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Hastings 1953/54
Compiled by suenteus po 147
--*--

The 29th Hastings Christmas Chess Festival was held at the end of the year 1953. After resuming annual tournaments in 1945 after the war, the chess club at 7 Carlisle Parade had struggled to keep the event ongoing without many foreign participants to make the contests more engaging to the public. This edition of the premier tournament saw an opportunity that would shape the course of the event for the remainder of the 1950s. The Soviet Chess Federation, in the interest of displaying their dominant grandmasters to the West, sent as emissaries David Bronstein and Alexander Tolush to participate in the festival. They were met by four time Hastings winner Dr. Savielly Tartakower, and Conel Hugh O'Donel Alexander who had won the 22nd edition of the Hastings event and been a code-breaker for the Allies during WWII. The remaining seats were filled by International masters Aleksander Matanovic, Alberic O'Kelly de Galway, and Robert Wade; Fridik Olafsson who had placed 3rd in the 1953 World Junior Championship; Rudolf Teschner, the editor of "Deutsche Schachzeitung" and West German champion of 1951; and a previous Hastings participant, Dennis Horne. The time control for the event was 34 moves in two hours followed by 17 moves every hour. Alexander won his second Hastings festival with 6/9, sharing first with world vice-champion Bronstein. Despite Bronstein's shared first, his and Tolush's losses to Alexander, as well as their inability to sweep the field, were considered an embarrassment by the Soviet Chess Federation. They would retaliate the following year by sending Vasily Smyslov and Paul Keres to Hastings to accomplish what Bronstein and Tolush had failed to do. Nevertheless, the new invitations to Soviet grandmasters was a success and the Hastings Christmas festivals continued with new vigor throughout the 1950s.

The final standings and crosstable:

=1st Alexander 6/9 * 1 1 1 1

=1st Bronstein 6/9 0 * 1 1 1 1 1

3rd O'Kelly de Galway 5/9 0 0 * 1 1 1 1

=4th Olafsson 4/9 0 * 0 1 1 1 0

=4th Matanovic 4/9 0 * 1 0 1

=4th Tolush 4/9 0 0 1 0 * 1 1 0 1

=4th Teschner 4/9 0 0 0 * 1 1 1

8th Tartakower 3/9 0 0 0 1 0 0 * 1 1

9th Wade 3/9 0 0 1 0 0 *

10th Horne 2/9 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 *

*As usual, the credit for much of the historical content goes to Jan van Reek and his amazing website.

Round One
C H Alexander vs O'Kelly, 1953 
(C02) French, Advance, 40 moves, 1-0

Bronstein vs R G Wade, 1953
(D45) Queen's Gambit Declined Semi-Slav, 22 moves, 1/2-1/2

A Matanovic vs Tartakower, 1953
(A07) King's Indian Attack, 32 moves, 0-1

F Olafsson vs Tolush, 1953 
(B68) Sicilian, Richter-Rauzer Attack, 7...a6 Defense, 9...Be7, 33 moves, 0-1

Teschner vs D Horne, 1953
(D38) Queen's Gambit Declined, Ragozin Variation, 61 moves, 1-0

Round Two
R G Wade vs Teschner, 1953
(C24) Bishop's Opening, 50 moves, 0-1

Tartakower vs C H Alexander, 1953
(A89) Dutch, Leningrad, Main Variation with Nc6, 44 moves, 1/2-1/2

D Horne vs A Matanovic, 1953 
(B09) Pirc, Austrian Attack, 32 moves, 0-1

Tolush vs Bronstein, 1953
(E36) Nimzo-Indian, Classical, 21 moves, 1/2-1/2

O'Kelly vs F Olafsson, 1953
(E69) King's Indian, Fianchetto, Classical Main line, 48 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Three
C H Alexander vs D Horne, 1954
(C73) Ruy Lopez, Modern Steinitz Defense, 25 moves, 1-0

R G Wade vs Tolush, 1954 
(E38) Nimzo-Indian, Classical, 4...c5, 31 moves, 1-0

F Olafsson vs Tartakower, 1954
(D19) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, Dutch, 70 moves, 1-0

