chessgames.com
Members · Prefs · Laboratory · Collections · Openings · Endgames · Sacrifices · History · Search Kibitzing · Kibitzer's Café · Chessforums · Tournament Index · Players · Kibitzing
James Thompson vs Paul Morphy
1st American Chess Congress (1857), New York, NY USA, rd 1, Oct-06
Italian Game: Giuoco Pianissimo. Italian Four Knights Variation (C50)  ·  0-1

ANALYSIS [x]

FEN COPIED

explore this opening
find similar games 22 more James Thompson/Morphy games
PGN: download | view | print Help: general | java-troubleshooting

TIP: The tournament is found above the game. For the newest chess events, this information may be a link which takes you to the tournament page which includes other games, a crosstable, discussion, etc.

PGN Viewer:  What is this?
For help with this chess viewer, please see the Olga Chess Viewer Quickstart Guide.
PREMIUM MEMBERS CAN REQUEST COMPUTER ANALYSIS [more info]

A COMPUTER ANNOTATED SCORE OF THIS GAME IS AVAILABLE.  [CLICK HERE]

Kibitzer's Corner
Jan-07-06  Takchessbooks: This is Morphys first game in his only true tournament. Shibuts book shows a different ending? 21 qe2 qh1 white resigns. otherwise everything else remains the same.
Jan-07-06
Premium Chessgames Member
  Calli: Maroczy is the only author who gives 21.Bd5 Bg4+. Everyone else, including the Tournament book, has 21.Qe2 Qxh1. A curious discrepency. I tend to think Marozcy's vesion is a bit of analysis that somehow crept into his book.
Aug-05-07  Crowaholic: I also saw the 21. Bd5 Bg4+ version elsewhere, but I have no idea what the original source is. There are two interesting things to note: First, there seems to be nothing wrong with 20. ..Qxh1, e.g. 21. Qf1 Rxf5 23. Qe1 Qg2 or 21. Kd2 Qh2+ 22. Ne2 Bxf5 should both win easily.

Anyway, it seems that Morphy played 20. ..Bxd5 and this is also a strong move. However, after 21. Bd5, ..Bg4+ is not a very good move. If this score is actually correct, it makes me wonder why Thompson resigned at this point given that - so it seems - Morphy threw away most of his positional advantage. Consider:

21. ..Bg4+ 22. hxg4 Rf1+ 23. Qxf1 Qxf1+ 24. Kc2 and now if

24. ..Qxa1 then 25. Ne2! and Black doesn't have anything better than give the exchange with 25. ..Qxh1 26. Bxh1. That still leaves Black a rook for a bishop up and probably allow Black to win the endgame, but given that Black could already have obtained a crushing advantage with 20. ..Qxh1 this can hardly be considered a satisfactory solution.

Instead, in the 21. Bd5 line, the "quiet" move Be4! would have been devastating: This is intended as a clearance sacrifice, just like Bg4+, but now it is also a deflection sacrifice. White cannot take with the queen because of Rf1#, but

22. Bxe4 deflects the bishop from his defense of the a3 square and now Black can play 22. ..Rf1+ 23. Qxf1 Qxf1+ 24. Kc2 Qxa1 25. Ne2 Qxa3 and emerges being a queen and a pawn for a bishop up, a whopping 8 point difference.

True, 21. ..Be4 does not appear as forcing as any check would be, but on 22. Qe2, for instance, Black can simply play ..Qxh1 23. Kd2 (Bxe4? Qxg1+!) Rad8 and now all White has is a prayer. On 22. Ne4, Black simply clears off both white rooks. On 22. Nf3, Black has ..Bxd3 and is in total control of the board.

May-13-08  sirfraix: 12... e4?!, looks more like a psychological move, since open the lines and the complications start, but after 13. dxe4 dxe4 14. Qxe4 Re8 15. Be6 Nf8 16. 0-0 white will return the pawn with a slightly better position. In fact Thompson was very afraid of this pawn sacrifice.
Jan-07-09  YoungEd: Interesting analysis, <sirfraix>, and it looks like you're right. As the game goes, once the Black ♘ gets to d3, White's goose is cooked.
Apr-13-09  TheWizardfromHarlem: Strong
Apr-16-09
Premium Chessgames Member
  sisyphus: The tournament book is online: http://books.google.com and search for The Book of the First American Chess Congress.

There are a few notes by the author, Willard Fiske. One of them indicates "The time occupied in playing this game was one hour." No description of how much of that time was taken by Morphy and how much by his opponent.

Oct-13-09  josejoasm: And instead 20. ...Bxf5, Rf-d8 sounds much better winning the queen, white can't defends with bishop in d5 because de black queen.
Jun-04-12  Naniwazu: <josejoasm>: 20...Rfd8?? leads to mate in 3 starting with Qxd8.

<sirfraix>: L÷wenthal also suggests the defense 13. NxP.

