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Mikhail Chigorin vs Harry Nelson Pillsbury
Hastings (1895), Hastings ENG, rd 1, Aug-05
King's Gambit: Declined. Classical Variation (C30)  ·  1-0



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Kibitzer's Corner
Feb-15-04  ughaibu: Catfriend: Extra queens.
Dec-03-04  kostich in time: this game was played in the first round at Hastings, when no-one had heared of Pillsbury. However, his skillful resistance against one of the top four players in the world impressed a lot of people.
Jul-16-05  Swindler: Pillsbury falls for a book-trap known since the 1870's. Here is a simul game where Fischer uses it: Fischer vs M McDermott, 1964 .
Jul-16-05  Calli: 14.Qxf7? let Pillsbury back in the game. Lasker pointed out 14.Bg5! Rg8 15.Qxf7 Rxg5 16.Qe6+ Ke8 17.Rxf6! Rg7 18.Qxe5 and Black position is hopeless.
Premium Chessgames Member
  tamar: <Calli> That is a cool variation. Lasker gives the variation up to 17 Rxf6 which threatens mate in two, but 17...Rg7 looks plausible until 18 Qxe5 is shown.

For example,after 14 Bg5 Rg8 15 Qxf7 Rxg5 16 Qe6+ Ke8 17 Rxf6 Rg7 18 Qxe5

if 18...c6 19 Rf3 Rg6 20 Rf8+! wins the Queen or 20...Kxf8 21 Qh8+ mates.

Jul-16-05  Calli: For those following along, Rg7 is the only defense to the threatened 18.Rf8+ Kxf8 19.Qf7# However, Qxe5 followed by Rf3 as <Tamar> says threatens the loose rook and there is no real defense.

A likely draw for Pillsbury is probably 23...Bg5+ 24.Bxg5 Rxg5 25.Qxh7 Rxd5! 26.exd5 Qg5+ 27.Kc3 Qxd5 His 23...Bb4 looks like an error.

Premium Chessgames Member
  ketchuplover: Does anyone have the centennial edition book of this tournament?
Premium Chessgames Member
  paulalbert: <ketchuplover> I have it. Certainly one of the best tournament books ever done and The Centennial Edition published by Pickard & Sons in 1995 is a very high quality work. Paul Albert
Jun-18-08  Lutwidge: Lasker at move 23 sez:

"An ingenious manoeuvre, whose outcome is that the bishop is exchanged for the knight. Pretty though it is, it appears doubtful whether it was now the opportune moment to exchange anything which only makes the White Pawns so much stronger and his King safer. The right play seems to be--

23. ... B to B4
24. RxKt, P to B3
24. B to B4ch, K to R2
25. Kt to B7, Q to Q5


25. Kt to B3, Q to Q5
26. R to Bsq, K to R2, leaving him with
27. QxB, QxQ
28. B to K3, QxB, ch
29. KxQ, QR to KBsq,
with good chances for the ending."

Jul-02-09  Knight13: Black ignores king safety in exchange for material... More like tempo because White developed while Black's king were chased to a corner and made the rook on a8 look pretty stupid.
Aug-13-09  d4pawn: Lasker has a blunder in his analysis discussing 11..Rf8 variation. He gives 12.fxe5 dxe5 13.Rf1 Be7 14.Bg5 and now 14..Nh5? allowing White to scoop up 2 pawns. This is avoided by 14..Qd7 or 14..c6 and Black is hanging tough.

14..Qd7 15.Bxf6 c6 16.Qh6 Bxf6 17.Qxf6 Qe7 18.Qxe7 Kxe7.

14..c6 15.Bxf6 Qd7 16.Qh6 Bxf6 17.Qxf6 Qe7 18.Qxe7 Kxe7.

Later in his analysis after text move 14.Qxf7? he gives 14.Bg5 Rg8. However, 14..Rf8 puts black in a more shallow grave than does Rg8.

15.Bxf6 Bxf6 16.Rxf6 c6 and White is still winning but the margin is much less.

Maybe Lasker didn't devote much time to his analysis or something. Of course, we have Rybka to catch their oversights.

Interesting twists in this game though.

Aug-12-10  LIFE Master AJ: Round One of the great International Tournament of Hastings, 1895.

A BRILLIANT game by both players!!!


