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Leipzig 1879
Compiled by suenteus po 147
--*--

The city of Leipzig was the birthplace of the Deutschen Schachbund on July 18th, 1877. Over the next two years sixty-two chess clubs would become members of the foundling chess federation. Hofrat von Gottschall became the chairman of the federation and Hermann Zwanzig was made the general secretary. The Deutschen Schachbund reconvened at the Schützenhaus on July 15th, 1879. To commemorate the meeting, a Schachkongresse master's tournament was organized. This inaugural event was largely an internal affair. Three invitations went out to Austrian chess masters: Berthold Englisch, Karl Pitschel, and Adolf Schwarz. The remaining nine seats went to German chess masters: Louis and Wilfried Paulsen, Max Bier, Ernst Flechsig, Fritz Riemann, Emil Schallopp, Arnold Schottlaender, Johannes Von Minckwitz, and Carl Wemmers. The field and format were extremely limited, with two rounds being played on most days of the tournament. Records have been such that ten of the sixty-six games have not survived to the present day, and therefore they have been omitted from this collection. However, what began with the Deutschen Schachbund in Leipzig in 1879 would in the next two years evolve into one of the stronger and more widely recognized of international chess competitions the world would see over the course of the latter 19th century. Berthold Englisch won this event with 9 wins out of his eleven games, all of which have been preserved and can be found in the collection below.

The final standings and crosstable:

1st Englisch 9½/11 * 1 1 ½ 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1

2nd Paulsen, L 9/11 0 * 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1

3rd Schwarz 7/11 0 0 * 0 1 1 1 ½ ½ 1 1 1

4th Bier 6½/11 ½ 0 1 * 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0

5th Riemann 6/11 0 0 0 1 * 0 1 1 1 0 1 1

=6th Pitschel 5/11 0 0 0 0 1 * ½ 1 1 ½ 1 0

=6th Schallopp 5/11 0 0 0 0 0 ½ * 1 1 ½ 1 1

=8th Schottlaender 4½/11 1 0 ½ 0 0 0 0 * ½ 1 ½ 1

=8th Flechsig 4½/11 0 1 ½ 0 0 0 0 ½ * ½ 1 1

10th Paulsen, W 3½/11 0 0 0 0 1 ½ ½ 0 ½ * 0 1

11th Von Minckwitz 2½/11 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 ½ 0 0 * 1

12th Wemmers 2/11 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 *

*As usual, much of the historical content is credited to Jan van Reek.

Round One, July 14th
Englisch vs J Minckwitz, 1879
(B46) Sicilian, Taimanov Variation, 62 moves, 1-0

E Flechsig vs A Schottlaender, 1879 
(C11) French, 49 moves, 1/2-1/2

Paulsen vs K Pitschel, 1879
(A10) English, 36 moves, 1-0

A Schwarz vs F Riemann, 1879 
(C49) Four Knights, 17 moves, 1-0

Round Two, July 14th
E Flechsig vs Englisch, 1879
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 67 moves, 0-1

Paulsen vs E Schallopp, 1879
(C48) Four Knights, 40 moves, 1-0

F Riemann vs K Pitschel, 1879 
(C59) Two Knights, 35 moves, 0-1

A Schottlaender vs J Minckwitz, 1879 
(C50) Giuoco Piano, 56 moves, 1/2-1/2

A Schwarz vs W Paulsen, 1879
(B40) Sicilian, 44 moves, 1-0

Wemmers vs M Bier, 1879
(C55) Two Knights Defense, 40 moves, 1-0

Round Three, July 15th
M Bier vs A Schwarz, 1879 
(C01) French, Exchange, 52 moves, 1-0

Englisch vs Paulsen, 1879 
(B45) Sicilian, Taimanov, 51 moves, 1-0

E Flechsig vs Wemmers, 1879
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 32 moves, 1-0