Jan-06-15
Premium Chessgames Member
  Ziryab: The tournament book ends with 20.Qe2 Qxh1 White resigns. This is also the game score employed by Philip Sergeant.
Jan-17-17
Premium Chessgames Member
  tpstar: ChessBase 13 gives 21. Qe2 Qxh1 0-1.

After 15 ... Nd3+ Morphy must have known that he had a strategically won game.

Sep-08-18  jabinjikanza: Most elitely play
Jan-03-21  paulmorphy1969: you have reported the game as described in the book of maroczy but it is not correct in the final. This game has a strange history: it ends at the 20th move with Qxh1 as reported in the book Daniel W Fiske: The First American Chess Congress New York 1857 edition Holmes first edition 1859. in the book by Macon Shibut instead it gives as continuation 20 ... Bf5 21.Qe2 Qxh1, instead in Maroczy's book from ... 20Bf5 21.Bd5 Bg4 + and Nero abandons
Jan-03-21  paulmorphy1969: The Book of the First American Chess Congress: Containing the Proceedings of ... Di Willard Fiske page 147 https://books.google.it/books?id=_T...
Jan-03-21
Premium Chessgames Member
  MissScarlett: This User: paulmorphy1969 character is starting to get on my nerves. Is it a parody account!?
Jan-03-21  Z4all: <Missy> I think he (she?) is legit, with access to several of the fundamental(*) sources. Sometimes the sourcing is missing in his posts, but lately they seem to be included (though always having game number / page numbers would be more helpful).

Do you want to say exactly what part of your nerves he (she?) is standing on?

(*)RE - Fundamental sources of Morphy games. Would Maroczy's work count? Is there a definitive list? How often are contemporaneous sources at odds with the book collections? Etc., etc.

.

NOTE: Create an account today to post replies and access other powerful features which are available only to registered users. Becoming a member is free, anonymous, and takes less than 1 minute! If you already have a username, then simply login login under your username now to join the discussion.

Please observe our posting guidelines:

  1. No obscene, racist, sexist, or profane language.
  2. No spamming, advertising, duplicate, or gibberish posts.
  3. No vitriolic or systematic personal attacks against other members.
  4. Nothing in violation of United States law.
  5. No cyberstalking or malicious posting of negative or private information (doxing/doxxing) of members.
  6. No trolling.
  7. The use of "sock puppet" accounts to circumvent disciplinary action taken by moderators, create a false impression of consensus or support, or stage conversations, is prohibited.

Please try to maintain a semblance of civility at all times.

Blow the Whistle

See something that violates our rules? Blow the whistle and inform a moderator.


NOTE: Please keep all discussion on-topic. This forum is for this specific game only. To discuss chess or this site in general, visit the Kibitzer's Café.

Messages posted by Chessgames members do not necessarily represent the views of Chessgames.com, its employees, or sponsors.
All moderator actions taken are ultimately at the sole discretion of the administration.

This game is type: CLASSICAL. Please report incorrect or missing information by submitting a correction slip to help us improve the quality of our content.

<This page contains Editor Notes. Click here to read them.>

Featured in the Following Game Collections[what is this?]
Sergeant - Morphy's Games of chess
by aplause
Giuoco Pianissimo. Italian 4Knts (C50) 0-1En prise+ clears file
from yFredthebear's Office Memo '16 to C Quad by fredthebear
Round One, First Match, Game #1
from New York 1857 by JoseTigranTalFischer
Book of Five Rings' favorite games 5
by Book of Five Rings
[October 6th, 1857] - First Day DBC - (21.Qe2 Qxh1)
from 1857 1st American Chess Congress by date by Calli
Giuoco Pianissimo. Italian 4Knts (C50) 0-1En prise+ clears file
from 021Club for ECO A, D, E by fredthebear
Noteworthy Games
by BAJones
Paul Morphy -The Great Chess Genius
by Timothy Glenn Forney
Ex1: Italian game
from DrChopper's study games 2 by DrChopper
Game 5
from Move by Move - Morphy (Franco) by Qindarka
Diagram 1 is at move 11.
from Dynamic Chess - R. N. Coles by rudysanford
+3 -0 =0 vs. Thompson (Am.Chess Congress, Rd.1)
from Match Morphy! by amadeus
Morphy vs. Thompson- 2nd game (less competitive)
from layson27's favorite games by layson27
The tournament book ends with 20.Qe2 Qxh1 White resigns.
from Paul Morphy Conquered the World by Atsa
Game 5
from Move by Move - Morphy (Franco) by Incremental
+3 -0 =0 vs. Thompson (Am.Chess Congress, Rd.1)
from Match Morphy! by docjan

Home | About | Login | Logout | F.A.Q. | Profile | Preferences | Premium Membership | Kibitzer's Café | Biographer's Bistro | New Kibitzing | Chessforums | Tournament Index | Player Directory | Notable Games | World Chess Championships | Opening Explorer | Guess the Move | Game Collections | ChessBookie Game | Chessgames Challenge | Store | Privacy Notice | Contact Us

Copyright 2001-2021, Chessgames Services LLC