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Qindarka
Member since Mar-24-15 · Last seen Oct-31-19
Compiling list of strong chess tournaments throughout history. List is largely derived from the Wikipedia page, 'List of strong chess tournaments. Credit to everyone who helped maintain the page.

- Does not include national championships

- Does not include open tournaments.

- Does not include team events

- Classical tournaments only (but includes tournaments with classical and rapid portions, such as Zurich 2013-2015)

- Includes World Championship events (World Championship tournaments, Candidates, Interzonals etc).

- Includes knockout tournaments

- Includes Swiss events only when they are part of the World Championship cycle (Interzonals in 1990 and 1993, Grand Prix 2017).

- A strong tournament is one that includes at least two top 10 players. (Kinghunt's old criteria). This is decided by referring to the official ELO lists (after 1971) and also Chessmetrics ratings (before 1971, and also from 1971-2005). There are cases for tournaments after 1971 where a tournament does not have at least 2 top 10 players in the official ELO lists but fulfill the criteria according to Chessmetrics. In this situation, I have still decided to consider it a strong tournament.

- A few Interzonal tournaments do not fulfill the criteria but are considered to be strong tournaments anyway for the sake of uniformity.

- In case of a tie for first:

i) if the tournament deems that victory is shared, all tied players get credit for the win.

ii)if the tournament decides a winner through a form of tiebreak (Sonneborn-Berger, number of wins etc), all tied players still get the credit for the win. (One exception is the London Candidates 2013, as even though the tie between Carlsen and Kramnik was decided only by number of wins, only Carlsen successfully managed to qualify for the title match and it seems a bit absurd to also consider Kramnik the tournament winner in this situation).

iii)if there is a playoff to decide the winner, only the winner of the playoff gets the credit for the win.

List of tournaments:

1850–1859

• 1851 London - Anderssen
• 1851 London (London Club) - Anderssen
• 1857 Manchester - Lφwenthal
• 1857 New York (American Chess Congress) - Morphy

• 1858 Birmingham - Lφwenthal

1860–1869

• 1861 Bristol - Paulsen
• 1862 London - Anderssen
• 1865 Dublin - Steinitz
• 1867 Paris - Kolisch
• 1867 Dundee - Neumann
• 1868 Aachen (WDSB Congress) - Lange
• 1869 Hamburg (NDSB Congress) - Anderssen
• 1869 Barmen (WDSB Congress) - Anderssen

1870–1879

• 1870 Baden-Baden - Anderssen
• 1871 Krefeld (WDSB Congress) - Paulsen
• 1872 Altona (NDSB Congress) - Anderssen
• 1872 London - Steinitz
• 1873 Vienna - Steinitz
• 1874 Chicago (American Chess Congress) - Mackenzie

• 1876 New York - Mackenzie
• 1876 Philadelphia (American Chess Congress) - Mason

• 1876 New York (Clipper) - Mason
• 1876 Leipzig (MDSB Congress) - Anderssen
• 1876 London - Blackburne
• 1877 Leipzig (MDSB Congress) - Paulsen
• 1878 Paris - Zukertort
• 1878 Frankfurt (WDSB Congress) - Paulsen
• 1879 London - Bird
• 1879 Leipzig (DSB Congress) - Englisch

1880–1889

• 1880 Wiesbaden - Blackburne, Englisch, Schwarz

• 1881 Berlin (DSB Congress) - Blackburne
• 1882 Vienna - Steinitz, Winawer
• 1883 London - Zukertort
• 1883 Nuremberg (DSB Congress) - Winawer
• 1885 Hamburg (DSB Congress) - Gunsberg
• 1885 Hereford - Blackburne
• 1886 London - Blackburne
• 1886 London (BCA Congress) - Blackburne
• 1886 Nottingham - Burn
• 1887 Frankfurt (DSB Congress) - Mackenzie
• 1887 London - Burn, Gunsberg
• 1888 Leipzig - von Bardeleben, Riemann
• 1888 Bradford - Gunsberg
• 1889 Amsterdam - Burn
• 1889 New York (American Chess Congress) - Weiss, Chigorin