[Event "corr"]
[Site "corr"]
[Date "1886.??.??"]
[Round "?"]
[White "Ranneforth, Heinrich"]
[Black "Michaelson, M."]
[Result "0-1"]
[ECO "C30"]
[PlyCount "48"]
[EventDate "1886.??.??"]
[EventType "tourn (corr)"]
[EventRounds "9"]
[Source "ChessBase"]
[SourceDate "2000.04.19"]

1. e4 e5 2. Nc3 Bc5 3. f4 d6 4. Nf3 Nf6 5. Bc4 Nc6 6. d3 Bg4 7. h3 Bxf3 8. Qxf3 Nd4 9. Qg3! Nh5 10. Qg4 g6 11. f5 Nxc2+ 12. Kd1 Ne3+ 13. Bxe3 Bxe3 14. fxg6 hxg6 15. Rf1 Bf4 16. h4 Ng3 17. Bxf7+ Kxf7 18. Qxg3 Kg7 19. Qf2 Qxh4 20. Qxh4 Rxh4 21. Nb5 c6 22. Nxd6 Rd8 23. Nxb7 Rxd3+ 24. Ke2 Rd2+ 0-1

(I submitted this game for posting, here. There are also several games in print with 9.Qg3 that are NOT in any DB, see the book: "The Oxford Encyclopedia of Chess Games," for just a few examples.)


9.Qg3!! (This idea had been played before, believe it ot not ... so I guess this was a "book" continuation ... but you have got to remember that there weren't hardly any books back then, NO computers, NO databases, etc.)

As late as move thirty, (30.Bc3, "="); Fritz 12 shows this game to be dead equal.

GM Andrew Soltis covers this game in the book, "The Great Chess Tournaments & Their Stories," page # 54 of the 1975 (hard-back / standard English descriptive notation) edition.

Jul-06-13  kevin86: It took a second queen (and more) to get Pillsbury to resign.
Jul-06-13  RookFile: Just another fascinating Pillsbury game, win, lose, or draw. I'm not sure that there was ever a boring one.
Premium Chessgames Member
  OBIT: Houdini makes 9. Qg3 look a lot less impressive. For one thing, 9...Nh5 appears to be fine for Black. After 10. Qg4, he can equalize with 10...g6 or try the more ambitious 10...Nxc2+!? 11. Kd1 Nxa1 12. Qxh5 Qe7.

Also, it appears Pillsbury would have had an equal game after 13...Rg8! (instead of 13...Be7) 14. Qxf7+ Qe7 15. Be6+ Kd8 16. Rxf6 Rg7 17. Qxe7 Bxe7.

Jan-18-15  poorthylacine: So this tournament must be noticed too as famous for the number of books about it, since Schallopp also wrote one, published by Olms (1989); true, it's german, and I do not know if it was translated in english, not in french of course (shame on the country of Philidor and La Bourdonnais!!).

About russian, chinese, japanese, italian, spanish, irish, african and arabian books about this tournament I must confess I do not know (rire!!!) but Schallopp reproduces mainly the first book, and only adds sometimes (not many) variants, or, scarcely also, gives his own opinion here and there...;

certainly the centennial edition and the formidable work of Crouch and Haines are the two most important and interesting!!

More seriously, I guess an analysis by the Soviets would be very instructive and interesting too, and even more seriously, the publishing of a more detailed study about the Vienna tournament 1898 should be available, the book of Halprin and Marco being very poor for the games of the first half of this monumental double robin tournament with it's fascinating race of Tarrasch and Pillsbury for the first place, race which can by compared for his thriller value to the one of Lasker and Capablanca in St Petersburg 1914...

Excuse this horrible english, but the french last tasmanian wolf is a little tired this night... I will just let it as it is, so everyone interested can laugh about the idiosyncrasy of a poor... french patzer!!

Dec-04-18  elAurens: At move 25, there is a computer win for White!

Find the winning line, as an exercise. But you need to be a really strong player! Good luck!

I just came across it while computer-checking my own analysis, and was surprised by this new move with the +3.5-4.5 value by the computer. There is a sizable variation tree, with about a half-dozen “only” moves.

It was missed by Chigorin and Lasker in their post-game notes, in the Fine book, and in the 1995 book by Crouch and Haines 100 years later.

As far as I know, no book has this move in it, and it’s one of those computer-age findings. But you can see it in the online ChessBase computer-checking. One entry is from 2017.

When you’re ready to get the move, fire up your Houdini, Fritz, or Stockfish, and enjoy.

Keep the actual move a secret for the next player!

Dec-10-18  Straclonoor: To <elAurens> It seems that you are ChessBase 15 user.
It feature 'instant analysis' with histogram very useful! Sometimes histogram's 'sparks' in gamescores colored boring draws in very bright patterns!-:)))
Dec-10-18  HarryP: An exciting battle, to be sure.
Nov-27-22  tbontb: Black Pillsbury stumbles into an opening trap but White Chigorin plays inaccurately with 14.Qxf7 (better 14.Bg5). Later 23....Bg5+ is an improvement on Bb4+ but at the end 32....Qb3+ allows White a relatively easy win (better 32....Qa1+ with equality).
Feb-20-23  AlekhineSyndrome: Pillsbury is very tricky 48..Qf6 is a very tricky o if you arent careful you get mated no wonder he won this tournament

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