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Nikolay Grigoriev
N Grigoriev 

Number of games in database: 121
Years covered: 1910 to 1936
Overall record: +58 -49 =12 (53.8%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 2 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (15) 
    C68 C61 C60 C66 C64
 Sicilian (13) 
    B83 B23 B29 B40 B84
 French Defense (11) 
    C12 C11 C15 C14 C01
 Ruy Lopez Exchange (10) 
 French (8) 
    C12 C11
 Caro-Kann (6) 
    B17 B16 B18
With the Black pieces:
 Caro-Kann (10) 
    B12 B15 B10 B14 B13
 French Defense (6) 
    C01 C11 C13 C02
 Ruy Lopez (6) 
    C66 C65 C61 C83
 Queen's Pawn Game (5) 
    A45 A40 A46
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   N I Grekov vs N Grigoriev, 1919 0-1
   K Baranov vs N Grigoriev, 1919 0-1
   N Grigoriev vs Y Vilner, 1923 1-0
   N Grigoriev vs M Makogonov, 1929 1-0
   A Kubbel vs N Grigoriev, 1920 0-1
   N Grigoriev vs Ilyin-Zhenevsky, 1919 1-0
   N Grigoriev vs Alekhine, 1921 1/2-1/2
   N Grigoriev vs S Levitsky, 1912 1-0
   Alekhine vs N Grigoriev, 1921 1/2-1/2
   Alekhine vs N Grigoriev, 1921 1/2-1/2

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Moscow Championship (1926)
   USSR Championship (1920)
   USSR Championship (1929)
   USSR Championship (1924)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Moscow 1924 Moscow Championship by jessicafischerqueen
   Moscow 1915 1st Category by jessicafischerqueen

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(born Aug-14-1895, died Nov-10-1938, 43 years old) Russia

[what is this?]
Nikolay Dmitrievich Grigoriev was born on the 14th of August 1895 in Moscow, Russia. He was Moscow champion in 1921, 1922, 1923-24 and 1929 but is best known for his work as an endgame analyst, specifically Pawn Endings. His tournament victories include Moscow ch-1921 [rusbase-1], Moscow ch-1922 [rusbase-2], Moscow ch-1924 [rusbase-3], it Leningrad-1929 [rusbase-4] and Trade Unions-1928 [rusbase-5].

In early October 1937, Grigoriev returned from a trip to the Far East and Siberia. The NKVD (People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs) arrested him. His health deteriorated and he passed away in Moscow in 1938.

Wikipedia article: Nikolai Grigoriev

 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 121  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. V Omeliansky vs N Grigoriev 1-0161910Match Students - Chess CommunityC45 Scotch Game
2. N Grigoriev vs S Levitsky  1-0211912corrC37 King's Gambit Accepted
3. N Grigoriev vs Alekhine 0-12519151st Category tournamentC12 French, McCutcheon
4. N Grigoriev vs N Tselikov  1-05819151st Category tournamentC68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange
5. N Alexandrov vs N Grigoriev  1-04019151st Category tournamentC83 Ruy Lopez, Open
6. G Rabinovich vs N Grigoriev  0-12319151st Category tournamentC44 King's Pawn Game
7. S V Nazarovsky vs N Grigoriev  0-13219151st Category tournamentC50 Giuoco Piano
8. N Grigoriev vs V A Pereltsveig  1-06419151st Category tournamentC61 Ruy Lopez, Bird's Defense
9. P Yurdansky vs N Grigoriev  1-04219151st Category tournamentC45 Scotch Game
10. N Grigoriev vs N Zubarev  ½-½351916National TournamentC12 French, McCutcheon
11. Alekhine vs N Grigoriev 0-1531918Blindfold simul, 5bC48 Four Knights
12. N I Grekov vs N Grigoriev 0-1101919Moscow-chD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
13. K Baranov vs N Grigoriev 0-1341919Moscow-chC54 Giuoco Piano
14. N Grigoriev vs B V Lyubimov  1-0431919National tournamentC61 Ruy Lopez, Bird's Defense
15. Alekhine vs N Grigoriev 1-0361919Moscow-chC61 Ruy Lopez, Bird's Defense
16. N Grigoriev vs Ilyin-Zhenevsky 1-0351919MatchC68 Ruy Lopez, Exchange
17. N Grigoriev vs Alekhine 0-1251920USSR ChampionshipC60 Ruy Lopez
18. N Pavlov-Pianov vs N Grigoriev  0-1741920USSR ChampionshipA47 Queen's Indian
19. A Kubbel vs N Grigoriev  0-1261920USSR ChampionshipC48 Four Knights
20. Kliatskin vs N Grigoriev  0-1411921Ch MoscowC65 Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense
21. V Nenarokov vs N Grigoriev 1-0241921Moscow m2A47 Queen's Indian
22. N Grigoriev vs V Nenarokov  0-1271921Moscow m2B33 Sicilian
23. Alekhine vs N Grigoriev ½-½411921MatchD32 Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch
24. N Grigoriev vs Alekhine ½-½631921MoscowC41 Philidor Defense
25. N Grigoriev vs Alekhine  ½-½801921MatchB40 Sicilian
 page 1 of 5; games 1-25 of 121  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Grigoriev wins | Grigoriev loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
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Jul-05-05  gendalf: Somebody knows an online collection of Grigoriev's studies?
Premium Chessgames Member
  Gypsy: Zubarev-Grigoriev (1925, Ch USSR). Game fragment: Black to play wins.

