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Fyodor Ivanovich Dus Chotimirsky
Dus Chotimirsky 
Photograph courtesy of
Wikimedia Commons.
Number of games in database: 255
Years covered: 1901 to 1954

Overall record: +82 -131 =40 (40.3%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 2 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Queen's Pawn Game (42) 
    D02 A46 D05 D00 D04
 Tarrasch Defense (11) 
    D32 D34 D33
 Orthodox Defense (11) 
    D62 D50 D52 D63 D61
 Slav (8) 
    D13 D15 D11 D10
 Queen's Gambit Declined (7) 
    D31 D30 D37
 Semi-Slav (5) 
    D45 D46 D44
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (28) 
    C63 C84 C77 C79 C66
 Sicilian (19) 
    B58 B45 B43 B56 B21
 Queen's Pawn Game (15) 
    D02 A40 D00 D04 E10
 Ruy Lopez, Closed (7) 
    C84 C87
 King's Indian (6) 
    E80 E64 E69 E68 E67
 King's Indian Attack (4) 
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Dus Chotimirsky vs A Bannik, 1949 1-0
   Dus Chotimirsky vs Kotov, 1938 1-0
   Dus Chotimirsky vs Alapin, 1908 1-0
   Dus Chotimirsky vs Lasker, 1909 1-0
   Dus Chotimirsky vs Chigorin, 1907 1-0
   M Bab vs Dus Chotimirsky, 1911 0-1
   Dus Chotimirsky vs Marshall, 1910 1-0
   Dus Chotimirsky vs NN, 1910 1-0
   Rubinstein vs Dus Chotimirsky, 1909 0-1
   Dus Chotimirsky vs J Mieses, 1909 1/2-1/2

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Hamburg (1910)
   Prague (1908)
   USSR Championship (1925)
   Karlsbad (1907)
   St. Petersburg (1909)
   USSR Championship (1927)
   Moscow (1925)
   Karlsbad (1911)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Easy Dus it! Selected Games of Dus-Chotimirsky by Resignation Trap

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Fyodor Ivanovich Dus Chotimirsky
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(born Sep-26-1879, died Nov-05-1965, 86 years old) Russia

[what is this?]
Fyodor Ivanovich Dus-Chotimirsky was born in 1879 in Kozul, Russia. He competed in several notable international tournaments, including St. Petersburg 1909 (where he defeated both the first-prize winners, Akiba Rubinstein and World Champion Emanuel Lasker). He is also believed to have given some tutoring to Alexander Alekhine. He continued to compete after World War II, and was awarded the official title of International Master in 1950. Uzbekistani champion in 1931.

In his autobiography, he claimed to have invented the name 'Dragon Variation' of the Sicilian Defense. He wrote that his astronomy courses had led him, in 1901, to see a resemblance between the black pawn formation and the pattern of Draco the Dragon.

