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William Ewart Napier
W Napier 
Number of games in database: 159
Years covered: 1894 to 1942

Overall record: +69 -44 =42 (58.1%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games in the database. 4 exhibition games, blitz/rapid, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.

With the White pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (18) 
    C78 C80 C67 C65 C64
 Orthodox Defense (12) 
    D51 D60 D55 D52 D50
 Sicilian (6) 
    B45 B30 B40 B44
 French Defense (6) 
    C02 C00 C10 C01
 King's Gambit Accepted (6) 
    C39 C33
 King's Gambit Declined (4) 
    C30 C32 C31
With the Black pieces:
 Ruy Lopez (17) 
    C67 C65 C77 C70 C78
 Sicilian (8) 
    B22 B25 B32 B30 B45
 King's Gambit Accepted (6) 
    C39 C33
 Petrov (6) 
 Queen's Pawn Game (4) 
    D00 D05 D01
 Tarrasch Defense (4) 
Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   W Napier vs NN, 1904 1-0
   W Napier vs W T Dickinson, 1904 1-0
   W Napier vs Marshall, 1896 1/2-1/2
   Von Bardeleben vs W Napier, 1902 0-1
   W Napier vs Marshall, 1901 1-0
   W Napier vs L Eisenberg, 1902 1-0
   W Napier vs Chigorin, 1902 1-0
   W Napier vs C S Howell, 1901 1-0
   J F Barry vs W Napier, 1904 0-1
   Marshall vs W Napier, 1896 0-1

NOTABLE TOURNAMENTS: [what is this?]
   Napier - Marshall (1896)
   British Championship (1904)
   Mieses - Napier (1905)
   London (1904)
   Buffalo (1901)
   13th DSB Kongress (Hanover) (1902)
   Monte Carlo (1902)
   Cambridge Springs (1904)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   1st British Chess Federation championship 1904 by jessicafischerqueen
   Mieses - Napier (1905) by MissScarlett
   Mieses - Napier (1905) by Chessical
   1901 Buffalo by Calli
   Atkins - Napier British Championship play-off by Chessical
   1905 Napier - Marshall by gauer

Search Sacrifice Explorer for William Ewart Napier
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(born Jan-17-1881, died Sep-06-1952, 71 years old) United Kingdom (federation/nationality United States of America)

[what is this?]

William Ewart Napier was born in Camberwell London, England. He routed Frank Marshall, three years his senior, in the Napier - Marshall (1896) match. He was British champion in 1904 (after a play-off) but is probably best remembered for a game he lost to Emanuel Lasker (See Lasker vs W Napier, 1904).

Brother of Edward John Napier.

He died in Washington D.C. in 1952.

Wikipedia article: William Ewart Napier

Last updated: 2022-12-06 21:05:16

 page 1 of 7; games 1-25 of 162  PGN Download
Game  ResultMoves YearEvent/LocaleOpening
1. Showalter vs W Napier 0-1471894Simul, 17bB45 Sicilian, Taimanov
2. W Napier vs C G Griswold  1-0411895YMCA Handicap tC64 Ruy Lopez, Classical
3. S G Ruth vs W Napier  ½-½481896Brooklyn CC mD07 Queen's Gambit Declined, Chigorin Defense
4. A Y Hesse vs W Napier  0-1351896Brooklyn CC Junior tC67 Ruy Lopez
5. W Napier vs S G Ruth 1-0101896MatchB30 Sicilian
6. Marshall vs W Napier 0-1231896Napier - MarshallC29 Vienna Gambit
7. W Napier vs Marshall 1-0471896Napier - MarshallB01 Scandinavian
8. Marshall vs W Napier 0-1771896Napier - MarshallC55 Two Knights Defense
9. W Napier vs Marshall ½-½751896Napier - MarshallC02 French, Advance
10. Marshall vs W Napier ½-½721896Napier - MarshallC50 Giuoco Piano
11. W Napier vs Marshall 1-0351896Napier - MarshallB06 Robatsch
12. Marshall vs W Napier 0-1341896Napier - MarshallC45 Scotch Game
13. W Napier vs Marshall 1-0681896Napier - MarshallC00 French Defense
14. Marshall vs W Napier 1-0271896Napier - MarshallD31 Queen's Gambit Declined
15. W Napier vs Marshall ½-½751896Napier - MarshallC00 French Defense
16. Marshall vs W Napier 0-1381896Napier - MarshallA84 Dutch
17. W Napier vs Marshall 1-0651896Brooklyn CC ChampionshipC02 French, Advance
18. Marshall vs W Napier 1-0461897Brooklyn CC chA80 Dutch
19. Marshall vs W Napier 1-0541897Ch CityD01 Richter-Veresov Attack
20. W Napier vs Frederick Paul Zerega  1-0151897Blindfold simul, 2bC51 Evans Gambit
21. Steinitz vs W Napier  1-0321897Thousand IslandsD37 Queen's Gambit Declined
22. W Napier vs Lipschutz  0-1331897Thousand IslandsB30 Sicilian
23. W Napier vs Steinitz 1-0631897Thousand IslandsC64 Ruy Lopez, Classical
24. Lipschutz vs W Napier  1-0331897Thousand IslandsC77 Ruy Lopez
25. S T King vs W Napier 0-1341898USA corrD63 Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense
 page 1 of 7; games 1-25 of 162  PGN Download
  REFINE SEARCH:   White wins (1-0) | Black wins (0-1) | Draws (1/2-1/2) | Napier wins | Napier loses  

Kibitzer's Corner
< Earlier Kibitzing  · PAGE 3 OF 3 ·  Later Kibitzing>
Apr-03-13  thomastonk: <rookhouse> Thanks. The Standard-Union was not my source for 7.f3. But the next move of the king bishop there is 32.♗d3 as in the database I mentioned.

