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Miklos Brody vs Leon Rosen
Paris (1900), Paris FRA, rd 9, Jun-02
Queen's Gambit Declined: Harrwitz Attack (D37)  ·  1-0



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Kibitzer's Corner
Premium Chessgames Member
  KEG: Brody may have finished towards the bottom of the standings at Paris 1900, but this game was a positional and tactical masterpiece. It could have been played by Schlechter, Pillsbury, or even Lasker.

1. d4 d5
2. c4 e6
3. Nc3 Nf6
4. Nf3 Be7
5. Bf4

A perfectly good alternative to the more usual 5. Bg5, and one that presents tricky problems for Black to solve.

5... a6

5...0-0 is more usual. The text is also playable, and is very much in the style of Janowski.

6. c5

6. e3 or 6. cxd5 are more usual, but the text is the beginning of Brody's plan to expand on the Queen-side and constrict play by Black. The plan works brilliantly in this game.

6... Nbd7

6...0-0 is probably better.

7. h3

"Well played. If 7. e3 Nh5 followed by NxB with at least an equal game." (Rosenthal in the Tournament Book).

7... Nf8

Rosen is beginning to dig a hole for himself. 7...0-0 or 7...b6 were better.

8. e3 Ng6
9. Bh2 Bd7
10. Bd3 Bc6

10...0-0 was much better. The Bishop does little or nothing useful on c6, and will soon be driven back from this post.

11. Qc2 Nd7
12. 0-0 0-0
13. b4

Brody already has much the better position. He is poised to overwhelm Rosen on the Queen-side, and the latter's game is barely developed. The position now was:

click for larger view

13... Re8?

Poor play. The idea of making space for the Knight on f8 is misguided. 13...f5 was best (or perhaps 13...b6).

14. a4 Ndf8

Continuing with his bad plan. 14...Nf6 was much better.

15. b5!

Exploiting Black's bad play. Brody now has a stratetically won game.

15... Bd7
16. Rab1 Bc8

More poor play. 16...a5 was best. Black's position is now awful, as can be seen from a diagram:

click for larger view

17. a5!

Bordy is squeezing and dominating the Queen-side.

17... e5?

If Rosen wasn't lost before, he surely is now. True, 17...axb5 18. Nxb5 would have been hopeless, as noted by Rosenthal in the Tournament Book. But 17...Bf6 held out a glimmer of hope. Now, Rosen must lose material, the position now being:

click for larger view

The tactical battle that ensued did not go well for Rosen from here, as I will discuss in my next post on this game.

Premium Chessgames Member
  KEG: Post II

After Rosen's 17...e5 Brody had various means of winning material.

18. Nxe5

This move is sufficient to win, but 18. bxa6 was even more decisive.

18... NxN
19. BxN Bxc5

If Rosen thought this move would enable him to maintain material equality (perhaps he expected 20. dxB? RxB), but he was quickly disillusioned. He should have played 19...Ng6, though that would have left him a pawn down. But matters will be much worse after the text.

The position after 19...Bxc5 was:

click for larger view

20. Bxc7

Even better was 20. bxa6 bxa6 21. Nxd5!, since 21...QxN loses to 22. Be4 and 21...Rxe5 loses to 22. dxR (since 22...QxN is met by 23. Be4). But the text is plenty good, and also wins.

20... QxB
21. Nxd5 Qd8
22. QxB

White is now two pawns up with ample further attacking prospects, the position now being:

click for larger view

Rosen's best chance here, as noted by Rosenthal in the Tournament Book,lay in 22...Ne6 23. Qc4 Ng5 (better than Rosenthal's 23...Bd7 which gets crushed by 24. bxa6). But this was still hopeless. So Rosen decided to go for an all-for-nothing attack.

22... Bxh3?!

Had Brody taken the Bishop, Rosen might have had half a chance (23. gxB Rc8) as pointed out by Rosenthal. But Brody was having none of this, and made sure of major material gain with an intermediate move apparently overlooked by Rosen:

23. Nb6!

Black is busted.

23... Nd7

This is hopeless, but the "better" moves 23...Bg4 or 23...Qh4 were likewise unavailing.

24. Qh5 g6

Perhaps 24...Nf6 was a little better, but by this point Rosen is doomed to the loss of substantial material. He should probably have resigned.

25. QxB NxN
26. axN

26. bxa6 would have left Rosen without resource. But the text, which puts Brody a piece ahead with the better attacking chances to boot was simpler.

26... a5

The position was now:

click for larger view

The game is clearly over. The remaining moves, however, are of interest because of Brody's brilliant finish, which included a lovely Rook sacrifice. The closing moves will be covered in my next and final post on this game.

Premium Chessgames Member
  KEG: Post III

The game was almost certainly over after 26 moves. Brody was a piece up and Rosen had no counterplay to speak of. The end of the game, however, was not without interest.

27. Rfc1 Qxb6
28. Rc5

Brody could have played 28. Qd7 here with an overwhelming position, but he sees another (tactical) opportunity to finish off Rosen.

28... Rad8
29. Qh6

29. Rbc1 should spell fini, but the finish Brody has in mind is prettier.

29... Re7

29...Qf6 was the only way for Rosen to survive for even a little while. Now Brody finished with a lovely tactical flourish.

The position was now:

click for larger view

30. Rh5!

Black has no defense to this brilliant move. "Of course, if 30...gxR 31. Qxh7+ and mate next move" (Rosenthal in the Tournament Book).

30... f5
31. Bc4+ Kh8
32. Rxf5

A wonderful finishing touch, the position now being:

click for larger view

The Rook of course cannot be taken, White is now up a Bishop and a pawn, and his mate threats abound. Rosen at last throws in the towel.


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