|Feb-09-04|| ||Honza Cervenka: Wladyslaw Litmanowicz |
|Feb-10-04|| ||uponthehill: He was a dark character. Real name- Abram Wolf. Military judge of a stalinist period in Poland (1947-1956). He adjudicated 15 death penalties on the members of AK- Polish anti-nazi resistance from the time of IIWW (after war aggresivly chased by communist regime). Litmanowicz is the greatest ingominy of Polish chess, but few know of the activities he was performing beside those connected with chess. In 1957 he moved to Israel. |
|Feb-10-04|| ||fatbaldguy: Wait - this guy sent 15 ANTI-Nazis to their death, and Israel welcomed him a few years later? Am I missing something? |
|Feb-10-04|| ||Maroczy: uponthehill: Norman Davies has a new book on the AK, " Rising '44 ". Not much is known about this period in Poland's fight against the German occupiers. Sixtieth anniversary this year in August of Warsaw's gallant attempt to drive out the Germans at a cost of c. 250,000 lives. |
|Feb-10-04|| ||Maroczy: fatbaldguy: You have touched on a sensitive area; after the communists took control of Poland there were Jewish people who served in the Stalinist bureaucracy. The remnants of the AK were anti-nazi and anti-communist, caught between a rock and a hard place. Since they were perceived as a threat to communist rule, many of them were executed. People in Poland remember WWII as if it happened yesterday. |
|Feb-10-04|| ||uponthehill: That's right fatbaldguy- AK was an organization which was fighting for independent Poland. During the WW2 they were fighting nazis and their name become legendary (over 300.000 Poles were AK members). The Soviets, after entering Poland in 1944 made the tactical alliance with AK- they fought together against retreating Germans. But Soviets didn't want to liberate Poland but to estabilish new occupation of Poland- communist occupation. AK become an obstacle for them- as a strong military power wanting full independence. Yet during WW2 the NKWD (in future KGB) started to abduct AK officers- most of them were captured, tormented and murdered or exiled to Siberia. After short period of silence, the civil war broke out in 1947, when the communist falsed referendum about constitutional system of Poland. A new organization was found on remains of AK- it was WIN. |
1947-1956 period is even darker period for Poland tnan the 2WW. Thousands of innocent people were imprisoned, tormented and murdered by communist regime. Polish patriots from WIN, with no way to escape were gradually hunted and killed (the most horrible methode of comunists was injecting milk into the veins of captured persons).
The Jews (of course also many Poles) took shameful role in that game- they were massively collaborating with communist regime. 50% members of UB (extremally brutal political police) were Jews. 4 of 5 most important notables of communist power were also Jews. (also in 1939, when Soviets invaded eastern part of Poland, most of the Jews welcomed them warmly).
Litmanowicz is not a single example. A mr. Salomon Morel is hunted by Interpol for crimes against humanity (he was a commander of a concentration camp for AK members and Silesians) and he lives safely in Israel, which rejects any requests of giving him back.
During IIWW, the fear of Nazism pushed many Jews into the collaboration with Stalinism. They considered Russia the only force capable of destroying Germany. And after the war their victims were also anti-nazis, who now turned against new agresor- Soviets.
Israel accepts all persons who want to become its citizens and never make extraditions. Many of communist murderers found shelter there.
|Feb-10-04|| ||uponthehill: Well Fatbaldguy :) While I was writing that long post, Maroczy explained that subject more shortly, more clearly and more definitly. Thanks Maroczy! |
|Feb-10-04|| ||fatbaldguy: Thank you uponthehill and Maroczy for very helpful explanations, albeit in different writing styles :). As uponthehill noted, the fear of Nazi invaders first - and Soviet invaders second - was probably a factor in pushing some to collaborate in acts that today would be barbaric and/or criminal. I don't want to disparage the collaborators too much because it may well have been a case of "co-operate or be killed" for many of them. To stand up to that kind of threat requires true heroism, which few people have. But just the same one has to feel terrible for the victims of the atrocities. |
|Jun-14-04|| ||ruffin: First: Uponthehill gives wrong information about Mr. Litmanowicz. He was living in Poland up this death in ninethies.
Second: Maroczy and Uponthehill gived excellent explanations. I have to add that stalinism terror 1944-56 in Poland is bound to names like Jacek Różański (vel Goldberg), Anatol Fejgin (chief of X Department MBP - Ministry of National Security) Swiatło (vel Fleisharb, vice chief of X Department - escaped to West Berlin 1953), Roman Romkowski (vel Natan Grunspan-Kikiel), Julia Brystygier (vel Prajs, chief of V Department). All were communist jews who survived stalinism terror 1935-39 in Poland (sometimes Polish prison saved them from death penalty in USSR,1938 Polish Communist Party was disbounded) and German occupation in USSR. After 1944 they came back with red army established communist terror in Poland and killed thousends Polish patriots and respective citizens. It is dark card of Polish history. Certainly they have Russian "advisors" like gen. Lalin or col. Lichaczew. All Russians came back after 1956 to motherland. |
|Jun-14-04|| ||ruffin: To explain what a wonderful communist world were and to show that life is complicated I just add one more information about one of these. Jacek Rozanski (a kind of Polish Beria, barrister, member of Communist Party of Poland - KPP, NKWD from 1939?!, chief of Investigating Department MBP, sentenced for 15 years imprisonment, released 1964, dead in Poland in August 1981, Jerzy Borejsza brother) uncle was a great communist in USSR. He survived stalinism terror 1935-39 and fall victim of stalinism anti jews campaign 1950-52 and was executing. In the other hand Rozanski sister and step mother were killed by Germans - they stayed in Warsaw 1939, and his father was a Polish patriot hated communism. |
|Dec-26-17|| ||OhioChessFan: I want to verify some of what I've read, but between this page and Bogdan Sliwa there's some very interesting historical material. It appears <ruffin> and <uponthehill> haven't been active on cg.c for a long time.|
|Dec-26-17|| ||zanzibar: AK = Armia Krajowa (po) = Home Army (en)
|Dec-26-17|| ||zanzibar: Wiki has a photo, but I couldn't find the matching page (didn't look too hard):|
<English: Władysław Litmanowicz, responsible Abram Wolf (born February 20, 1918, died on March 31, 1992) - Polish chess player, journalist, activist and chess referee. A lawyer by education, in the post-war years, the judge in the Stalinist trials, issued several death sentences to activists of the Polish independence underground.>
Where is the wiki page documenting his past?