So, let's assume 7.f3 happened. Then, after 7... d6 8.0-0?, Black could have won a piece easily by 8.. ♘xd4. Moreover, following the game until 14.♗xd6, Black could again win, this time by 14.. ♕b6+ and 15.. ♖d8, but this is a little bit more complicated. There are some more occassions like this. So, 7.♗f3 is more likely, I think.

May-13-13  Graham1973: Found an article with three games, one of which may have been his last from 1942.

Oct-13-13  redwhitechess: from the Sunday Times Perth 1905:

Creassey Edward C Tattersall vs William Ewart Napier, Hastings 1st British Champ 1904

1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 Nf6 4.O-O Nxe4 5.d4 Nd6 6.Bxc6 dxc6 7.dxe5 Nf5 8. Qxd8+ Kxd8 9.Rd1+ Ke8 10.Nc3 h6 11.b3 Bb4 12.Bb2 Bxc3 13.Bxc3 a5 14.Rd2 Ne7 15.Rad1 Nd5 16.Bb2 Bg4 17.c4 Nf4 18.h3 Bxf3 19.gxf3 Nxh3+ 20.Kh2 Nf4 21.Rd7 Ne6 22.Ba3 c5 23.f4 g6 24.Kg3 b6 25.Bb2 Kf8 26.a4 Kg7 27.Kf3 Rhd8 28.Ke4 Rxd7 29.Rxd7 Rd8 30.Rxd8 Nxd8 31.e6+ Kf8 32.Bg7+ Ke7 33.exf7 Nxf7 34.Be5 Nxe5 35.fxe5 Ke6 36.f4 c6 37.Kf3 Kf5 38.Kg3 g5 39.Kf3 gxf4 40.e6 Kxe6 41.Kxf4 h5 0-1

Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: <Napier's Trick Problem>

click for larger view

White to play and mate with the knight on f4 in three moves. ("Brooklyn Daily Eagle", September 30, 1900).

Jan-17-15  zanzibar: Mentioned here:

March 15, 1900 Brooklyn Daily Eagle (p14):

<W.E. Napier, Brooklyn's former champion, is now in Paris France where he expects to remain some time. After leaving Berlin quite recently he visited Dresden and Cologne and may cross over to London for the cable match. He contemplates returning to this country during the summer.>

May-03-15  TheFocus: <Of chess it has often been said that life is not long enough for it - but that is the fault of life, not chess> - William Napier.
May-09-15  TheFocus: <In the laboratory the gambits all test unfavorably, but the old rule wears well, that all gambits are sound over the board> - William Ewart Napier.
May-12-15  TheFocus: <The pawn move is a capital investment. Every one of the forty-eight should, from the beginning, be spent as if it were one of the last forty-eight apprehensive and responsible dollars between yourself and starvation> - William Ewart Napier.
May-25-15  TheFocus: <Castle if you will, or if you must, but not when you can> - William Napier.
Oct-23-15  zanzibar: Focus - that last quote is Napier quoting Pillsbury, I believe.

Better check all your other Napier quotes as well...

* * * * *

Napier's sole book is the basis of this wonderful collection by <Phony>

Game Collection: Amenities and Background of Chess-play

Might have been mentioned in the past, but well deserving of a rerun if so.

Oct-23-15  TheFocus: The chess quotes attributed to Napier are from
Oct-23-15  zanzibar: I thought that might be the case... too bad since Napier is the source of many great quotes.

His book, (Horowitz edition), is on hathitrust:

Oct-23-15  TheFocus: Yes, he is. I wish I had that book. Wish list material.
Oct-23-15  zanzibar: Here's a good breakdown of quotes garnered from Napier's <Amenities and Background> book:

Thanks to Edward Winter.

Some of content looks like direct quotes of Napier, e.g.

<237. ‘Spielmann plays always like an educated cave-man, who fell asleep several thousand years ago, – and woke up quite lately in the Black Forest.’>

(Item numbers from Napier's work (sans page numbers))

Premium Chessgames Member
  Phony Benoni: <Zanzibar> Hmm. Another project I need to get back to.
Jan-17-16  TheFocus: Happy birthday, William Napier.
Feb-10-16  morfishine: More bio is definitely needed on Napier. While we know he pursued business interests besides chess, there must be more amplifying information on his life


Feb-11-16  TheFocus: <morfishine> <More bio is definitely needed on Napier. While we know he pursued business interests besides chess, there must be more amplifying information on his life>

John Hilbert did an excellent book about Napier. Lots of info there.

Apr-03-16  zanzibar: Biographer Bistro (kibitz #13682)
Apr-19-16  bengalcat47: Does anyone know why Napier appears to have "retired" from competing in major chess events after 1905? I'm just wondering, that's all.
Premium Chessgames Member
  offramp: <bengalcat47: Does anyone know why Napier appears to have "retired" from competing in major chess events after 1905? I'm just wondering, that's all.>

Just wondering, eh? TBH it sounds like more than that. I think I may know the answer to your question but I would need proof that you are really Just Wondering.

One can't be too careful these days.

Premium Chessgames Member
  keypusher: <bengalcat47>

Like many chess masters down to the present, he seems to have decided there were easier ways to make a living. He became an insurance executive.

Here's a short article about him from the amazing <Chess Archeology> site.

And here's an 1920 advertisement for an insurance agent position with the Scranton Insurance Company. Applications to W.E. Napier, Secretary. God, I love the internet.

Jan-17-17  TheFocus: Happy birthday, William Napier.
Premium Chessgames Member
  Stonehenge: "Napier's parents returned to England about the turn of the century".

Ernest J Clarke in

Premium Chessgames Member
  WTHarvey: Here's a short list of chess puzzles from his games Find the winning moves.
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