Bronstein vs O'Kelly, 1954 
(C64) Ruy Lopez, Classical, 70 moves, 1-0

Teschner vs A Matanovic, 1954
(E14) Queen's Indian, 75 moves, 1/2-1/2

Round Four
Tartakower vs Bronstein, 1954 
(B50) Sicilian, 64 moves, 0-1

O'Kelly vs R G Wade, 1954
(D50) Queen's Gambit Declined, 30 moves, 1-0

Tolush vs Teschner, 1954
(D40) Queen's Gambit Declined, Semi-Tarrasch, 31 moves, 1-0

A Matanovic vs C H Alexander, 1954
(C64) Ruy Lopez, Classical, 22 moves, 1/2-1/2

D Horne vs F Olafsson, 1954 
(C35) King's Gambit Accepted, Cunningham, 32 moves, 1-0

Round Five
Bronstein vs D Horne, 1954 
(E50) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3 O-O 5.Nf3, without ...d5, 31 moves, 1-0

F Olafsson vs A Matanovic, 1954
(E15) Queen's Indian, 40 moves, 1/2-1/2

Teschner vs C H Alexander, 1954
(C64) Ruy Lopez, Classical, 39 moves, 1/2-1/2

Tolush vs O'Kelly, 1954
(E59) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3, Main line, 68 moves, 0-1

R G Wade vs Tartakower, 1954
(D15) Queen's Gambit Declined Slav, 24 moves, 0-1

Round Six
D Horne vs R G Wade, 1954
(B93) Sicilian, Najdorf, 6.f4, 30 moves, 1/2-1/2

A Matanovic vs Bronstein, 1954
(B16) Caro-Kann, Bronstein-Larsen Variation, 36 moves, 1/2-1/2

O'Kelly vs Teschner, 1954
(D50) Queen's Gambit Declined, 21 moves, 1/2-1/2

C H Alexander vs F Olafsson, 1954
(B56) Sicilian, 28 moves, 1/2-1/2

Tartakower vs Tolush, 1954
(E85) King's Indian, Samisch, Orthodox Variation, 63 moves, 0-1

Round Seven
R G Wade vs A Matanovic, 1954
(E76) King's Indian, Four Pawns Attack, 35 moves, 1/2-1/2

Tolush vs D Horne, 1954 
(D09) Queen's Gambit Declined, Albin Counter Gambit, 5.g3, 29 moves, 1-0

Teschner vs F Olafsson, 1954
(C84) Ruy Lopez, Closed, 36 moves, 0-1

O'Kelly vs Tartakower, 1954
(E62) King's Indian, Fianchetto, 70 moves, 1-0

Bronstein vs C H Alexander, 1954 
(A80) Dutch, 120 moves, 0-1

Round Eight
F Olafsson vs Bronstein, 1954 
(B93) Sicilian, Najdorf, 6.f4, 34 moves, 0-1

C H Alexander vs R G Wade, 1954
(C02) French, Advance, 35 moves, 1/2-1/2

A Matanovic vs Tolush, 1954 
(B68) Sicilian, Richter-Rauzer Attack, 7...a6 Defense, 9...Be7, 46 moves, 1-0

D Horne vs O'Kelly, 1954
(B62) Sicilian, Richter-Rauzer, 63 moves, 1/2-1/2

Tartakower vs Teschner, 1954
(D02) Queen's Pawn Game, 44 moves, 0-1

Round Nine
Bronstein vs Teschner, 1954 
(C77) Ruy Lopez, 68 moves, 1-0

O'Kelly vs A Matanovic, 1954
(E59) Nimzo-Indian, 4.e3, Main line, 57 moves, 1-0

Tartakower vs D Horne, 1954
(A18) English, Mikenas-Carls, 36 moves, 1-0

Tolush vs C H Alexander, 1954 
(A80) Dutch, 28 moves, 0-1

R G Wade vs F Olafsson, 1954 
(E70) King's Indian, 40 moves, 0-1

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