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Josef Dobias
Number of games in database: 118
Years covered: 1908 to 1952

Overall record: +47 -58 =13 (45.3%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database.

With the White pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (10) 
    C78 C79 C60 C66 C87
 Nimzo Indian (8) 
    E38 E22 E49 E34
 Orthodox Defense (7) 
    D51 D63 D58 D55 D50
 English (5) 
    A16 A13 A15 A18
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (10) 
    C68 C77 C99 C78 C67
 Queen's Pawn Game (9) 
    D02 E00 D00 A46 D05
 Orthodox Defense (6) 
    D51 D60 D50 D59
 Caro-Kann (5) 
    B18 B10 B12 B13
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   J Dobias vs J Podgorny, 1952 1-0
   J Dobias vs R Tereba, 1930 1-0
   F Krticka vs J Dobias, 1913 0-1
   M Chodera vs J Dobias, 1924 0-1
   J Dobias vs Hromadka, 1940 1-0
   J Dobias vs G Hybl, 1913 1-0

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(born Dec-24-1886, died Jan-31-1981, 94 years old)

[what is this?]
Wikipedia article: Josef Dobias

 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 118  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. J Dobias vs Hromadka  1-0641908Prague-BC79 Ruy Lopez, Steinitz Defense Deferred
2. J Barton vs J Dobias  0-1281911PlzenC77 Ruy Lopez
3. J Dobias vs Duras 0-1451911PlzenC78 Ruy Lopez
4. J Dobias vs A Dusek 1-0281911PlzenD08 Queen's Gambit Declined, Albin Counter Gambit
5. Hromadka vs J Dobias 1-0181911PlzenB12 Caro-Kann Defense
6. J Dobias vs Prokes  0-1221911PlzenC14 French, Classical
7. J Dobias vs F Anderlitzka  1-0361911PlzenC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
8. J Brach Sr vs J Dobias  1-0511912DSB-18.Kongress-CD60 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
9. J Dobias vs O Loewenborg  1-0581912DSB-18.Kongress-CC78 Ruy Lopez
10. E Zimmer vs J Dobias  1-0491912DSB-18.Kongress-CC68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange
11. B Zidlicky vs J Dobias  1-0571912DSB-18.Kongress-CC67 Ruy Lopez
12. A Pokorny vs J Dobias ½-½291913Ceska TrebovaC70 Ruy Lopez
13. F Krticka vs J Dobias 0-1151913Ceska TrebovaB01 Scandinavian
14. K Weber vs J Dobias 0-1471913Ceska TrebovaC68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange
15. Reti vs J Dobias 0-1791913Mlada BoleslavC68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange
16. Prokes vs J Dobias  ½-½391913Mlada BoleslavC50 Giuoco Piano
17. F Schubert vs J Dobias  ½-½471913Mlada BoleslavD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
18. J Dobias vs V Dyk 1-0461913Mlada BoleslavC87 Ruy Lopez
19. J Dobias vs A Dusek  ½-½551913Mlada BoleslavC66 Ruy Lopez
20. J Dobias vs Hromadka  0-1601913Mlada BoleslavC79 Ruy Lopez, Steinitz Defense Deferred
21. J Dobias vs O Tenner  1-0431913Mlada BoleslavC60 Ruy Lopez
22. J Dobias vs G Hybl 1-0251913Ceska TrebovaD51 Queen's Gambit Declined
23. J Dobias vs M Gargulak  0-1851913Ceska TrebovaC67 Ruy Lopez
24. B Kolousek vs J Dobias  0-1691913Ceska TrebovaC83 Ruy Lopez, Open
25. J Dobias vs J Kuzelka 0-1341924Kautsky Memorial 1stB16 Caro-Kann, Bronstein-Larsen Variation
 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 118  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Dobias wins | Dobias loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Premium Chessgames Member Honza: thanks for all these games. Perhaps you can tell us something about this player.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Honza Cervenka: Josef Dobias (b. 1886) was a Czech chess master from the generation of Oldrich Duras, Ladislav Prokes, Karel Treybal or Karel Hromadka. He was a good combinative player.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: Is his name pronounced 'Doe-bee-us' or 'Doe-bye-us'?
Jul-18-04  nikolaas: I think it's something like Doh-bee-as.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: Thanks <nikolaas>.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: Very good <nikolaas>. There actually are two diacritical marks missing from the master Dobias (Dobia's^v) name. Thus Czechs actually pronounce it


Do ... like of do-re-mi
be ... like of honey bee, except short
aash ... rhymes with sash.

