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USSR Championship 1978
Compiled by suenteus po 147
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The 46th Soviet Chess Championship was a category XII event played in the city of Tbilisi from December 1st to the 28th in 1978. Eighteen of the USSR's best grandmasters and masters participated in the tournament, including (in order of ELO): Mikhail Tal (2625), Lev Polugaevsky (2620), Oleg Romanishin (2610), Efim Geller (2590), Vladimir Tukmakov (2570), Boris Gulko (2565), Evgeni Sveshnikov (2565), Gennadi Kuzmin (2560), Josif Dorfman (2550), Vitaly Tseshkovsky (2550), Tamas Georgadze (2535), Alexander Beliavsky (2530), Gennadi Timoshchenko (2530), Vladimir Bagirov (2505), Sergey Makarichev (2495), Yuri Razuvaev (2465), Adrian Mikhalchishin (2460), and unrated Junior player Garry Kasparov. The former world champion Mikhail Tal won his sixth and final Soviet crown, sharing first with Vitaly Tseshkovsky at a final score of 11/17 each. Young Kasparov had qualified for his first ever Soviet Championship and managed a plus score at the end. The final standings and crosstable are as follows:

01 Tal 11/17 * 1 1 1 1 1

02 Tseshkovsky 11/17 * 1 1 0 1 1 1 1

03 Polugaevsky 10/17 * 0 1 1 1 1

04 Georgadze 9.5/17 * 1 1

05 Sveshnikov 9/17 * 1 1 0 1 0

06 Kasparov 9/17 0 1 * 1 0 0 1 1

07 Geller 9/17 0 0 * 1 1 1

08 Romanishin 9/17 0 0 0 * 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0

09 Beliavsky 9/17 0 0 0 1 * 1 1 1 0 1

10 Gulko 8/17 1 0 1 0 0 *

11 Bagirov 8/17 0 0 * 1

12 Makarichev 8/17 0 0 1 *

13 Razuvaev 7.5/17 0 0 1 * 0

14 Timoshchenko 7.5/17 0 0 * 1 0

15 Tukmakov 7.5/17 0 0 0 * 1

16 Mikhalchishin 7.5/17 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 *

17 Dorfman 6.5/17 0 0 0 0 0 * 1

18 Kuzmin 6/17 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 *

Round One
Bagirov vs Gulko, 1978
(A92) Dutch, 27 moves, 1/2-1/2

Geller vs Kasparov, 1978 
(B18) Caro-Kann, Classical, 42 moves, 1/2-1/2

G Kuzmin vs G Timoshchenko, 1978
(B31) Sicilian, Rossolimo Variation, 22 moves, 1/2-1/2

S Makarichev vs Beliavsky, 1978
(B90) Sicilian, Najdorf, 34 moves, 1/2-1/2

Polugaevsky vs Razuvaev, 1978
(D86) Grunfeld, Exchange, 23 moves, 1/2-1/2

Romanishin vs Mikhalchishin, 1978
(B11) Caro-Kann, Two Knights, 3...Bg4, 39 moves, 1-0

Tal vs I D Dorfman, 1978 
(D31) Queen's Gambit Declined, 47 moves, 1-0

Tseshkovsky vs Sveshnikov, 1978
(B45) Sicilian, Taimanov, 27 moves, 1/2-1/2

V Tukmakov vs T Georgadze, 1978
(D37) Queen's Gambit Declined, 36 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Two
Beliavsky vs Polugaevsky, 1978
(B84) Sicilian, Scheveningen, 29 moves, 1/2-1/2

I D Dorfman vs Geller, 1978
(E06) Catalan, Closed, 5.Nf3, 26 moves, 1/2-1/2

T Georgadze vs G Kuzmin, 1978
(B67) Sicilian, Richter-Rauzer Attack, 7...a6 Defense, 8...Bd7, 23 moves, 1/2-1/2

Gulko vs S Makarichev, 1978
(A14) English, 63 moves, 1/2-1/2

Kasparov vs Bagirov, 1978 
(B17) Caro-Kann, Steinitz Variation, 30 moves, 1/2-1/2

