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Emmanuel Schiffers
Number of games in database: 340
Years covered: 1866 to 1904

Overall record: +132 -130 =78 (50.3%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database.

With the White pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (44) 
    C77 C64 C66 C62 C63
 French Defense (23) 
    C11 C14 C13 C01 C10
 Evans Gambit (16) 
    C51 C52
 Four Knights (16) 
    C49 C48
 French (14) 
    C11 C13 C00 C10
 King's Gambit Accepted (9) 
    C37 C38 C35 C33
With the Black pieces:
 Sicilian (27) 
    B45 B40 B24 B25 B22
 Ruy Lopez (23) 
    C77 C65 C70 C80 C68
 Sicilian Taimanov (19) 
    B45 B46
 French Defense (16) 
    C00 C01 C11 C13 C10
 Giuoco Piano (10) 
    C50 C54 C53
 French (10) 
    C11 C00 C10 C13
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Schiffers vs Harmonist, 1887 1-0
   Schiffers vs Chigorin, 1897 1/2-1/2
   Schiffers vs Nolde, 1872 1-0
   Schiffers vs Chigorin, 1895 1-0
   Schiffers vs Steinitz, 1896 1-0
   Schiffers vs Blackburne, 1895 1-0
   Schiffers vs Chigorin, 1878 1-0
   NN vs Schiffers, 1877 0-1
   Schiffers vs Pillsbury, 1896 1-0
   H W Trenchard vs Schiffers, 1898 0-1

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Chigorin - Schiffers Second Match (1878)
   Chigorin - Schiffers Third Match (1879)
   Chigorin - Schiffers First Match (1878)
   Schiffers - Steinitz (1896)
   Hastings (1895)
   9th DSB Kongress, Leipzig (1894)
   Nuremberg (1896)
   11th DSB Kongress, Cologne (1898)
   Frankfurt (1887)
   Berlin (1897)
   Vienna (1898)
   Breslau (1889)

   Burn vs Tarrasch, 1895
   Bird vs Blackburne, 1895
   Bird vs Pillsbury, 1895
   J Mason vs Von Bardeleben, 1895
   J Mieses vs Chigorin, 1895

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Emmanuel Schiffers
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(born May-04-1850, died Dec-12-1904, 54 years old) Russia

[what is this?]
Emmanuel Stepanovich Schiffers was born in St. Petersburg. He held the title of Russian champion for ten years before finally being defeated by his student, Mikhail Chigorin, in 1880. He competed with success in many international events, finishing sixth at Hastings 1895 and defeating Semion Alapin in match play. Schiffers also played a match against ex-world champion Wilhelm Steinitz in 1896 but lost (+4, =1, -6).

Wikipedia article: Emanuel Schiffers

 page 1 of 14; games 1-25 of 340  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Schiffers vs A Schulz 0-1241866St. PetersburgC58 Two Knights
2. Shumov vs Schiffers 0-1201872St PetersburgC44 King's Pawn Game
3. Schiffers vs Nolde 1-0271872St. PetersburgC51 Evans Gambit
4. Schiffers vs A Ascharin  0-1221875St Petersburg Chess ClubC55 Two Knights Defense
5. Winawer vs Schiffers 0-1281875St Petersburg National tC80 Ruy Lopez, Open
6. Schiffers vs A Ascharin  1-0191875St Petersburg Chess ClubB01 Scandinavian
7. Sussmann vs Schiffers 0-1121876St PetersburgC50 Giuoco Piano
8. Alapin vs Schiffers  0-1241876St. PetersburgC50 Giuoco Piano
9. Schiffers vs Chigorin  0-1371876St. Petersburg Tournament-AC51 Evans Gambit
10. Chigorin vs Schiffers  0-1361876St. PetersburgC50 Giuoco Piano
11. F Amelung vs Schiffers  0-1321877MatchB40 Sicilian
12. F Amelung vs Schiffers  1-0241877MatchC27 Vienna Game
13. NN vs Schiffers 0-1191877St. PetersburgC55 Two Knights Defense
14. Schiffers vs F Amelung  1-0231877MatchC51 Evans Gambit
15. Schiffers vs Chigorin  1-0201877St. Petersburg National tC11 French
16. Chigorin vs Schiffers  1-0501877St. Petersburg National tC31 King's Gambit Declined, Falkbeer Counter Gambit
17. Alapin vs Schiffers  0-1221877St. Petersburg National tC80 Ruy Lopez, Open
18. Schiffers vs A Ascharin  1-0591877St. Petersburg National tC30 King's Gambit Declined
19. A Ascharin vs Schiffers  ½-½461877St. Petersburg National tC37 King's Gambit Accepted
20. Chigorin vs Schiffers 1-0251878Chigorin - Schiffers First MatchC48 Four Knights
21. Schiffers vs Chigorin 0-1251878Chigorin - Schiffers First MatchC51 Evans Gambit
22. Chigorin vs Schiffers 0-1251878Chigorin - Schiffers First MatchB45 Sicilian, Taimanov
23. Schiffers vs Chigorin 0-1551878Chigorin - Schiffers First MatchC45 Scotch Game
24. Chigorin vs Schiffers 0-1281878Chigorin - Schiffers First MatchB45 Sicilian, Taimanov
25. Schiffers vs Chigorin 0-1411878Chigorin - Schiffers First MatchC13 French
 page 1 of 14; games 1-25 of 340  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Schiffers wins | Schiffers loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 2 OF 2 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Nov-10-04  Calli: This bio is from the 1895 Hastings tournament book:

"Russian chess master; born of German parents at St. Petersburg May 4, 1850; died there Dec. 12, 1904. He was educated at the gymnasium of his native city, studying in the classical, physical, and mathematical faculties. In 1871 he became a private tutor."

"Schiffers began to play chess when about fifteen, and within five years had made such progress that he defeated Tochoumoff and others of equal standing. He continued to advance until he became the leading player in Russia. In 1873 he first played with Tchigorin, to whom he then gave the odds of a knight. During the following seven years the pupil came to play a stronger game than his teacher, and in 1880 Schiffers lost the championship of Russia to Tchigorin. He has won matches against Alapin, Chardin, and Mitropolsky; and at the International Tournament held at Hastings, England, in 1895, at which twenty-two masters competed, Schiffers gained sixth prize."

Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: Sixth prize at Hastings 1895 behind Pillsbury, Chigorin, Lasker, Tarrasch and Steinitz. His game against Chigorin in round 4 was amazingly lopsided in his favor. Schiffers vs Chigorin, 1895
Nov-13-04  marekg248: Thanks, it's interesting to know, that such a great player like Chigorin had a teacher. It is a necessity nowadays for players wanting to achieve success, but I used to think that until approximately the 1930's it was largely due to the natural endowment that players were strong. Did Capablanca have a teacher? Maybe not, and if so, maybe it was an exception.
Premium Chessgames Member
  WTHarvey: Here are some puzzles from Emmanuel's games:
Premium Chessgames Member
  Pawn and Two: Schiffers's complete tournament and match record (1875 - 1903) against Chigorin was 24 wins, 49 losses and 19 draws.

A decent performance against a strong opponent.

This information is from the book - Mikhail Chigorin the first Russian Grandmaster - by Alexander Khailfman & Sergei Soloviov

Premium Chessgames Member
  Pawn and Two: Important tournament results for Schiffers:

1887 - Frankfort - 10th +7 -7 =6
1889 - Breslau - 17th +3 -8 =6
1894 - Leipzig - 8/9th +5 -4 =8
1895 - Hastings - 6th +9 -9 =6
1896 - Nurnberg - 9/10th +5 -4 =9
1897 - Berlin - 11th +7 -6 =6
1898 - Vienna - 12th +13 -14 =10
1898 - Cologne - 10/11th +6 -7 =2

Premium Chessgames Member
  Pawn and Two: At Nurnberg 1896 Schiffers tied with Chigorin for 10/11th place.

In addition to a very interesting draw with Chigorin, Schiffers scored draws against the 2nd place winner Maroczy, 6th place winner Steinitz and the 7/ 8th place winners Schlechter & Walbrodt.

Even more notable was his win against the 3/4 place winner Pillsbury.

His biggest opportunity of this tournament was in his 2nd round game against Lasker. Schiffers achieved a winning position against Lasker, but missed his way and lost the game.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Pawn and Two: Last post should read - Schiffers tied for 9/10th with Chigorin at Nurnberg 1896.
Dec-22-06  ivanov90: This link is about Schiffers, unfortunatly only in russian
Jan-10-09  brankat: <Pawn and Two> <...Schiffers achieved a winning position against Lasker, but missed his way and lost the game...>

Just about every other master had had this kind of experience when facing Dr.Lasker :-)

May-04-09  BIDMONFA: Emmanuel Schiffers


May-04-09  WhiteRook48: happy birthday!
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: From Tarrasch's 1906 article on Pillsbury, which also discussed other cases of mental illness among chessplayers. The full translation and German original are on the Tarrasch page.

<The St. Petersburger Schiffers was broadly cultivated, highly intelligent man, with a splendid sense of humor <von prachtvollem Humor – maybe “splendid temperament” is better?>, a lively conversationalist, amiable in company <Verkehr>, in short, as the student song says, “a fellow like velvet and silk, the only harm, is that he drinks!” <”ein Kerl wie Samt und Seide, nur schade, dass er suff!”>. This he did with great consistency, and so it is no wonder, that he went to the madhouse several times, and a greater or shorter time after his release, each time relapsed. His disease was: alcoholic psychosis; chess had nothing to do with this. He never showed any particular strain playing chess; rather in tournaments he always played well “con amore,” as if nothing were at stake <sondern spielte in Turnieren immer so recht con amore, als ob es um gar nichts ginge>. Nevertheless, he achieved well-known, beautiful successes <Gleichwohl hat er bekanntlich recht huebsche Erfolge erzielt>. His sympathetic personality was known to all who met him and remains in memory. Every man has weaknesses, and every man must die, one sooner, others later, one from this, others from that disease; in fact we all die – to Life! <Swachen hat jeder Mensch, und sterben muss ebenfalls jeder Mensch, die eine fruher, der andere spater, der eine an dieser, der andere an jener Krankheit, in Grunde genommen sterben wir alle – am Leben!>>

Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: <keypusher>From Tarrasch's 1906 article on Pillsbury, which also discussed other cases of mental illness among chessplayers.

