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David Janowski
Photograph Getty Images.  
Number of games in database: 876
Years covered: 1891 to 1926

Overall record: +391 -291 =177 (55.8%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 17 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Queen's Pawn Game (92) 
    D02 A46 D00 D05 A40
 Ruy Lopez (71) 
    C67 C65 C66 C82 C78
 Orthodox Defense (45) 
    D50 D60 D51 D52 D55
 Queen's Gambit Declined (44) 
    D30 D35 D37 D31 D06
 Four Knights (41) 
    C49 C48 C47
 French Defense (20) 
    C12 C11 C14 C10 C00
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (101) 
    C79 C87 C78 C77 C67
 Queen's Pawn Game (35) 
    A46 D04 D00 D02 D05
 Queen's Gambit Declined (35) 
    D31 D37 D39 D30
 Orthodox Defense (33) 
    D60 D63 D51 D55 D61
 Sicilian (31) 
    B45 B40 B23 B32 B88
 Four Knights (30) 
    C49 C48
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Janowski vs Saemisch, 1925 1-0
   Janowski vs Ed. Lasker, 1924 1/2-1/2
   Janowski vs Alapin, 1905 1-0
   Janowski vs Tarrasch, 1905 1-0
   Janowski vs NN, 1895 1-0
   Janowski vs E Schallopp, 1896 1-0
   Janowski vs Gruenfeld, 1925 1/2-1/2
   Janowski vs Schlechter, 1899 1-0
   Chigorin vs Janowski, 1895 0-1
   Janowski vs O Chajes, 1913 1-0

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Lasker - Janowski World Championship Match (1910)

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Janowski Exhibition Series at Manhattan Chess Club (1899)
   13th DSB Kongress (Hanover) (1902)
   Barmen Meisterturnier A (1905)
   Jaffe - Janowski 1917/18 (1917)
   London (1899)
   Ostend (1905)
   Cambridge Springs (1904)
   Scheveningen (1913)
   Vienna (1898)
   Monte Carlo (1901)
   Monte Carlo (1902)
   Nuremberg (1896)
   9th DSB Kongress, Leipzig (1894)
   Prague (1908)
   Paris (1900)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Challenger Janowski by Gottschalk
   American Chess Bulletin 1916 by Phony Benoni
   Janowski vs. Showalter Matches by Phony Benoni
   American Chess Bulletin 1918 by Phony Benoni
   Vienna 1898 by suenteus po 147
   Vienna 1898 by JoseTigranTalFischer
   London 1899 by JoseTigranTalFischer
   London 1899 by suenteus po 147
   Ostend 1905 by suenteus po 147
   American Chess Bulletin 1913 by Phony Benoni
   American Chess Bulletin 1905 (July-December) by Phony Benoni
   Janowski's "Jans" by capanegra

   Janowski vs Steel, 1893

Search Sacrifice Explorer for David Janowski
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(born Jun-07-1868, died Jan-15-1927, 58 years old) Poland (federation/nationality France)

[what is this?]

David (Dawid) Markelowicz Janowski was born in 1868 in Wolkowysk, Poland, and circa 1890 he relocated to France. His chess career began in Paris when he won the city championship, and in the late 1890s he started receiving a steady stream of invitations to international events. Janowski finished in third place in the Vienna tournament of 1898 and second at London the following year. In 1905, he was second with Tarrash at the huge master tournament Game Collection: Ostend 1905

In 1902, Janowski succeeded S. Rosenthal as chess editor of “Le Monde Illustre.”

For the next twenty years he was a consistent participant in major tournaments, and, backed by Leo Nardus (with support from friend and past challenger Frank James Marshall to the champion) in 1909, he played a ten-game training match with World Champion Emanuel Lasker. Janowski had drawn a shorter exhibition match with Lasker just months before, but in the ten-game match (see Lasker - Janowski (1909) for further details of those two matches) he lost by the score of +1 =2 -7. He managed to secure enough financial backing for a Lasker - Janowski World Championship Match (1910) less than two years later, but lost this one also.

Janowski was invited as a leading player to the elite "Grandmaster" event St. Petersburg (1914). He did badly, however, being knocked out in the preliminary cycle (-5+2+2) sharing 9-10th place with the veteran Blackburne.