Mikhalchishin vs G Timoshchenko, 1978
(D76) Neo-Grunfeld, 6.cd Nxd5, 7.O-O Nb6, 53 moves, 1-0

Razuvaev vs V Tukmakov, 1978
(A56) Benoni Defense, 52 moves, 1/2-1/2

Romanishin vs Tseshkovsky, 1978 
(E63) King's Indian, Fianchetto, Panno Variation, 27 moves, 1/2-1/2

Sveshnikov vs Tal, 1978
(B22) Sicilian, Alapin, 21 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Three
Bagirov vs I D Dorfman, 1978
(A56) Benoni Defense, 18 moves, 1/2-1/2

Geller vs Sveshnikov, 1978 
(B33) Sicilian, 34 moves, 0-1

G Kuzmin vs Razuvaev, 1978
(B17) Caro-Kann, Steinitz Variation, 84 moves, 1-0

S Makarichev vs Kasparov, 1978 
(A10) English, 22 moves, 1/2-1/2

Polugaevsky vs Gulko, 1978 
(D86) Grunfeld, Exchange, 60 moves, 1/2-1/2

Tal vs Romanishin, 1978
(D25) Queen's Gambit Accepted, 42 moves, 1/2-1/2

G Timoshchenko vs T Georgadze, 1978
(B45) Sicilian, Taimanov, 56 moves, 1/2-1/2

Tseshkovsky vs Mikhalchishin, 1978
(C67) Ruy Lopez, 28 moves, 1-0

V Tukmakov vs Beliavsky, 1978
(E15) Queen's Indian, 29 moves, 0-1

Round Four
Beliavsky vs G Kuzmin, 1978 
(C91) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 41 moves, 1-0

I D Dorfman vs S Makarichev, 1978
(E20) Nimzo-Indian, 21 moves, 1/2-1/2

Gulko vs V Tukmakov, 1978
(E60) King's Indian Defense, 21 moves, 1/2-1/2

Kasparov vs Polugaevsky, 1978 
(B43) Sicilian, Kan, 5.Nc3, 46 moves, 1-0

Mikhalchishin vs T Georgadze, 1978 
(A34) English, Symmetrical, 15 moves, 1/2-1/2

Razuvaev vs G Timoshchenko, 1978
(A57) Benko Gambit, 22 moves, 1/2-1/2

Romanishin vs Geller, 1978
(D37) Queen's Gambit Declined, 59 moves, 0-1

Sveshnikov vs Bagirov, 1978 
(B13) Caro-Kann, Exchange, 42 moves, 1-0

Tseshkovsky vs Tal, 1978
(C82) Ruy Lopez, Open, 46 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Five
Bagirov vs Romanishin, 1978
(D20) Queen's Gambit Accepted, 23 moves, 0-1

Geller vs Tseshkovsky, 1978
(A34) English, Symmetrical, 41 moves, 1/2-1/2

T Georgadze vs Razuvaev, 1978
(B08) Pirc, Classical, 49 moves, 1-0

G Kuzmin vs Gulko, 1978
(E48) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3 O-O 5.Bd3 d5, 47 moves, 1/2-1/2

S Makarichev vs Sveshnikov, 1978
(B45) Sicilian, Taimanov, 44 moves, 1-0

Polugaevsky vs I D Dorfman, 1978 
(D70) Neo-Grunfeld Defense, 36 moves, 1-0

Tal vs Mikhalchishin, 1978 
(D44) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 34 moves, 1-0

G Timoshchenko vs Beliavsky, 1978
(C92) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 66 moves, 0-1

V Tukmakov vs Kasparov, 1978
(A56) Benoni Defense, 21 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Six
Beliavsky vs T Georgadze, 1978
(D37) Queen's Gambit Declined, 37 moves, 1/2-1/2

I D Dorfman vs V Tukmakov, 1978
(E62) King's Indian, Fianchetto, 25 moves, 1/2-1/2

Gulko vs G Timoshchenko, 1978
(D10) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, 30 moves, 1/2-1/2

Kasparov vs G Kuzmin, 1978 
(C97) Ruy Lopez, Closed, Chigorin, 41 moves, 1-0

Mikhalchishin vs Razuvaev, 1978
(C92) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 23 moves, 1/2-1/2