Here is a snippet from the New York Times, dated 4 February 1900,about Schiffer's non-attendance at the tournament in St Petersburg:

"A notable absentee is Schiffers, second prize winner at Moscow, who has since been place in an asylum for the insane."

Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <GrahamClayton>

Thanks. Looking back at my ugly translation, it occurs to me that “con amore” probably meant "for love" rather than "with love." Tarrasch is saying that he played casually and easily in tournaments, as if in a skittles match.

<nescio>, <whiteshark>, and anyone else who knows, any thoughts you have are welcome.

Nov-09-10  nescio: <keypusher: it occurs to me that “con amore” probably meant "for love" rather than "with love.">

Could you explain what the differnce is between "for love" and "with love" in this case? I always have trouble with such prepositions in English and both phrases seem to have a similar meaning to me.

That's also true for the last words "to life". Tarrasch is saying that life is always the cause of death (the dash is just there to indicate a short pause if you say it aloud). I would choose "from life" or "of life", whatever the usual phrase is in English, but perhaps "to life" also has a similar meaning with which I'm not familiar. It looks like a toast to life to me.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Marcelo Bruno: An interesting detail: his name in the English edition of the Hastings tournament in 1895 is written "Emanuel G. A. Schiffers". Really curious.
May-04-12  thomastonk: Tarrasch's sentence on Schiffers <”ein Kerl wie Samt und Seide, nur schade, dass er suff!”>, which is often cited, is taken from an old German student song.

For convenience I repeat <keypusher's> translation from above: <“a fellow like velvet and silk, the only harm, is that he drinks!”>.

May-04-12  LoveThatJoker: Today you are remembered, Emmanuel Schiffers!



Aug-14-12  Karpova: <E. Schiffers, welcher nach dem Moskauer Turnier von einer hochgradigen Aufregung befallen wurde und in eine Nervenheilanstalt gebracht werden musste, befindet sich nach der "St. Petersburger Zeitung" in einem Zustande, der leider keine Hoffnung auf Genesung bietet. Alle Schachfreunde, speciell jene, welche Gelegenheit hatten, den hochbegabten, liebenswürdigen russischen Meister kennen zu lernen, werden diese Nachricht mit tiefer Theilnahme lesen.>

From page 13 of the 1900 'Wiener Schachzeitung'

May-04-13  brankat: R.I.P. master Schiffers.
Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <nescio>

<Could you explain what the differnce is between "for love" and "with love" in this case? I always have trouble with such prepositions in English and both phrases seem to have a similar meaning to me.>

Sorry, I never answered this. There is an idiomatic expression "for love" (as opposed to "for money," I think) which simply means playing without stakes.

I think it has more or less fallen out of use, in the United States at least.

Jun-30-13  Karpova: <Nicht unerwartet ist uns die Nachricht von dem Hinscheiden des großen russischen Schachmeisters gekommen. Im Vorfrühling dieses Jahres zog sich E. Schiffers durch einen Sturz eine Verletzung zu und seit dieser Zeit hat er sich nie wieder recht erholen können. Am 29. November (12. Dezember) hat ein sanfter Tod seinem Leiden ein Ende gemacht.>

(The news of the great Russian chess master's passing came not as a surprise. In early spring, E. Schiffers fell and suffered an injury he never fully recovered from. On 29th November (12th December) a peaceful death put an end to his suffering.)

It is also mentioned that Schiffers spoke German, English, Russian and French. Furthermore, he was so good at drawing and painting (self-taught) that he was allowed to copy in the imperial hermitage.

From pages 377-378 of the 1904 'Wiener Schachzeitung' though originally from the 'St. Petersburger Zeitung' 1904.12.17.

May-29-17  zanzibar: <A report to hand from London confirms the statement, previously cabled, that E. Schifffers, the Russian chess expert, has gone insane. It appears that be has been sent to the St. Nicholas Asylum for the Insane at St. Petersburg. It was after the conclusion of the national chess tournament at Moscow, in which he took the second prize, that the first distressing symptoms manifested themselves. It was during his return trip from Moscow to St. Petersburg that the malady assumed a violent form.>

BDE 1899.11.19 p11

Jul-07-17  zanzibar: <ivanov90>'s link is now stale, here's wayback's version:

Beware if you see Schiffer's dod as 1904.11.29 - that's old-style dating.

<CG> has the correct new-style dod.


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