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BOTVINNIK OR JUNGE VARIATION ?
Compiled by Breyannis Nektarios
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Klaus Junge was perhaps a Nazi, but can we really judge a man of his age? (He died 21 years old in 1945). Anyway, he was a very talented master, who once beat the great Alekhine,and, if he had survived, would most probably evolve to become a top Grandmaster (the title was officially introduced in 1950). The "Botvinnik variation" was played by him 6 times before Botvinnik himself tried it for the first time in his game with Zhivcov in the Moscow Ch in 1943-44. Botvinnik had tried it once before in a (secret?) training game with Ragozin in 1941, but I don't think Junge was ever aware of this! Of course, there were also other games around that time (most notably Szabo-Euwe, Hastings 1938-39). In the end, the variation became known as the "Botvinnik Variation"...

H Heinicke vs K Junge, 1938 
(D44) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 25 moves, 1-0

R Palme vs K Junge, 1941 
(D44) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 63 moves, 0-1

H Zollner vs K Junge, 1942 
(D44) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 36 moves, 0-1

Starke vs K Junge, 1942 
(D44) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 36 moves, 0-1

H Ullrich vs K Junge, 1942 
(D44) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 24 moves, 0-1

H Lehmann vs K Junge, 1942 
(D44) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 27 moves, 0-1

Ragozin vs Botvinnik, 1941 
(D44) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 35 moves, 0-1

A Zhivtsov vs Botvinnik, 1943 
(D44) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 27 moves, 0-1

V Mikenas vs Botvinnik, 1944 
(D44) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 32 moves, 0-1

Lilienthal vs Botvinnik, 1944 
(D44) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 57 moves, 0-1

Denker vs Botvinnik, 1945 
(D44) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 25 moves, 0-1

Bronstein vs Botvinnik, 1951 
(D44) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 50 moves, 0-1

Smyslov vs Botvinnik, 1954 
(D44) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 41 moves, 1/2-1/2

13 games

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