click for larger view

<1...b5 2.axb5+ Kb6!> (surprise but 2...Kxb5? only draws) <3.Ke6 a4!> (3...c4? runs into some serious problems) <4.bxa4 c4 5.f4 d3 6.cxd3 cxd3 7.f5 d2 8.f6 d1Q 9.f7 Qd8 10.Kf5 Qd6 0-1.>

If 3.Ke7, then 3...a4! 4.bxa4 c4 5.f4 d3 6.cxd3 cxd3 7.f5 d2 8.f6 d1Q wins again: 9.f7 Qe2+ 10.Kd7 Qf3 11.Ke7 Qe4+ 12.Kd7 Qf5+ 13.Ke7 Qe5+ 14.Kd7 Qf6 15.a5+ Kxb5! 16.Ke8 Qe6+ 17.Kf8 Kc6 18.a6 Kd7 19.a7 Qd5 20.Kg7 Qg2 ...

Dec-13-05  gendalf: I collected some of Grigoriev studies here: On the site, go to "64 Browser" section and after that select "Collections" in the vertical menu. Look for "Collections with selected positions".
Premium Chessgames Member
  Benzol: A Study by Grigoriev from 1917

click for larger view

The White Queen and King cannot similtaneously attack the a6 square, and assist the advance of the a-pawn. Since the pawn is a rook's pawn White can't transpose into a pawn ending to win. The Black Rook has two safe squares, a6 and d6. It also can't be forced off the sixth rank so the White King can't break through to attack the Black pawn.

A possible variation :

1.♕e4+ ♔a7
2.♕f3 ♖a6
3.♕f5 ♔b7 Black must prevent ♕c8
4.♕f8 ♖d6

and White cannot improve his position. Therefore 1/2-1/2.

This ending had practical application in two games :

Averbakh vs Bondarevsky, 1948


Flohr vs Lilienthal, 1950

Aug-14-08  whiteshark: Bio:

Endgame Explorations 9: <Grigoriev> by Noam Elkies:

He died after an operation for appendicitis

Aug-14-08  Marmot PFL: Did Russian sources ever reveal how he died? Seems it was about the same time as Krylenko.
Nov-12-08  Resignation Trap: An article about Grigoriev's career and 27 of his studies can be found here: (in Russian).
Premium Chessgames Member
  Chessical: From the above article, it seems that Grigoriev's health and life was destroyed by imprisonment by the Soviet secret police during a purge of 1937.

"In early October 1937, Grigoriev returned from a trip to the Far East and Siberia, where he gave lectures and played. The NKVD militia on the train arrested him".

"Grigoriev was frail; he "lost consciousness immediately after the use of force, and his throat began to constantly bleed. After an interrogation, the interrogators had to wash down the room".

"An unexpected illness (which no surprise after living in the basement of the NKVD! - Auth. ) confined him to bed. Severe complications required immediate surgery. The patient was severely weakened (officially ​​Grigoriev had an unsuccessful operation on his thyroid gland. - Auth. ), and he developed lung cancer.

Aug-14-11  Eastfrisian: Any photo of him?
Aug-14-11  whiteshark: The link to <Endgame Explorations 9: <Grigoriev> by Noam Elkies>: has been changed to:
Aug-14-11  whiteshark: <Eastfrisian> the above given link offers some, e.g.


