Members · Prefs · Laboratory · Collections · Openings · Endgames · Sacrifices · History · Search Kibitzing · Kibitzer's Café · Chessforums · Tournament Index · Players · Kibitzing

Kermur Sire De Legal
De Legal 
Number of games in database: 1
Years covered: 1750

Search Sacrifice Explorer for Kermur Sire De Legal
Search Google for Kermur Sire De Legal

(born Sep-04-1702, died 1792, 89 years old) France

[what is this?]
François Antoine de Legall de Kermeur, born in Versailles, was a leading chess player of the 18th Century. He is regarded as the first professional chess player. He would play chess for wagers at the famous Cafe de la Régence, often giving odds (pawn and move, knight, rook, etc.) to weaker opposition. He was considered the strongest player in France until he was defeated by his pupil, François André Philidor. (1)

His name is associated with a famous opening tactic, known as Legal's Mate, exemplified in De Legal vs Saint Brie, 1750.

(1) Wikipedia article: Legall de Kermeur

 page 1 of 1; one game  PGN Download 
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. De Legal vs Saint Brie 1-071750ParisC41 Philidor Defense

Kibitzer's Corner
Apr-22-04  capanegra: De Kermur, Sire de Legal (1710-1792): strong French player, considered the champion of the Café de la Regénce, till he was beaten by Philidor, who was his pupil.
Dec-24-08  zzzzzzzzzzzz: wow. he only has one game in the database, but he's so famous.
Feb-28-09  WhiteRook48: a perfectly Legal mate
Apr-10-09  Dredge Rivers: His games are so much fun, they shouldn't be Legal!
Mar-14-11  BlueRose: Was his opponent a big cheese in the world of the time?
Mar-27-11  Morphischer: Kermur De Frog
Oct-09-11  Karpova: C.N. 7152

Correspondent Joseph Dillon Ford provides interesting information on Legal's father:

<The marquis was not born into the aristocracy but began life as René-François Le Gal, the son of a wealthy Breton. He distinguished himself in the War of the Spanish Succession and as a result of his military prowess won the grateful admiration of Louis XIV.>

Attention is drawn to the article ‘Legal: L’épopée d’un bourgeois breton sous Louis XIV’ by René de Laigue in the 'Bulletin archéologique de l’Association bretonne', 1899.

Sep-15-13  Abdel Irada: I suppose that at 87, Legal was old enough to be excused an appointment with the National Razor; else "the grateful admiration of Louis XIV" might have proved fatal in or around 1789.

Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: He would only need a few hours to catch up on theory then he would be world chess champion again.
Premium Chessgames Member
  norami: <Abdel Irada> I thought The Terror didn't start until 1792 anyway. Maybe the old man's head was chopped off.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Stonehenge: Philidor - Legall, according to

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 d6 3. Bc4 Bg4 4. Nc3 h6 5. Nxe5 Bxd1 6. Bxf7+ Ke7 7. Nd5#

Apr-29-16  Christoforus Polacco: The first professional chess player was probably Greco.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: You can find his fiefdom if you put Kermeur 22140 into Google maps. It looks vanishingly small.
Jul-30-19  Chesgambit: Legal mate
NOTE: You need to pick a username and password to post a reply. Getting your account takes less than a minute, is totally anonymous, and 100% free—plus, it entitles you to features otherwise unavailable. Pick your username now and join the chessgames community!
If you already have an account, you should login now.
Please observe our posting guidelines:
  1. No obscene, racist, sexist, profane, raunchy, or disgusting language.
  2. No spamming, advertising, duplicate or nonsense posts.
  3. No malicious personal attacks, including cyber stalking, systematic antagonism, or gratuitous name-calling of any member Iincludinfgall Admin and Owners or any of their family, friends, associates, or business interests. If you think someone is an idiot, then provide evidence that their reasoning is invalid and/or idiotic, instead of just calling them an idiot. It's a subtle but important distinction, even in political discussions.
  4. Nothing in violation of United States law.
  5. No malicious posting of or linking to personal, private, and/or negative information (aka "doxing" or "doxxing") about any member, (including all Admin and Owners) or any of their family, friends, associates, or business interests. This includes all media: text, images, video, audio, or otherwise. Such actions will result in severe sanctions for any violators.
  6. NO TROLLING. Admin and Owners know it when they see it, and sanctions for any trolls will be significant.
  7. Any off-topic posts which distract from the primary topic of discussion are subject to removal.
  8. The use of "sock puppet" accounts to circumvent disciplinary action taken by Moderators is expressly prohibited.
  9. The use of "sock puppet" accounts in an attempt to undermine any side of a debate—or to create a false impression of consensus or support—is prohibited.
  10. All decisions with respect to deleting posts, and any subsequent discipline, are final, and occur at the sole discretion of the Moderators, Admin, and Owners.
  11. Please try to maintain a semblance of civility at all times.
Blow the Whistle See something that violates our rules? Blow the whistle and inform a Moderator.

NOTE: Keep all discussion on the topic of this page. This forum is for this specific player and nothing else. If you want to discuss chess in general, or this site, visit the Kibitzer's Café.

Messages posted by Chessgames members do not necessarily represent the views of, its employees, or sponsors. All Moderator actions taken are at the sole discretion of the Admin and Owners—who will strive to act fairly and consistently at all times.
Spot an error? Please suggest your correction and help us eliminate database mistakes!

home | about | login | logout | F.A.Q. | your profile | preferences | Premium Membership | Kibitzer's Café | Biographer's Bistro | new kibitzing | chessforums | Tournament Index | Player Directory | Notable Games | World Chess Championships | Opening Explorer | Guess the Move | Game Collections | ChessBookie Game | Chessgames Challenge | Store | privacy notice | contact us

Copyright 2001-2019, Chessgames Services LLC