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Nikolai Krogius
Krogius at Bad Liebenzell, 1995.
Photo courtesy of Wikimedia.
Number of games in database: 739
Years covered: 1945 to 1998
Last FIDE rating: 2485

Overall record: +226 -108 =405 (58.0%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database.

With the White pieces:
 King's Indian (56) 
    E67 E62 E66 E63 E60
 Sicilian (41) 
    B43 B93 B76 B84 B44
 English (22) 
    A15 A14 A13 A10 A11
 Queen's Indian (20) 
    E17 E15 E19 E18 E14
 Queen's Gambit Declined (18) 
    D35 D38 D31 D30 D37
 Ruy Lopez (18) 
    C90 C77 C75 C65 C96
With the Black pieces:
 Sicilian (72) 
    B45 B32 B22 B95 B81
 Ruy Lopez (53) 
    C95 C90 C96 C77 C89
 Ruy Lopez, Closed (43) 
    C95 C90 C96 C89 C85
 English (33) 
    A14 A15 A17 A13 A16
 Nimzo Indian (31) 
    E56 E46 E58 E50 E24
 Grunfeld (20) 
    D78 D83 D91 D98 D99
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Krogius vs N Aratovsky, 1945 1-0
   Krogius vs O Chernikov, 1970 1-0
   Krogius vs A Kuznetsov, 1962 1-0
   Krogius vs Jansa, 1965 1-0
   Krogius vs Shamkovich, 1951 1-0
   Krogius vs G Borisenko, 1953 1-0
   Krogius vs Keene, 1970 1-0
   Krogius vs A Geller, 1955 1-0
   Bronstein vs Krogius, 1964 1/2-1/2
   Krogius vs Tukmakov, 1971 1/2-1/2

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Chigorin Memorial (1964)
   RSFSR Championship (1960)
   Sarajevo (1968)
   Chigorin Memorial (1966)
   Budapest (1965)
   Chigorin Memorial (1977)
   Tbilisi URS-ch sf (1956)
   USSR Championship 1966/67 (1966)
   USSR Championship 1964/65 (1964)
   USSR Championship (1960)
   USSR Championship (1962)
   USSR Championship (1958)
   USSR Championship (1971)
   Petrov Memorial Open (1994)
   Berliner Sommer 12th (1994)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Hastings 1970/71 by suenteus po 147

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(born Jul-22-1930, died Jul-14-2022, 91 years old) Russia

[what is this?]

Nikolai Vladimirovich Krogius was born in Saratov, USSR. Awarded the IM title in 1963 and the GM title in 1964, he became a sports psychologist.

Krogius scored his most impressive triumph with clear first at the Chigorin Memorial in Sochi 1964 scoring 11/15. This earned him the Grandmaster title later that year. He was also 1st at Varna 1960, 1st at Varna 1969 and 3rd= at Sochi 1973, and a co-winner of the 1993 World Senior Chess Championship. He later became President of the USSR Chess Federation. Krogius was also an International Arbiter (1985).

In 1998, he and his family moved to the United States. On July 14, 2022, he died in New York.