Romanishin vs S Makarichev, 1978
(A15) English, 40 moves, 1/2-1/2

Sveshnikov vs Polugaevsky, 1978
(B22) Sicilian, Alapin, 44 moves, 1/2-1/2

Tal vs Geller, 1978 
(D55) Queen's Gambit Declined, 30 moves, 1/2-1/2

Tseshkovsky vs Bagirov, 1978
(B18) Caro-Kann, Classical, 22 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Seven
Bagirov vs Tal, 1978
(A34) English, Symmetrical, 19 moves, 1/2-1/2

Geller vs Mikhalchishin, 1978 
(B84) Sicilian, Scheveningen, 32 moves, 1-0

T Georgadze vs Gulko, 1978
(C65) Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense, 68 moves, 1-0

G Kuzmin vs I D Dorfman, 1978 
(C80) Ruy Lopez, Open, 43 moves, 0-1

S Makarichev vs Tseshkovsky, 1978
(B90) Sicilian, Najdorf, 74 moves, 0-1

Polugaevsky vs Romanishin, 1978
(D19) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, Dutch, 41 moves, 1-0

Razuvaev vs Beliavsky, 1978
(E04) Catalan, Open, 5.Nf3, 73 moves, 1/2-1/2

G Timoshchenko vs Kasparov, 1978 
(B40) Sicilian, 41 moves, 1-0

V Tukmakov vs Sveshnikov, 1978
(B45) Sicilian, Taimanov, 49 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Eight
I D Dorfman vs G Timoshchenko, 1978
(D19) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, Dutch, 44 moves, 1/2-1/2

Geller vs Bagirov, 1978
(B05) Alekhine's Defense, Modern, 30 moves, 1/2-1/2

Gulko vs Razuvaev, 1978
(A04) Reti Opening, 20 moves, 1/2-1/2

Kasparov vs T Georgadze, 1978
(D55) Queen's Gambit Declined, 22 moves, 1/2-1/2

Mikhalchishin vs Beliavsky, 1978
(D37) Queen's Gambit Declined, 41 moves, 1-0

Romanishin vs V Tukmakov, 1978
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 26 moves, 1-0

Sveshnikov vs G Kuzmin, 1978
(B60) Sicilian, Richter-Rauzer, 41 moves, 1/2-1/2

Tal vs S Makarichev, 1978 
(A29) English, Four Knights, Kingside Fianchetto, 33 moves, 1-0

Tseshkovsky vs Polugaevsky, 1978
(B50) Sicilian, 14 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Nine
Bagirov vs Mikhalchishin, 1978
(A09) Reti Opening, 24 moves, 1/2-1/2

Beliavsky vs Gulko, 1978
(D26) Queen's Gambit Accepted, 30 moves, 1-0

T Georgadze vs I D Dorfman, 1978
(B42) Sicilian, Kan, 30 moves, 1/2-1/2

G Kuzmin vs Romanishin, 1978
(E44) Nimzo-Indian, Fischer Variation, 5.Ne2, 46 moves, 1-0

S Makarichev vs Geller, 1978
(B52) Sicilian, Canal-Sokolsky (Rossolimo) Attack, 15 moves, 1/2-1/2

Polugaevsky vs Tal, 1978
(D58) Queen's Gambit Declined, Tartakower (Makagonov-Bondarevsky) Syst, 34 moves, 1/2-1/2

Razuvaev vs Kasparov, 1978 
(B90) Sicilian, Najdorf, 35 moves, 1-0

G Timoshchenko vs Sveshnikov, 1978
(B33) Sicilian, 14 moves, 1/2-1/2

V Tukmakov vs Tseshkovsky, 1978
(E63) King's Indian, Fianchetto, Panno Variation, 33 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Ten
Bagirov vs S Makarichev, 1978
(A28) English, 41 moves, 1/2-1/2

I D Dorfman vs Razuvaev, 1978
(A46) Queen's Pawn Game, 44 moves, 1/2-1/2

Geller vs Polugaevsky, 1978
(B84) Sicilian, Scheveningen, 38 moves, 0-1

Kasparov vs Beliavsky, 1978 
(D58) Queen's Gambit Declined, Tartakower (Makagonov-Bondarevsky) Syst, 42 moves, 1-0