|Dec-26-17|| ||OhioChessFan: <zanzy> yes, you have to be careful when looking at these things. Verify everything when dealing with such an incendiary topic.|
|Dec-26-17|| ||zanzibar: He has a Polish Wiki page (see end)...
Here's a detailed bio:
<Władysław Litmanowicz, responsible Abram Wolf (born February 20, 1918, died on March 31, 1992) - our chess player, journalist, activist and chess referee. A lawyer by education, in the middle of the post-war years a judge in the middle of Stalinist trials, issued death sentences on activists of the Polish independence sow. In the post-war period he belonged to the broad front of Polish chess players. In the years 1948 - 1955, he performed five times in the middle of the finals of the Polish championship, the optimal creation (VIII place), getting in the middle of 1951 in the middle of Lodz. In 1952 he appeared in the middle of an international tournament in the center of Międzyzdroje and represented Poland at the chess Olympiad in the center of Helsinki. From the early 1950s he dealt with journalistic and journalistic work, in the middle of the decade devoting himself completely to it, after retreating from the high-end game. In the years 1950 - 1984 he was constantly in the position of editor-in-chief of the Szachy monthly. Also from 1950 he ran a chess department in the middle of Trybuna Ludu. Until the mid-1980s, he edited chess columns in the midst of many magazines, such as Express Wieczorny, Perspektywy, Żołnierz Polski, Żołnierz Wolności, Świat Młodych and others. In the years 1950 - 1970 he held many positions in the middle of the Polish Chess Union (PZSzach), including chairman of the board of trainers, vice president up to sports matters and the secretary general. In 1982 he was awarded the title of PZSzach honorary member. From 1964 he was the delegate of PZSzach in the middle of the International Chess Federation (FIDE), then in the mid-1970s and 1972 he was a member of the FIDE Rules Commission, and from 1978 until 1982 - her secretary. In 1968 he was awarded the title of international class judge. In his career as a referee, he served as an arbitrator for on three Olympiads (1980, 1984, 1986), team World Championships (1985) and in many international tournaments of high rank. For his achievements in journalism and journalism he was decorated in the middle of 1973 with the Knight's Cross, and in the middle of 1982 with the Officer's Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta. He has one of the greatest achievements among all Polish authors writing about chess. The distinguishing feature of his work was, above all, the diversity of the subject matter addressed. The master of the Faculty of Law at the University of Warsaw from 1939. In June 1941 deported inside the depths of the USSR. He worked as an accountant in the middle of a kolkhoz in the middle of Kagalnik below Azov (1941). In August 1941, he was mobilized to the Red Army and set up until the monthly Non-commissioned School. After graduating from school, he served as a non-commissioned officer in the middle of units of the Red Army. On August 11, 1944, he was transferred to the LWP. In the years 1947-1952 he was a judge of the WSR in the center of Krakow, Kielce and Warsaw. As a judge, he participated in the midst of Stalinist processes, including - in the middle of the trial of Tadeusz Klukowski and Jerzy Kurzępa, sentenced to death on October 1, 1952. in the middle of Warsaw from art.86 KKWP. In the years 1952-1955 he was an officer up to the orders of the advisor to the head of the GZP WP Colonel. W. Zajcewa. He ended his career in the middle of the Polish People's Army in the middle of 1955 in the middle of the major (moved to the reserve).
Source of description: http://zawody-prawnicze.my-head.net...
image source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/W%C5%8...>
|Dec-26-17|| ||zanzibar: Here's the wiki page:
There is no mention of his emigrating to Israel in either source (?). Given his long-term editorship in Schachy and this
<He was buried at the Northern Communal Cemetery in Wólka Węglowa in Warsaw >
There is indeed a dark side to his history:
<In the years 1947-1952 he was a judge at the Military District Court in Krakow , Kielce and Warsaw. As a judge, he participated in Stalinist processes, including in the trial of Tadeusz Klukowski and Jerzy Kurzępa, sentenced to death on October 1, 1952 in Warsaw, art. 86 of the KKWP. He also sentenced lieutenant AK Edmund Bukowski  to death , whose body was identified only in 2013 in the Headquarters on Łączka .>
Bukowski was buried in secret, and was only later identified by DNA tests.
He was married to another accomplished chess player:
<Mirosław Litmanowicz was the wife of Władysław Litmanowicz , in the 1960s a leading Polish chess player, international champion since 1967, Polish champion in 1968 and a five-time participant in chess Olympics (in the years 1957-1972).>