• 1889 Breslau (DSB Congress) - Tarrasch

1890–1899

• 1890 Manchester - Tarrasch
• 1890 Vienna - Weiss
• 1890 Graz - Makovetz
• 1890 Berlin - Lasker, Lasker B.
• 1891 Berlin - Caro
• 1892 Dresden - (DSB Congress) Tarrasch
• 1892 London - Lasker
• 1894 Leipzig (DSB Congress) - Tarrasch
• 1895 Hastings - Pillsbury
• 1895/96 St Petersburg - Lasker
• 1896 Budapest - Chigorin
• 1896 Nuremberg - Lasker
• 1896 Vienna - Janowski
• 1897 Berlin - Charousek
• 1898 Budapest - Charousek
• 1898 Cologne (DSB Congress) - Burn
• 1898 Vienna - Tarrasch
• 1899 London - Lasker
• 1899/1900 Vienna - Marσczy

1900–1909

• 1900 Paris - Lasker
• 1900 Munich (DSB Congress) - Pillsbury, Schlechter, Maroczy

• 1901 Monte Carlo - Janowski
• 1902 Vienna - Janowski, Wolf
• 1902 Monte Carlo - Maroczy
• 1902 Hannover (DSB Congress) - Janowski
• 1903 Monte Carlo - Tarrasch
• 1904 Cambridge Springs - Marshall
• 1904 Monte Carlo - Maroczy
• 1904 Coburg (DSB Congress) - von Bardeleben, Schlechter, Swiderski

• 1905 Ostend - Maroczy
• 1905 Barmen - Janowski, Maroczy
• 1906 Ostend - Schlechter
• 1906 Stockholm - Bernstein, Schlechter
• 1906 Nuremberg (DSB Congress) - Marshall
• 1907 Vienna - Mieses
• 1907 Ostend - Tarrasch
• 1907 Carlsbad - Rubinstein
• 1908 Vienna - Maroczy, Schlechter, Duras
• 1908 Prague - Duras, Schlechter
• 1909 St. Petersburg - Lasker, Rubinstein

1910–1919

• 1910 Hamburg (DSB Congress) - Schlechter
• 1910/11 Vienna - Schlechter
• 1911 San Sebastian - Capablanca
• 1911 Carlsbad - Teichmann
• 1912 San Sebastian - Rubinstein
• 1912 Bad Pistyan - Rubinstein
• 1912 Breslau (DSB Congress) - Rubinstein, Duras

• 1913 New York - Capablanca
• 1913 Havana - Marshall
• 1913 Vienna - Schlechter
• 1913 Vienna (Vienna Club) - Spielmann
• 1914 St. Petersburg - Lasker
• 1914 Baden bei Wien - Spielmann
• 1914 Mannheim (DSB Congress) - Alekhine
• 1914 Vienna - Schlechter
• 1915 New York - Capablanca
• 1916/17 Vienna - Schlechter
• 1917/18 Vienna - Vidmar
• 1918 Berlin - Lasker
• 1918 Berlin (Four Masters) - Vidmar
• 1918 Kaschau - Reti
• 1918 New York - Capablanca
• 1919 Stockholm - Spielmann
• 1919 Hastings - Capablanca

1920–1929

• 1920 Amsterdam - Rιti
• 1920 Gφteborg - Rιti
• 1920 Berlin - Breyer
• 1921 Triberg - Alekhine
• 1921 Kiel - Bogoljubov
• 1921 Budapest - Alekhine
• 1921 The Hague - Alekhine
• 1922 Bad Pistyan - Bogoljubov
• 1922 London - Capablanca
• 1922 Vienna - Rubinstein
• 1922 Teplitz-Schφnau - Reti, Spielmann
• 1922 Hastings - Alekhine
• 1923 Margate - Grόnfeld
• 1923 Carlsbad - Alekhine, Bogoljubov, Maroczy
• 1923 Vienna - Tartakower
• 1923 Moravska Ostrava - Lasker
• 1923 Copenhagen - Nimzowitsch
• 1924 New York - Lasker
• 1924 Meran - Grόnfeld
• 1924/25 Hastings - Maroczy, Tartakower
• 1925 Debrecen - Kmoch
• 1925 Baden-Baden - Alekhine
• 1925 Paris - Alekhine
• 1925 Breslau (DSB Congress) - Bogoljubov
• 1925 Marienbad - Rubinstein, Nimzowitsch
• 1925 Moscow - Bogoljubov
• 1926 Hannover - Nimzowitsch
• 1926 Budapest - Grόnfeld, Monticelli
• 1926 Semmering - Spielmann
• 1926 Lake Hopatcong - Capablanca
• 1926 Chicago - Marshall
• 1926 Dresden - Nimzowitsch
• 1926 Berlin - Bogoljubov
• 1927 London - Nimzowitsch, Tartakower
• 1927 Kecskemιt - Alekhine
• 1927 Magdeburg (DSB Congress) - Spielmann
• 1927 New York - Capablanca
• 1928 Budapest - Capablanca
• 1928 Vienna - Rιti
• 1928 Dortmund - Sδmisch
• 1928 Bad Kissingen - Bogoljubov
• 1928 Berlin - Capablanca
• 1928 Berlin (BSG) - Nimzowitsch
• 1929 Carlsbad - Nimzowitsch
• 1929 Budapest - Capablanca
• 1929 Barcelona - Capablanca
• 1929/30 Hastings - Capablanca