Mikhalchishin vs Gulko, 1978
(A38) English, Symmetrical, 27 moves, 1/2-1/2

Romanishin vs G Timoshchenko, 1978
(B25) Sicilian, Closed, 40 moves, 1-0

Sveshnikov vs T Georgadze, 1978
(B81) Sicilian, Scheveningen, Keres Attack, 37 moves, 1/2-1/2

Tal vs V Tukmakov, 1978
(B96) Sicilian, Najdorf, 27 moves, 1/2-1/2

Tseshkovsky vs G Kuzmin, 1978
(C87) Ruy Lopez, 35 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Eleven
Beliavsky vs I D Dorfman, 1978
(C82) Ruy Lopez, Open, 42 moves, 1/2-1/2

T Georgadze vs Romanishin, 1978
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 25 moves, 1/2-1/2

Gulko vs Kasparov, 1978 
(A00) Uncommon Opening, 57 moves, 1/2-1/2

G Kuzmin vs Tal, 1978
(E55) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3, Gligoric System, Bronstein Variation, 43 moves, 0-1

S Makarichev vs Mikhalchishin, 1978
(D32) Queen's Gambit Declined, Tarrasch, 36 moves, 1/2-1/2

Polugaevsky vs Bagirov, 1978
(D86) Grunfeld, Exchange, 49 moves, 1/2-1/2

Razuvaev vs Sveshnikov, 1978
(E04) Catalan, Open, 5.Nf3, 37 moves, 1/2-1/2

G Timoshchenko vs Tseshkovsky, 1978
(B52) Sicilian, Canal-Sokolsky (Rossolimo) Attack, 20 moves, 1/2-1/2

V Tukmakov vs Geller, 1978
(D37) Queen's Gambit Declined, 18 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Twelve
Bagirov vs V Tukmakov, 1978 
(A34) English, Symmetrical, 37 moves, 1/2-1/2

I D Dorfman vs Gulko, 1978
(D94) Grunfeld, 20 moves, 1/2-1/2

Geller vs G Kuzmin, 1978 
(B77) Sicilian, Dragon, Yugoslav Attack, 31 moves, 1-0

S Makarichev vs Polugaevsky, 1978
(E16) Queen's Indian, 22 moves, 1/2-1/2

Mikhalchishin vs Kasparov, 1978 
(B82) Sicilian, Scheveningen, 82 moves, 1-0

Romanishin vs Razuvaev, 1978
(C92) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 48 moves, 1/2-1/2

Sveshnikov vs Beliavsky, 1978
(B22) Sicilian, Alapin, 49 moves, 1/2-1/2

Tal vs G Timoshchenko, 1978
(D56) Queen's Gambit Declined, 28 moves, 1/2-1/2

Tseshkovsky vs T Georgadze, 1978
(B33) Sicilian, 123 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Thirteen
Beliavsky vs Romanishin, 1978
(D25) Queen's Gambit Accepted, 48 moves, 1-0

T Georgadze vs Tal, 1978 
(B51) Sicilian, Canal-Sokolsky (Rossolimo) Attack, 64 moves, 1/2-1/2

Gulko vs Sveshnikov, 1978
(E04) Catalan, Open, 5.Nf3, 32 moves, 1-0

Kasparov vs I D Dorfman, 1978 
(C92) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 39 moves, 1-0

G Kuzmin vs Bagirov, 1978 
(B05) Alekhine's Defense, Modern, 57 moves, 0-1

Polugaevsky vs Mikhalchishin, 1978
(D63) Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense, 23 moves, 1/2-1/2

Razuvaev vs Tseshkovsky, 1978
(A57) Benko Gambit, 42 moves, 0-1

G Timoshchenko vs Geller, 1978
(C84) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 22 moves, 1/2-1/2

V Tukmakov vs S Makarichev, 1978
(A00) Uncommon Opening, 30 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Fourteen
Bagirov vs G Timoshchenko, 1978
(A01) Nimzovich-Larsen Attack, 41 moves, 1/2-1/2