After being interned as a Russian subject by the German authorities at Mannheim (1914), Janowski managed to make his way to Lausanne, Switzerland in September 1914. Seeing no future in war-torn Europe, he was able to secure papers and a passage to New York disembarking on 11th January 1916. He almost immediately played (17th January 1916) in the Rice Memorial (1916).

He had to rebuild his career which he did with energy also supplementing his income with Bridge. On the 25th February 1916, he began a match with Jaffe at Marshall's Chess Divan which he narrowly won by 7 to 6 - Jaffe - Janowski (1916). He also wrote to Capablanca offering him to name his terms for a match. Nothing came of this.

He was defeated by 5.5 to 2.5 in Janowski - Marshall, Match 5 (1916) June 1-15 1916 at the Manhattan Chess Club in New York City

He defeated Showalter in a match Janowski - Showalter Match 4 (1916) in December 1916 and then drew up a challenge, addressed to F.J.Marshall, the United States champion, for a match of twenty games, draws not counting, for a purse of not less than $500.

The match did not come to fruition. Instead in January 1917, Janowski once again took on Jaffe. Janowski, agreed to concede his opponent odds of four games up in a match of ten but still overwhelmed Jaffe by 11 to 5.

Janowski unexpectedly lost a match to Oscar Chajes, March-May 1918 - (Chajes, 7; Janowski, 5; drawn, 10) - Chajes - Janowski (1918).

He participated in New York (1918) , but came a disappointing fifth of seven. He did considerably better at the eighth American Chess Congress (Atlantic City, 1921) which he won.

His form was patchy, however, he divided the bottom prize with Jacob Bernstein, Horace Bigelow, and a ten-year-old Samuel Reshevsky (to whom he lost - Janowski vs Reshevsky, 1922) at Chess Club International in New York City in October 1922. Yet, at the strong 9th American Chess Congress (1923) (Lake Hopatcong, August 1923), he came a very close third a mere half point behind Marshall and Kupchik.

In his final international tournaments his results were poor. He was last at New York (1924) (+3 -13 =4) ; 14th out of 16 at Marienbad (1925) (+3 -7 =5); 7th out of 10 at Hastings (1925/26) (+1 -4 =4) and 10th out of 18 at Semmering (1926) (+7 -7 =3).

Janowski died in a nursing home in Hyeres, France of tuberculosis.

The Janowski Indian opening is: 1. d4 ♘f6 2. c4 d6 3. ♘c3 ♗f5.

Wikipedia article: Dawid Janowski

Last updated: 2018-06-09 03:45:04

 page 1 of 36; games 1-25 of 876  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Janowski vs A Goetz 1-0311891ParisC54 Giuoco Piano
2. S Sittenfeld vs Janowski 0-1341892Paris itD02 Queen's Pawn Game
3. Janowski vs Steel 1-0261893Paris,D37 Queen's Gambit Declined
4. Didier vs Janowski 1-0221893Club GameC46 Three Knights
5. Janowski vs F Malthan 0-1441894CC Int TtC74 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense
6. Janowski vs Lipke 0-13718949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC47 Four Knights
7. Janowski vs J N Berger 1-03618949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC67 Ruy Lopez
8. Schlechter vs Janowski ½-½7218949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC72 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense, 5.O-O
9. A Zinkl vs Janowski 0-14618949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC72 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense, 5.O-O
10. Von Scheve vs Janowski  0-13318949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC30 King's Gambit Declined
11. Janowski vs Teichmann 1-03118949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC14 French, Classical
12. Janowski vs K De Weydlich 1-02918949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC10 French
13. Janowski vs J Mieses 1-02618949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigB06 Robatsch
14. K A Walbrodt vs Janowski  1-06818949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC71 Ruy Lopez
15. Janowski vs P K Seuffert 1-02218949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
16. H Suechting vs Janowski 1-05418949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigD30 Queen's Gambit Declined
17. Tarrasch vs Janowski 1-03318949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigD37 Queen's Gambit Declined
18. Janowski vs Blackburne 1-04518949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC62 Ruy Lopez, Old Steinitz Defense
19. Janowski vs J Mason 1-05518949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC67 Ruy Lopez
20. J W Baird vs Janowski  1-06118949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC76 Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense, Fianchetto Variation
21. G Marco vs Janowski 0-14718949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigC49 Four Knights
22. Janowski vs Schiffers  0-14318949th DSB Kongress, LeipzigB45 Sicilian, Taimanov
23. Janowski vs NN 1-0211895Paris000 Chess variants
24. Janowski vs J Mieses 1-0461895Janowski - MiesesC78 Ruy Lopez
25. J Mieses vs Janowski 0-1211895Janowski - MiesesC20 King's Pawn Game
 page 1 of 36; games 1-25 of 876  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Janowski wins | Janowski loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 5 OF 5 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: Needs double checking but I recently read a claim that Janowski was the only player to have beaten Steinitz, Lasker, Capablanca and Alekhine. Approx 80 Years of World Chess Champions.

