Hearst.
May-26-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: <Analysis: Irrefutable proof that you could have won a game that you lost> - Eliot Hearst.
Jul-07-16
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Happy birthday, Eliot Hearst!

Thank you for your contributions to my Fischer book.

Jul-07-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: Super nice man! Sold me his book on blindfold chess and inscribed it for me.
Jul-07-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  WannaBe: Not quite sure if I can do that while blindfolded, I'm more likely to sign my own palm that the book...
Sep-03-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: Did he play any serious chess after 1961?
Retiring aged 29 is proto-Fischerian.
Feb-22-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: I just learned that Eliot Hearst passed away on January 30th.

Rest in peace, sir. thank you for your help and contributions.

May-11-18
Premium Chessgames Member
  TheFocus: In the May 11 issue of the Mechanics Institute Library, the two tournament games played between Eliot Hearst and Bobby Fischer are presented with Hearst's annotations.

https://chessclub.org/news.php

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