Geller vs T Georgadze, 1978
(D86) Grunfeld, Exchange, 52 moves, 1/2-1/2

S Makarichev vs G Kuzmin, 1978
(B00) Uncommon King's Pawn Opening, 58 moves, 1/2-1/2

Mikhalchishin vs I D Dorfman, 1978
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 22 moves, 1/2-1/2

Polugaevsky vs V Tukmakov, 1978
(A32) English, Symmetrical Variation, 57 moves, 1/2-1/2

Romanishin vs Gulko, 1978
(A15) English, 52 moves, 1-0

Sveshnikov vs Kasparov, 1978 
(B14) Caro-Kann, Panov-Botvinnik Attack, 20 moves, 1/2-1/2

Tal vs Razuvaev, 1978
(C92) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 26 moves, 1/2-1/2

Tseshkovsky vs Beliavsky, 1978
(C91) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 41 moves, 1-0

Round Fifteen
Beliavsky vs Tal, 1978 
(D63) Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defense, 41 moves, 0-1

I D Dorfman vs Sveshnikov, 1978
(D48) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, Meran, 30 moves, 1/2-1/2

T Georgadze vs Bagirov, 1978
(A17) English, 36 moves, 1/2-1/2

Gulko vs Tseshkovsky, 1978
(D96) Grunfeld, Russian Variation, 30 moves, 1-0

Kasparov vs Romanishin, 1978
(A28) English, 39 moves, 1/2-1/2

G Kuzmin vs Polugaevsky, 1978
(B91) Sicilian, Najdorf, Zagreb (Fianchetto) Variation, 63 moves, 0-1

Razuvaev vs Geller, 1978
(E06) Catalan, Closed, 5.Nf3, 19 moves, 1/2-1/2

G Timoshchenko vs S Makarichev, 1978
(A13) English, 24 moves, 1/2-1/2

V Tukmakov vs Mikhalchishin, 1978 
(D45) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 46 moves, 1-0

Round Sixteen
Bagirov vs Razuvaev, 1978
(A33) English, Symmetrical, 57 moves, 1/2-1/2

Geller vs Beliavsky, 1978
(C92) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 21 moves, 1/2-1/2

S Makarichev vs T Georgadze, 1978
(B45) Sicilian, Taimanov, 30 moves, 1/2-1/2

Mikhalchishin vs Sveshnikov, 1978
(D55) Queen's Gambit Declined, 30 moves, 1/2-1/2

Polugaevsky vs G Timoshchenko, 1978
(D18) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, Dutch, 23 moves, 1/2-1/2

Romanishin vs I D Dorfman, 1978
(A06) Reti Opening, 41 moves, 1-0

Tal vs Gulko, 1978
(A39) English, Symmetrical, Main line with d4, 21 moves, 1/2-1/2

Tseshkovsky vs Kasparov, 1978 
(B18) Caro-Kann, Classical, 51 moves, 1-0

V Tukmakov vs G Kuzmin, 1978
(E60) King's Indian Defense, 53 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Seventeen
Beliavsky vs Bagirov, 1978
(B13) Caro-Kann, Exchange, 36 moves, 1/2-1/2

I D Dorfman vs Tseshkovsky, 1978 
(A04) Reti Opening, 55 moves, 0-1

T Georgadze vs Polugaevsky, 1978
(B44) Sicilian, 41 moves, 1/2-1/2

Gulko vs Geller, 1978
(D04) Queen's Pawn Game, 22 moves, 1/2-1/2

Kasparov vs Tal, 1978 
(C69) Ruy Lopez, Exchange, Gligoric Variation, 17 moves, 1/2-1/2

G Kuzmin vs Mikhalchishin, 1978
(C69) Ruy Lopez, Exchange, Gligoric Variation, 15 moves, 1/2-1/2

Razuvaev vs S Makarichev, 1978
(E17) Queen's Indian, 27 moves, 1/2-1/2

Sveshnikov vs Romanishin, 1978 
(B06) Robatsch, 38 moves, 1-0

G Timoshchenko vs V Tukmakov, 1978
(B62) Sicilian, Richter-Rauzer, 30 moves, 1-0

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