Wikipedia article: Fyodor Duz-Khotimirsky

 page 1 of 11; games 1-25 of 255  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Prince Dadian vs Dus Chotimirsky 1-0141901HamburgC25 Vienna
2. Dus Chotimirsky vs B P Grigoriev 0-12319012nd All-Russian TournamentC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
3. V A Boyarkov vs Dus Chotimirsky  0-13319012nd All-Russian TournamentD50 Queen's Gambit Declined
4. Dus Chotimirsky vs S I Sharov 1-01819012nd All-Russian TournamentC66 Ruy Lopez
5. Dus Chotimirsky vs Janowski 0-14219012nd All-Russian TournamentB32 Sicilian
6. V N Kulomzin vs Dus Chotimirsky 1-02219012nd All-Russian TournamentC56 Two Knights
7. K Rosenkrantz vs Dus Chotimirsky  0-15719012nd All-Russian TournamentC51 Evans Gambit
8. B Yankovich vs Dus Chotimirsky  1-02819012nd All-Russian TournamentC58 Two Knights
9. Dus Chotimirsky vs Schiffers 0-12519012nd All-Russian TournamentB40 Sicilian
10. V Tabunshchikov vs Dus Chotimirsky  1-02419012nd All-Russian TournamentC42 Petrov Defense
11. Dus Chotimirsky vs L V Genika  0-13019012nd All-Russian TournamentD50 Queen's Gambit Declined
12. Dus Chotimirsky vs Salwe 0-13619033rd Russian National TournamentC80 Ruy Lopez, Open
13. Dus Chotimirsky vs P P Benko  ½-½5619033rd Russian National TournamentA07 King's Indian Attack
14. S F Lebedev vs Dus Chotimirsky  ½-½7819033rd Russian National TournamentC63 Ruy Lopez, Schliemann Defense
15. O Bernstein vs Dus Chotimirsky  1-06119033rd Russian National TournamentB45 Sicilian, Taimanov
16. Dus Chotimirsky vs S Izbinsky  1-03319033rd Russian National TournamentB18 Caro-Kann, Classical
17. N E Kalinsky vs Dus Chotimirsky  1-04119033rd Russian National TournamentB20 Sicilian
18. Dus Chotimirsky vs Yurevich  0-15519033rd Russian National TournamentB18 Caro-Kann, Classical
19. Dus Chotimirsky vs A Rabinovich  ½-½6219033rd Russian National TournamentC67 Ruy Lopez
20. Znosko-Borovsky vs Dus Chotimirsky 1-03419033rd Russian National TournamentB45 Sicilian, Taimanov
21. V Nikolaev vs Dus Chotimirsky  0-14819033rd Russian National TournamentA07 King's Indian Attack
22. Dus Chotimirsky vs Schiffers 0-11819033rd Russian National TournamentC55 Two Knights Defense
23. Rubinstein vs Dus Chotimirsky 0-17519033rd Russian National TournamentD05 Queen's Pawn Game
24. Dus Chotimirsky vs W Von Stamm  1-03619033rd Russian National TournamentB20 Sicilian
25. S Levitsky vs Dus Chotimirsky 1-03219033rd Russian National TournamentB23 Sicilian, Closed
 page 1 of 11; games 1-25 of 255  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Dus Chotimirsky wins | Dus Chotimirsky loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
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Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: Can you respell his name properly?
Sep-26-08  Resignation Trap: Here's a solo shot from 1923:

He is in a group photo from the 1923 USSR Championship: , and again from the 1925 USSR Championship: . In both of these photos, Dus-Chotimirsky can easily be identified, as he is the only one not to take off his hat for the photograph.

And here is a caricature from 1933: .

Feb-25-09  Sem: In a book full of anecdotes I read that it was not uncommon for Dus Chotimirsky to translate poetry WHILE he was playing an end game in a tournament game.
Aug-17-09  Open Defence: <Fyodor Ivanovich Dus-Chotimirsky was born in 1879 in Kozul, Russia> is there a Kozul in Croatia ? or only the player Kozul...
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Chotimirsky was involved in a controversial incident with Mikhail Botvinnik during the 8th USSR Championship, held at Leningrad in 1933.

Botvinnik defended a R + P ending which eventually ended up with both sides having K + R. Despite being a draw, Chotimirsky continued to play, and the game was only declared a draw by the intervention of the tournament committee. Botvinnik later learned that Chotimirsky had planned to play 150 moves before offering a draw.

Apr-01-11  MaczynskiPratten: Duz-Chotimirsky was summed up by Marshall in one word; "excitable". The context was in describing the following entertaining game; Marshall vs Dus Chotimirsky, 1911
Sep-26-11  parisattack: We had a fellow at the club in the 1960s, Joe Mirsky - apparently a distant relation to Dus. Whenever Joe would make what he thought to be a good move he would say, "She-she yedyats, dash-a-bouts.' I assume yiddish as it doesn't sound Russian to me. If someone knows and its not profane, please share.

RIP, Mirskys - Dus and Joe.

Premium Chessgames Member
  TheTamale: I believe an anglicized version of Dus Chotimirsky's name would be Theodore John Rankins.
Premium Chessgames Member
  brankat: R.I.P. master Dus Chotimirsky.
Sep-26-12  LoveThatJoker: IM Dus Chotimirsky, today you are remembered!


Aug-07-13  ekanth: what was he doing for a
living?just curious
Oct-07-13  thomastonk: From the biography: "In his autobiography, he claimed to have invented the name 'Dragon Variation' of the Sicilian Defense."

Can anybody give a more precise reference to his autobiography? A page number, or even the text?

Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: Lubomir Kavelek says that Duz told the story (a Dragon's tale?) in his notes to A Rabinovich vs Dus Chotimirsky, 1908

The Kavelek article is here

Mar-02-14  Karpova: Dr. Emanuel Lasker mentioned (Berlin, May 18, 1911), that the chess masters call Fyodor only <Dus>. Dus-Chotimirsky is a man who firmly maintains his positions. He was raised to become a priest, but abandoned his career as he didn't sympathize with the party of the powerful during the commotion of the last years. He then became a journalist and came to San Sebastian as a correspondent for two newspapers. Now he is on his travel back to Kiev.