W Paulsen vs J Minckwitz, 1879 
(C49) Four Knights, 70 moves, 1-0

K Pitschel vs A Schottlaender, 1879
(A07) King's Indian Attack, 37 moves, 1-0

E Schallopp vs F Riemann, 1879 
(C45) Scotch Game, 76 moves, 0-1

Round Four, July 15th
M Bier vs K Pitschel, 1879
(C67) Ruy Lopez, 25 moves, 1-0

Englisch vs F Riemann, 1879 
(C65) Ruy Lopez, Berlin Defense, 70 moves, 1-0

W Paulsen vs E Flechsig, 1879
(A20) English, 29 moves, 1/2-1/2

A Schwarz vs Paulsen, 1879
(B40) Sicilian, 43 moves, 0-1

J Minckwitz vs Wemmers, 1879
(C51) Evans Gambit, 35 moves, 1-0

Round Five, July 16th
M Bier vs J Minckwitz, 1879
(C49) Four Knights, 36 moves, 0-1

E Flechsig vs K Pitschel, 1879
(C44) King's Pawn Game, 34 moves, 0-1

F Riemann vs Paulsen, 1879 
(B23) Sicilian, Closed, 21 moves, 0-1

E Schallopp vs A Schwarz, 1879
(C01) French, Exchange, 37 moves, 0-1

A Schottlaender vs W Paulsen, 1879 
(B43) Sicilian, Kan, 5.Nc3, 39 moves, 1-0

Wemmers vs Englisch, 1879 
(C50) Giuoco Piano, 23 moves, 0-1

Round Six, July 17th
Englisch vs A Schottlaender, 1879 
(B45) Sicilian, Taimanov, 37 moves, 0-1

Paulsen vs M Bier, 1879
(C49) Four Knights, 45 moves, 1-0

W Paulsen vs F Riemann, 1879 
(A00) Uncommon Opening, 29 moves, 1-0

K Pitschel vs E Schallopp, 1879 
(C25) Vienna, 64 moves, 1/2-1/2

A Schwarz vs Wemmers, 1879 
(C48) Four Knights, 31 moves, 1-0

J Minckwitz vs E Flechsig, 1879 
(C01) French, Exchange, 27 moves, 0-1

Round Seven, July 18th
E Flechsig vs E Schallopp, 1879
(C64) Ruy Lopez, Classical, 48 moves, 0-1

Paulsen vs J Minckwitz, 1879 
(C45) Scotch Game, 40 moves, 1-0

W Paulsen vs M Bier, 1879 
(A00) Uncommon Opening, 24 moves, 0-1

K Pitschel vs Wemmers, 1879
(A07) King's Indian Attack, 45 moves, 0-1

A Schottlaender vs F Riemann, 1879 
(C45) Scotch Game, 17 moves, 0-1

A Schwarz vs Englisch, 1879 
(C49) Four Knights, 40 moves, 0-1

Round Eight, July 18th
Englisch vs W Paulsen, 1879
(B45) Sicilian, Taimanov, 55 moves, 1-0

Paulsen vs E Flechsig, 1879 
(A20) English, 49 moves, 0-1

K Pitschel vs A Schwarz, 1879
(A07) King's Indian Attack, 85 moves, 0-1

F Riemann vs M Bier, 1879 
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 29 moves, 1-0

J Minckwitz vs E Schallopp, 1879 
(C64) Ruy Lopez, Classical, 51 moves, 0-1

Wemmers vs A Schottlaender, 1879
(C83) Ruy Lopez, Open, 30 moves, 0-1

Round Nine, July 19th
E Flechsig vs A Schwarz, 1879 
(C15) French, Winawer, 36 moves, 1/2-1/2

K Pitschel vs Englisch, 1879
(A07) King's Indian Attack, 45 moves, 0-1

E Schallopp vs W Paulsen, 1879
(B40) Sicilian, 59 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Ten, July 19th
Englisch vs M Bier, 1879
(A03) Bird's Opening, 25 moves, 1/2-1/2

K Pitschel vs W Paulsen, 1879
(B40) Sicilian, 38 moves, 1/2-1/2

F Riemann vs E Flechsig, 1879
(C01) French, Exchange, 64 moves, 1-0

A Schottlaender vs Paulsen, 1879 
(C45) Scotch Game, 33 moves, 0-1

Round Eleven, July 20th
M Bier vs E Flechsig, 1879
(C67) Ruy Lopez, 52 moves, 1-0

W Paulsen vs Paulsen, 1879 
(B06) Robatsch, 21 moves, 0-1

E Schallopp vs Englisch, 1879
(A07) King's Indian Attack, 31 moves, 0-1

A Schwarz vs A Schottlaender, 1879
(C49) Four Knights, 22 moves, 1/2-1/2

56 games

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