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Chicago 1874
Compiled by suenteus po 147
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The third United States Chess Congress was held in the city of Chicago, Illinois from July 7th to the 16th, 1874. Eight American chess masters and players participated in the "double rounds" master event by paying an entry fee of $20. The participants were previous US Congress winner George Henry Mackenzie, previous US Congress participants Frederic Elder, Henry Hosmer, Max Judd, Hiram Kennicott, and Frederick Perrin, as well as Frederick Bock and James Adams Congdon. The time control was fifteen moves every hour and for the first time in an organized US tournament draws were not required to be replayed. Elder and Kennicott both had to withdraw before their games could be completed, however the games played, their scores, and subsequent standings were included at the final. Games decided by forfeit have been omitted from this collection due to their absence from the database. As with many tournaments and events from the 19th century, no official organization of rounds or scheduling was in place, so the games are organized below according to the days in which play began. Mackenzie won his second consecutive American Chess Congress as well as the $225 grand prize by finishing clear first with +9, yet just half a point of second place Hosmer.

The final standings and crosstable:

1st Mackenzie 10/12 ** 10 1 11 -- 11 11 11

2nd Hosmer 10/12 01 ** 10 11 -- 11 11 11

3rd Judd 7/10 0 01 ** 1 -- 11 11 --

4th Bock 5/12 00 00 0 ** 1 11 1 --

5th Elder 3/6 -- -- -- 0 ** 01 11 --

6th Perrin 2/12 00 00 00 00 10 ** 10 --

7th Congdon 1 /12 00 00 00 0 00 01 ** --

8th Kennicott 0/4 00 00 -- -- -- -- -- **

July 7th
F Bock vs F H Elder, 1874
(C01) French, Exchange, 57 moves, 1/2-1/2

J A Congdon vs F Perrin, 1874 
(C78) Ruy Lopez, 47 moves, 1-0

F H Elder vs F Bock, 1874
(D45) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 39 moves, 0-1

H Hosmer vs H Kennicott, 1874 
(C61) Ruy Lopez, Bird's Defense, 29 moves, 1-0

M Judd vs Mackenzie, 1874 
(C53) Giuoco Piano, 51 moves, 0-1

H Kennicott vs H Hosmer, 1874
(B20) Sicilian, 32 moves, 0-1

Mackenzie vs M Judd, 1874 
(C78) Ruy Lopez, 44 moves, 1/2-1/2

F Perrin vs J A Congdon, 1874 
(D30) Queen's Gambit Declined, 24 moves, 1-0

July 8th
J A Congdon vs F Bock, 1874
(C01) French, Exchange, 32 moves, 1/2-1/2

F H Elder vs F Perrin, 1874
(C41) Philidor Defense, 44 moves, 1-0

H Hosmer vs M Judd, 1874
(C45) Scotch Game, 56 moves, 0-1

H Kennicott vs Mackenzie, 1874
(C53) Giuoco Piano, 45 moves, 0-1

Mackenzie vs H Kennicott, 1874
(C28) Vienna Game, 50 moves, 1-0

F Perrin vs F H Elder, 1874 
(B21) Sicilian, 2.f4 and 2.d4, 44 moves, 1-0

July 9th
F Bock vs J A Congdon, 1874
(C42) Petrov Defense, 57 moves, 1-0

M Judd vs H Hosmer, 1874 
(C50) Giuoco Piano, 21 moves, 0-1

Mackenzie vs F Perrin, 1874
(C01) French, Exchange, 32 moves, 1-0

F Perrin vs Mackenzie, 1874 
(A80) Dutch, 25 moves, 0-1

July 10th
F Bock vs M Judd, 1874
(C01) French, Exchange, 30 moves, 0-1

J A Congdon vs F H Elder, 1874 
(D02) Queen's Pawn Game, 28 moves, 0-1

F H Elder vs J A Congdon, 1874 
(D35) Queen's Gambit Declined, 31 moves, 1-0

H Hosmer vs Mackenzie, 1874 
(C33) King's Gambit Accepted, 47 moves, 1-0

M Judd vs F Bock, 1874 
(C78) Ruy Lopez, 62 moves, 1/2-1/2

Mackenzie vs H Hosmer, 1874
(C80) Ruy Lopez, Open, 30 moves, 1-0

July 11th
F Bock vs F Perrin, 1874 
(C01) French, Exchange, 29 moves, 1-0

F Perrin vs F Bock, 1874
(C53) Giuoco Piano, 22 moves, 0-1

July 13th
J A Congdon vs H Hosmer, 1874 
(C80) Ruy Lopez, Open, 14 moves, 0-1

H Hosmer vs J A Congdon, 1874
(C32) King's Gambit Declined, Falkbeer Counter Gambit, 23 moves, 1-0

H Hosmer vs F Perrin, 1874
(A03) Bird's Opening, 39 moves, 1-0

F Perrin vs H Hosmer, 1874
(B40) Sicilian, 37 moves, 0-1

July 15th
F Bock vs Mackenzie, 1874 
(C25) Vienna, 13 moves, 0-1

M Judd vs F Perrin, 1874 
(C01) French, Exchange, 26 moves, 1-0

Mackenzie vs F Bock, 1874
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 27 moves, 1-0

F Perrin vs M Judd, 1874
(C50) Giuoco Piano, 45 moves, 0-1

July 16th
J A Congdon vs M Judd, 1874
(C80) Ruy Lopez, Open, 50 moves, 0-1

M Judd vs J A Congdon, 1874 
(C42) Petrov Defense, 50 moves, 1-0

36 games

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