Source: 'Pester Lloyd', 1911.05.21, page 9

Mar-26-16  zanzibar: <Fyodor Dus-Chotimirsky. Memories, part 1>

Mar-26-16  zanzibar: <Upon returning to Kiev, I took an interest in higher mathematics and astronomy, which I've liked since childhood. I read a lot of astronomy books and dreamed to work with telescopes. To get an opportunity to develop my skills further, I decided to meet the Kiev Observatory director, Professor Khandrikov. I came to the appointment in the morning, long before the agreed time, and just walked nervously around the observatory's garden. I was told that Professor Khandrikov was still sleeping. Finally, after hours of waiting, the porter gave me an envelope. Inside I found five roubles and a small message that there were no janitor vacancies in the observatory!

For the first time in my life, I cried bitterly from the humiliation, and immediately wrote back:

"Professor! I could prove to you that my theoretical knowledge was enough for me to work at the telescope, but I'm afraid that I cannot provide you with responsiveness and ability to understand this proof.

F. Dus-Chotimirsky.

P.S. Give five roubles to the porter for his work."> - ibid

Mar-26-16  zanzibar: So, if you can't get a job as a janitor, you'll have no choice but to become a chess master.
Premium Chessgames Member
  SteinitzLives: The janitor gets paid much more, and with better benefits, so it's not an easy decision.
Sep-26-16  TheFocus: Happy birthday, Fyodor Ivanovich Dus Chotimirsky .
Dec-07-16  zanzibar: His autobiography is partially (entirely?) cited here:

where one can find the passage concerning the naming of the Dragon variation.

Sorry, but I couldn't quickly find the page numbers of the original reference.

Here's the extent of the passage from the source:

<I [Dus-Chotimirsky] took an interest in Sicilian defence as early as in 1901. It was unpopular and largely unstudied at the time.

I was fascinated with the strategical idea of playing d7-d6, g7-g6 and developing the Bishop to g7, which gave Black good counterplay perspectives at the queenside.

I studied this system and would use it often.

The story behind the name "Dragon", which said system now bears, is also interesting.

I was the one who coined the name, back in 1901 in Kiev.

I was an amateur astronomer and studied the night sky, and so I noticed the similarities between the Draco constellation and Sicilian pawn configuration d6-e7-f7-g6-h7. I used this association and came up with the name "Dragon variant".>

Feb-04-17  rea: "Can you respell his name properly?"

Фёдор Дуз-Хотимирский

Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <TheTamale: I believe an anglicized version of Dus Chotimirsky's name would be Theodore John Rankins.>

How did you get the "Rankins" bit?

Premium Chessgames Member
  Jean Defuse: ...

[Event "Simultaneous display, (fragment)"]
[Site "Tula"]
[Date "1910.??.??"]
[White "Dus Chotimirsky, Fyodor Ivanovich"]
[Black "Trublenkov"]
[Result "1-0"]
[SetUp "1"]
[FEN "

click for larger view


1. Nb6+ axb6 2. Rd8+ Bxd8 3. Qxc6+ Nc7 4. Rxd8+ Kxd8 5. Qxc7+ Ke8 6. Bb5+ Kf8 7. Bd6# 1-0


Premium Chessgames Member
  louispaulsen88888888: Remarkable combination!
Premium Chessgames Member
  Jean Defuse: ...

Fyodor Dus-Chotimirsky:

'My blindfold simultaneous display against Tula's ten strongest players was my first one. In one game, I gave a complicated, non-obvious mate in six.

During this Tula display, a curious thing happened. On two boards (6th and 7th) I played identically until the moment when I played c3-c4 at one board and castled at the other. When prompted to make my next move, I couldn't remember which move I made on which board.

I had a dilemma: to make an obvious (but probably illegal) move or offer an unfounded piece sacrifice, the acceptance of which would eliminate all doubts. I chose the second option, lost the piece, but won the game!


Here's a position from one of my blindfold games I played in the aforementioned Tula simultaneous exhibition. White to play and mate in seven moves.' - see: Fyodor Ivanovich Dus Chotimirsky


Dus-Chotimirsky's blindfold simultaneous displays:

12 boards in Dresden, 10 boards in Leipzig, 12 boards in Warsaw, 15 and then 17 boards in Ekaterinburg in 1917, 10 games in Rostov-on-Don in 1925, and 10 games in Kzyl-Orda in 1926.


Source: <Fyodor Dus-Chotimirsky Memories>

Part I. - V. translated by Spektrowski:







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