1930–1939

• 1930 San Remo - Alekhine
• 1930 Scarborough - Colle
• 1930 Liege - Tartakower
• 1930/31 Hastings - Euwe
• 1931 New York - Capablanca
• 1931 Rotterdam - Landau
• 1931 Bled - Alekhine
• 1931/32 Hastings - Flohr
• 1932 Bad Sliac - Flohr, Vidmar
• 1932 London - Alekhine
• 1932 Pasadena - Alekhine
• 1932 Bern - Alekhine
• 1932 Mexico City - Alekhine, Kashdan
• 1932/33 Hastings - Flohr
• 1933 Paris - Alekhine
• 1933/34 Hastings - Flohr
• 1934 Syracuse - Reshevsky
• 1934 Zurich - Alekhine
• 1934 Ujpest - Lilienthal
• 1934 Leningrad - Botvinnik
• 1934/35 Hastings - Euwe, Flohr, Thomas
• 1935 Moscow - Botvinnik, Flohr
• 1935 Margate - Reshevsky
• 1935/36 - Hastings Fine
• 1936 Margate - Flohr
• 1936 Bad N

>> Click here to see Qindarka's game collections.

   Qindarka has kibitzed 73 times to chessgames   [more...]
   Aug-30-19 Sinquefield Cup (2019) (replies)
 
Qindarka: Crazy amount of recency bias here. Carlsen finished 2.5 points ahead of Ding in Zagreb not too long ago. I don't believe Ding has even scored more points than Carlsen in a tournament before. Way too early to proclaim him the better player or to declare a psychological advantage.
 
   Jul-25-19 Grand Prix Riga (2019) (replies)
 
Qindarka: Ding isn’t very good at winning tournaments but he is very good at scoring +1 or +2. He pretty much never has ‘bad’ tournaments anymore, Zagreb was the only one in the past two years or so where he didn’t finish on a positive score.
 
   Jul-10-19 Magnus Carlsen (replies)
 
Qindarka: People tend to overestimate the strength of the Soviet Championships. They seem to think that since the top players were mostly Soviet, the Soviet Championships were contested among the world elite. But top players often skipped it, increasingly so over the years, with some ...
 
   Jul-07-19 GCT Croatia (2019) (replies)
 
Qindarka: Lasker's best streak was 5 tournaments in a row from St Petersburg 1909 to New York 1924. He also won 4 in a row from St Petersburg 95/96 to Paris 1900. From 1895-1925, he played 12 tournaments, winning 9, finishing 2nd twice and 3rd once.
 
   May-21-19 FIDE Grand Prix Moscow (2019) (replies)
 
Qindarka: Short draws were much more common back then, due to the lack of anti-draw rules. Even players reputed to be great fighters like Tal, had their fair share of short draws.
 
   May-04-19 Grand Chess Tour Cote d’Ivoire (Rapid & Blitz) (2019) (replies)
 
Qindarka: This feels like it’s the first major chess event in sub-Saharan Africa. North Africa have hosted the Interzonal and FIDE Knockout Championships before.
 
   Apr-09-19 Gashimov Memorial (2019) (replies)
 
Qindarka: Ding has actually given Carlsen a very tough time in their classical games. He’s been the one with the winning chances.
 
   Feb-05-19 Vladimir Kramnik (replies)
 
Qindarka: <Fabelhaft> This is a bit off topic but I'd be interested to see your rankings on the greatest players never to win the title and whether you would rate any of them ahead of World Champions (of course Euwe would probably be overtaken by quite a few).
 
   Jan-30-19 Tata Steel Masters (2019) (replies)
 
Qindarka: Korchnoi was very impressed with Seirawan early on and invited him to be one of his seconds for his 1981 World Championship campaign.
 
   Jan-22-19 Carlsen vs Mamedyarov, 2019 (replies)
 
Qindarka: Is something weird going on? I can see the full game score whereas I’m seeing lots of complaints about it.
 
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