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Karl Hamppe
K Hamppe 
Number of games in database: 20
Years covered: 1846 to 1873

Overall record: +2 -16 =2 (15.0%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database.

With the White pieces:
 Vienna Opening (8) 
    C26 C29 C25 C27
With the Black pieces:
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Hamppe vs Meitner, 1872 1/2-1/2
   Hamppe vs Harrwitz, 1860 1-0

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(born 1814, died May-17-1876, 61 years old) Switzerland (federation/nationality Austria)

[what is this?]

Karl Hamppe was a theoretician who made contributions to the Vienna (C25) and the King's Gambit Accepted (C33). As a player he could be quite brilliant but he was also erratic. In informal matches he lost to Johann Jacob Loewenthal and Daniel Harrwitz (+1, -4, =2), but defeated Ernst Falkbeer. He is best remembered for being one of the players of the "Immortal Draw," K Hamppe vs Meitner, 1872.

Wikipedia article: Carl Hamppe

Last updated: 2022-06-15 12:39:20

 page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 38  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Loewenthal vs K Hamppe 1-0471846Germany mC44 King's Pawn Game
2. K Hamppe vs Loewenthal 0-1321846Match (03)C26 Vienna
3. K Hamppe vs Loewenthal 0-1301846UnknownC26 Vienna
4. K Hamppe vs Falkbeer 0-1311849ViennaC23 Bishop's Opening
5. Harrwitz vs K Hamppe  1-0181852Casual gameC41 Philidor Defense
6. Harrwitz vs K Hamppe  1-0301852Casual gameC39 King's Gambit Accepted
7. Harrwitz vs K Hamppe  1-0271852Casual gameC39 King's Gambit Accepted
8. K Hamppe vs Harrwitz  0-1401852Casual gameB23 Sicilian, Closed
9. K Hamppe vs Harrwitz ½-½511852Casual gameB20 Sicilian
10. K Hamppe vs Harrwitz  ½-½831852Casual gameB23 Sicilian, Closed
11. K Hamppe vs Harrwitz  1-0591852Casual gameB30 Sicilian
12. K Hamppe vs Szen  ½-½481852Vienna m1C26 Vienna
13. K Hamppe vs Szen  0-1291852Vienna m1C26 Vienna
14. J Matschego vs K Hamppe 1-0191853ViennaC39 King's Gambit Accepted
15. Szen vs K Hamppe  1-0561853Vienna mA20 English
16. K Mayerhofer vs K Hamppe  ½-½761855Vienna mC50 Giuoco Piano
17. Falkbeer vs K Hamppe  1-0371855Vienna mC41 Philidor Defense
18. Falkbeer vs K Hamppe  1-0331855Vienna mC39 King's Gambit Accepted
19. K Hamppe vs Falkbeer  1-0401855Vienna mC26 Vienna
20. K Hamppe vs Falkbeer  1-0481855Vienna mC27 Vienna Game
21. K Hamppe vs Jaray  0-1531855Vienna mC02 French, Advance
22. K Hamppe vs K Mayerhofer  1-0271855Vienna mC25 Vienna
23. Jaray vs K Hamppe  1-0321855Vienna mC41 Philidor Defense
24. K Hamppe vs K Pitschel 1-0271859ViennaC29 Vienna Gambit
25. K Hamppe vs Steinitz 0-1231859ViennaC29 Vienna Gambit
 page 1 of 2; games 1-25 of 38  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Hamppe wins | Hamppe loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Apr-10-06  TheKid: The Vienna Game was first called Hamppe's Game, according to Gary Lane in his book The Vienna Game.

Naturally he never won with it :)

Apr-10-06  TheKid: Oh, scratch that!

He did win with it once.

Jul-30-06  waddayaplay: found this on the net...

Carl Hamppe was a senior government official in Vienna...

he won the Vienna championship in both 1859 and 1860, both times ahead of Steinitz (among others).

Oct-16-08  just a kid: I know him most for being White in the Immortal Draw.
Nov-02-08  Octal: He seems to be as responsible with his king's safety as NN.
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: Those two matches with Lowenthal and Falkbeer must have been pretty entertaining - 40 games and not a single draw, yet he is remembered for a drawn game!
Apr-19-11  Chessist: There is no evidence for the correctness of the results given (+4 -5 =0 and +16 -15 =0). You will not find any contemporary source.
Premium Chessgames Member
  wwall: <Chessist>, I think the source of Hamppe's record with Lowenthal and Falkbeer come from Chess Player's Chronicle 1850 and Di Felice's Chess Results, 1757-1900.
Apr-14-12  Calli: Don't know about the Loewenthal games, but Harrwitz gave all seven of their games in British Chess Review:
Jun-11-12  Chessist: <wwall>, The Chess Player`s Chronicle 1850, p 289: "he [Hamppe] has been defeated by the celebrated Löwental, but not disgracefully, since he won in the ratio of four to five. He played also with Mr. Falkbeer in the last month which the latter spent in Vienna, about thirty games, of which Mr. Hampe was only one or two ahead."

"in the ratio of four to five" = "+4 -5 =0"??

"about thirty games" etc. = "+16 -15 =0"???

"Di Felice's Chess Result" is just trash

Jun-11-12  Calli: In his booklet on the Blackburne match, Steinitz credited Hamppe with idea of the Steinitz gambit.

From page 38:

"The credit of the idea of boldly bringing out the King early in the game, and braving the hostile attack, merely for the sake of getting a better position of pawns, has been often erroneously ascribed to Steinitz, but it is only due to state that the Steinitz Gambit and the line of play adopted in this game owe their derivation from a favourite variation of Herr Hampe in Vienna, which usually went on as follows:"

Never seen this mentioned before.

Jun-11-12  ughaibu: Calli: Keypusher posted:
<During these few years [Steinitz] had much practice with Herr Hammppe [sic], the inventor of the opening named sometimes after himself, sometimes after the city in which he played. Hammppe frequently played out his king towards the centre of the board, in certain phases of the game. Here undoubtedly is to be traced the original inception of the "Steinitz Gambit," to the improvement of which the great player has devoted so much labour.>

<The Games of the St. Petersburg Tournament 1895-1896>, p. 6.

Here: Hamppe vs Steinitz, 1859

Jun-13-12  Calli: <ughaibu> Thanks! I didn't recall that conversation at all. Still, it's nice to have Steinitz's own words on the topic.
Premium Chessgames Member
  whiteshark: The German wiki bio is more comprehensive:
Jul-14-13  RookFile: 16 wins against Falkbeer, 15 losses, 0 draws. These guys just went for the throat, I guess.
Jul-26-15  Chessist: <RookFile> Once more: CPC 1850 says: "He played also with Mr. Falkbeer in the last month which the latter spent in Vienna, about thirty games, of which Mr. Hampe was only one or two ahead." *+16 -15" is just a misinterpretation.
Jul-26-15  thomastonk: I've changed the date of death from May-17-1873 to May-17-1876.

Source: "Deutsche Schachzeitung" July 1876, page 216. This source also states that he reached an age of 62 years.

May-17-16  TheFocus: Rest in peace, Carl Hamppe.
May-17-16  offramp: So he died 150 years ago today!
May-17-16  TheFocus: Seems like it.
Aug-07-19  Jean Defuse: ...

C.N. 11434: Hamppe signed always his first name <‘Karl’> (and <not ‘Carl’> as generally given in chess literature).


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