Wikipedia article: Nikolai Krogius

Last updated: 2022-07-18 13:51:01

 page 1 of 30; games 1-25 of 746  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Krogius vs N Aratovsky 1-0121945?C41 Philidor Defense
2. Petrosian vs Krogius 1-0361946URS-ch U18A26 English
3. Krogius vs E Kuzminykh  ½-½331949URS-ch sfA89 Dutch, Leningrad, Main Variation with Nc6
4. Krogius vs N Kopilov  0-1311949URS-ch sfA57 Benko Gambit
5. P Dubinin vs Krogius  1-0381949URS-ch sfD34 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
6. L Shamaev vs Krogius  ½-½951949URS-ch sfB20 Sicilian
7. G Ravinsky vs Krogius  1-0561949URS-ch sfD85 Grunfeld
8. J Randviir vs Krogius  0-1461949URS-ch sfC77 Ruy Lopez
9. Krogius vs V Tarasov  0-1491949URS-ch sfE68 King's Indian, Fianchetto, Classical Variation, 8.e4
10. Krogius vs Bondarevsky  ½-½511949URS-ch sfE53 Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3
11. Krogius vs E Zagoryansky  ½-½431949URS-ch sfD53 Queen's Gambit Declined
12. Krogius vs M Kamyshov  1-0221949RSFSR ChampionshipD47 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
13. Krogius vs Y Knyshenko  0-1611949RSFSR ChampionshipD38 Queen's Gambit Declined, Ragozin Variation
14. Ufimtsev vs Krogius  ½-½801949URS-ch sfA16 English
15. Krogius vs Levenfish  1-0541949URS-ch sfC77 Ruy Lopez
16. Lisitsin vs Krogius 1-0111949URS-ch sfA04 Reti Opening
17. V Zagorovsky vs Krogius  0-1391949URS-ch sfC91 Ruy Lopez, Closed
18. Estrin vs Krogius  ½-½231949URS-ch sfC56 Two Knights
19. Krogius vs A Zamikhovsky  ½-½651949URS-ch sfE07 Catalan, Closed
20. Krogius vs Koblents  1-0401949URS-ch sfD90 Grunfeld
21. Krogius vs Taimanov  ½-½231949URS-ch sfD47 Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav
22. Krogius vs O Moiseev  ½-½301951URS-ch sfB76 Sicilian, Dragon, Yugoslav Attack
23. Krogius vs A Chistiakov  0-1421951URS-ch sfA10 English
24. Tolush vs Krogius  0-1341951URS-ch sfD37 Queen's Gambit Declined
25. E Terpugov vs Krogius  0-1311951URS-ch sfE62 King's Indian, Fianchetto
 page 1 of 30; games 1-25 of 746  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Krogius wins | Krogius loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
Jan-11-03  ughaibu: Krogius was Spassky's psychologist for his winning world championship cycle. He was responsible for Spassky using the Tarrasch Defense. He had decided that Petrosian was not a player of "strict classical profile" and therefore chose a defence that requires classical treatment by white. Presumably he also made the choices for the other matches, Closed Sicilian vs Geller and I dont know what against the other two, (Tal and Korchnoi?).
Jul-11-03  JGD: Krogius was an excellent advisor who helped Spassky a number of times, as ughaibu mentioned. He also captained the victorius Soviet team in the famous USSR vs. rest of world match.
Nov-21-03  Diggitydawg: I've heard that Krogius was the head of the chess department of the Sports committee in the old Soviet Union. I've also heard that he gave Tal a difficult time in terms of allowing Tal to participate in tournaments outside the Soviet Union. Because of these stories, I associate Krogius with the worst practices of Soviet chess. And yet, according to this article: , he ended up in Staten island and was a coach for Irina Krush. Does anyone have any knowledge of how this came about?
Jul-23-06  BIDMONFA: Nikolai V Krogius

KROGIUS, Nikolai V.

Jul-22-08  brankat: Happy Birthday Nikolai!
Aug-07-08  myschkin: . . .


(sorry, just germans and french go nuts on chess^^)

"Zu Hause habe ich mir dann Bücher vom Schachlehrer und Schachpsychologen Nicolai Krogius besorgt: „Schach für Einsteiger“ und „Schach für Aufsteiger“. Der schreibt zum Beispiel sinngemäß: „Beginne mit einer Eröffnung – und lerne aus ihr."

(Smudo, Fantastische Vier)

Jul-22-10  independentthinker: Happy Birthday Krogius!!! I have borrowed your surname for the villian as part of the thriller I am writing entitled 'Grandmaster'.
Jul-22-12  brankat: Happy Birthday GM Krogius!
May-26-15  TheFocus: <You must not allow your ambition to win to turn chess into a game of chance> - Nikolay Krogius.
May-26-15  TheFocus: <There is, however, another side of acquiring chess experience which cannot be measured in ordinary units, and that is contact with stronger chessplayers, their living words, opinions and assessments> - Nikolai Krogius.
Premium Chessgames Member
  HeMateMe: I think I owned a chess book written by Krogius, but I can't recall the title.
Premium Chessgames Member
  thegoodanarchist: Too few kibitzes for this important figure in chess history.
Mar-02-21  m.okun: B. Spassky's coach-second (1967 - 1973).
Jul-23-21  Gottschalk: Krogius birthday(in italian)
Premium Chessgames Member
  louispaulsen88888888: Better at advising than playing. Tells Spassky to play the Tarrasch against Petrosian. But when Krogius plays Petrosian he does not play the Tarrasch. Petrosian played Krogius 6 times, winning 4 and drawing two. This Krogius seems like an overrated bozo. “ I believe in good moves”- Fischer
Jul-16-22  Volcanus:
Premium Chessgames Member
  FSR: Translation of article cited by <Volcanus>:

JULY 16, 2022

Died Nikolai Vladimirovich Krogius (1930-2022)
Grandmaster, coach, Doctor of Psychology

On July 14, 2022, in New York, at the age of 92, Nikolai Vladimirovich Krogius, an international grandmaster, long-term head of the Chess Department of the USSR State Committee for Sports, vice-president of the International Chess Federation (FIDE), coach of world champion Boris Spassky, died at a historic match for the world crown with Robert Fischer (1972), Doctor of Psychology, Head of the Department of Chess at the GTSOLIFK.

Nikolai was born in Saratov into an intelligent family - his father was an artist, his mother was a teacher at Saratov University, and his grandfather was a doctor of medicine. Krogius began playing chess during the war, bartering a small pocket set for tobacco from one of the Red Army soldiers from a column passing through the city. Soon the young man was presented with his first chess book, edited by Efim Bogolyubov, and the black-and-white game captivated him entirely.

After the war, Krogius fell under the wing of the famous coach Nikolai Aratovsky and began a rapid ascent: the national champion among youths, the master of the USSR, the champion of the RSFSR. Nikolai Krogiushe always played well for the team and led the Russian team to victories at the Spartakiads of the peoples of the USSR, as part of the Soviet team he won the 1965 European Championship. After excellent performances at the Chigorin Memorials in 1963 and 1964. became first an international master, and then a grandmaster.

In the late 60s, Krogius switched to coaching and helped Boris Spassky in his fights with Tigran Petrosyan and Robert Fischer. From 1970 to 1980 he worked at the Saratov State University. N. Chernyshevsky as a senior lecturer, associate professor, and since 1978 - head of the Department of Psychology. Krogius thoroughly researched the psychology of chess, about 20 of his books and 150 articles are devoted to this problem. In domestic psychology, the monographs of N. Krogius "Personality in Conflict" (Saratov, 1980) and "Psychology of Chess Creativity" (Moscow, 1988) are considered especially valuable.

In 1981 Nikolai Krogiusheaded the Chess Department at the USSR State Sports Committee and moved from Saratov to Moscow. For almost 10 years he was a member of the dissertation council for the defense of doctoral dissertations at the Faculty of Psychology of Moscow State University. Vice-President of the Chess Federation of the USSR (1981-1990), Head of the Chess Department of the State Central Order of Lenin Institute of Physical Education (GTSOLIFK) 1981-1983, for many years a member of the editorial board of the journal "64-Chess Review". For achievements in the field of chess, he was awarded the Order of the Badge of Honor (1981).

After his retirement, Nikolai Krogius performed excellently in several veteran world championships, in one of which he lagged behind Mark Taimanov, who became the champion, only in terms of additional indicators. Headed the delegation of Anatoly Karpov at the last match withGarry Kasparov (1990).

In 2000, together with grandmaster Lev Alburt, Krogius published an endgame textbook, which was recognized that year as the best chess book in the United States. In 2011, a memoir book by Krogius “Chess. Game and life. In 2014, another book of memoirs by Krogius, The Notes of a Grandmaster, was published, in which he for the first time reveals some details of Soviet chess life, in particular, matches between Karpov and Kasparov. Author of a two-volume book about Boris Spassky. In 1998, Nikolai Krogius moved with his family to the United States.

Person of the day.

The Russian Chess Federation expresses its condolences to the family and friends of Nikolai Vladimirovich Krogius.

Photos by B. Dolmatovsky and from the archive of the magazine "64-Chess Review"

Premium Chessgames Member
  alexmagnus: At death he was the second oldest living chess grandmaster.

The new top 3 is Matanovic, Nikolac, Kraidman.

Jul-18-22  laskereshevsky: Most of his life he was an establishment man, and used and abused of his power to praise or punish here and there. a trully 100% “Homo Sovieticus”
Jul-19-22  Eastfrisian: RIP GM Krogius.

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