I've found a win against each player.

Any another player have these four notches on their C.V.

Janowski vs Steinitz, 1895

Janowski vs Lasker, 1896

Janowski vs Capablanca, 1913

Janowski vs Alekhine, 1913

Premium Chessgames Member
  Straclonoor: <Needs double checking but I recently read a claim that Janowski was the only player to have beaten Steinitz, Lasker, Capablanca and Alekhine. > Definitely not - Tarrasch also beat them all.
But Janowski was the only player, who beat Steinitz, Lasker, Capablanca, Alekhine and Euwe!

Tarrasch also beat Euwe, but it was not in regular game - it was thematic game.

Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: Jacques Mieses holds the more common record of those who played all 4, and never recorded a win against any!
Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: Thanks Straclonoor,

Sorry the source did say apart from Tarrasch. But I could not find a Janowski-Euwe game.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Retireborn: I can't find a Janowski-Euwe game either; I suppose it's possible that they played some informal games. Of course Janowski did play (and lose!) a famous game with Reshevsky.

Having Steinitz in the list of four naturally makes it rather short. Schlechter almost qualifies, but he drew the only game he played with Capa.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: Hi Retireborn,

it may be one of those jokes: Where he beat Euwe at Ping-Pong or another game.

Najdorf joked he played all the World Champions including Lasker. His game v Lasker was bridge.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Straclonoor: <I can't find a Janowski-Euwe game either;> I saw it in Russian book 'David Janowski' (published in 1987). I'll find it in few day and post result here.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Retireborn: <Straclonoor> Thanks. I'd certainly be interested to see that.

<Geoff> Let's not talk about Ping Pong, I still haven't recovered from that Tennis thing you did the other day.

Aug-04-17  Howard: If Najdorf claimed that he played "all the WC", then what about Steinitz?

Or, maybe I shouldn't have brought this up?

Premium Chessgames Member
  Sally Simpson: Hi Howard,

I think it was all the then living world champions. He played Bridge v Lasker I think in 1936 or 1934.

I'd like to get the Janowski book but it is pricey. I'll get a 2nd copy one day.

I was hoping Edward Winter might do a book on him. I have an inkling he does have a soft spot for him.

Aug-05-17  Howard: Some players, no doubt, do have a "soft spot" for Janowski, with one reason being that he's probably a bit underrated by chess fans.

More specifically, he's well-remembered for his dead-last finish at NY 1924...but, then he was well past his prime at that point---and he died just three years later.

Then, there were the two matches against Lasker where he was positively blown off the board---but, then, just WHO back in those days was capable of putting up a fight against Lasker ? Rubinstein could have, but few others !

Aug-05-17  zanzibar: <... but, then, just WHO back in those days was capable of putting up a fight against Lasker ? >


Lasker - Schlechter World Championship Match (1910)

Premium Chessgames Member
  Straclonoor: I was wrong. In 'David Janowski' book there are no game Janowski vs. Euwe. Probably I missed it with his game vs. Saemisch... I'm sorry.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Retireborn: <Straclonoor> No worries. Many thanks just the same.
Aug-07-17  Howard: Yes, Schlechter would have been a worthy challenger---not just Rubinstein.
Aug-07-17  Petrosianic: <Howard> <Then, there were the two matches against Lasker where he was positively blown off the board---but, then, just WHO back in those days was capable of putting up a fight against Lasker ? Rubinstein could have, but few others !>

You're subtly stacking the deck here. With Janowski, the question is not who could have engaged Lasker with a hope of victory. The question is who could have played Lasker and scored better than 13%? Answer: Probably All of the other top players of the day.

Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: An excellent picture of Janowski, when compared to the version used here: Lasker - Janowski World Championship Match (1910)

Getty-Images wrongly date the picture to 1910; the board position indicates it comes from either game 3 or 5 of their second exhibition match: Lasker - Janowski (1909)

Mar-24-18  zanzibar: Good catch, it appears, <MissS>.

The photo here is great - except that the pieces are in focus in preference to Janowski.

Premium Chessgames Member
  morfishine: One of my chess-playing buddies was the spitting image of Janowski; and since all us chess playing friends had nicknames, we called him 'Janowski'
Apr-05-18  sudoplatov: Janowski not only beat several world champs (and wannabes), but he won two or more against several. Mostly because he played a lot.

Steinitz +5 -2 =0
Lasker +4 -24 =7 (> 2 wins)
Capablanca +1 -9 =1
Alekhine +4 -2 =2

Tarrasch +6 -9 =3
Marshall +28 -34 =19
Rubinstein +3 -5 =0
Schlecter +11 -18 =9
Maroczy +5 -10 =5
Spielmann +2 -4 =1
Teichmann +5 -4 =4
Nimzovich +0 -3 =2
Duras +1 -3 =0
Pillsbury +4 -6 =2
Tchigorin +15 -5 =5

Premium Chessgames Member
  perfidious: Janowski's results vs Alekhine were actually +2 -4 =2.
Apr-23-19  michatal: Hello, I prefered the previous presentation with the notable games and the opening repertoire more detailed
Premium Chessgames Member
  Jean Defuse: ...


An ending that was as instructive as it was amusing occurred in a game between David Janowski and Lester Keene at the rooms of the Manhattan Chess Club the latter part of July.

The French master had conceded the odds of the Queen in re­turn for a Knight and, after a hard fought contest, full of vicissitudes, the play re­solved itself into a position wherein Keene had three Pawns against Janowski's Knight.

The latter offered a draw, but Keene opined that he could not possibly lose and might have some winning chances, which he proposed to try out to the bitter end. Accordingly, play pro­ceeded until the opponents reached the subjoined position. The consternation of Keene can well be imagined, when Janow­ski (White), with the move, forced a check mate in five moves, as follows:


[Event "Odds Game"]
[Site "New York, Manhattan CC"]
[Date "1917.07.??"]
[White "Janowski, Dawid Markelowicz"]
[Black "Keene, Lester"]
[Result "1-0"]
[SetUp "1"]
[FEN "

click for larger view


1. Ng4+ Kh1 2. Kf1 f3 3. Kf2 h2 4. Kf1 f2 5. Nxf2# 1-0


Visitors and members returning from vacation are still being regaled by the habitues of the club with the aid of this astonishing bit of end-play.

Source: American Chess Bulletin 1917, p. 240


Premium Chessgames Member
  Jean Defuse: ...

<Smothered Mate Ending>

A neat ending, of the "smothered mate" variety, was played by Janowski against a member or the Manhattan Chess Club, right after the conclusion of his match with Jaffe. In the following position it was White's turn to move:


[Event "Offhand Game"]
[Site "New York, Manhattan CC"]
[Date "1918.05.??"]
[White "Janowski, Dawid Markelowicz"]
[Black "Malowan"]
[Result "1-0"]
[SetUp "1"]
[FEN "

click for larger view


1. Na6+ Ka8 2. Nxc7+ Kb8 3. Na6+ Ka8 4. Rb7 Rxc2 5. Rb8+ Rxb8 6. Nc7# 1-0


Source: American Chess Bulletin 1918, p. 69


Premium Chessgames Member
  Jean Defuse: ...


The following fine ending occurred in a game between David Janowski and a strong amateur, at the rooms of the Manhattan Chess Club, during July:


[Event "Offhand Game"]
[Site "New York, Manhattan CC"]
[Date "1917.07.??"]
[White "Janowski"]
[Black "NN"]
[Result "1-0"]
[SetUp "1"]
[FEN "

click for larger view


1. R1xe4 dxe4 2. Nf6+ gxf6 3. Rxf7 Kxf7 4. Qxh7+ Kf8 5. Bc4 Be6 6. fxe6 Rxe6 7. Bxe6 Qe8 8. Bb3 Rd8 9. Qg8+ Ke7 10. Qe6+ Kf8 11. Qxf6+ 1-0


Source: American Chess Bulletin 1917, p. 147


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