Jul-20-04  nikolaas: Maybe it should be written Dobiáš?
Premium Chessgames Member
  Honza Cervenka: <nikolaas> Exactly.
Jul-20-04  nikolaas: <honza cervenka> I didn't know you're Czech too. Though your name sounds alittle bit Czech-like. Are there still more Czech people here?
Premium Chessgames Member
  Honza Cervenka: I don't know how many Czech users are here, but Gypsy and Lopin (see User Profile Page ) are Czechs almost certainly.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: <... IM Dobias was famous for trully fantastic time-pressures; such time pressures where we was forced to make only short moves and, as much as possible near the clock, so that he would not loose much time. But in those time pressures he played well. I faced him once, perhaps still as a junior, and he was again in his severe time-pressure. My position was a bit better and I certainly had the initiative. With a great effort I always conjured some 2-move threat, attacked something, Dobias retreated or sidestepped it, and it appeared that our game would continue like that for all of those fifteen or so moves my oponent played with his flag up. Untill I got an idea to try to go at it differently: At a point where I had some three different "attacking" moves on the king-side -- and moves of the same type, put something under the attack or threaten something -- I interrupted the rhythm of the play by a look-warm move a2-a3. I did not attack aything, I did not threatten anything, I just moved a pawn on the other side of the board by one square. The result was immediate: My oponent had no prepared repply, he stopped to think for a moment and -- his flag fell.

In a time-pressure a player thinks more about moves than about problems; he just tries to have a ready-made lightning answer for every move of his oponent. The worst is to press the oponent in a time pressure by tiny 1- or 2-move threats. Those are realy the easiest to foil. ...> Jiri Vesely, "Psychological Guide through a Chess Game."

Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: <Ninety-two years old IM Dobias played his games agains top oposition in the Prague-1980 master tournament very well. Were his games after 3-4 hours of play adjudicated, he would have ended most impressively. But during the fourth and especially fifth hour of play he spoiled a'lot. A player nearing centenial certainly has a right to be tired after five hours of play.> Jiri Vesely, "Psychological Guide through a Chess Game."
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: Josef Dobias, Narodni listy, 1926: White to play wins.

click for larger view

May-26-06  itz2000: GYSPY it's very easy puzzel!

King kill the solider.. then he goes to step up, and get a queen without any problems, Q+K vs K = easy win.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: <itz2000> That is the general idea. The devil is in the detail. Can you give variations?
May-28-06  itz2000: GYPSY?
1. Kf4 Kc4
2. Kg5 Kd3
3. Kxg6 Ke2
4. f4 Ke3
5. f5 Ke4
6. f6 Ke5
7. f7 Ke6
8. Kg7 Ke7
9. f8=Q+ Kd7
10. Kf7 Kc7
11. Qe7+ Kc6
12. Ke8 Kb6
13. Qd6+ Kb7
14. Kd8 Ka7
15. Qb4 Ka6
16. Kc7 Ka7
17. Qb7#
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: <itz2000: ... 1. Kf4 Kc4 2. Kg5 Kd3 3. Kxg6 Ke2 ...> 3...Ke4 draws here; White pawn falls.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Honza Cervenka: <Gypsy> Without board it's hard to find precise way to win this pawn ending but maybe 1.Kd4 Kb4 2.f4 with next Ke5-f6xg6 works. At least I see no good defence for black here.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: <Honza> You are right (though 1...Kc6 gives a stiffer resistance). The point of Dobias' study is that natural attacks, as well as the theory of oposition fail to win the game. Only a precise and subtle maneuver of White king wins:

I. 1.Kf4? Kc4 2.Kg5 Kd3 3.Kxg6 Ke4! ... =

II. 1.f4? Kc4 2.Ke5 Kd3 3.Kf6 Ke4 ... =

III. 1.Kd5? (oposition) Kb4! 2.Kd4 Kb3! 3.f4 Kc2 4.Ke3 Kd1 5.Kf3 Ke1 6.Kg4 Kf2 7.Kg5 Kf3 ... =

IV. 1.Kd4! Kc6 2.Ke5! Kc5 3.f4! Kc4 4.Kf6 and 5.Kxg6 ... 1-0.

As far as I know, this is the only study by Dobias and it probably is derived from a real game.

Premium Chessgames Member
  Honza Cervenka: Thanks <Gypsy> for pointing this out. Anyway, it is useful to remember this study and lessons derived from it. This ending or something similar can arise in a game quite often.
May-29-06  Mating Net: 1.Kd4!, and similar King moves, are known in endgame circles as the body check.
Sep-29-13  Pulo y Gata: No matter how good he plays, people say his games are Dobias.
Premium Chessgames Member
  senojes: This is in Fine's "Basic Chess Endings," revised by Benko (2003), page 13, No. 18. Houdini 4 confirms that only 1.Kd4 wins, and BCE says that 1.Kd5 and 1.Kf4 draw. It doesn't mention 1.f4 but 1.Kd5 transposes into it.
Dec-16-13  DoctorD: Its a tablebase position, so no need to ask Houdini. As for "body check," I think GM Mueller was the first to use this phraseology.
Dec-16-13  DoctorD: There are some other types of problems by Dobias in the databases, this selfmate is interesting:

Josef Dobias
Casopis Ceskych Sachistu 05/1917


click for larger view

You have to find the square from which the white queen will make its next move, either to check and force mate or to get out of the way and allow a ZZ mate.


1. .. Kxh6 2. Qg1 Bxf7#
1. .. Kxf7 2. Qe8+ Kxe8#
1. .. Bxf7+ 2. Qe6+ Bxe6#

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