Aug-16-11  Eastfrisian: Thank you <whiteshark>
Aug-14-12  brankat: A strong master and a brilliant end game studies composer. An excerpt from the article <whiteshark> provided the link to:

"Nikolai Dmitriyevich Grigoriev, who thorough investigations of both the artistic and the practical aspects of pawn endgames form the basis of the modern theory of these endgames.

In The Oxford Companion to Chess (by D. Hooper and K. Whyld, Oxford University Press 1984) we find that Grigoriev, born in 1895, was also a very strong tournament player, winning the Moscow Championship four times during the 1920's and coming fifth in the 1920 USSR Championship.

But it is in endgame composition and analysis that Grigoriev made his most enduring contributions, and in his specialty, the pure pawn endgame, he had no equal."

R.I.P. master Grigoriev.

Nov-01-13  Karpova: Single round-robin Moscow Championship tournament 1924, wherein 17 strong amateurs participated. Final standings of the six winners:

1. Grigorjew 14.5
2. Werlinsky 13.5
3. Nenarokow 11.5
4. Slonim 11.0
5. Subarew 10.0
6. Sergejew 9.5

Nenarokow challenged Grigorjew to a match.

From page 141 of the April-May 1924 'Neue Wiener Schachzeitung'

Premium Chessgames Member
  Penguincw: R.I.P. Nikolay Dmitrievich Grigoriev.
Premium Chessgames Member
  tpstar: <Sustained play by the pawns can arise in either the opening of the game, or in the endgame. We'll begin with an endgame first examined by the Russian composer Grigoriev in 1930. White to Move and Win:>

click for larger view

<If White starts with 1. h4, Black's king is too far away to catch it, so he'll have to counter with 1 ... d5. Then both players will make a queen, White first, but Black with check. The result will only be a draw. If he starts with his f-pawn, 1. f4, he threatens to queen with check at f8. That will force the black king to come back, 1 ... Kb4, in order to catch up with the pawn. This establishes the basic formula. When White moves his h-pawn, Black advances his d-pawn, and when White moves his f-pawn, Black comes back with his king. Astutely jockeying both pawns enables White to win.> 1. f4 Kb4 2. h4 d5 3. f5 Kc5 4. h5 d4 5. f6 Kd6 6. h6 d3 7. f7 Ke7 8. h7 d2 9. f8=Q+ <This is what it's all about, sacrificing the f-pawn so that the h-pawn can queen with check:> 9 ... Kxf8 10. h8=Q+ Ke7 11. Qd4 <White gathers up the d-pawn and wins easily.>

Bruce Alberston, "Chess Mazes." Russell Enterprises, INC, Milford, 2004.

Nov-10-16  TheFocus: Rest in peace, Nikolai Grigoriev.
Feb-08-17  TheNige: For the nonce, there is an online library that includes a large collection of Grigoriev's games and studies (in Russian). Once you extract the file, you can read it using, for example, a program like Sumatra.pdf or such, as it is a djv-type of file. The book is something like "Analysis, Theoretical Studies, and Selected Games."


Feb-08-17  TheNige: "Nikolay Dmitrievich Grigoriev

Number of games in database: 56
Years covered: 1910 to 1945"

Grigoriev passed away in 1938. An editorial correction should be made in his biographical entry.

Aug-14-17  BIDMONFA: Nikolay Dmitrievich Grigoriev


Premium Chessgames Member
  Fusilli: N. Grigoriev, 1923

click for larger view

White to play.

It's all about the opposition!

Premium Chessgames Member
  Fusilli: Grigoriev, 1923. Solution here:

perfidious chessforum

Premium Chessgames Member
  Telemus: <Fusilli> I saw that you took the position from a book by Yusupov. Averbahk gives a slightly different position:

click for larger view

Premium Chessgames Member
  Fusilli: <Telemus> Interesting. I would assume that Averbakh is right and Yusupov just omitted the first move, 1.Kc2 Ka5.
Premium Chessgames Member
  GrahamClayton: A Grigoriev study from 1928 - White to play and win

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<1. Kd4 b5 > (1...Kb5 2. Kd5 Ka6 3. f4 Kb7 4. f5 Kc7 6. Ke6 Kd8 7. Kf7 b5 8. Kg7 and wins) <2. f4 b4 3. f5 b3 4. Kc3> (4. f6 only draws) <Ka3 5. f6 b2 6. f7 b1=Q 7. f8=Q+ Ka2> (7...Ka5 8. Qa8+ wins) <8. Qa8#>

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