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Tartakower invented the Catalan
Compiled by Pacificknight
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Savielly Tartakower created an opening idea at the Barcelona tournament of 1929 as a tribute to the region of Catalonia. Tartakower introduced the idea of a kingside fianchetto by White versus an Indian defence. Later, the Catalan became defined as a specific opening structure:


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The Catalan is not only an Indian Opening; it also can be reached from the QGD. The Indian order goes 1 d4 Nf6 2 c4 e6 3 g3 d5 4 Nf3. The QGD order is 1 d4 d5 2 c4 e6 3 Nf3 Nf6 4 g3.

Savielly Tartakower plays his fianchetto idea
Tartakower vs J Torres Caravaca, 1929 
(E60) King's Indian Defense, 47 moves, 1-0

transposition anticipating Tartakower
T Regedzinski vs M Brody, 1928 
(E01) Catalan, Closed, 19 moves, 1-0

transposition anticipating Tartakower
Reti vs Leonhardt, 1928
(A49) King's Indian, Fianchetto without c4, 41 moves, 1/2-1/2

first occurence of QGD move order
Prokes vs H Wagner, 1927
(D02) Queen's Pawn Game, 45 moves, 0-1

Carls transposition from English anticipating Tartakower
Carls vs O Antze, 1922
(E07) Catalan, Closed, 46 moves, 1/2-1/2

Carls transposition from English anticipating Tartakower
Carls vs Saemisch, 1920 
(A14) English, 92 moves, 1-0

earliest game to reach Catalan position
Blackburne vs J W Baird, 1894 
(D02) Queen's Pawn Game, 37 moves, 1-0

7 games

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