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David Janowski vs Albert Hodges
Cambridge Springs (1904), Cambridge Springs, PA USA, rd 4, Apr-29
Spanish Game: Morphy Defense. Steinitz Deferred (C79)  ·  1-0

ANALYSIS [x]

FEN COPIED

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Kibitzer's Corner
Mar-26-06  blingice: Great game!

I have a few questions:

1. With the opening, why is it called a "Spanish Game" rather than the Ruy Lopez? I know that the two are generally the same, but I'm wondering if there is any particular difference.

2. Does black give white too much power by trading ♘ for ♗, ♙ takes ♘, and then white has the open file? That series of moves exposes that key black pawn, and it must be defended constantly to not allow white's pieces to break through. Since Janowski ends up doing this, was Hodges trade a ? move?

3. Then, on black's 25th move, shouldn't he have protected the a-pawn, as NOT protecting it would only gain the top pawn of a doubled pawn group, and rip a hole in his defense?

My comments: after 28. bxc3 especially, white is dominating. Black has two isolated pawns, and very minimal central control. White has two pawn chains, one controlling the center strongly. Black uses his isolated pawns quite well, weakening (or perhaps strengthening?) central control, and especially in black's 40th and 41st, trying to take the pawn pinned to the ♘. White doubles his rooks, then undoubles them, then doubles them again several moves later, then undoubles them and doubles them again the next move. Additionally, the file next to the doubled rooks also has the opposite sides doubled rooks, which I just found odd. The trading sequence in 52 and 53 is odd, using a pin, and if black took the queen sacrifice, he would lose his queen and rook for only white's queen. White running the two, connected and passed pawns up the board is simple.

Mar-26-06  aw1988: <blingice> I must run, so I only have time to answer one of your questions:

Ruy Lopez was the man who analysed it a few centuries ago, but he deemed it bad! Thus, people refer to it as the Spanish Game...

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